New developments in transition studies beyond visions and innovation Derk Loorbach Delft, 23-05-2011
<ul><li>Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Transitionizing consumption  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Complex, long-term and uncertain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no quick fixes or only technological solutions </li></ul></...
Transitions   <ul><ul><li>fundamental change of structure, culture and practices in a societal (sub)system </li></ul></ul>...
Consumption: a persistent problem? <ul><li>Unsustainable consumption practices are problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Consumpti...
Transition levels Macro-level: landscape autonomous trends, paradigms, slow changes Meso-level: regime Dominant structure,...
Multiple Phases   From: Rotmans et al, 2000 Predevelopment Stabilization  time  Societal development Acceleration Take-off
Transition phases predevelopment take-off acceleration stabilisation Based on Rotmans et al, 2001 Sustainable society? hea...
Where is consumption? <ul><li>Transition research so far predominantly focuses on supply side and sectors </li></ul><ul><l...
Transition governance principles (predev.) <ul><li>long-term  thinking as the basis for short term policy </li></ul><ul><l...
Governance framework  Strategic (culture, worldviews,  norms and values) Tactical (institutions, networks,  structures) Op...
society Transition arena Regular policy arena <ul><li>- Short term </li></ul><ul><li>- Peloton  </li></ul><ul><li>Incremen...
Dutch Energytransition <ul><li>Initiated by Ministry of Economic Affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grown from 5 to over 1000 i...
Structure
Impact? <ul><li>Agenda adopted by regime board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition platform established by ministries </li></...
Recent experiences <ul><li>Transition governance increasingly applied regionally/in urban context </li></ul><ul><li>Citize...
Urban Transition Management Rotterdam <ul><li>Increasing speed, coherence, ambition and engagement of urban innovation pro...
 
CityPorts area <ul><li>CityPorts area redevelopment as transition challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term and highly com...
5 strategies <ul><li>Re-inventing delta technology </li></ul><ul><li>Volume & Value </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing borders </l...
One of the images: Floating City (Design: www.deltasync.nl)
… the transition experiment
Societal resilience and transition <ul><li>Context: Pact op Zuid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 billion Euro investment in battli...
Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
Core transitional challenge <ul><li>Community empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing self-organisational capacity </...
Social and policy transition Tijd  Pact op Zuid City harbors Program-directors Self-organisation:   Supply driven, Integra...
Rotterdam sustainability transition <ul><li>Connected PortCity: flows of people, energy, resources, finances, knowledge re...
 
 
 
 
 
InContext (FP7) <ul><li>Application of transition approach in local communities focusing on sustainable behavior </li></ul...
Behavioral/consumption transition? <ul><li>Dominant behavioral patterns, structures and culture in a neighborhood (inner a...
<ul><li>... is a co-creation tool for sustainable behaviour by local communities and builds upon the theoretical literatur...
The community arena Key activities Key output 0. Pre-preparation A. Case orientation  B. Transition team formation A. Init...
Hypotheses <ul><li>Build on present sustainable behavioral niches </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit attention to structures will ...
TM: evolving theory and practice Monitoring, evaluating and adapting Developing sustainability images, coalitions and join...
Transition governance principles (acceleration) <ul><li>Coordination accelerating transition dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Gu...
TM 2.011 <ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>Frontrunners  </li></ul><ul><li>Searching/learning/experi-menting </li></ul><ul><l...
TM 2.011 <ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><li>Transitionanalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Arenas </li></ul><ul><li...
What is TM? <ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Learning for </li></ul><ul><li>Experimenting for </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilisin...
<ul><li>Thank you for your attention </li></ul><ul><li>For more information and publications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email...
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Lecture including transition management 2.0, urban transition management examples and images of Drift's transition vision for the city of Rotterdam

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  • Systeemwijzigingen zijn nodig vanwege persistent problemen: diep geworteld in onze maatschappelijke structuren, cultuur en gedrag
  • College delft

