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Marcus Wagner Presentation - The Porter Hypothesis at 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? June 2010
 

Marcus Wagner Presentation - The Porter Hypothesis at 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? June 2010

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Session 1: Effect of Environmental Regulation on Innovation

Session 1: Effect of Environmental Regulation on Innovation

Marcus Wagner

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    Marcus Wagner Presentation - The Porter Hypothesis at 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? June 2010 Marcus Wagner Presentation - The Porter Hypothesis at 20: Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? June 2010 Presentation Transcript

    • The Porter Hypothesis at 20: How Can Environmental Regulation Enhance Innovation and Competitiveness? Montreal, 28 June 2010 Regulation & Innovation: The Perspective of Innovation Economics Prof. Dr. Marcus Wagner w Chair in Entrepreneurship and Corporate GrowthgU University of W U i it f Wuerzburg & BETA Strasbourg b St b
    • w Implications of Stylized Facts in Innovation Economics gU  Stylized facts: – Product versus process innovation (role of dominant design) – I Incremental vs. radical i t l di l innov. ( (young/small vs. l / ll large fi firms) ) – Integrated vs. end-of-pipe environmental innovation  (How) does the effect of regulation on these types of innov. differ? H diff ? How traceable when trend i i t t bl h t d is integrated i t d innov.??  Empirically, environmental reg. has stronger positive effects on environmental technology (trade) than technology overall (comp. more strongly improved for env. than other sectors) Env. Reg. Env Reg Env. Inno. Env Inno  Need for an entrepreneurship lens Other reg. Other Inno.Prof. Dr. Marcus Wagner, University of Wuerzburg
    • w Technical Aspects to Analysing the Porter Hypothesis gU  Taxes subsidies trading systems are environmental policy Taxes, subsidies, instruments, but some difference to command/control, e.g.: where is the stringency aspect? See German feed in law: feed-in  P li Parliamentary i iti ti ( t initiative (rare), significantly f t d diff i ) i ifi tl fostered diffusion of renewable energy, but mainly indirect innovation effects (experience curve/learning, price d li d competitiveness) ( i /l i i declined, ii )  Reg. less linked to innov./patents; stronger effect of reg. on diffusion: R&D often before reg. is enforced (co-evolution?)  How to measure innov.? Env. patents difficult to define (IPC p ( classes, keywords): more so with integrated technologyProf. Dr. Marcus Wagner, University of Wuerzburg
    • w Innovation Restrictions under Regulation: A Model gU Competitiveness Competitiveness weak strict Legal minimum level of performance required by Optimum environmental or social regulation ( g (weak or strong) g) with weak Optimum p regulation with strict Optimum with weak or strong regulation regulation non-linear relationship linear relationship Environmental/ Environmental/ Social Regulation/ Social Regulation/ Legal minimum of performance Performance Performance Traditional relationship between environmental/social Revised relationship between environmental/social regulation/performance and competitiveness regulation/performance and competitiveness Level of regulation is … “Traditional”-type link (left) “Revised”-type link (right) … strict Optimal choice: be compliant Optimal choice: be compliant … weak Optimal choice: be compliant p p Optimal choice: be over- p compliantProf. Dr. Marcus Wagner, University of Wuerzburg
    • w gU Future Empirical Research: A Mixed Method Proposal Survey of 342/169 firms and exploratory interviews Panel study: 2001 (env inno ) 2006 (regulation) 2011 (financials panel methods) (env. inno.), (regulation), (financials, Sample Innovation Regulation Competitiveness: 4 Firm data (Wagner, 2008, - Types/drivers - REACH dimensions: pro- - Size, strategy Ecological Economics) - Open? User? - EU-ETS ductivity, markets, - Industry, age - Level of inno. - .. 4 more .. stakeholders, risk -… Augmented n=56, n=56 patent data 1998 2005 1998-2005 n=54, in-depth n=54 in depth case studies subsamples (Method: Wagner, 2007, Research Policy) (detailed innovation-specific data) derived Data added green/total patents Type of innovation offset, … Preliminary - stable strategy focus 98-05 results of but for cost leadership: quality analysis (incl. env. perf.) increas. relev. (incl env perf ) increas relev - patents not assoc. with main driver (technol., markets, reg.) - occurence and l d level of i l f innov. depend on specific regulation (sig. effect of reg. on inno. for REACH, EU Noise Directive; for latter less radical innov.)Prof. Dr. Marcus Wagner, University of Wuerzburg
    • w Some Conclusions and Alleys for Future Research gU  Explore more links – to supply/value chain perspectives (extended version of PH), – t i t to integrated policy f t d li frameworks (D t h t k (Dutch transition management) and iti t) d – to literature bodies in innov. economics (national innovation systems)  Arrow‘s distinction of rate and direction of technical change: does reg. affect b th (?) similarly (?) i same way (?) d ff t both i il l in  Identify mechanisms that bring about inno. offsets, e.g. incentive systems, information systems, product/corporate strategies, esp. those implying beyond compliance/voluntary action: when does innovation enable competitiveness from regulation and when other mechanisms and which ones?Prof. Dr. Marcus Wagner, University of Wuerzburg