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College delft


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Lecture including transition management 2.0, urban transition management examples and images of Drift's transition vision for the city of Rotterdam

Lecture including transition management 2.0, urban transition management examples and images of Drift's transition vision for the city of Rotterdam

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  • Systeemwijzigingen zijn nodig vanwege persistent problemen: diep geworteld in onze maatschappelijke structuren, cultuur en gedrag
  • Transcript

    • 1. New developments in transition studies beyond visions and innovation Derk Loorbach Delft, 23-05-2011
    • 2.
      • Transitions
      • Transition Governance
      • Transitionizing consumption
      • Social-ecological systems
      • New agenda
    • 3.
      • Complex, long-term and uncertain
        • no quick fixes or only technological solutions
      • Embedded in societal structures
        • optimization through existing solutions insufficient
      • Many different actors involved
        • contested and ‘ill-structured’
      • Difficult to ‘manage’
        • Examples: energy, mobility, agriculture, education, health care, water management, housing etc.
        •  Unsustainability lock-in requires transitions
      Persistent problems of sustainability
    • 4. Transitions
        • fundamental change of structure, culture and practices in a societal (sub)system
        • culture: collective set of values, norms, perspectives (shared orientation), paradigms
        • structure: physical infrastructure, economic infrastructure, institutions, rules, regulations, collective routines
        • practices: behaviour, operation, implementation
        • Shared discourse and language for multi-actor learning and innovation processes
    • 5. Consumption: a persistent problem?
      • Unsustainable consumption practices are problematic
      • Consumption creates demand, demand structures consumption
      • Consumption practices occur at different levels (individuals, groups, societies)
      • ‘ unsustainable consumption’ is ill-structured: what is the problem?
      •  transition in consumption systems?
    • 6. Transition levels Macro-level: landscape autonomous trends, paradigms, slow changes Meso-level: regime Dominant structure, culture and practices Micro-level : niches innovative ideas, projects, technologies, niche actors Based on Geels and Kemp, 2001
    • 7. Multiple Phases From: Rotmans et al, 2000 Predevelopment Stabilization time Societal development Acceleration Take-off
    • 8. Transition phases predevelopment take-off acceleration stabilisation Based on Rotmans et al, 2001 Sustainable society? health care energy waste water construction mobility finance
    • 9. Where is consumption?
      • Transition research so far predominantly focuses on supply side and sectors
      • Actors (let alone consumers) are often not explicitly addressed
      • However, transitions presuppose major shifts in (consumer) practices
      •  are we seeing a pattern shift towards acceleration in consumer behavior?
    • 10. Transition governance principles (predev.)
      • long-term thinking as the basis for short term policy
      • thinking in terms of multiple domains (multi-domain), different actors (multi-actor), different levels (multi-level)
      • learning as an important aim for policy (‘learning-by-doing’ and ‘doing-by-learning’)
      • orient governance towards system innovation besides system improvement
      • keeping options open, exploring multiple pathways
      • selective participation focusing on frontrunners
    • 11. Governance framework Strategic (culture, worldviews, norms and values) Tactical (institutions, networks, structures) Operational (practices, innovations, niches) Influencing learning and reflection ( transition monitoring ) Influencing changes in structures ( transition-network and –agenda) Influencing changes in culture and discourse ( transitionarena ) Influencing innovation dynamics ( transitionexperiments )
    • 12. society Transition arena Regular policy arena
      • - Short term
      • - Peloton
      • Incremental change
      • Problem- and goal oriented
      • - Long term
      • - Frontrunners
      • System-innovation
      • Problem- and goal searching
      Transition arenas
    • 13. Dutch Energytransition
      • Initiated by Ministry of Economic Affairs
        • Grown from 5 to over 1000 involved actors between 2001 and 2010
      • Long-term vision: a clean, affordable and safe energy-suppply
      • 7 transition platforms
        • Built environment, mobility, green electricity, green resources, new gas, chain efficiency and greenhouse as energy source
      • Innovation agenda with budget of over 400 MEuro
        • Multiple pathways (25+) and hundereds of experiments
    • 14. Structure
    • 15. Impact?
