Abbreviations-------------Grammatical Word Origin----------- -----------n.f. : noun feminine P : Persiann.m. : noun mascul...
aasmaani: P adj. heavenly/celestial/azureaasoodah: P adj. opulent/rich/satisfiedaashaa: S n.f. desire/hope/longingaashufta...
ittihaam: A n.m.charge/imputation/blameaTak: H n.f. obstacle/obstructionisbaat: A n.m. proofasar: A n.m. mark/sign/trace/e...
asli: A adj. original/genuine/real/trueiztiraab: A n.m. restlessness/perturbation/anxietyiztiraar: A n.m. helplessness/agi...
(Always prefixed to another word)ba: P prep. by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto(Always prefixed to another word)baa:...
baraabar: P adj. equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accuratebardaasht: P n.f. endurance/tolerance/patiencebarsaat: H n.f. rai...
be daagh: adj. spotless/without blemish/innocentbe dard: adj. without feeling/pitiless/mercilessbe rahm: adj. merciless/cr...
pardah: P n.m. curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacyparastish: P n.m. worshipparaknaa: H v. to examine/to testparwaanah: P n...
taqriban: A adv. approximatelytaqwaa: A n.f. piety/abstinence/fear of Godtakleef: A n.f. imposition of a burden/difficulty...
jeem----jaadu: P n.m. magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spiritsjaazib: A adj. alluring/attractivejaaree: A adj. running...
chaan.dani: H n.f. moonlightchaan.di: H n.f. silver/wealthchaah: H n.f. desire/love/affection/need/choicechitwan: H n.f. l...
Hazrat: A n.m. dignity/a title of respectHuzoor: A n.m. presence of superior authorityHuzoor: A intj. Your Highness!Hifaaz...
khilaaf: A prep. againstkhalish: P n.f. prick/pain/anxiety/apprehensionkhumaar: A n.m. intoxicationkhanjar: A n.m. daggerk...
dushman: P n.m. enemydushnaam: P n.f. abuse/invectivedushwaar: P adj. difficultduaa: A n.f. blessing/prayer/wishdawat: A n...
################################################################################zaal----zaat: A n.f. being endowed with/so...
raushan/roshan: P adj. light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendidraunaq: A n.f. lustre/beauty/elegance/freshnessresham: P n.m...
seen----saajan: H n.m. lover/sweetheart/belovedsaaHir: A n.m. magiciansaaHil: A n.m. shore/beachsaadah: P adj. simple/plai...
sawaal: A n.m. question/petition/application/request/demandsaudaa: P n.m. trade/marketing/goodssoz: P n.m. burning/passion...
shinaas: P adj. knowing/acquainted with/intelligenceshokh: P adj. playful/mischievous/bold/insolentshor: P n.m. noise/outc...
zau: A n.f. light/sunlightziyaa: A n.f. light/splendour/brilliancyzeeq: A n.f. anguish/melancholy/########################...
aam: A adj. common/public/general/ordinary (plu. awaamm)ibaadat: A n.f. prayers/devotionibaarat: A n.f. composition/style/...
ghussah: A n.m. anger/passion/rage/anxiety/griefghaflat: A n.f. negligence/drowsiness/stuporghulaam: A n.m. slave/boy/yout...
fauran: A adv. immediately/quickly/directlyfahm: A n.m. understanding/intellectfaisalah: A n.m. settlement/decree/decision...
kaash: P intj. would that !kaashif: A adj. discoverer/revealerkaaghaz: P n.m. paper/letter/documentkaafir: A n.m. infidel/...
girdaab: P n.m. whirlpool/abyss/vortexgardish: P n.f. revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancygardan: P n.f. the neckgir...
lazzat: A n.f. taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasurelarzaan.: P adj. termbling/tremulous/fearinglataafat: P n.f. pleasantness/el...
majrooh: A adj. wounded/hurt/smittenmajma: A n.m. congregation/assemblage/crowd/collectionmajnoon.: A adj. insane/madly in...
matlab: A n.m. object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desiremazloom: A adj. injure/oppressed/wrongedmuaahid: A n.m. ally/confedera...
muhaajir: A n.m. refugee/emigrantmahtaab: P n.m. moonlightmihrbaani: P n.f. favor/kindnessmuhlat: A n.f. retarding/delay/r...
naa manzoor: adj. disallowednaa yaab: adj. scarce/rarenaataa: H n.m. relationship/alliance/kin/affinitynaach: H n.m. dance...
naqsh: A n.m. painting/picture/map/marknaqshah: A n.m. portrait/model/design/examplenuqsaan: A n.m. lossnaql: A n.f. narra...
waarid: A adj. coming/arriving/happeningwaaridaat: A adj. events/occurences (plu. of waarid)waastah: A n.m. account/sake/r...
---------haatif: P n.m. angel/voice from heavenhaath: H n.m. hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reachhaadi: A n.m. guide/leader/...
ham safar: n.m. fellow-travellerham mazhab: adj. coreligionistham nasheen: n.m. playmate/associatehumaa: P n.m. eagle/phoe...
yagaanah: P adj. unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalledyumn: A n.m. felicity/prosperity/good luckyamin: A n.m. right hand; o...
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Abbreviations

  1. 1. Abbreviations-------------Grammatical Word Origin----------- -----------n.f. : noun feminine P : Persiann.m. : noun masculine A : Arabicpron. : pronoun T : Turkishadj. : adjective H : Hindiv. : verb S : Sanskritadv. : adverb G : Greekconj. : conjunctionintj. : interjectionprep. : prepositionsuff. : suffixpref. : prefixfig. : figurativeplu. : plurallit. : literalpoet. : poetic################################################################################Vocabulary----------alif (long)------------aab: P n.m. wateraab: P n.f. splendor/elegance/polish/brightness/temper(steel)/lustre(gems)/sharpness(sword)aab-e-aainah: n.f. polish of a mirroraab-e-talkh: n.m. bitter water/tears/wineaab-e-chashm: n.m. tearsaabaad: P adj. populated/inhabited/peopled/prosperous/happyaabru: P n.f. honor/fame/good name/dignityaap: H pron. self/selves/respectful term of addressaatish: P n.f. fireaatmaa: S n.f. soul/spirit/mindaasim: A n.m. sinner/culpritaakhir: A adj. last/finalaadaab: A n.m. manners (plu. of adab)aadmi: P n.m. man (lit. offspring of Adam)aadmiyyat: A n.f. humanity/human nature/civilityaaraa: P adj. embellishing/adorningaaraam: P n.m. rest/repose/respite/relief/ease/comfortaaraish P n.f. decoration/adornment/beautyaarzoo: P n.f. yearning/desire/wish/longingaaz: P n.f. ardent desire/lust/covetousnessaazaad: P n.f. free/unrestrainedaazardah: P adj. annoyed/dejected/uneasy/gloomy/sadaazmaaish: P n.f. trial/experiment/testing/provingaas: H n.f. longing/desire/hope/faith/shelter/refugeaasaan: P adj. light/facile/easyaasraa: H n.m. means of subsistence/protection/shelteraasmaan: P n.m. heaven/sky
  2. 2. aasmaani: P adj. heavenly/celestial/azureaasoodah: P adj. opulent/rich/satisfiedaashaa: S n.f. desire/hope/longingaashuftah: P adj. perplexed/careworn/distracted/confusedaashnaa: P n.m. aquaintance/friend/loveraashiyaan.: P n.m. nest/houseaakhaaz: P n.m. commencement/outset/beginningaaghosh: P n.f/m. embrace/lap/bosomaafaat: A n.f. evils/disasters/misfortunes (plu. of aafat)aaftaab: P n.m. sunaag: H n.f. flame/fire (fig. anger/passion/love/lust)aalaap: H n.f. conversation/preparatory tuningaan.ch: H n.f. flame/warmth/fervor/loss/griefaan.chal: H n.m. corner of the dopaTTa worn by womenaan.dhee: H n.f. dust-storm/hurricaneaan.soo: H n.m. tearsaawaarah: P adj. without homeaawaarah: P n.m. wanderer/vagrant/destituteaawaaz: P n.f. noise/sound/cry/shoutaawaazah: P n.m. rumor/fame/report/reputationaah: P n.f. sighaahistah: P adv. softly/leisurely/slowlyaainah: P n.m. mirroraayandah: P adj. hereafter/in the future################################################################################alif (short)-------------ab: H adv. now/presentlyubaal: H n.m. boiling/rage/angeribtidaa: A n.f.commencement/beginningabtar: P adj. ruined/scattered/worthlessibtisaam: A n.m.smile/cheerfulnessibtilaa: A n.m.trial/misfortune/sufferingabad: A n.f. eternityabr: P n.m. cloudabroo: P n.m. eyebrowabsaar: A n.m. eyes (plu. of basr)ibn: A n.m. sonabnaa: A n.m. sons (plu. of ibn)ittiHaad: A n.m.union/allianceittifaaq: A n.m.agreement/concord/chance/event/opportunityittifaaqaan:A adv.accidentallyittikaa: A n.m.dependence/relianceitlaaf: A n.m. loss/ruin/decayitmaam: A n.m. completion/perfection
  3. 3. ittihaam: A n.m.charge/imputation/blameaTak: H n.f. obstacle/obstructionisbaat: A n.m. proofasar: A n.m. mark/sign/trace/effectujaaR: H adj. ruined/waste/abandonedijaazat: A n.f.permission/leave/sanctionajnabee: A n.m.stranger/foreigner/alieniHtiyaaj: A n.f.neediHtiyaat: A n.f.caution/heedaHzaan: A n.m. sorrows (plu. of huzn)iHsaas: A n.m. feeling/emotioniHsaan: A n.m. beneficence/favor/good deedakhbaar: A n.m. news/newspaperikhtiyaar: A n.m. choice/option/power/influence/control/authorityakhz: A n.m. grasping/seizing/takingikhlaas: A n.m. sincerity/purity/love/selfless worshipadaa: A n.f. payment of debt/settlementadaa: P n.f. charm/grace/beautyidraak: A n.m. perception/comprehensionadib: A n.m. learned, man of letters (plu. udabaa)iraadah: A n.m. aim/object/will/desirearjmand: P adj. exaltedurdoo: T n.f. army/campirshaad: A n.m. instruction/order/command/guidancearz: A n.f. land/region/eartharmaan: P n.m. desire/yearning/wishazal: A n.f. eternity/without beginningasaas: A n.f. foundationasbaab: A n.m. causes/motives/meansustaad: P n.m. master/professoristifaa: A n.m. resignationistimaal: A n.m. application/usage/useasad: A n.m. lionasraar: A n.m. secrets (plu. of sirr)israaf: A n.m. waste/extravaganceasfaar: A n.m. voyages/travels (plu. of safar)asqaam: A n.m. evils/weaknesses/defects (plu. of suqm)asir: A n.m. prisoner/captiveishaarah: P n.m. gesture/symbol/wink/signishtihaar: A n.m. notification/poster/reputation/renownishtiyaaq: A n.m. longing/craving/desireishraaq: A n.m. dawn/day break/lustreashfaaq: A n.m. favors (plu. of shafaq)ishfaaq: A n.m. compassion/kindnessashqiyaa: A n.m. cruel/heartless (plu. of shaqi)ashk: P n.m. tearSas-haab: A n.m. lords/masters (plu. of saahib)israar: A n.m. obduracy/persistence/obstinacyasl: A n.m. root/foundation/essence (plu. usool)
