Laurence Couldrick
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  • Although there are lots of issues with the way land is managed (urban, forest, SWW, railway, industry) we work predominantly with the farming sector which covers the major part of the landscape.
  • The pressures from agriculture can impact at various levels and scales including algal blooms on the lakes, pesticide spikes on the abstraction points, flooding in TamertonFoliot, sedimentation of navigation channels, etc…
  • We need food from our catchments never more so than now and we need other services from our catchments as described above. We probably therefore need to rebalance what we our catchments to achieve something between these two examples. How do we get to this point?
  • Stop clicking after picture number 6
  • Higher Level Scheme ~ £600kEntry Level Scheme ~ £2mCatchment Sensitive Farming ~ £700kUpstream Thinking ~ £700kSWW water treatment ~ £850kWoodland Grant Scheme ~ £?
  • Same as before but only for abstraction points (rivers, reservoirs, water shunting routes & ground water abstraction) – the same as our UST map
  • Same as before but includes floodplains and only includes areas that upstream of flooding areas (accumulated). Shows interest in Exe over Tamar
  • Existing Wetland and woodland as well as Potential Wetland and woodland and Strategic Nature Areas
  • Culmination of 7 exploitable ecosystem services out of a possible 35 – highlights Dartmoor and Exmoor as well as estuaries.
  • Agricensus data to look at intensity of cattle and arable land use with natural areas and urban removed – Ottery and CulmWe know what areas are multi functional and what the current agricultural so how much is currently used
  • Multifunctional areas clipped at 7 points = 20% of landscapeBlue = currently not intensive agriculture 13%; Red = conflict between intensive agriculture and eco services 7%This equals 32,000ha – at the rate we have been working with farms (roughly £5k per ha) this is £160m


  • 1. Payments for Ecosystem Services By Laurence Couldrick - Westcountry Rivers Trust
  • 2. Pressures on the catchment
  • 3. Areas impacted
  • 4. What do we get from our catchments? Agricultural Ecosystem Pollination ‘Natural’ Ecosystem Water regulation Timber Pest control Recreation Biodiversity Meat Crops Provisioning services Regulating services Cultural services
  • 5. Management plans that effect the Tamar
  • 6. Tools used to deliver behaviour change INCENTIVES “Provider is paid” REGULATION “Polluter pays” WIN-WIN “Provider saves”
  • 7. Paid Ecosystem Services – IN THEORY
  • 8. Paid Ecosystem Services – IN PRACTICE Buyer - SWW - Estimated cost/benefit ratio - Sold to OFWAT - 65p from bill payers = £9m Intermediary - WRT - Ensure works do not degrade other services - Minimise admin costs - Monitor concept Seller - Farmer - Instigate works - Change practices
  • 9. Interventions - £1.48m grant against £3m of works
  • 10. Outcomes P P 100% up-take N N
  • 11. Business cost savings
  • 12. Ecosystem Sustainability Meter