Types of motivation

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types of motivation and incentives,
Difference between positive and negative incentive.

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Types of motivation

  1. 1.  Employees can get motivated through various means and the term used in this context is “INCENTIVES”.  Incentive is an act or promise for greater action. It is also called as a stimulus to greater action. Incentives are something which are given in addition to wagers. It means additional remuneration or benefit to an employee in recognition of achievement or better work
  2. 2. The need of incentives can be many:-  To increase productivity,  To drive or arouse a stimulus work,  To enhance commitment in work performance,  To psychologically satisfy a person which leads to job satisfaction,  To shape the behavior or outlook of subordinate towards work,  To inculcate zeal and enthusiasm towards work,  To get the maximum of their capabilities so that they are exploited and utilized maximally.
  3. 3. Management has to offer the following two categories of incentives to motivate employees:-  Monetary incentives- Those incentives which satisfy the subordinates by providing them rewards in terms of rupees. Money has been recognized as a chief source of satisfying the needs of people.  Non-monetary incentives- Besides the monetary incentives, there are certain non-financial incentives which can satisfy the ego and self- actualization needs of employees.
  4. 4. Non- financial incentives can be of the following types:-  Security of service- If job is secured, employee will put maximum efforts to achieve the objectives of the enterprise.  Praise or recognition-satisfies the ego needs of the employees.  Suggestion scheme-organization should look forward to taking suggestions and inviting suggestion schemes from the subordinates.  Job enrichment- implies enriching contents of job or the deliberate upgrading of responsibility, scope and challenge in work.
  5. 5.  Job enlargement- refers to expansion of the range of tasks in a job. It involves expansion of the scope and width of job.  Opportunity of growth- it will be good enough to utilize the work capacity, intellectual ability, experience and knowledge of the employees.  Participative and consultative management- opportunities provided to the employees for participation make them feel that they are part and parcel of the organization.
  6. 6. Positive Incentives  Positive incentives are those incentives which provide a positive assurance for fulfilling the needs and wants. Positive incentives generally have an optimistic attitude behind and they are generally given to satisfy the psychological requirements of employees. For example-promotion, praise, recognition, perks and allowances, etc. It is positive by nature
  7. 7. Negative Incentives  Negative incentives are those whose purpose is to correct the mistakes or defaults of employees. The purpose is to rectify mistakes in order to get effective results. Negative incentive is generally resorted to when positive incentive does not works and a psychological set back has to be given to employees. It is negative by nature. For example- demotion, transfer, fines, penalties.

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