  4. 4. asli: A adj. original/genuine/real/trueiztiraab: A n.m. restlessness/perturbation/anxietyiztiraar: A n.m. helplessness/agitation/constraintatfaal: A n.m. children/offspring (plu. of tifl)iz-haar: A n.m. disclosure/proclamation/statement/testimonyitibaar: A n.m. trust/confidence/faith/relianceitiraaz: A n.m. objection/criticism/protestijaaz: A n.m. miracle/marvel/wonderilaam: A n.m announcing/notifyingaghlaat: A n.f. mistakes (plu. of ghalat)aghyaar: A n.m. strangers/rivals (plu. of ghair)uftaad: P n.f. misery/distress/mishap/foundationiftikhaar: A n.m. honor/glory/repute/distinctionifraat: A n.f. excess/exuberance/plentyafsaanah: P n.m. tale/legend/fictionafsurdah: P adj. melancholy/depressedafsos: P n.m. regret/remorse/dejectionufaq: A n.m. horizoniqbaal: A n.m. prosperity/good fortune/success/confessioniqraar: A n.m. promise/pledge/confession/declaration/covenantiqtizaa: A n.m. requirement/need/demandakbar: A adj. greatest (sup. of kabir)aksar: A adj. most/much/many/frequentaksar: A adv. frequently/usually/generally/oftenagar: P conj. if/in caseal: A art. theiltifaat: A n.m. regard/kindness/favor/friendshipalfaaz: A n.m. words (plu. of lafz)amaanat: A n.f. something given in trust/deposit/securityimtiHaan: A n.m. examination/test/trial/proof/experimentimtiyaaz: A n.m. discrimination/discernment/distinctionummid: P n.f. hope/expectation/trustintikhaab: A n.m. selection/choice/electionintizaar: A n.m. waiting (anxiously)/expectationintizaam: A n.m. management/order/method/arrangementintiqaam: A n.m. revenge/reprisalanjaam: A n.m. end/conclusion/result/issueanjuman: P n.f. assembly/meeting/society/councilandaazah: P n.m. measurement/guess/rough estimatean.dar: P prep. within/inside/inwardinsaan: A n.m. man/human being/mankindinsaaniyyat: A n.m. humanity/civilityinaam: A n.m. gift/reward/largesseinqilaab: A n.m. revolutioninkaar: A n.m. denial/contradictionauqaat: A n.m. times (plu. of waqt)auqaat: A n.f. status/positionawwaal: A adj. first/excellent/bestaulaad: A n.f. children (plu. of walad)imaan: A n.m. belief/faith/creed/conscience################################################################################be--bi: A prep. by/with/from/in/into/near/on/for/towards
  5. 5. (Always prefixed to another word)ba: P prep. by/with/from/in/into/to/on/upon/for/upto(Always prefixed to another word)baa: P prep. with/by/possessed ofbaab: A n.m. door/gate/chapter/topic/subjectbaabul: H n.m. fatherbaat: H n.f. word/saying/speech/tale/news/question/businessproposal/point/gossip/substancebaad: P n.f. wind/air/breezebaadshaah: P n.m. emperor/kingbaadal: H n.m. cloud(s)baadah: P n.m. wine/spiritsbaadiyah: A n.m. wilderness/desertbaadiyah: P n.m. goblet/cupbaar: H n.m. time/turn/chance/opportunity/delay/obstaclebaar: P n.m. burden/load/permission/grief/courtbaarish: P n.m. rainbaarah: P n.m. time/turn/about/in regard ofbaareek: P adj. fine/slender/delicate/difficult/subtlebaaz: P suff. denotes doer/agentbaaz: P n.m. falconbaaz: P adv. again/back/refusingbaazaar: P n.m. marketbaazaaree: P adj. common/low/vulgar/relating to the marketbaazoo: P n.m. arm/fold of a door/flank of an armybaazi: P n.f. sport/game/wagerbaazichah: P n.m. toy/fun/sportbaagh: P n.m. garden/orchard/grovebaaqee: A adj. remaining/lastingbaaqee: A n.f. residue/remainder/arrearsbaalam: S n.m. a lover/sweet-heart/husbandbaam: P n.m. upper storey/terrace/balconybaan: P suff. signifying keeper or guardianbaan.kaa: H adj. curved/crooked/sly/cunningbaano: P n.f. lady/gentlewomanbachchah: P n.m. childbaHaal: A adj. status quo/refreshed/happybaHs: A n.f. dispute/argument/debate/controversybukhaar: A n.m. steam/temperature/fever/ragebakht: P n.m. good fortune/luck/prosperitybakhshish: P n.f. gift/donation/reward/alms/tipbad: P adj. bad/wicked/evilbad akhtar: adj. unfortunatebad anjaam: adj. having a bad endbad tar: adj. worse/inferiorbad chalan: adj. of bad conduct/ill-mannered/immoralbad khwaab: n.m./f. nightmarebad duaa: n.f. curse/maledictionbad sirat: adj. ill-temperedbad soorat: adj. uglybad maash: adj. roguishbad naam: adj. disreputable/notorious/ignominousbad naseeb: adj. unfortunate/unluckybadr: A n.m. full moonbadal: A n.m. exchange/change/substitutionbadlaa: n.m. exchange/retaliation/revengebadan: A n.m. body
  6. 6. baraabar: P adj. equal/even/level/alike/opposite/accuratebardaasht: P n.f. endurance/tolerance/patiencebarsaat: H n.f. rain/rainy seasonbarkat: A n.f. abundance/prosperity/blessing/auspiciousnessbaRhiyaa: H adj. superior/of good quality/expensivebuzurg: P adj. great/venerable/aged/noblebazm: P n.f. assembly/company (at a feast or entertainment)bas: P adj. sufficient/enough/plentybisaat: A n.f. bedding/carpet/chess board/extent/capacitybast: P n.m. obstacle/knot/asylum/sanctuarybistar: P n.m. bedbismil: P n.m. sacrificial animal/a loverbaseraa: H n.m. roosting/a nights lodging/shelterbashar: A n.m. man/mortalbasheer: A adj. a messenger of good newsbasar: A n.f. sight/vision/the eyebaghaawat: A n.f. revolt/rebellion/disloyaltybaghal: P n.f. armpit/sidebalaa: A n.m. calamity/distress/trial/misfortunebuland: P adj. high/lofty/sublime/exalted/tall/loudbillaur: P n.m. crystal/crystal glass/transparentban.dish: P adj. composition/elegance of style/plan/obstructionban.dagi: P n.f. devotion/worship/servicebandah: P n.m. slave/servant/individual/manbunyaad: A n.f. foundationbood: P n.f. being/existencebahaadur: P adj. brave/valiant/high-spiritedbahaar: P n.f. spring/prime/bloom/beauty/glory/delightbahaanah: P n.m. excuse/pretext/evasion/reasonbhool: H n.f. forgetfulness/omission/mistake/lapse/faultbhool bhulayyaan.: a maze/labyrinthbe: P pref. without/void ofbe aabroo: adj. dishonorablebe ittifaaqi: n.f. discord/disunitybe iHtiyaati: n.f. incautiousnessbe ikhtiyaari: n.f. helplessness/without choicebe adab: adj. rude/unmannerlybe itibaar: adj. untrustworthy/discreditbe imtiyaaz: adj. indiscriminatingbe an.daazah: adj. unlimited/endlessbe insaaf: adj. unfair/unjustbe imaan: adj. faithless/liar/cheatbe bas: adj. helpless/weakbe pardah: adj. unveiled/immodest/exposedbe parwaa: adj. heedless/indifferent/above wantbe taab: adj. restless/powerless/impatientbe taasir: adj. ineffectual/uselessbe tameez: adj. indiscreet/rude/unculturedbe jaan: adj. lifelessbe jurm: adj. faultlessbe chain: adj. restless/uneasybe Hadd: adj. endless/boundlessbe Hayaa: adj. shameless/impudent/bare-facedbe khabar: adj. uninformed/ignorant/stupidbe khataa: adj. faultless/innocentbe khud: adj. enraptured/in ecstasy/delirious/senselessbe daad: n.f. iniquity/injustice/oppression
  7. 7. be daagh: adj. spotless/without blemish/innocentbe dard: adj. without feeling/pitiless/mercilessbe rahm: adj. merciless/cruelbe riyaa: adj. without guile/candid/sincerebe zaar: adj. disgusted/displeasedbe zabaan: adj. dumb/speechless/modestbe zar: adj. destitute/poorbe sakhtah: adj. artless/unaffected/natural/plainbe saaz: adj. without tools or apparatusbe sabab: adj. without cause or reasonbe sharm: adj. shameless/immodestbe sabr: adj. impatientbe taaqat: adj. powerlessbe izzat: adj. without honor or respectbe gham: adj. happy/without sorrowbe fikr: adj. free from care or worrybe qadr: adj. worthlessbe qaraar: adj. uneasy/restless/unsettledbe qusoor: adj. innocent/not guiltybe kaar: adj. idle/unemployed/uselessbe kas: adj. friendless/lonelybe gunaah: adj. innocent/guiltlessbe mani: adj. meaningless/absurdbe naam: adj. without name, character or reputationbe naseeb: adj. unfortunatebe nazir: adj. unequalled/matchless/uniquebe wajh: adj. without causebe wafaa: adj. faithless/ungrateful/treacherousbe waqoof: adj. foolish/stupid/doltbe hunar: adj. unskilledbe hosh: adj. unconsciousbayaabaan: P n.m. desert/wildernessbayaan: A n.m. description/statement/accountbait: A n.m. house/abodebait: A n.f. couple/versebedaar: P adj. awake/alert/vigilantbezaar: P adj. displeased/angry/out of humorbegaanah: P adj. strange/alien/foreignbimaar: P adj. sick/ill################################################################################pe--paa: P n.m. leg/foot/root of a treepaa ban.d: n.m fettered/bound/subjugatedpaa maal: adj. trodden under foot/ruinedpaa yaab: adj. fordable/within mans depthpaar: H n.m. opposite bank/the end/terminationpaas: P n.m. custody/regard/supervisionpaas baan: n.m. guard/sentinelpaar daari: n.f. favor/partiality/favoritismpak: P adj. pure/holy/immaculate/chaste/undefiledpakeezah: P adj. pure/clean/neatpaagal: H adj. mad/insane/idiotic/distressedpaani: H n.m. water/rain/lustre/character/honor
