Selection of methodology - System Analysis and Design


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Its all about Selections of methodology and comparison of waterfall model vs rapid application development.

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  • System development that employs joint application design. It promotes fast, efficient, accurateprogram delivery. RAD generally improves user/designer communication, user cooperation user commitment.RAD enables quality products to be developedfaster, saving valuable resources.The 3 most important RAD management techniques are:Prototyping: An approach based on creating ademonstrable result as early as possibleand then refining thatresult based on feedback and changing requirements.Iteration: Incremental development based on improvementTimeboxing: Focuses attention on delivery above all else.Under a timebox scope can change but delivery cannot.
  • In theory:Each phase produces documents that are:Verified and validated.Assumed to be complete.Each phase depends on the documents of the previous stage to proceed and it has to wait for thecompletion of previous stage.In practice:The phases overlap and feedback to each other.
  • Selection of methodology - System Analysis and Design

    1. 1. Selection of Methodology By Sivasankar Sutharshan Batch of IT- 41 British College Of Applied Studies
    2. 2. What is Methodology and why its important? • It’s and approach to managing the Project Life Cycle from beginning to end of a project. (Project can be a system designing or any kind of organization projects) • Provides a consistent approach to managing all kind of projects. (small, medium and large) • Provides a predictable roadmap for organizing and storing information on projects. • Provides a framework for continuous improvement, analyze and improve efficiencies of work efforts and resource utilization of a projects. • Examples: Process-Centered Data-Centered Object-Oriented
    3. 3. Rapid Application Development • RAD is an object-oriented approach to systems development that includes a method of development as well as software tools. (Use programming methods which are objectoriented for hardware and software to accomplish a rapid development cycle) • RAD life cycle is composed of the following Stages : Requirements Planning Phase •Meeting of clients, managers and developers to discuss the needs, project scope and requirements of the system that need to be developed. •This phase done when agreement and the managers give the approve to continue. User Design Phase • Design the process where clients see a working prototype and give input on new requirements to the changes id its needed. • Use CASE Tools, Design Methods to create and understand requirements. This phase repeatedly carried until the clients agree upon a prototype. Construction Phase • Develop actual system based on the design. • Clients can interact with this phase and give input on changes they would like to see even during the system development. Cutover Phase • Includes data conversion, testing and implementation of chosen system. • Finally, user training.
    4. 4. Waterfall Model • This model developed for software development that is to create software which develops systematically from one phase to other. There is no overlapping in the phases. ( it can be implemented for any size project) • Waterfall model is composed of the following Stages : Feasibility Study • Checks whether development system is possible to achievable or not. Analysis Phase • Gathering all requirement s of the system to be developed and would be documented Design • It involves in formulating the basic design system based on requirements Development • After the basic design gets approved the develop design can be process based on design. Implementation • The source code of the programs is written or implementing system into client environment. Integration and testing • The system is put under a test to check its functionality . • The client puts it in use after the system has been successfully tested Maintenance • Check the system is working and ensure that the system will continue to perform as desired.
    5. 5. Comparison Waterfall Model Rapid Application Development • Old Development Model. • • Can implement and manageable for any kind of projects. • Can implement and easy manageable for small projects. Relatively slower because it takes long time between system proposal and delivery of new system. • Relatively faster because it’s a faster development life cycle. • • • Client involved only in requirements analysis phase. Once this phase done is impossible to add or update the requirements of client. High amounts of risk and uncertainty. • • Newer Development Model which means decentralized development where most tasks are broken down into separate stages. Customer involved throughout the complete life cycle. Its possible to add or update the requirements of client before completion. Reduce Risk.
    6. 6. Comparison Waterfall Model Rapid Application Development • Uses outdated documentation and testing techniques. • Can corporate new techniques. • Low customer satisfaction. • High customer satisfaction. • • • • Increase end-user functionality. (which means more complexity ) If client requirements may change the Waterfall model may not work. Documentation is relatively process at each stage. Inflexible because in real projects rarely follow the sequential flow and phases overlap. • • Decreased end-user functionality. (which means reduced complexity ) If client requirements may change the RAD model may work. • Documentation is relatively less. • Flexible.
    7. 7. Selected Development Model is RAD • Faster Deliver time of system: rapid prototyping and by using automated tools such as Computer Aided Software or CASE tools will be enable the developers to generated codes easily and saves the time needed for manual coding. • Better Quality: RAD improves the system quality by meeting the requirements of the clients at every stage and by providing a considerable reduction in the errors by the use of automation tools and prototyping. • Reduced cycle time and improved productivity with fewer people which means lower costs. • Minimize risks because the time-box approach of RAD model may mitigates cost and schedule risk. • Can meet client satisfaction and business need of BCAS because client involved throughout the complete life cycle. • Implementation is less stressful since users or clients helped to design the business aspects of the system.
    8. 8. Selected Development Model is RAD • More developers can be involved in the development stages. • Each person gets smaller tasks but plays an important role so the performance would be more efficient. • Simplicity and usability of GUI design. So students and staffs would interest in the development. • The selection of RAD model meets the following, appropriate and ensure RAD model is strong enough for course management system.  The scope of Course management system is well defined and narrow.  Data for Course management system is already available in the admin department.  Decisions would made by a small number of people. (Managers and Staffs)  The project team is small because the Course management system for BCAS is smaller system compare to current industry.  The technical requirements are affordable for Course management system.
    9. 9. References • Tutorialspoint (NA), SDLC Waterfall Model(Online), NA, Available at: [25th of Sep 2013] • Dave Rooney (NA), Waterfall vs. RAD vs. RUP vs. Agile (Scrum, XP, etc.) (Online), NA, Available at: [25th of Sep 2013] • Myriaddevices (2012), Part 1 of 2: Mini Enterprise and Rapid Application Development (Online), NA, Available at: [25th of Sep 2013] • Bauer, M. (2005). Successful Web Development Methodologies Article. [Online] Available at: [25th of Sep 2013] • Sommerville, I., (2001), Software Prototyping. In: A. D. MacGettrick, ed. Software Engineering. 6th ed. India: Pearson Education, pp. 175-179. • Welling, L. ( 2006), Applying A Waterfall Methodology to Web Development [Online] Available at: [25th Sep 2013]
    10. 10. Any Questions and Improvements are Welcome  !!!!! Presented By Sivasankar Sutharshan Batch of IT- 41 British College Of Applied Studies