What is Dyslexia? According to (Dyslexia (Intellectual and PossiblyCommunication), 2008), ‘dyslexia is a learningdisability which has a neurological origin.Children who dyslexic have problem with wordrecognition and understanding what they haveread. Problem in these can also affect their abilityto spell and learn decoding skills’. (Shagwitz,2007), states that ‘dyslexia which is a specificreading disability... affects 80 percent of allindividuals who are indentified as learningdisabled’ (p.1). 4
Assistive TechnologiesFour technologies which can be used for enhancing learning for dyslexic children are:• Smart Ideas• Tape recorder•Graphic Organizer•Smart board 5
How can teachers use Smart Boards Technology? ‘Since tools on smart boards can also be used withinformation form the internet’, (Smart Board 685ixinteractive white board system., 2010); teachers canuse free online software tools that can increasereading skills, writing, and spelling. Star Fall is anexample of free online software which are great forenhancing reading for both disabled and nondisabled children in the classroom. The teacher canalso download letter sounds, store them, and thenreplay for the dyslexic child. They can also store theletter sounds in the smart note files, to use at a laterdate. 7
How can teachers use Smart Boards Technology? The dyslexic child can use smart boardwriting tools or finger to practice writing,‘since dyslexic children have difficulty withwriting’ (Company, n.d). (Torreno, 2010)Claims that, ‘teachers who have used SmartBoards report that students with special needshave made huge strides in learning. Specialeducators often say that Smart Boardscontribute to academic success in theclassroom’. 8
Tape recorder The tape recorder often is an excellent aid inhelping dyslexic students. It can be used whileworking mathematical problems, or readingstories from big books. It helps in givingdirections, understanding stories, and doingspecific lessons. The student can replay the tapeto clarify understanding of directions orconcepts. Also, to improve reading skills, thestudent can read the printed words silently asthey are presented on tape. 10
Tape recorder One popular tape recording device isaudio book. As it name, ‘audio books’ hasrecordings of stories, which are normallyread in printed books. Dyslexic childrencan listen, and also follow along in theprint story books. This can graduallyincrease their reading and other skills likefluency. Audio books can be purchaseonline through websites like, RecordedBook K-12 and Learning Ally. 11
Graphic Organizers The best type of graphic design, scientificallyproven, that can help dyslexic students in aclassroom is the use of Microsoft OneNote. This ispublic and available for use by everyone. OneNotemakes the job way easier for every dyslexic student,because it helps them to take notes faster, recordaudio and video notes, use visual cues to help themorganize and remember information, use outlinesand templates and use the spell checker, dictionaries,and thesaurus. 13
Graphic Organizer Cont’d This graphic design helps take away frustration,makes information a lot easier and faster for them tofind. It may have advantages and disadvantages butthroughout all the technologies used in theclassroom for Dyslexic students, OneNote is the bestand well known used technology to accommodateDyslexic students in the classroom. For students withdyslexia, OneNote has many features that can helpstudents take notes faster and in different ways, stayorganized, and meet literacy challenges, such asspelling and grammar. 14
Smart Ideas SMART Ideas concept-mapping softwarebrings the power of visual learning to theclassroom. It helps students visualize andanalyze complex ideas by building multilevelinteractive maps. And you can easily convertthe maps into a multipage website foreveryone to share.. You can enhance mapswith curriculum-specific clip art or externallinks to make lessons more dynamic. 15
Smart Ideas Multilevel maps are used to illustrate the logical andthematic connections within a lesson. You can add linksor attachments to your maps, so they’re sure to capturethe attention of today’s digitally literate students. SMARTIdeas comes with over 2,000 resizable pieces of clip art,and they’re all organized by curriculum topic. Conceptsmaps help dyslexic children organize their thought tomake logical sense. Concept Mapping Software likeSMART Ideas can assist challenge learners by allowingthem to skip the physical process and writing and use thecomputer instead to record and organize their ideas inboth visual and text form. Smart Ideas can also reducestress in those with anxiety disorders. 16
References• Company, T. K. (Director). (n.d). Dyslexia: A Hidden Disability [Youtube video].• Dyslexia (Intellectual and Possibly Communication). (2008, March 21).Retrieved from Exceptionalities in the classroom:http://www.exceptionality.wikidot.com/dyslexia-definitionShagwitz, S. E. (2007). The Neurobiology of Reading Dyslexia. WorldEducation , 8 (D), 1.• Smart Board 685ix interactive white board system. (2010). [You tubevideo].SMART Board interactive whiteboards support university students withdisabilities. (2011, October 6). 4- traders .• Stanberry, M. R. (2010, February). Assistive technology for kids withLearning Disability: An Overview Great Schools. Retrieved fromhttp://www.greatschools.org/special-education/assistive-technology/702-assistive-technology-for-kids-with-learning-disabilities-an-overview.gs?page=all• Torreno, S. (2010, August 9). Using Smart Boards in Special EducationClassrooms. Retrieved from Bright Hub: The Hub for Bright Minds:http://www.brighthub.com/education/special/articles/55013.aspx 17
References• www.microsoft.com/education/how.../dyslexiaandorganization.aspx• Use of Smart Ideas to Assist Students with Learning Disabilities.(2012, March 5). Retrieved from Media Wiki:http://sites.wiki.ubc.ca/etec510/Use_of_Smart_Ideas_to_Assist_Students_with_Learning_Disabilities#Use_of_Smart_Ideas_with_Students_with_Learning_Difficulties 18
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