    1. 1. New developments in transition studies beyond visions and innovation Derk Loorbach Delft, 23-05-2011
    2. 2. <ul><li>Transitions </li></ul><ul><li>Transition Governance </li></ul><ul><li>Transitionizing consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Social-ecological systems </li></ul><ul><li>New agenda </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Complex, long-term and uncertain </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no quick fixes or only technological solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embedded in societal structures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>optimization through existing solutions insufficient </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many different actors involved </li></ul><ul><ul><li>contested and ‘ill-structured’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Difficult to ‘manage’ </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: energy, mobility, agriculture, education, health care, water management, housing etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Unsustainability lock-in requires transitions </li></ul></ul>Persistent problems of sustainability
    4. 4. Transitions <ul><ul><li>fundamental change of structure, culture and practices in a societal (sub)system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>culture: collective set of values, norms, perspectives (shared orientation), paradigms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>structure: physical infrastructure, economic infrastructure, institutions, rules, regulations, collective routines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>practices: behaviour, operation, implementation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared discourse and language for multi-actor learning and innovation processes </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Consumption: a persistent problem? <ul><li>Unsustainable consumption practices are problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption creates demand, demand structures consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption practices occur at different levels (individuals, groups, societies) </li></ul><ul><li>‘ unsustainable consumption’ is ill-structured: what is the problem? </li></ul><ul><li> transition in consumption systems? </li></ul>
    6. 6. Transition levels Macro-level: landscape autonomous trends, paradigms, slow changes Meso-level: regime Dominant structure, culture and practices Micro-level : niches innovative ideas, projects, technologies, niche actors Based on Geels and Kemp, 2001
    7. 7. Multiple Phases From: Rotmans et al, 2000 Predevelopment Stabilization time Societal development Acceleration Take-off
    8. 8. Transition phases predevelopment take-off acceleration stabilisation Based on Rotmans et al, 2001 Sustainable society? health care energy waste water construction mobility finance
    9. 9. Where is consumption? <ul><li>Transition research so far predominantly focuses on supply side and sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Actors (let alone consumers) are often not explicitly addressed </li></ul><ul><li>However, transitions presuppose major shifts in (consumer) practices </li></ul><ul><li> are we seeing a pattern shift towards acceleration in consumer behavior? </li></ul>
    10. 10. Transition governance principles (predev.) <ul><li>long-term thinking as the basis for short term policy </li></ul><ul><li>thinking in terms of multiple domains (multi-domain), different actors (multi-actor), different levels (multi-level) </li></ul><ul><li>learning as an important aim for policy (‘learning-by-doing’ and ‘doing-by-learning’) </li></ul><ul><li>orient governance towards system innovation besides system improvement </li></ul><ul><li>keeping options open, exploring multiple pathways </li></ul><ul><li>selective participation focusing on frontrunners </li></ul>
    11. 11. Governance framework Strategic (culture, worldviews, norms and values) Tactical (institutions, networks, structures) Operational (practices, innovations, niches) Influencing learning and reflection ( transition monitoring ) Influencing changes in structures ( transition-network and –agenda) Influencing changes in culture and discourse ( transitionarena ) Influencing innovation dynamics ( transitionexperiments )
    12. 12. society Transition arena Regular policy arena <ul><li>- Short term </li></ul><ul><li>- Peloton </li></ul><ul><li>Incremental change </li></ul><ul><li>Problem- and goal oriented </li></ul><ul><li>- Long term </li></ul><ul><li>- Frontrunners </li></ul><ul><li>System-innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Problem- and goal searching </li></ul>Transition arenas
    13. 13. Dutch Energytransition <ul><li>Initiated by Ministry of Economic Affairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grown from 5 to over 1000 involved actors between 2001 and 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term vision: a clean, affordable and safe energy-suppply </li></ul><ul><li>7 transition platforms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built environment, mobility, green electricity, green resources, new gas, chain efficiency and greenhouse as energy source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation agenda with budget of over 400 MEuro </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple pathways (25+) and hundereds of experiments </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Structure
    15. 15. Impact? <ul><li>Agenda adopted by regime board </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition platform established by ministries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experiments started </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And concrete regulations influenced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Narrative/discourse spreading </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accelerated by financial crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy transition cancelled at Ministry level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>But taken over at regional/business/community level </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Recent experiences <ul><li>Transition governance increasingly applied regionally/in urban context </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens/consumers more explicitly part of the problem/challenge </li></ul><ul><li>So far however no attempts to create large scale behavioral change with transition approach </li></ul><ul><li> focus primarily on envisioning, agenda-building and experimenting </li></ul>