  8. 8. pardah: P n.m. curtain/screen/veil/secrecy/privacyparastish: P n.m. worshipparaknaa: H v. to examine/to testparwaanah: P n.m. moth/lover/warrant/permissionparwarish: P n.f. fostering/rearing/sustenance/protectingpariwash: P adj. fairy-like/beautifulpareshaan: P adj. troubled/distracted/distressedpasand: P n.f. choice/approval/preferencepasinaa: H n.m. perspiration/sweatpashemaan: P n.f. penitent/repentant/ashamedpal: H n.m. a momentpalak: H n.f. eyelash/a moment/an instantpanaah: P n.f. protection/asylum/refugepahlu: P n.m. side/advantage/flank of an armypayaam: P n.m. messagepeshaah: P n.m. craft/trade/professionpaighaam: P n.m. message/news/advicepaimaan: P n.m. promise/agreement/oath/confirmation################################################################################te--taab: P n.f. heat/power/endurance/ragetaabish: P n.f. heat/splendour/grief/sorrowtaasir: A n.f. effect/impressiontaj: P n.m. crown/tiarataarikh: A n.f. date/annalstaarik: P adj. dark/obscuretaazah: P adj. fresh/new/tender/happytaak: P n.f. look/regard/aim/viewtabaah: P adj. ruined/spoiled/depraved/wretchedtabdeel: A n.f. changetabassum: A n.m. smile/smilingtajribah: A n.m. experience/experiment/test/prooftoHfaa: A n.m. a gifttakht: P n.m. throne/seattadbir: A n.f. deliberation/opinion/advice/arrangement/ordertaraanah: P n.m. harmony/symphony/a kind of songtarjumaan: A n.m. interpretertars: P n.m. fear/terrortars: H n.m. compassion/pity/mercytarraqqee: A n.f. elevation/promotion/proficiencytarkeeb: A n.f. composition/mixture/plan/mode/methodtasallee: A n.f. consolation/comfort/satisfactiontasleem: A n.f. salutation/greeting/resignation/submissiontashreef: A n.f. honoringtishnagi: A n.f. thirst/desire/longingtasawwur: A n.m. imagination/fancy/ideatasawwuf: A n.m. mysticismtasweer: A n.f. picture/portrait/paintingtaajjub: A n.m. wondering/admiration/amazement/surprisetaareef: A n.f. explanation/description/praise/definitiontaalluq: A n.m. connection/relation/considerationtaqaazaa: A n.m. demanding settlement of a debt/importunitytaqdeer: A n.f. fate/luck
  9. 9. taqriban: A adv. approximatelytaqwaa: A n.f. piety/abstinence/fear of Godtakleef: A n.f. imposition of a burden/difficulty/inconveniencetalaash: A n.f. search/inquiry/questtalkh: P adj. bitter/acrimonious/pungent/unpalatabletalwaar: H n.f. swordtamaashaa: A n.m. entertainment/fun/amusement/sport/spectacletamaam: A adj. entire/complete/perfect/endtameez: A n.f. discernment/judgement/observance of etiquettetan: P n.m. bodytanqiH: A n.f. cleaning/investigation/inquiry/issuetangi: P n.f. narrowness/hardship/povertytanhaa: P adj. alone/solitarytaubah: P n.m. repentancetaubah taubah: intj. Heaven forbid!tauheen: A n.f. disgrace/contempt/defamation/dishonor/insulttaiyaar: P adj. ready/prepared/finished/alert/ripeteer: P n.m. arrowtez: P adj. sharp/keen/caustic/pungent/swift/clevertegh: P n.m. sword/dagger################################################################################Te--Taan.g: H n.f. the leg/a shareTapaknaa: H v. to leak/to drip/to fall down (fruits)Takkar: H n.f. collision/encounter/rivalry/competitionTukRaa: H n.m. a piece/a morsel/a part/fractionTooT: H n.f. breaking/fracture/lossThikaanaa: H n.m. fixed abode/proper place/goal/limitThanD: H n.f. cold/chillThokar: H n.f. obstacle/kick/stumbleTeRh: H n.f. crookedness################################################################################se--saabit: A adj. confirmed/established/fixed/stablesaabit: A n.m. a fixed starsaaqib: A adj. shining brightly/splendid/sublimesabaat: A n.m. stability/endurance/resolution/constancysabt: A n.m. permanence/a seal/writingsuboot: A n.m. evidence/proof/conviction/constancy/stabilitysaarwat: A n.f. wealth/power/influencesaraa: A n.m. the earthsiqaafat: A n.f. culturesiqaalat: A n.f. burden/weightsiqaahat: A n.f. reliability/trustworthinesssawaab: A n.m. reward/recompensesawaabit: A n.m. the fixed stars (plu. of saabit)################################################################################
  10. 10. jeem----jaadu: P n.m. magic/conjuring/charm/effect of evil spiritsjaazib: A adj. alluring/attractivejaaree: A adj. running/flowing/current/continuingjaagir: P n.f. a fiefjaam: P n.m. gobletjaan: P n.f. soul/life/mind/vigor/sweetheart/belovedjaanee: P adj. of or relating to lifejaanee: P n.m. a beloved/a loverjaahil: A adj. ignorant/illiterate/barbarousjaaedaad: P n.f. property/estate/assetsjaaiz: H adj. legal/permittedjabeen.: P n.f. the foreheadjudaa: P adj. separate/apart/asunder/peculiarjudaaee: P adj. separation/absencejazb: A n.m. allurement/attractionjazbah: A n.m. passion/rage/desire/feelingjurm: A n.m. crime/guiltjurmaanah: P n.m. fine/penaltyjustjoo: P n.f. search/inquiryjism: A n.m. bodyjashn: P n.m. a feast/celebrationjal: A n.f. counterfeitjafaa: P n.f. oppression/injustice/injuryjigar: P n.m. liver/heart/soul/mindjalaal: A n.m/f. splendor/majestyjalwah: A n.m. lustre/splendour/display/showjamaal: A n.m. beauty/elegancejanaab: A intj. sir!/your honor!janaazah: A n.m. corpse/funeraljumbish: P n.f. movementjannat: A n.f. paradise/gardenjang: P n.f. battle/warjunoon: A n.m. madness/insanityjawaab: A n.m. answer/equal/parallel/matchjawaan: P adj. young/youthjawaahir: A n.m. jewls/gems (plu. of jauhar)josh: P n.m. heat/zeal/enthusiasm/passion/lustjahaaz: A n.m. ship/vesseljahaan: P n.m. the worldjahaannum: A n.f. helljeewan: H n.m. life/existence################################################################################che---chaarah: P n.m. remedy/cure/help/aid/resourcechaadar: P n.f. a sheet/veil/waterfallchaaq: T adj. active/alert/healthy/fat/hale and heartychaaqoo: P n.m. a small knifechaal: H n.f. gait/walk/custom/trick/strategemchaalaak: P adj. clever/expert/cunning/nimblechaan.d: H n.m. the moon
  11. 11. chaan.dani: H n.f. moonlightchaan.di: H n.f. silver/wealthchaah: H n.f. desire/love/affection/need/choicechitwan: H n.f. look/glance/appearancecharaagh: P n.m. lampcharaagaah: P n.f. meadow/pasturechust: P adj. alert/active/clever/quick/tightcashm: P n.f. eye/hopechasm-e-baddoor:intj. God preserve from evil eyes!chashm-o-chiraagh:n.m. light of the eye/dearly belovedchasmak: P n.m. wink/winking/misunderstanding/spectacleschakaan.: P adj. dropping/distillingchilman: H n.m. a venetian blindchamak: H n.f. glitter/splendour/flash/gleamchaman: P n.m. flower gardenchand: P adj. how many/how much/few/how often/how longchah: P suff. used to form dimunitiveschehraa: P n.m. face/visage/a maskcheez: P n.f. thing/commoditychain: H n.m. ease/comfort/rest/peaceWord beginning with baRi he/khe################################################################################baRi he-------Haatim: A n.m. generous (derived from Haatim Tai)Haadisah: A n.m. accident/occurence/calamity/misfortuneHaazir: A adj. present/ready/in attendanceHaakim: A n.m. ruler/governor/judge/an officialHaal: A n.m. state/condition/narrative/circumstanceHaalat: A n.f. condition/state/circumstance (plu. Haalaat)Hubb: A n.f. love/friendship/desire/affection/wishHabeeb: A n.m. beloved/sweetheart/comrade/friendHijaab: A n.m. veil/modesty/bashfulness/nightHadd: A n.f. boundary/limitHadd: A adv. very/at most/utmost pointHiddat: A n.f. sharpness/fury/acrimony/poignancyHads: A n.m. novelty/innovationHudood: A n.m/f. boundaries/penal lawsHizaaqat: A n.m. Intelligence/wisdomHaraarat: A n.f. heat/fever/ardor/fervor/zealHaraam: A adj. unlawful/forbiddenHirs: A n.f. eager/greediness/desire/ambitionHoorriyat: A n.f. emancipation/freedomHazm: A n.m. firmness of mind/resolveHuzn: A n.m. grief/sadness/sorrowHisaab: A n.m. reckoning/account/computation/rate/senseHasrat: A n.f. regret/intense sorrow/desire/longingHusn: A n.f. beauty/eleganceHaseen: A adj. beautiful/elegant/charming/handsomeHashmat: A n.f. state/dignity/pomp/retinueHisaar: A n.m. fort/enclosure/fenceHusool: A n.m. acquisition/profit/advantage/achievementHissah: A n.m. share/portion/lot