      • Agenda adopted by regime board
        • Transition platform established by ministries
      • Experiments started
        • And concrete regulations influenced
      • Narrative/discourse spreading
        • Accelerated by financial crisis
      • Energy transition cancelled at Ministry level
        • But taken over at regional/business/community level
    • 16. Recent experiences
      • Transition governance increasingly applied regionally/in urban context
      • Citizens/consumers more explicitly part of the problem/challenge
      • So far however no attempts to create large scale behavioral change with transition approach
      •  focus primarily on envisioning, agenda-building and experimenting
    • 17. Urban Transition Management Rotterdam
      • Increasing speed, coherence, ambition and engagement of urban innovation processes
      • ‘ Transitionizing’ Existing Policies
        • Use of the concept of transitions to conceptualize, analyze and identify on-going changes towards sustainability in different domains
        • Stimulation of envisioning and goal formulation on the long-term
        • (re)structuring transition scenario’s and pathways
        • Up-scaling and initiating projects and experiments
        • Reflection and evaluation of progress of transitions and (required) changes in governance
    • 18.  
    • 19. CityPorts area
      • CityPorts area redevelopment as transition challenge
        • Long-term and highly complex and uncertain
        • Very high sustainability ambition
        • Need for institutional and behavioral change
        • Experimental (policy) approach
        • Public-private challenge
      •  Trying to guide and accelerate organic systemic changes
    • 20. 5 strategies
      • Re-inventing delta technology
      • Volume & Value
      • Crossing borders
      • Floating gentrification
      • Sustainable mobility
      Long term : perspective 2040 Mid term : course 2025 Short term : action 2015 CityPorts
    • 21. One of the images: Floating City (Design:
    • 22. … the transition experiment
    • 23. Societal resilience and transition
      • Context: Pact op Zuid
        • 1 billion Euro investment in battling social problems
        • Reframing program as transition program
      • Transition arena experiment in deprived neighbourhood (wijkarena)
        • Local citizens, entrepreneurs, organisations
      • Close cooperation policy-science in transition team
        • ‘ transitionizing’ policy through coproduction
      • Now up-scaling in ‘Veerkracht’ (Resilience)
    • 24. Dutch Research Institute For Transitions
    • 25. Core transitional challenge
      • Community empowerment
        • Developing self-organisational capacity
        • Paradigm shift towards self-awareness
        • Articulating community needs
      • Policy transition
        • Participation in societal process
        • Toward integrative cooperation
        • Developing process governance capacity
    • 26. Social and policy transition Tijd Pact op Zuid City harbors Program-directors Self-organisation: Supply driven, Integral, Process oriented Innovative,/sustainable Co-production Fragmented Competition Individualism Distrust Short-term GGW Gideon Policy new style nwe stijl City marines SONS Bureau frontline Field-academy Activation Human centered concrete solutions Empowering Experimenting Learning Mono-actor Group portrets Participation visions Norm op Zuid Roffa 5314 Artroute
    • 27. Rotterdam sustainability transition
      • Connected PortCity: flows of people, energy, resources, finances, knowledge reconnect city and port in a symbiotic way
        • Port transition: green chemistry, bio and renewable energyport, cradle-to-cradle industry, waterconstruction
        • City transition: toward a biotic, self-sustaining and socially resilient and diverse city
        • Cityports area as the ‘heart’
    • 28.  
    • 29.  
    • 30.  
    • 31.  
    • 32.  
    • 33. InContext (FP7)
      • Application of transition approach in local communities focusing on sustainable behavior
      • Collective ‘framing’ of outer context and socio-technical structures that condition behavior
      • Specific and explicit attention to individual ‘inner contexts’ (e.g. perspectives, values) and the differences
      •  Is it possible to ‘transitionize’ behavior/consumption?
    • 34. Behavioral/consumption transition?
      • Dominant behavioral patterns, structures and culture in a neighborhood (inner and outer)?
