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  • 1. 
 Farming in the Desert
 Helmy Abouleish True cost accounting, London, UK 6th December, 2013
  • 2. Transforming the Desert – 36 Years of SEKEM The first SEKEM building in 1979 A SEKEM field in 1979 The same building in 2009 The same field in 2009
  • 3. Ecological agriculture in Egypt
 – Compost
  • 4. 
 - Aiming for the impossible.. Opening ceremony of the Sinai Project 2008 The land before…
  • 5. …and changing our world. … and after 18 months.
  • 6. 
 Integrative value chain & Associations
  • 7. SEKEM – a Learning, Living Community • About 2,000 employees in SEKEM Group and Foundation • Safe workplaces, respect for the dignity of every employee • Women empowerment and religious tolerance
  • 8. SEKEM – Developing Human Potential • • • • • Kindergarten and school Medical centre Vocational training Community school Children with special needs • • • Adult education Heliopolis Academy for research and training Heliopolis University for Sustainable Development
  • 9. Holistic approach to Sustainable Development
 The Sustainable Development Flower EMERGE 2013, Oxford, UK, 3 November 2013 - Helmy Abouleish
  • 10. Outlines of the comparative study • A study to compare the full cost of production (cost/ton) development of 7 crops grown in Egypt under 2 different scenarios: “Business as Usual” (BAU) and sustainable farming practices • For all 7 crops (corn, cotton, potatoes, rice, sugar beat, sugar cane, wheat) the full cost of production was calculated for the period of 10 years
  • 11. 
 Approach and assumptions
 • For simplicity reasons only “hard externalities” such as energy, fertilizer price developments as well as carbon and water footprint were considered. • Based on activity data from the Egyptian Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation (MARL) of the years 2000-2010 • Based on reference data from the FAO, IEA, World bank. • Every year 1.25-1.8% more synthetic fertilizer needs to be applied in BAU systems to maintain same yield “Fertilizer Efficiency” • Average annual carbon sequestration in sustainable systems is 1 ton of carbon per hectar • Carbon tax of 12.5 US$/tCO2e as per New Zealand taxation system and 0.1 US Cent for 1 m3 of water as per price suggested by Booz Allen Hamilton consultant.
  • 12. 
 Consolidated cost of production internalizing the impact of energy, fertilizer & water price development as well as a carbon tax . Other costs such as pest and disease control, labour, land rent, seeds were included as well.
  • 13. Thank you very much for your attention! www.sekem.com Helmy Abouleish SEKEM Group P.O. Box 2834 El Horreya Cairo, Egypt helmy.abouleish@sekem.com
  • 14. Ecological agriculture in Egypt 
 – Cotton • 1991: SEKEM convinces the Egyptian government about the benefits of biodynamic cotton after its success to harvest first biodynamic cotton crop. • As a result, the application of pesticides in Egypt was reduced by over 90%.(Decreased from 35000 tonnes per year to 3000 tonnes only)
  • 15. Transforming the Desert The first SEKEM building in 1979 The same building in 2013 • 36 years sustainable agriculture at SEKEM – – – – – – – 20,000 acres (including suppliers) 2,000 jobs 400 small-holder farmers Over 1 million tons CO2e sequestrated 20-40% water savings Continuous yield increase Continuous decrease of inputs