What is Employment testing ? Employment Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. Test : A systematic and standardized procedure for sampling human behavior Standardized Carefully selected sample Systematically scoredEmployment testing : Employment testing is the practice of administering written, oral, or other tests as a means of determining the suitability or desirability of a job applicant.
Testing Abilities Ability or aptitude test is a part of psychological test. A psychological test is an objective and standardized measure of a sample of behaviour from which inferences about future behaviour and performance of the candidate are drawn. Aptitude or potential ability tests measures the latent ability or potential of a candidate to learn a new job or skill. Person’s sensory and intellectual capacity can be detected through these tests. Ability tests measures job related characteristics such as number, verbals, perceptual or mechanical ability.
Objective To assess potential candidates To build a profile of their individual strength and weaknesses
Types of ability tests Cognitive Multiple ability test Psychomotor and Physical ability test ability test Subsets: General Aptitude tests Tracing intelligence tests Tapping Dotting Copying Location Blocks PursuitVerbal Non-Verbal Numeric Abstract Spatial Mechanical DataAbility Ability Ability Ability Ability Ability Checkingtest test test test test test tests
A. Cognitive ability testsCognitive ability tests typically use Questions or problems to measure ability tolearn quickly, logic, reasoning, reading comprehension and other enduringmental abilities that are fundamental to success in many different jobs.General Intelligence tests : These tests measure the overall intellectual capacity of a person to deal with problems.Aptitude tests : These are designed to assess reasoning or capabilities of a person.
Cont….. Types of Aptitude testsVerbal Ability tests These includes questions which test your ability to spell words correctly, use correct grammar, understand analogies and follow detailed written instructions. Example: Which of the following words are incorrectly spelt? A) Separate B) Ordnance C) Obviously D) Success E) none of these
Cont…..Non Verbal tests:Non-verbal reasoning involves the ability to understand and analyze visualinformation and solve problems using visual reasoning.For example: identifying relationships, similarities and differences betweenshapes and patterns, recognizing visual sequences and relationshipsbetween objects, and remembering these.It enables students to analyze and solve complex problems without relying uponor being limited by language skills
Cont…..Numerical ability tests : This type of test can be categorized as a speed test and is used to determine your basic numeracy. Numerical ability test Basic arithmetic Number sequences Simple mathematics Addition Percentages Subtraction Powers Multiplication Fractions Division etc
Cont…..Example: Arithmetic Questions 139 + 235 = A) 372 B) 374 C) 376 D) 437 Number Sequences Find the next number in the series 4 8 16 32 A) 48 B) 64 C) 40 D) 46 Simple mathematics 15% of 300 = A) 20 B) 45 C) 40 D) 35
Cont….. Abstract Reasoning tests : The abstract reasoning test is also called the conceptual reasoning test. It measures your lateral thinking skills or fluid intelligence, which are your ability to quickly identify patterns, logical rules and trends in new data, integrate this information, and apply it to solve problems.Example: Which symbol in the Answer Figure completes the sequence in the Problem Figure ?
Cont….. Spatial reasoning ability tests : Spatial reasoning ability involves visualizing and manipulating two- dimensional or three-dimensional shapes or patterns. A high level of spatial reasoning ability is essential in subjects such as architecture and in some branches of science and mathematicsExample: Which of the figures will you consider fit to continue the series below?
Cont…..Mechanical Reasoning Test The Mechanical Reasoning Test is ideal for the selection of technical and trade personnel. This test measures a candidate’s understanding of principles of mechanics, spatial ability, and cause and effect relationships. Specific item content is wide ranging and includes: wheels, gears, clamps, levers, sliding rods, shafts, pulleys, weights, conveyor belts, fixed and non-fixed pivots, and springs.Example: When wheel Y turns clockwise, as shown by the arrow, wheel Z will A) turn clockwise B) turn anticlockwise C) turn to and fro D) stay still
Cont….. Data Checking tests Data Checking tests present you with number of tables of information which must be checked against each other. This type of test is used to measure how quickly and accurately errors can be detected in data. It is used to select candidates for clerical and data input jobs, particularly where accuracy is important, for example, accounting and bankingExample:
B) Multi ability test One approach in psychological measurement has been to incorporate a number of quite varied subsets in a comprehensive test battery.Wechsler adult intelligence scale test Wechsler adult intelligence scale is an individually administered tests, with questions asked orally by a psychologist of the person tested and answers recorded on a special test form.
Information Digit symbol Comprehensive Block design Subsets Arithmetic of multiObject assembly ability Digit Span test Picture Similarities arrangement Picture Vocabulary completion
C) Psychomotor and Physical abilities tests Psychomotor ability tests measure physical ability. Physical ability tests typically use tasks or exercises that require physical ability to perform. These tests measures physical attributes and capabilities, such as strength, balance and speed.