  12. 12. Hazrat: A n.m. dignity/a title of respectHuzoor: A n.m. presence of superior authorityHuzoor: A intj. Your Highness!Hifaazat: A n.f. guarding/security/safetyHaqq: A adj. just/truth/rightHaqeeqat: A n.f. truth/reality/narration/conditionHukm: A n.m. order/decree/statute/lawHikmat: A n.f. wisdom/knowledge/cleverness/deviceHakeem: A n.m. wise man/doctor/philosopherHalaal: A adj. legal/permittedHimaayat: A n.f. protection/patronage/support/defenceHamlah: A n.m. attack/assault/invasionHawaas: A n.m. the sensesHawaalah: A n.m. charge/custody/careHoor: A n.f. virgin of Paradise/nymphHausalah: A n.m. capacity/courage/spirit/resolution/desireHayaa: A n.f. modesty/shameHayaat: A n.f. life/existenceHaiseeyat: A n.f. rank/capacity/merit/status/prestigeHairaan: A adj. amazed/confounded/perplexed/worried################################################################################khe---khaas: A adj. special/particular/private/noble/unmixedkhaatir: A n.f. the heart/mind/memory/sake/behalf/choice/favorkhaak: P n.f. dust/earth/asheskhaalis: A adj. pure/genuine/sincere(friend)khaam: P adj. raw/green/inexpert/immature/vainkhaamosh: P adj. silentkhaandaan: P n.m. family/lineage/dynastykhaanum: P n.f. lady/princess/wifekhaanah: P n.m. house/room/compartment/partitionkhabar: A n.f. news/information/report/rumor/noticekhatm: A n.m. conclusion/sealkhatm: A adj. finished/donekhajaalat: A n.m. shame/bashfulnesskhajaalat: P adj. happy/auspicious/blessedkhuda: P n.m. Godkhidmat: A n.f. service/office/dutykharaab: A adj. bad/depraved/ruined/spoiled/wretched/obscenekhurram: P adj. happykhareed: P n.f. purchasekhazaan.: P n.f. autumn/decay/old agekhizaanah: P n.m. treasury/treasurekhastah: P adj. wounded/broken/sorrowfulkhushk: P adj. dry/withered/cynickhatt: A n.m. letter/note/markkhataa: A n.f. mistake/slio/oversight/errorkhutbah: A n.m. sermon/oration/introductionkhatrah: A n.m. danger/fear/riskkhafaa: A n.f. concealment/secrecykhafaa: P adj. angry/displeasedkhalaas: A n.m. deliverance/redemption/freedomkhilaaf: A n.m. opposition/contraiety/falsehood
  13. 13. khilaaf: A prep. againstkhalish: P n.f. prick/pain/anxiety/apprehensionkhumaar: A n.m. intoxicationkhanjar: A n.m. daggerkhwaab: P n.m. sleep/dreamkhwaar: P adj. wretched/deserted/friendless/poorkhwaahish: P n.f. desire/request/demandkhoob: P adj. good/excellent/beautiful/amiablekhood: P n./adj. self/private/personal/ownkhoodi: P n.f. egotism/vanity/presence of mindkhoorsheed: P n.m. sunkhoosh: P adj. pleasing/happykhoon: P n.m. blood/murderkhiyaaban: P n.m. flower-bed/flower gardenkhayaal: A n.m. thought/imagination/opinion/care/respectkhair: A adj. good/bestkhair: A adv. very wellkhair: A n.f. welfare/happiness################################################################################daal----daakhil: A adj. enteringdaad: P n.m. justice/appeal/revenge/praisedaar: P n.f. gallows/a piece of wooddaar: P suff. having/holdingdaar: A n.m. house/countrydaaraa: P n.m. holder/sovereign/kingdaaru: H n.f. alcoholdaaru: P n.f. medicine/remedydaastaan: P n.f. story/fable/taledaagh: P n.m. scar/blemish/stain/calamity/grief/lossdaam: P n.m. net/snaredaam: H n.m. price/valuedaaman: P n.m. skirt/foot of a mountain/a lapdaanaa: P adj. wise/learneddaanistah: P adv. knowinglydaanish: P n.f. knowledge/science/learningdaaim: A adj. perpetual/permanentdakhl: A n.m. entrance/access/reach/skilldar: P n.m. door/gate/entrancedar: P prep. in/into/within/to/about/bydurr: A n.m. pearldaraaz: P adj. long/tall/extendeddarbaar: P n.m. court (royal)darkhwaasht: P n.f. request/petition/appealdard: P n.m. pain/affliction/sympathy/compassiondars: H n.m. sight/view/lookdurust: P adj. right/proper/well/safe/precisedurusht: P adj. rough/hard/rigid/oppressive/fiercedarmiyan: P n.m. middle/midst/intervaldarwaazah: P n.m. door/gatedarya: P n.m. a large river/seaduzd: P n.m. thiefdastoor: P n.m. custom/usage/manner/rule
  14. 14. dushman: P n.m. enemydushnaam: P n.f. abuse/invectivedushwaar: P adj. difficultduaa: A n.f. blessing/prayer/wishdawat: A n.f. invitation/banquetdawaa: A n.m. claim/law suit/charge/demand/accusationdaghaa: P n.f. deceit/treachery/delusiondafa: A n.f. time/turn/section/classdafn: A n.m. burial/concealmentdiqqat: A n.f. difficulty/intricacy/minute pointdil: P n.m. heart/soul/courage/generosity/wishdil aawar: adj. brave/valiantdilbar: adj. lovely/sweetheartdil band: adj. charming/attractivedil chasp: adj. interesting/pleasing/delightfuldil kharaash: adj. heart rendingdil daar: adj. charming/beloveddil daar: n.m. sweetheartdil daari: n.f. consolationdil doz: adj. heart-piercingdil rubaa: adj. fascinating/alluringdil rubaa: adj. fascinating/alluringdil rubaa: n.m. sweetheartdil sokhtah: adj. grieved/sufferingdil soz: adj. touching/pathetic/passionate/ardentdil shaad: adj. cheerfuldil fareb: adj. charming/alluring/enticing/beautifuldil figaar: adj. melancholydil kash: adj. attractive/winningdil geer: adj. melancholydil lagi: n.f. amusement/diversiondil nawaaz: adj. soothing (the mind)dilaasaa: P n.m. consolation/encouragementdam: P n.m. breath/vitality/moment/edge of a sworddimaagh: A n.m. brain/intellect/airs/conceitdunyaa: A n.f. world/worldly goodsdawaa: A n.m. medicinedoor: P adj. distant/remote/fardaur: A n.m. revolving/period/cycle/orbitdost: P n.m. friend/loverdaulat: A n.f. riches/fortune/happiness/cause/meansdiyaar: A n.m. country/regiondeedaar: P n.m. sight/interviewdeedah: P n.m. the eyedeen: A n.m. faith/religiondeewaar: P n.f. a walldeewaanah: P n.m. madman################################################################################Daal----Daabar: H n.m. lake/pond/water potDaakaa: H n.m. robberyDar: H n.m. fearDagar: H n.f. path/road
  15. 15. ################################################################################zaal----zaat: A n.f. being endowed with/soul/self/caste/racezaati: A adj. innate/inherent/essential/naturalzaakir: A adj. remembering/gratefulzaakir: A n.m. grateful person/obe who praises Godzikr: A n.m. remembrance/memory/Quran recitalzillaat: A n.f. insult/dishonor/affront/abjectnesszaleel: A adj. abject/base/wretched/contemptiblezauq: A n.m. tastezehn: A n.m. acumen/wit/sagacity/understanding################################################################################re--raaHat: A n.f. rest/repose/comfort/tranquility/easeraaz: P n.m. mystery/secretraast: P adj. true/honest/straight/even/levelraastah: P n.m. path/road/mannerraazi: A adj. willing/satisfied/agreed/pleasedraah: P n.f. road/pathcustom/journey/methodraah bar: n.m. a guideraah numaa: n.m. conductor/leader/guiderabb: A n.m. creator/godrahm: A n.m. mercy/pity/compassion/kindness/tendernessrukh: P n.m. face/cheek/side/pointrukhsaar: P n.m. face/cheek/complexion/aspectrukhsat: A n.f. leave/permission/dismissal/indulgenceradd: A n.m. rejection/repulsion/returningrazm: P n.m. war/battlerasm: A n.f. marking/writing/established usage/model/lawrasan: P n.f. rope/string/cordruswaa: A adj. infamous/dishonored/disgracedrasool: A n.m. a prophetrishtah: P n.m. thread/line/relationship/kinship/alliancerashk: P n.m. jealousy/envy/malice/spiteraghbat: P n.f. strong desire/esteem/pleasureraftaar: P n.f. speed/pace/walk/motionrafi: A adj. high/sublime/exaltedrafeeq: A n.m. friend/allyraqs: A n.m. dance/dancingraqeeb: A n.m. rival/competitorran.j: P n.m. grief/sorrow/trouble/inconvienceran.jish: P n.m. grief/indignation/misunderstanding/anguishran.g: P n.m. color/dye/fashion/enjoymentran.geen: P adj. colored/lively/elegant/flowery/figurativerawaanah: P adj. despatched/proceedingrooH: A n.f. soul/spirit/life/essence/divine revelationroz: P n.m. a dayroz: P adj. dailyrozah: P n.m. a fast
  16. 16. raushan/roshan: P adj. light/illuminated/bright/clear/splendidraunaq: A n.f. lustre/beauty/elegance/freshnessresham: P n.m. silk################################################################################Re--This letter does not occur as the first letter of a word and hencethere are no entries. The letter has the sound of a hardened rand is often used interchangeably with Daal.################################################################################ze--zaar: P n.m. weeping/lamentation/garden/desire/wishzabaan: P n.f. tongue/language/flame (of a candle)zabar: P n.m. above/superior/greater/topzabardast: adj. vigorous/violent/tyrranical/superiorzaHmat: A n.f. uneasiness of mind/trouble/painzakhm: P n.m. wound/damage/losszadah: P adj. struck/stricken/oppressedzar: P n.m. goldzukaam: A n.m. coldzulf: P n.f. curl/ringlet/tresszamaanah: P n.m. time/age/periodzameen: P n.f. ground/earthzanjeer: P n.f. chainzindaan: P n.m. prison/jailzindagi: P n.f. life/living/existencezindah: P adj. alive/livingzinhaar: P adv. never/by no meanszinhaar: P intj. beware!zood: P adv. quickly/soon/suddenlyzor: P n.m. force/strength/power/influence/stresszahr: P n.m. poisonziyaadah: P adj. too much/more/excessiveziyaarat: A n.f. pilgrimage/visit (a shrine)zebaa: P adj. adorned/beautiful/proper/gracefulzeenat: A n.f. decoration/beauty################################################################################zhe---zhaalah: P n.m. hail/dew/frostzharf: P n.m. deep/penetrating/acute of mindzholeedah: P adj. dishevelled/entangled/intricatezhiyaan: P adj. terrible/furious/angry/rapacious################################################################################