    17. 17. Urban Transition Management Rotterdam <ul><li>Increasing speed, coherence, ambition and engagement of urban innovation processes </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Transitionizing’ Existing Policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of the concept of transitions to conceptualize, analyze and identify on-going changes towards sustainability in different domains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stimulation of envisioning and goal formulation on the long-term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(re)structuring transition scenario’s and pathways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up-scaling and initiating projects and experiments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection and evaluation of progress of transitions and (required) changes in governance </li></ul></ul>
    18. 19. CityPorts area <ul><li>CityPorts area redevelopment as transition challenge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long-term and highly complex and uncertain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very high sustainability ambition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need for institutional and behavioral change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental (policy) approach </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public-private challenge </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Trying to guide and accelerate organic systemic changes </li></ul>
    19. 20. 5 strategies <ul><li>Re-inventing delta technology </li></ul><ul><li>Volume & Value </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing borders </li></ul><ul><li>Floating gentrification </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable mobility </li></ul>Long term : perspective 2040 Mid term : course 2025 Short term : action 2015 CityPorts
    20. 21. One of the images: Floating City (Design: www.deltasync.nl)
    21. 22. … the transition experiment
    22. 23. Societal resilience and transition <ul><li>Context: Pact op Zuid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 billion Euro investment in battling social problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reframing program as transition program </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transition arena experiment in deprived neighbourhood (wijkarena) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local citizens, entrepreneurs, organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Close cooperation policy-science in transition team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ transitionizing’ policy through coproduction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Now up-scaling in ‘Veerkracht’ (Resilience) </li></ul>
    23. 24. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    24. 25. Core transitional challenge <ul><li>Community empowerment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing self-organisational capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paradigm shift towards self-awareness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulating community needs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Policy transition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation in societal process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toward integrative cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing process governance capacity </li></ul></ul>
    25. 26. Social and policy transition Tijd Pact op Zuid City harbors Program-directors Self-organisation: Supply driven, Integral, Process oriented Innovative,/sustainable Co-production Fragmented Competition Individualism Distrust Short-term GGW Gideon Policy new style nwe stijl City marines SONS Bureau frontline Field-academy Activation Human centered concrete solutions Empowering Experimenting Learning Mono-actor Group portrets Participation visions Norm op Zuid Roffa 5314 Artroute
    26. 27. Rotterdam sustainability transition <ul><li>Connected PortCity: flows of people, energy, resources, finances, knowledge reconnect city and port in a symbiotic way </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Port transition: green chemistry, bio and renewable energyport, cradle-to-cradle industry, waterconstruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City transition: toward a biotic, self-sustaining and socially resilient and diverse city </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cityports area as the ‘heart’ </li></ul></ul>
    27. 33. InContext (FP7) <ul><li>Application of transition approach in local communities focusing on sustainable behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Collective ‘framing’ of outer context and socio-technical structures that condition behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Specific and explicit attention to individual ‘inner contexts’ (e.g. perspectives, values) and the differences </li></ul><ul><li> Is it possible to ‘transitionize’ behavior/consumption? </li></ul>
    28. 34. Behavioral/consumption transition? <ul><li>Dominant behavioral patterns, structures and culture in a neighborhood (inner and outer)? </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying persistent problems locally, regionally and internationally </li></ul><ul><li>Historical origins, external pressures/changes and alternative practices/niches? </li></ul><ul><li>Shift towards sustainable behavioral patterns, culture and structures (individual and collective) </li></ul><ul><li>Insight into how individuals matter </li></ul>
