Women were considered just as means to glorify men.
They were meant to be married off as soon as they
After marriage their duty was to take care of their
husbands and eventually take care of the children
They had no say in the functioning of the family
They were not allowed to work or do job to earn
Only 1% of the world's assets are in the name of women
Men in the Arab states have 3.5 times the purchasing
power of their female counterparts.
70% of people in abject poverty-- living on less than
$1 per day-- are women.
Among the developed countries, in France only 9% of the
workforce and in the Netherlands 20% of the workforce are female administrators and managers.
Among the developing countries, in Ecuador and the
Bahamas, 33% of the workforce is comprised of women administrators and managers.
Women % in managerial and administrative posts is
33% in the developed world l5% in Africa 13% in Asia In Africa and Asia these percentages reflect a doubling of numbers in the last twenty years.
In Silicon Valley, for every 100 shares of stock options owned
by a man, only one share is owned by a woman.
What about India
Women’s employment in organized sector
1992 14.4% 1996 15.8% 2000 17.6%
Women comprise 6% in medium and large industry
of this: 14% in Junior Management 4% in Middle Management 4% in Senior Management
In PSUs women comprise only about 5.68% of the total
workforce. About 20,905 women managers of whom very few have made it to the top. Source: Invisible at the top – C V Madhavi The Hindu Dec 11, 2005.
What about India
According to industry estimates, IT companies in India employ
20-25% women while BPOs employ over 50%
The flipside is that only 6% reach senior levels.
Women today comprise only 2% of the total managerial
strength in the Indian corporate sector.
When its comes to the field of entrepreneurship, only 2% of
women have dared to venture out in India
But things are changing now…
Women are matching up men in every field
Women have even taken up tasks which were strictly for men
e.g. pilots, real estates, manufacturing, top level management
The gap between the number of men and women joining
management as a career is declining. A large number of women are pursuing management education (e.g. HR )
A recent study by Catalyst, a leading researcher of women in the workplace, shows that Fortune 500 companies with the highest % of women corporate officers yielded, on an avg 35.1% higher return on equity(ROE) than those with the lowest %.
Women in senior management
Philippines 97% Brazil 85% China 91%
But things are changing now…
In India 14% women are now present in the senior level
T here are now 15 women CEO’s in Fortune 500 companies in
2010 which is 10 more than what the situation was 4 years ago(5 women CEO’s in F500 in 2006 ) Source: Rediff Business website www.rediff.com/money
Success stories (CEOs fortune 500) Ursula Burns Current CEO Anne Mulcahy Ex-CEO
Success stories (CEOs fortune 500) Christina Gold Carol A. Bartz
Success stories (CEOs fortune 500) Woertz A. Patricia IndraNooyi Irene B. Rosenfeld
The Indian women’s success stories KiranMazumdar Shaw MD & founder ChandaKochhar Managing Director NainaKidwai GM & Country head
Barriers women face
Glass ceiling effect-
Women’s average salary is 72 to 88 % of men’s
Non-cooperative husbands and boyfriends
Pressure from family or in-laws
Eve teasing and harassment in work circle
Extra burden of managing the family and taking
care of kids and elders
Myths applied to women in business:
Women switch jobs more frequently than men.
Women would not work if economic reasons
did not force them into the labor market.
Women fall apart in a crisis.
Women are too concerned with the social aspects of
their jobs and cannot be trusted with important matters.
Women are more concerned than men about working conditions.
Women are not willing to travel extensively for the organization.
Women put their heart above their head, so at time they become
Strengths of women
Ability to network with colleagues
Ability to perceive and understand situations
Strong dedication, loyalty and commitment to
Collaborative work style
solicit input from others, respect for ideas
Crisis management skills and gender-equality in behaviour
Willingness to share information (interactive leadership style)
Sensitivity in relationships, compassionate, empathetic,
Factors for women to succeed
A supportive family, both before and after
marriage, is a key factor for Indian professional women to succeed.
Determination and self-belief
within oneself is required
Support from male counterparts
( by shedding the male chauvinistic attitude )
In the long run it is not gender but hard work & commitment
that decides where a woman’s career goes.
Organizations are increasingly looking at what a person is able
to bring to the organization and are not really concerned about gender. Gender Issues – Proposing New Paradigms, Anurag Dutta, RamnishGaikwad, AshaKaul. Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, WP No. 2007.09.05
With changing global scenario and more and more help coming from governments as well as positive vibes from various industries & firms regarding participation of women, the role of women in all levels of management is bound to rise.
The future looks bright with a more interactive atmosphere in the workplace. Its very soon to be seen that even women get par with men in the field of management as well as other fields in a global level.