  17. 17. seen----saajan: H n.m. lover/sweetheart/belovedsaaHir: A n.m. magiciansaaHil: A n.m. shore/beachsaadah: P adj. simple/plain/candid/sinceresaaz: P n.m. apparatus/equipment/concordsaazish: P n.f. conspiracy/intrigue/collusionsaaqee: A n.m. cup-bearer/page/belovedsaal: P n.m. yearsaalim: A adj. safe/sound/perfect/wholesaamaan: P n.m. apparatus/custom/understanding/powersaan.ch: H n.f. truth/realitysaan.s: H n.m./f. breath/sighsaair: A n.m. thw whole/the rest/wandering/walking/tax/dutysaayah: P n.m. shadow/shade/shelter/apparitionsabab: A n.m. cause/reasonsabaq: A n.m. lesson/lecture/advancingsubuk: P adj. light/delicate/trivial/frivolous/futilesitaarah: P n.m. starsitaan.: P adj. taking/seizingsitam: P n.m. oppression/tyranny/injustice/violencesajdah: A n.m. prostrationsaHar: A n.m. dawn/morningsakht: P adj. hard/firm/cruel/harsh/vehementsukhan: P n.m. speech/words/business/affairsukhan war: adj. eloquencesar: P n.m. head/top/pinnacle/origin/chief/desiresar afraaz: adj. exaltedsar bastah: adj. hidden/secretsar basar: adv. wholly/entirelysar buland: adj. eminent/glorioussar taabee: n.f. rebellionsar taaj: n.m. chief/leadersar-e dast: adv. at present/immediatelysar-e raah: adv. on the roadsar zameen: n.f. country/limits/regionsar-e shaam: n.f. about evening/eveningsar-o saamaan: n.m. necessities/furniture/luggagesiraaj: A n.m. lamp/candle/sunsurkh: P adj. redsard: P adj. cold/damp/dull/deadsuroor: A n.m. pleasure/joy/exhilarationsazaa: P n.f. correction/punishment/requitalsust: P adj. loose/frail/lazy/slow/dullsifaarish: P n.f. recommendationsafar: A n.m. journeysafed: P adj. whitesaktah: P n.m. trance/swoon/pausesukoot: A n.f. silence/peace/rest/tranquilitysukoon: A n.m. peace/rest/tranquilitysalaam: A n.m. salutation/peace/safety/complimentsilsilah: A n.m. chain/series/pedigree/genealogysaleeqah: A n.m. good disposition/good taste/mode/skillsang: P n.m. stone/weightsanh: A n.m. year/erasiwaa: P adv. except/save/but/besides
  18. 18. sawaal: A n.m. question/petition/application/request/demandsaudaa: P n.m. trade/marketing/goodssoz: P n.m. burning/passion/vexationsaugand: P n.m. oathsoona: H adj. void/empty/desolate/lonelysiyaah: P adj. black/dark/unfortunate/badsair: A n.f. walk/excursion/recreation/amusementseerat: A n.m. quality/nature/dispositionsailaab: A/P n.m. flood/deluge/torrentseenah: P n.m. chest/bosom################################################################################sheen-----shaabaash: P intj. bravo! well done! (contr. of shaadbaash)shaakh: P n.f. branch/bough/dilemma/difficulty/objectionshaad: P adj. happy/cheerful/delightedshaadaab: P adj. full of water/fresh/agreeable/verdantshaair: A n.m. poetshaagird: P n.m. pupil/apprentice/servantshaam: P n.f. eveningshaamil: A adj. including/comprising/connected/mingled/commonshaan: A n.f. dignity/glory/grandeurshaah: P n.m. king/prince/monarchshaahtir: n.m. a beam/roof supportshahzaadah: n.m. princeshaayad: P adv. perhaps/probablyshab: P n.f. nightshab bakhair: intj. goodnight!shabnam: n.f. dewshabaab: A n.m. youthshabeenah: P adj. nocturnalshujaa: A adj. braveshakhs: A n.m. a person/individual/being/bodysharaab: A n.f. wine/liquorsharaarah: A n.m. spark/gleam/flashsharaafat: A n.f. nobility/civility/good mannersshart: A n.f. condition/agreement/wagersharm: P n.f. shame/modestyshuroo: A n.m. beginningshareef: A adj. noble/eminent/honorableshir: A n.m. verse/coupletshulah: A n.m. flame/blaze/flash/lightshuoor: A n.m. wisdom/intellectshafaqat: A n.f. kindeness/compassion/mercyshakk: A n.m. doubt/suspense/hesitationshikaar: P n.m. hunting/preyshikaayat: A n.f. complaint/accusation/illnessshukr: A n.m. gratitudeshakl: A n.f. form/appearance/model/image/diagramshikwah: A/P n.m. complaint/chidingshumaar: P n.m. counting/numbering/estimation/accountshams: A n.m. the sunshamsher: P n.f. swordshama: A n.f. lamp/candle
  19. 19. shinaas: P adj. knowing/acquainted with/intelligenceshokh: P adj. playful/mischievous/bold/insolentshor: P n.m. noise/outcry/tumult/clamor/ardorshauq: A n.m. taste/fondness/desire/interestshahd: P n.m. honeyshahr: P n.m. cityshuhrat: A n.f. renown/fame/rumorshaheed: A n.m. martyrshaikh: A n.m. eldershekhi: A n.f. braggingsher: P n.m. lion/tiger/brave manshireen: P adj. sweet/pleasant/gentleshishah: P n.m. glass/bottle/glass paneshaitaan: A n.m. satan/devil/demon################################################################################saad----saahib: A n.m. master/lord/ruler/companion/titlesaaf: A adj. clean/pure/innocent/clear/legible/plainsubH: A n.f. morning/dawnsabr: A n.m. patience/endurance/submission/sufferingsuHbat: A n.f. companionship/society/conversationsaHraa: A n.m. plain/desertsaHeeH: A adj. right/correct/genuine/sound/pure/justsadr: A n.m. chest/bosom/chiefsadmah: A n.m. shock/blow/calamity/collision/sufferingsirf: A adj. only/mere/sheersirf: A adv. purely/exclusivelysaoobat: A n.f. difficulty/hardshipsalaaH: A n.f. peace/treaty/integrity/advice/counselsanam: A n.m. idol/sweetheart/mistresssurat: A n.f. form/figure/countenance/aspect/manner/plight################################################################################zaad----zaabit: A n.m. governor/master/possessorzaabit: A adj. strict/punctual/patient/disciplinarianzaabitah: A n.m. rule/custom/canon/law/codezaamin: A n.m. sponsor/surety/guarantorzaai: A adj. lost/destroyed/wasted/fruitlesszidd: A n.f. the contrary/opposition/stubbornesszarb: A n.f. injury/beating/impression (plu. zarbaat)zarar: A n.m. injury/damage/harm/affliction/loss/ruinzaroor: A adj. necessary/expedient/needfulzaroor: A adv. certainly/absolutelyzaroorat: A n.f. need/compulsion/want/exigencyzuf: A n.m. weakness/feeblenesszaif: A adj. weak/infirm/feeble/old/faintzalaal: A n.m. error/fault/vicezamaanat: A n.f. surety/bondzameer: A n.f. mind/heart/thought/reflection/sense
  20. 20. zau: A n.f. light/sunlightziyaa: A n.f. light/splendour/brilliancyzeeq: A n.f. anguish/melancholy/################################################################################to-e----taab: A adj. sweet/agreeable/pure/excellenttaaat: A n.f. obedience/devotion (plu. taaaat)taaq: A n.m. arch/cupola/nichetaaqat: A n.f. strength/power/mighttaalib: A n.m. seeker/enquirer/lover/candidatetabiat: A n.f. nature/temperament/dispositiontapaan.: P adj. palpitating/throbbingtarh: A n.m. manner/mode/form/design/plantarz: A n.m. manner/fashion/waytaraf: A n.f. side/margin/directiontariqah: A n.m. method/custom/path/waytan: A n.m. blame/reproach/censure/chidetalaaq: A n.f. divorce/repudiationtalab: A n.f. search/inquiry//wish/demand/requesttaur: A n.m. manner/condition/mode/statetoofaan: A n.m. storm/tempest/hurricanetaiyyaar: A adj. ready################################################################################zo-e----zaalim: A n.m. tyrant/oppressorzaahir: A adj. manifest/clear/evidentzaahiraa: A adv. outwardly/manifestlyzarif: A adj. witty/subtle/finezafar: A n.m. victory/triumph/gainzulm: A n.m oppression/tyrannyzann: A n.m. suspicionzaheer: A n.m. ally/associate################################################################################ain---aajiz: A adj. powerless/weak/helpless/dejectedaadat: A n.f. custom/habit/usage/practice/manneraadil: A adj. just/sincere/righteousaazim: A adj. determined/resoluteaashiq: A n.m. lover/suitoraaqibat: A n.f. end/conclusion/future lifeaaqibat: A adv. finally/at lastaaqil: A adj. wise/sensibleaalam: A n.m. world/universe/regions/public/beauty/periodaalim: A adj. learned/wise/intelligentaali: A adj. high/sublime/exalted/grand
  21. 21. aam: A adj. common/public/general/ordinary (plu. awaamm)ibaadat: A n.f. prayers/devotionibaarat: A n.f. composition/style/dictionabas: A adj. useless/profitless/trifling/idleabd: A n.m. slave/servant of Godibrat: A n.f. warning/admonitionitaab: A n.m. rebuke/reproach/anger/displeasureajab: A n.m. wonder/astonishmentajab: A adj. wonderful/amazing/strange/rareajeeb: A adj. wonderful/surprising/rare/admirable/uniqueadaalat: A n.f. court of justice/tribunal/justice/lawadam: A n.m. non-existence/nothing/annihilationazaab: A n.m. torment/pain/punishmentarsh: A n.m. roof/canopy/highest heavenarz: A n.f. petition/request/exposition/reviewirfaan: A n.m. knowledge/science/wisdomurooj: A n.m. ascension/rising/exaltationuryaan: A n.m. naked/bare/devoidizzat: A n.f. honor/esteem/glory/reputationazeez: A adj. dear/beloved/honored/respected/worthyishrat: A n.f. pleasure/enjoyment/mirth/societyishq: A n.m. love/excessive passionatr: A n.m. perfumeatf: A n.m. kindness/favor/affection/presentazeem: A adj. great/high in dignity/largeiffat: A n.f. purity/chastityaql: A n.m. intellect/reason/knowledgeuqoobat: A n.f. punishment/torment/tortureilaaj: A n.m. cure/treatment/antidoteilaaqah: A n.m. jurisdiction/area/tenureillat: A n.f. fault/defect/bad habit/illness/pretext/basisilm: A n.m. knowledge/science/doctrinealeem: A adj. wise/learnedimaarat: A n.f. building/edificeumr: A n.f. age/life-time/span of lifeamalan: A adv. practically/trulyinaad: A n.m. enmity/obstinacyawaam: A n.m. populace/common people (plu. of aam)aurat: A n.f. woman/wife/nudityaiyaash: A adj. luxurious/rakish/addicted to pleasureaish: A n.m. pleasure/delight/luxury################################################################################ghain-----ghaalib: A adj. victorious/predominantghaalib: A adv. often/likely/most probablyghaaib: A adj. hidden/absentghubaar: A n.m. vapor/fog/mist/dust/vexationghaddaar: A adj. disloyal/treacherousgharaz: A n.f. intention/meaning/design/view/wantghuroor: A n.m. pride/vanitygharib: A adj. poor/destitute/strange/innocent/wonderfulghazal: A n.f. ode/poemghash: A n.m. stupor/fainting