    29. 35. <ul><li>... is a co-creation tool for sustainable behaviour by local communities and builds upon the theoretical literature and insights of transition management, backcasting and literature on inner/outer contexts of behaviour and learning . </li></ul><ul><li>... differs from other ‘traditional’ transition arenas by its integration of insights from backcasting and internal context of human behaviour as well as by its focus on the individual level. </li></ul><ul><li>.. should result into processes of reflection on individual and group level allowing for new strategies to emerge on how individual/groups needs are met and also into experiments with innovative practices as alternatives to established ones </li></ul>The community arena
    30. 36. The community arena Key activities Key output 0. Pre-preparation A. Case orientation B. Transition team formation A. Initial case description for each pilot B. Transition team 1. Preparation & Exploration A. Process design B. System analysis C. Actor analysis (long-list and shortlist of relevant actors) + interviews A. Community Arena process plan B. Reframed challenge C. Actor identification + insight inner context behaviour 2. Problem structuring & Envisioning A. Transition Arena formation B. Problem structuring process + meeting C. Selection of key priorities D. Participatory vision process + meeting A. Frontrunner network B. Individual and shared problem perceptions C. Guiding sustainability principles D. Individual and shared visions 3. Backcasting, Agenda Building & Target Setting A. Backcasting meeting and interviews B. Formulation agenda and specific actions C. Defining transition paths + meeting A. Backcasting analysis B. Community action agenda C. Transition paths 4. Experimenting & Implementing A. Dissemination of arena, visions and agenda B. Coalition forming & broadening the network C. Conduct transition experiments A. Embedded results B. Change agents network C. Experiment portfolio 5. Monitoring & Evaluation A. Monitoring and evaluation of method and content (process) + meeting B. Monitoring and evaluation of individual level (inner context) + meeting and interviews A. Adaptation methodological framework (during process), and lessons learned for local and EU-level governance B. Insight in drivers and barriers for sustainable behaviour
    31. 37. Hypotheses <ul><li>Build on present sustainable behavioral niches </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit attention to structures will raise awareness and provide action perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Collective reflection might stimulate collective action (e.g. collective purchasing, local food production, sustainable mobility) </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusion of different worldviews and lifestyles might help to ‘normalize’ sustainable behavior in neighborhoods </li></ul><ul><li> Impact, sustainability, possibility, desirability,…? </li></ul>
    32. 38. TM: evolving theory and practice Monitoring, evaluating and adapting Developing sustainability images, coalitions and joint transition-agendas Problem structuring, envisioning and organizing transition-arenas Mobilizing actors and transition- experiments TM 1.0 Creating space and convergence Arenas, experiments Discourse and culture Monitoring, evaluating and adapting Developing sustainability images, coalitions and joint transition-agendas Problem structuring, envisioning and organizing transition-arenas Mobilizing actors and transition- experiments TM 2.0 Focus on breakthroughs Institutions for transition Upscaling and structural change
    33. 39. Transition governance principles (acceleration) <ul><li>Coordination accelerating transition dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Guiding build-up towards sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Controlled’ break-down </li></ul><ul><li>Safe-guarding diversity and flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing wit/anticipating resistance and barriers </li></ul><ul><li>Leading role for business, citizens, networks </li></ul><ul><li>Activistic idealism and strategic gaming </li></ul>
    34. 40. TM 2.011 <ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>Frontrunners </li></ul><ul><li>Searching/learning/experi-menting </li></ul><ul><li>Predevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>Creating space </li></ul><ul><li>Deepening/broadening </li></ul><ul><li>Developing discours/language </li></ul><ul><li>Initiating/starting-up/building-up </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge development </li></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><li>First followers (of the mainstream) </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Take-off/acceleration </li></ul><ul><li>Making use of space </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling-up/structural change </li></ul><ul><li>Action oriented </li></ul><ul><li>Embedding/breaking-down </li></ul><ul><li>Diffusion </li></ul>
    35. 41. TM 2.011 <ul><li>From </li></ul><ul><li>To </li></ul><ul><li>Transitionanalysis </li></ul><ul><li>Arenas </li></ul><ul><li>Visions </li></ul><ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Agendas/pathways </li></ul><ul><li>Experiments </li></ul><ul><li>Monitoring/evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Tippingpoint-/phase-analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Transitioncoalitions </li></ul><ul><li>Public/political debate </li></ul><ul><li>Pathway-analyses </li></ul><ul><li>Development plans/business cases/legal innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Destabilising actions/interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative t-mon/reflexive pattern monitoring </li></ul>
    36. 42. What is TM? <ul><li>Framing </li></ul><ul><li>Learning for </li></ul><ul><li>Experimenting for </li></ul><ul><li>Mobilising </li></ul><ul><li>Empowering </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalising </li></ul>social innovation and change
    37. 43. <ul><li>Thank you for your attention </li></ul><ul><li>For more information and publications: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.drift.eur.nl </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ksinetwork.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.twitter.com/drk75 </li></ul></ul>

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