  22. 22. ghussah: A n.m. anger/passion/rage/anxiety/griefghaflat: A n.f. negligence/drowsiness/stuporghulaam: A n.m. slave/boy/youthghalat: A adj. wrong/incorrect/inaccurateghaleez: A adj. dirty/filthy/gross/coarse/obscenegham: A n.m. grief/sorrow/concern/caregham khwaar: adj. consolinggham deedah: adj. afflicted/grievedgham gusaar: n.m. comforterghammaaz: A n.m. informer/tattletale/back-bitingghaur: A n.m. deep thought/meditation/close attentionghair: A n.m. stranger/foreignerghair: A adv. besidesghair: A adj. other/different/alien/badghair: A prep. without/except/but/saveghairat: A n.f. honor/modesty/bashfulness/envy/enmity################################################################################fe--faakhir: A n.m. a boasterfaash: P adj. apparent/known/notoriousfaasilah: A n.m. distance/space/separationfaazil: A adj. superfluous/accomplished person/virtuousfaaqah: A n.m. starvation/fasting/povertyfaaidah: A n.m. benefit/profit/utilityfaaiq: A adj. superior/greatfitnah: A n.m. sedition/revolt/mischief/temptationfatwaa: A n.m. judicial decreefakhr: A n.m. glory/honor/pride/egotismfida: A n.m. sacrifice/devotion/ransom/exchangefidaaee: A&P n.m. loverfiraaq: A n.m. separation/anxiety/absence/distancefirdaus: A n.m. garden/paradisefarishtah: P n.m. angel/apostle/prophet/messengerfursat: A n.f. opportunity/leisure/rest/recoveryfarz: A n.m. duty/moral obligation/statutefarq: A n.m. difference/distance/separation/defectfurqat: A n.f. separation/disunion/absence (of lovers)farmaan: P n.m. mandate/order/royal decreefarmaaish: P n.f. order for goods/requisition/pleasure/willfaro: P adj. down/below/underfaryaad: P n.f. complaint/cryfareb: P n.m. deceit/trick/fraudfaza: A n.f. lamentation/wailingfasanah: P n.m. romance/tale/fablefazl: A n.m. excellence/virtue/reward/wisdomfitrat: A n.f. nature/creation/deceit/intrigue/wisdomfughaan.: P n.m. clamor/lamentation/cry of distressfaqr: A n.m. povertyfikr: A n.m./f. opinion/notion/care/concern/anxiety/counselfigaar: P adj. wounded/sore/afflicted/confusedfalak: A n.m. sky/heaven/fortune/fatefuwaad: A n.m. the heartfauj: A n.f. army/crowd/multitude
  23. 23. fauran: A adv. immediately/quickly/directlyfahm: A n.m. understanding/intellectfaisalah: A n.m. settlement/decree/decisionfaiz: A n.m. liberality/grace/bounty################################################################################qaaf----qaabil: A adj. worthy/able/competent/deserving/cleverqaaboo: P n.m. power/command/authority/possession/holdqaatil: A n.m. murderer/assassin/homicideqaazee: A n.m. judgeqaaidah: A n.m. custom/rule/manners/habit/established orderqaafiyah: A n.m. rhyme/metre/cadenceqaanoon: A n.m. rule/law/system/stateqaail: A adj. confessing/agreeing/conceding/subduedqaaim: A adj. erect/stagnant/firm/durableqabr: A n.f. grave/tombqabzah: A n.m. gridp/clutch/possessing/power/hilt of a swordqubool: A n.m. consent/acceptance/assent/recognitionqatl: A n.m. killing/murder/assassinationqadd: A n.m. stature/size/heightqadr: A n.f. dignity/honor/worth/valuequdrat: A n.f. power/strength/universe/natureqadam: A n.m. step/pace/footstepqaraar: A n.m. residence/stability/rest/patience/satisfactionqurbaan: A n.m. sacrifice/victim/offeringqarz: A n.m. debt/loanqareeb: A adj. near/adjacent/akin/approachingqasam: A n.m. an oathqism: A n.f. sort/kind/species/portion/natureqismat: A n.f. fortune/fate/share/portion/head/categoryqusoor: A n.m. fault/defect/blame/sin/failureqissah: A n.m. tale/fable/romance/quarrel/disputeqazaa: A n.f. fate/destiny/jurisdiction/judgementqafas: A n.m. cage/network/bodyqalb: A n.m. heart/mind/soul/intellect/marrow/pithqalam: A n.m. reed/pen/handwritingqamar: A n.m. the moonqaul: A n.m. word/saying/promise/consent/vowqaum: A n.m. nation/peopleqiyaamat: A n.f. resurrection/Judgement Day/tumultqaid: A n.f. imprisonment/confinement/obstacle/controlqeemat: A n.m. price/value/woth/cost################################################################################kaaf----kaatib: A n.m. scribe/writerkaazib: A adj. falsekaar: P n.m. affair/work/labor/duty/professionkaarwaan: P n.m. caravan/large company of pilgrimskaasah: P n.m. cup/goblet/bowl
  24. 24. kaash: P intj. would that !kaashif: A adj. discoverer/revealerkaaghaz: P n.m. paper/letter/documentkaafir: A n.m. infidel/sweetheart/mistresskaafir: A adj. impious/ungratefulkaafur: A n.m. camphorkaafi: P&A adj. sufficient/enoughkaam: P n.m. palate/desire/object/purport/design/intentionkaamraan: adj. successful/fortunate/happy/blessedkaam yaab: adj. prosperous/successfulhappy/satisfiedkaahish: P n.f. anxiety/pining/decline/decaykaahil: A adj. lazy/slow/indolent/relaxed/tardy/ailingkabootar: P n.m. pigeon/dovekabeer: A adj. great/large/immensekitaab: A n.m. book/writing/despatchkasrat: A n.f abundance/excess/bulkkadah: P n.m. a place (usually a suff.)karam: A n.m. kindness/favor/bounty/clemencykareem: A adj. bountiful/generous/merciful/epithet of Godkas: P n.m. man/personkasab: A n.m. profession/tradekasr: A n.f. breach/loss/afflictionkasal: A n.m. laxity/cowardice/depression/sicknesskiswat: A n.f. dress/appearance/habit/figure/form/mannerkashaakash: P n.f. struggle/dilemma/contention/grief and painkashti: P n.f. ship/boat/vessel/traykashish: P n.f. drawing/attraction/allurementkufr: A n.m. paganism/infidelity/profanitykafan: A n.m. shroudkul: A adj. all/complete/entire/aggregate/universekalaam: A n.m. discourse/oration/a work/composition/objectionkam: P adj. deficient/few/little/rare/scantykam bakht: adj. unfortunate/wretchedkamzor: adj. weak/feeble/powerlesskamaal: A n.m. excellence/perfection/miracle/artkamaan: P n.f. bow/arch/springkamar: P n.f. waist/girdle/zone/army flank/archkamee: P n.f. deficiency/loss/abatement/reduction/dearthkameenah: P adj. mean/vulgar/base/defectivekinaarah: P n.m. shore/river bank/edge/margin/limitkandah: P adj. carved/engravedkoshish: P n.f. attempt/endeavor/labor/exertionkoft: P n.f. beating/pain/vexation/grief/gildingkaul: H n.m. mouthful/morselkoh: P n.m. mountain/hillkaif: A n.m. intoxicationkaifiyyat: A n.f. narrative/circumstances/explanation/situationkeenah: P n.m. malice/rancor/enmity################################################################################gaaf----giraan.: P adj. precious/costly/dear/important/heavygard: P n.f. trifle/dustgird: P n.m. round/circumference/environs
  25. 25. girdaab: P n.m. whirlpool/abyss/vortexgardish: P n.f. revolution/circulation/misfortune/vagrancygardan: P n.f. the neckgiriftaar: P adj. captured/seized/smitten/prisoner/captivatedgarm: P adj. hot/burning/ardent/choleric/livelygirau: P n.m. pledge/pawngirah: P n.f. knot/joint/knucklegiriyaan.: P adj. weeping/cryinggiryah: P n.m. weeping/lamentation/crying/plaintgaz: P n.m. a yard measureguzaarish: P n.f. petition/request/explanationguzaarah: P n.m. living/subsistence/passage/abodeguzar: P n.f. a pass/a living/a roadgazeedah: P adj. stung/bittenguzeedah: P adj. selected/chosengusaar: P adj. taking away/dissipating/removinggustaakhee: P n.f. rudeness/arrogance/audacityguftgoo: P n.f. conversation/discoursegul: P n.m. rose/flower/ornament/brandgul badan: adj. delicate/gracefulgul dastah: n.m. a bouquetgul zaar: n.m. flower-bed/gardengul sitaan.: n.m. rose-gardengulshan: n.m. a flower or rose gardengulaab: P n.m. the rosegilah: P n.m. complaint/blame/reproach/lamentationgum: P n.m. lost/missing/distractedgum raah: adj. astray/lost/wicked/depravedgum sum: adj. still/silentgum gashtah: adj. lost/wanderinggum naam: adj. nameless/anonymous/unknown/ingloriousgumaan: P n.m. doubt/surmise/fancy/pride/opinion/distrustgunaah: P n.m. fault/sin/crime/guiltgawaaraa: P adj. palatable/agreeable/pleasant/nicegawaah: P n.m. a witnessgawaahee: P n.m. testimony/evidencegosh: P n.m. the eargoshah: P n.m. corner/angle/cell/privacygoyaa: P adj. speaking/eloquentgeer: P adj. taking/holding/seizing/conqueringgesoo: P n.m. tresses/locksgaihaan.: P n.m. the world/the universe################################################################################laam----laa: A suff. no/not/by no means/withoutlaa jawaab: adj. rendered speechless/silencedlaa chaar: adj. helpless/destitute/forlorn/disabledlaa waaris: adj. heirlesslaazim: A adj. necessary/compulsory/importantlaash: T n.f/m. corpselaaiq: A adj. worthy/suitable/able/qualified/decentlab: P n.m. the lip/edge/margin/shore/banklaHzah: A n.m. the twinkling of an eye/moment/glance
  26. 26. lazzat: A n.f. taste/flavor/enjoyment/pleasurelarzaan.: P adj. termbling/tremulous/fearinglataafat: P n.f. pleasantness/elegance/subtilitylutf: A n.m. kindness/favor/grace/pleasurelatmah: A n.m. slap/blowlateefah: A n.m. pleasantry/witticism/jokelughat: A n.m. tongue/speech/dialect/word/dictionarylifaafah: A n.m. cover/envelope/wrapper/secretlafz: A n.m. word/sayingluknat: A n.f. stammering/speech impedimentlagaam: H n.f. bridle/reinlamHah: A n.m. minute/momentlang: P n.m. lameness/limplan.gar: P n.m. anchor/cable/rope/public kitchen/almslau: H n.f. candle flame/ardent desire/attachmentlauH: A n.f. plank/board/table/tablet/title pageliyaaqat: A n.f. worth/ability/merit/skill################################################################################meem----maa: A adv. which/what/that which/whilst/during...maa bad: adj. followingmaa Haul: n.m. surroundings/environsmaa faat: adj. what is past or deadmaa waraa: adj. what is beyond or behindmaatam: A n.m. mourning/griefmaal: A n.m. riches/property/merchandise/revenuemaalik: A n.m. master/lord/owner/Godmaani: A n.m. impediment/hinderance/objection/stoppermaah: P n.m. the moon/monthmaah paaraa: adj. handsome/belovedmaah taab: n.m. moonlightmaah jabeen: adj. a beautiful personmaah wash: adj. having a face as beautiful as the moonmaahir: A adj. skilled/expert/master/excelmaayoos: A adj. without hope/disappointedmubaarak: A adj. auspicious/blessed/felicitationmubaahaat A n.m. contending for glory/boasting/arrogancemubtada: A n.m. commencement/principlemutaassif: A adj. sorrowful/repentant/grievingmutabassim: A adj. smiling/laughingmutaHammil: A adj. affable/tolerant/patient/passivemutaraddid: A adj. hesitant/perplexed/wavering/grievedmatrook: A adj. abandoned/obsolete/rejectedmutaassib: A adj. prejudiced/partial/superstitiousmatwalaa: A adj. intoxicated/inebriatedmutawaqqi: A adj. expecting/hopefulmatin: A adj. strong/solid/vigorous/obstinatemisaal: A adj. simile/likeness/metaphor/examplemasal: A n.f. proverb/examplemajaal: A n.f. power/strength/stability/opportunitymajboor: A adj. compelled/helpless/oppressedmujrim: A adj. criminal/culpable/faultymujrim: A n.m. felon/criminal/sinner
  27. 27. majrooh: A adj. wounded/hurt/smittenmajma: A n.m. congregation/assemblage/crowd/collectionmajnoon.: A adj. insane/madly in lovemuHaafiz: A n.m. protector/guardian/guardmaHabbat: A n.f. love/friendshipmaHboob: A n.m. lover/friend/sweetheartmaHboob: A adj. loved/lovelymaHboobah: A n.f. mistress/sweetheartmaHboos: A adj. confined/imprisonedmuHtaj: A adj. needy/poor/defectivemaHjoob: A n.m. modesty/shame/bashfulnessmaHdood: A adj. limited/bounded/finitemaHroom: A adj. deprived/unlucky/prohibited/disappointedmoHzoon: A adj. grieved/vexedmuHsin: A n.m. patron/benefactormaHsood: A adj. envied/hatedmaHsoos: A adj. felt/perceived/sensiblemaHzooz: A adj. pleased/delighted/rich/contentedmaHfil: A n.f. congregation/assemblymaHfooz: A adj. kept safe/guarded/secure/memorizedmuHallah: A n.m. quarter(of a city)/street/wardmiHnat: A n.f. labor/toil/difficulty/trialmakhboot: A adj. mad/insanemukhtasar: A adj. concise/abbreviatedmakhmal: A n.m. velvetmakhmoor: A adj. intoxicated/drunkmadaar: A n.m. circumference/orbit/station/dependencemudaam: A adv. eternally/always/continuallymuddat: A n.f. period(of time)madad: A n.f. help/assistance/reinforcement/wagesmadhosh: A adj. intoxicated/astonishedmazaaq: A n.m. joke/taste/relish/perceptionmazhab: A n.m. religion/sect/doctrinemuraad: A n.f. desire/will/intention/vow/tenor/meaningmartabah: A n.f./m. degree/office/class/ordermarhalah: A n.m. stage/inn/days journey/difficultymarhoom: A adj. dead/deceasedmard: P n.m. man/male/hero/husbandmurdah: P adj. dead/weak/decrepitmurshid: A n.m. teacher/spiritual guidemarghoob: A adj. desired/beautifulmarqoom: A adj. written/inscribedmarmar: G n.m. marblemarham: A n.m. ointment/salve/curemareez: A n.m. patientmizaaj: A n.m. mixture/temperament/humor/pridemazaar: A n.m. shrine/tomb/gravemazah: P n.m. taste/relish/enjoyment/pleasuremusaafir: A n.m. traveller/strangermast: P adj. drunk/intoxicatedmasroor: A adj. glad/cheerful/pleasedmashal: A n.f. torch/lanternmushkil: A adj. difficult/intricate/hard/painfulmashhoor: A adj. noted/famous/reported/proclaimedmuseebat: A n.f. misfortune/calamity/adversity/evilmazboot: A adj. strong/firm/resolute/validmutaqbiq: A adj. conformable/suitable/like/in accordance with
  28. 28. matlab: A n.m. object/aim/meaning/motive/wish/desiremazloom: A adj. injure/oppressed/wrongedmuaahid: A n.m. ally/confederatemuijzah: A n.m. miraclemashooq: A n.m. beloved/sweetheartmaloom: A adj. known/evident/clearmamool: A adj. governed/prepared/customarymanee: A n.m. meaning/intent/signifcance/reality/essencemaghz: P n.m. brain/pith/intellectmaghroor: A adj. proud/arrogantmaghloob: A adj. conquered/subduedmuft: P adj. free/gratismaftoon: A adj. tempted/enamored/charmed/mad (with love)muflis: A adj. poor/indigent/bankruptmaflook: A adj. indigent/beggarly/destitutemufeed: A adj. profitable/beneficial/usefulmuqaabil: A adj. opposite/converse/against/matchingmaqaal: A n.m. word/speech/saying/proverbmaqaam: A n.m. dwelling/station/position/basismaqbarah: A n.m. tomb/gravemaqbool: A adj. accepted/chosen/gratefulmuqaddar: A n.m. fate/destiny/predestinationmuqaddam: A adj. antecedent/prior/superior/chiefmuqir: A adj. confessing/admitting/acknowledgingmuqarrar: A adj. established/fixed/certain/customary/permanentmaqsad: A n.m. intention/purpose/aim/goal/desiremaqsood: A adj. intended/proposedmakkaar: A adj. cunning/artful/deceitfulmakaan: A n.m. house/place/habitationmukaddar: A adj. turbid/muddy/sullen/gloomy/vexedmukarrar: A adv. repeatedly/againmaknoon: A adj. hidden/concealedmagar: P conj. unless/perhaps/except/but/howevermulaazim: A n.m. servant/aidemulaaqaat: A n.f. meeting/encounter/interview/visitmalaal: A n.m. sadness/grief/langor/fatiguemalaamat: A n.f. censure/rebukemulaaim: A adj. soft/tender/gentle/placidmulk: A n.m. nation/realm/territorymalool: A adj. sad/depressed/tired/boredmumtaaz: A adj. exalted/eminent/chosenmumkin: A adj. possible/feasiblemunaasib: A n.f. proper/suitable/fit/apt/congruousmunHasir: A adj. surrounded/besieged/dependent/restingmanzil: A n.f. days journey/destination/storey/housemanish: P n.f. heart/mind/soul/magnanimity/pridemanzar: A n.m. countenance/visage/sight/aspect/scenemanzoor: A adj. admired/chosen/approved/accepted/grantedmana: A n.m. prohibition/refusal/hindrance/forbiddingmaut: A n.f. death/mortalitymauj: A n.f. wave/surge/enjoyment/ecstasy/caprice/plentymoojib: A n.m. cause/reasonmaujood: A adj. present/existing/at hand/readymausam: A n.m. season/timemauqa: A n.m. occasion/opportunity/place/situationmom: P n.m. waxmuayyid: A adj. corroborative/confirmatory
  29. 29. muhaajir: A n.m. refugee/emigrantmahtaab: P n.m. moonlightmihrbaani: P n.f. favor/kindnessmuhlat: A n.f. retarding/delay/respite/leisuremihmaan: P n.m. guestmai: P n.f. wine/liquormai khaanah: n.m. bar/tavernmai kadah: n.m. bar/tavernmaidaan: A n.m. open field/battlefield/groundmuyassar: A adj. facilitated/easy/possible/feasible################################################################################noon----naa: P&H pref. no/not/termination of the infinitivenaa aashnaa: adj. not acquainted/strangernaa ittifaaqi: n.f. discord/disagreementnaa ummeedee: n.f. hopelessness/despairnaa insaafi: n.f. injusticenaa bood: adj. nonexistent/annihilated/extinctnaa paaidari: n.f. inconstancy/frailtynaa pasand: adj. disliked/unacceptable/offensivenaa tars: adj. hard-hearted/severe/pitilessnaa tamaam: adj. incompletenaa tawaani: n.f. weakness/inabilitynaa jaaiz: adj. unlawfulnaa chaar: adj. helpless/destitute/forlornnaa cheez: adj. trifling/insignificant/worthlessnaa khushi: n.f. disagreeableness/displeasurenaa daari: n.f. povertynaa daanistah: adv. unwittingly/unknowinglynaa daani: n.f. ignorancenaa deedah: adj. greedynaa raasti: n.f. dishonestynaa raazi: n.f. discontentnaa saaz: adj. indisposed/dissonant/uncivilnaa samajh: adj. ignorant/dull/foolishnaa shaad: adj. cheerless/joyless/dullnaa shukr: adj. ungratefulnaa shinaas: adj. ignorantnaa saaf: adj. unclean/impure/unchastenaa saboor: adj. impatient/restlessnaa taaqat: adj. weak/feeblenaa farmaan: adj. disobedientnaa fahm: adj. stupidnaa qaabil: adj. unfit/unworthy/incapablenaa qadr: adj. unappreciativenaa kaam: adj. unsuccessfulnaa kas: adj. worthless/basenaa gawaar: adj. unpleasant/unpalatablenaa laaiq: adj. unworthy/unsuitable/impropernaa muraad: adj. disappointednaa mard: adj. unmanlynaa maloom: adj. unknownnaa mumkin: adj. impossible
  30. 30. naa manzoor: adj. disallowednaa yaab: adj. scarce/rarenaataa: H n.m. relationship/alliance/kin/affinitynaach: H n.m. dancenaakhun: P n.m. nail/clawnaadir: A adj. rare/singular/preciousnaadim: A adj. penitent/ashamed/bashfulnaar: A n.f. fire/hellnaaz: P n.m. coquetry/airs/pride/elegance/softness/delicacynaazish: P n.f. pride/arrogancenaazuk: P adj. thin/slender/fragile/delicatenaasoot: A n.m. humanity/human naturenaafiz: A adj. having effect/piercingnaak: P suff. affected with/full ofnaalaan: P adj. lamenting/moaningnaalish: P n.f. complaint/accusationnaam: P n.m. name/title/honor/fame/naamah: P n.m. treatise/book/historynaao: H n.f. boat/ship/vesselnaa-onosh: P n.m. carousing/feastingnaaib: A n.m assistant/deputynabz: A n.f. the pulsenabi: A n.m. a prophetnataaij: A n.m. results/consequences (plu. of nateejah)nateejaa: A n.m. resultnisaar: A n.m. throwing/dispersion/scattering/sacrificenajm: A n.m. star/planet/fortune/horoscopenajeeb: A adj. praiseworthy/noble/generousnakhraah: A n.m. airr/coquetry/trick/pretence/swaggernadeem: A n.m. intimate friendnar: S&P n.m. man/maleniraalee H adj. unequalled/rare/strangenargis: P n.f. Narcissus/the eye of a mistressnarm: P adj. smooth/tender/soft/slownazaakat: P n.f. neatness/elegance/politenessnazdeek: P adj. nearnisbat: A n.f relation/affinity/attribute/comparisonnaseem: A n.f. Zephyr/gentle breezenishaan: P n.m. mark/sign/signal/emblem/target/scar/tracenishaanee: P n.f. mark/sign/souvenir/keepsakenashaah: P n.m. intoxication/pride/arrogancenasheen: P adj. sittingnusrat: A n.f. victorynaseeb: A n.m. fortune/fate/destinynaseeHat: A n.f. advice/counsel/admonitionnazaarah: A n.m. sight/view/vistanazaafat: A n.f. purity/neatnessnizaam: A n.m. order/arrangement/custom/systemnazar: A n.f. look/glance/favor/motive/view/countenancenazm: A n.f. poetry/versenazm: A n.m. order/arangementnash: A n.f. coffin/corpse/bierniam: A n.f. favors/benefitsnaeem: A n.f. pleasure/ease/tranquilitynaghmaah: A n.m. melody/song/musical notenafrat: A n.f. aversion/disgust/fright/terrornafs: A n.m. soul/spirit/essence
  31. 31. naqsh: A n.m. painting/picture/map/marknaqshah: A n.m. portrait/model/design/examplenuqsaan: A n.m. lossnaql: A n.f. narration/tale/mimicing/copying/apingnaqli: A adj. artificial/spurious/counterfietnikaah: A n.m. matrimonynakbat: A n.f. calamity/misfortunenuktah: A n.m. subtlety conceit/point of wit/epigramnuktah been: adj. hypercriticalnuktah cheen: adj. captiousnuktah daan: adj. sagaciousnigaar: P n.m. painting/picture/sweetheart/belovednigaah: P n.f. look/glance/sight/custody/carenigaah baan: n.m. protector/guardnam: P n.m. moisture/wetness/dampnessnam: P adj. moist/wet/dampnamaaz: A n.f. prayernumaaish: P n.f. show/display/sight/spectaclenamoonah: P n.m. example/sample/specimennau: P adj. new/fresh/rawnau bahaar: n.f. early springnau jawaani: n.f. youth/prime of lifenau nihaal: n.m. sapling/young mannawaazish: P n.f. kindness/favor/patronagenaubat: A n.f. turn/timenoor: A n.m lightnihaal: P n.m saplingnihaan.: P n.m latent/hidden/secret/niyaaz: P n.f. desire/plea/poverty/needniyyat: A n.f. intention/purpose/will/aimnek: P adj. good/lucky/virtuous/piousneelaam: (Port.) n.m. auctionnim: P adj. middle/halfniyoosh: P adj. listening/hearing################################################################################vaa-o-----o: P conj. andwaa: P adj. openwaa: P adv. again/backwaa: P prep. withwaa bastah: adj. bound together/attachedwaa pas: adj. behind/back/returning againwaa rastah: adj. free/delivered/escaped/carefreewaa sokht: n.m. aversion/disgustwaasiq: A adj. strong/firm/confident/securewaajib: A adj. necessary/obligatorywaajibaat: A n.m. duties (plu. of waajib)waajid: A adj. possessor/creatorwaahid: A adj. unique/one/single/unitwaar: H n.m. blow/attack/strokewaar: P suff. like/resembling/possessingwaar: S n.m. day of the week/momentwaaris: A n.m. heir
  32. 32. waarid: A adj. coming/arriving/happeningwaaridaat: A adj. events/occurences (plu. of waarid)waastah: A n.m. account/sake/reason/means/motivewaaste: A prep. for/for the sake ofwaazih: A adj. clear/evident/apparentwaaqi: A adj. occuring/happeningwaaqii: A adv. really/actually/trulywaaqii: A adj. true/real/properwaalid: A n.m. fatherwaalidah: A n.f. motherwaalah: A adj. distracted/mad with lovewaan: H suff. possessing/endowed withwaahimah: A n.m. imagination/fancy/whimwajaahat: A n.f. dignity/respect/beautywajd: A n.m. ecstasy/rapture/excessive lovewijdaan: A n.m. ecstasy/rapture/intuitionwujood: A n.m. existence/essence/beingwaj-h: A n.m. cause/reason/mode/manner/face/appearancewajeeh: A n.m. handsome/respectable/good appearancewaHshat: A n.f. solitude/grief/fear/sadness/lonelinesswaHeed: A adj. singular/unique/alonewidaad: A n.f. friendship/love/affectionwidaa: A n.m. farewellwadood: A adj. loving/friendlywar: P suff. possessing/havingwarnah: P adv. and if not/otherwisewazn: A n.m. weight/measure/metre/rhyme/esteem/honorwaseem: A adj. handsome/fine countenancewash: P suff. like/resemblingwasf: A n.m. praise/merit/virtuewusool: A n.m. collection/acquisitionwasiyyat: A n.f. testament/last will/legacy/bequestwazaahat: A n.f. vivid descriptionwaza: A n.f. state/position/situationwatan: A n.m. native countrywadah: A n.m. promise/agreementwaghairah: A adv. et cetera/and so forthwafaa: A n.f. fulfilling a promise/fulfilment/fidelitywafaa begaanah: adj. faithlesswafaa daar: adj. faithful/sincerewafaat: A n.f. deathwaqt: A n.m. time/term/season/hour/opportunitywaqf: A n.m. religious bequestwakaalat: A n.f. advocacy/attorneyshipwakeel: A n.m. lawyer/attorneywilaayat: A n.f. a foreign country/abroad/realm/union with Godwalee: A n.m. lord/prince/master/friend/guardianwahm: A n.m. imagination/idea/fancy/opinion/fear/suspicionwairaagi: S n.m. ascetic/recluseweeraan: P adj. desolate/ruinedweeraanah: P n.m. a ruined placeweeraani: P n.f. desolation/destruction/ruin################################################################################chhoTi he
  33. 33. ---------haatif: P n.m. angel/voice from heavenhaath: H n.m. hand/arm/clutches/power/slap/reachhaadi: A n.m. guide/leader/directorhaar: S&P n.m. necklace/garlandhaar: H n.f. loss/defeat/fatiguehaalah: A n.m. halo/nimbus/circle round the moonhaamoon: P n.m. desert/plain/level groundhaawiyah: A n.m. the lowest region of hellhaailah A adj. terrible/horriblehuboot: A n.m. decline/downfall/descenthibah: A n.m. gift/bequest/granthatauRa: H n.m. sledgehammerhatauRee: H n.f. small hammerhathyaar: H n.f. tool/weaponhathelee: H n.f. palm of the handhijr: A n.m. separation/absence from ones countryhijrat: A n.f. separation/flight (flight of the Prophetfrom Mecca to Medina)hujoom: A n.m. crowd/mob/tumult/assault/attackhidaayat: A n.f. instruction/guidance/righteousnesshadaf: A n.m. target/goal/objecthazaa: A pron. thishar: P adj. all/every/eachhar ek: adj. every onehar baar: adv. every timehar jaaee: adj. vagabond/faithlesshar dam: adv. every momenthiraas: P n.m. fear/terror/confusion/sorrow/disappointmentharj: A n.m. tumult/sedition/trouble/loss/harm/injuryharzah: P adj. nonsense/absurd/frivolous/vainhargiz: P adv. ever/neverharyaalee: H n.f. greeness/freshness/grasshazl: A n.m. joke/jest/pleasantrieshasti: P n.f. life/existencehushyaar: P adj. intelligent/alert/awakehaftah: P n.m. a weekhakaazah: A adv. similarlyhalaak: A adj. ruined/destroyedhalaak: A n.f. ruin/destruction/slaughter/deathhilaal: A n.m. new moon/the crescentham: P conj. also/likewise/together/with/similar& adv.ham bazm: adj. of the same societyham batn: adj. related by bloodham batn: n.m. blood-relation/close allyham taa: adj. equal/alikeham jalees: adj. close friend& n.m.ham jolee: n.f. playmate/equal/peer/friend& n.m.ham dard: n.f. sympathizer/partner in adversityham raaz: adj. confidantham raah: n.m. fellow-travellerham zabaan.: adj. unanimous/of the same languageham saaz: adj. friendly/unanimousham saayah: n.m. neighbor
  34. 34. ham safar: n.m. fellow-travellerham mazhab: adj. coreligionistham nasheen: n.m. playmate/associatehumaa: P n.m. eagle/phoenix/bird of Paradisehumaayun: P adj. august/royal/fortunatehimmat: A n.f. spirit/mind/courage/desire/designhameshaah: P adv. alwayshan.gaam: P n.m. season/time/periodhan.gaamah: P n.m. tumult/riot/uproar/confusion/disorderhawaa: A n.f. wind/breeze/air/atmospherehawas: A n.f. ambition/desire/lusthosh: P n.m. sense/mind/understandinghaul: A n.m. terror/horror/frighthunar: P n.m. skill/artheeraa: H n.m. diamondhaiat: A n.f. astronomy/face/figure;commission/delegation################################################################################chhoTi ye/baRi ye-----------------yaa: A intj. O!yaa: P conj. either/oryaad: P n.f. remembrance/memory/recollectionyaad daasht: n.f. a note/memorandum/memoryyaad gaar: memorial/souvenir/keepsakeyaar: P n.m. friend/lover/companionyaaraa: P n.m. strength/courage/poweryaaraanah: P n.m. friendshipyaaraanah: P adv. friendlyyaari: P n.f. friendship/assistance/love/intrigueyaas: A n.f. despair/fear/terroryaaghi: T n.m. rebel/enemyyaaqoot: P n.m. ruby/garnetyaawar: P adj. aiding/friendlyyaawar: P n.m. assistant/companion/friendyaawari: P n.f. favor/assistance/friendshipyaawah: P adj. absurd/vain/futile/lost/ruinedyataamaa: A n.m. orphans (plu. of yateem)yateem: A n.m. orphanyad: A n.m. hand/power/authority/protection/succoryazdaan: P n.m. Godyasaar: A n.m. left/left hand; affluence/opulenceyani: A adv. namely/that is to sayyaqin: A n.m. certainty/assurance/truth/confidence/trustyaqinan: adv. certainly/verily/assuredly/indeedyak: P adj. one/a/anyak jaan: adj. one soulyak dil: adj. unanimousyak rukhee: adj. one-sidedyak zabaan: adj. uniform opinion or speechyak sar: adj. all at onceyak soo: adj. on one side/asideyak lakht: adv. all at once/suddenlyyaktaa: P adj. single/unique/matchless/incomparableyagaanah: P n.m. kinsman/kindred
  35. 35. yagaanah: P adj. unique/single/sole/agreed/unequalledyumn: A n.m. felicity/prosperity/good luckyamin: A n.m. right hand; oathyoorish: T n.f. assault/storm/invasionyaum: A n.m. a day

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