      • Identifying persistent problems locally, regionally and internationally
      • Historical origins, external pressures/changes and alternative practices/niches?
      • Shift towards sustainable behavioral patterns, culture and structures (individual and collective)
      • Insight into how individuals matter
    • 35.
      • ... is a co-creation tool for sustainable behaviour by local communities and builds upon the theoretical literature and insights of transition management, backcasting and literature on inner/outer contexts of behaviour and learning .
      • ... differs from other ‘traditional’ transition arenas by its integration of insights from backcasting and internal context of human behaviour as well as by its focus on the individual level.
      • .. should result into processes of reflection on individual and group level allowing for new strategies to emerge on how individual/groups needs are met and also into experiments with innovative practices as alternatives to established ones
      The community arena
    • 36. The community arena Key activities Key output 0. Pre-preparation A. Case orientation B. Transition team formation A. Initial case description for each pilot B. Transition team 1. Preparation & Exploration A. Process design B. System analysis C. Actor analysis (long-list and shortlist of relevant actors) + interviews A. Community Arena process plan B. Reframed challenge C. Actor identification + insight inner context behaviour 2. Problem structuring & Envisioning A. Transition Arena formation B. Problem structuring process + meeting C. Selection of key priorities D. Participatory vision process + meeting A. Frontrunner network B. Individual and shared problem perceptions C. Guiding sustainability principles D. Individual and shared visions 3. Backcasting, Agenda Building & Target Setting A. Backcasting meeting and interviews B. Formulation agenda and specific actions C. Defining transition paths + meeting A. Backcasting analysis B. Community action agenda C. Transition paths 4. Experimenting & Implementing A. Dissemination of arena, visions and agenda B. Coalition forming & broadening the network C. Conduct transition experiments A. Embedded results B. Change agents network C. Experiment portfolio 5. Monitoring & Evaluation A. Monitoring and evaluation of method and content (process) + meeting B. Monitoring and evaluation of individual level (inner context) + meeting and interviews A. Adaptation methodological framework (during process), and lessons learned for local and EU-level governance B. Insight in drivers and barriers for sustainable behaviour
    • 37. Hypotheses
      • Build on present sustainable behavioral niches
      • Explicit attention to structures will raise awareness and provide action perspective
      • Collective reflection might stimulate collective action (e.g. collective purchasing, local food production, sustainable mobility)
      • Inclusion of different worldviews and lifestyles might help to ‘normalize’ sustainable behavior in neighborhoods
      •  Impact, sustainability, possibility, desirability,…?
    • 38. TM: evolving theory and practice Monitoring, evaluating and adapting Developing sustainability images, coalitions and joint transition-agendas Problem structuring, envisioning and organizing transition-arenas Mobilizing actors and transition- experiments TM 1.0 Creating space and convergence Arenas, experiments Discourse and culture Monitoring, evaluating and adapting Developing sustainability images, coalitions and joint transition-agendas Problem structuring, envisioning and organizing transition-arenas Mobilizing actors and transition- experiments TM 2.0 Focus on breakthroughs Institutions for transition Upscaling and structural change
    • 39. Transition governance principles (acceleration)
      • Coordination accelerating transition dynamics
      • Guiding build-up towards sustainability
      • ‘ Controlled’ break-down
      • Safe-guarding diversity and flexibility
      • Dealing wit/anticipating resistance and barriers
      • Leading role for business, citizens, networks
      • Activistic idealism and strategic gaming
    • 40. TM 2.011
      • From
      • Frontrunners
      • Searching/learning/experi-menting
      • Predevelopment
      • Creating space
      • Deepening/broadening
      • Developing discours/language
      • Initiating/starting-up/building-up
      • Knowledge development
      • To
      • First followers (of the mainstream)
      • Institutionalisation
      • Take-off/acceleration
      • Making use of space
      • Scaling-up/structural change
      • Action oriented
      • Embedding/breaking-down
      • Diffusion
    • 41. TM 2.011
      • From
      • To
      • Transitionanalysis
      • Arenas
      • Visions
      • Scenarios
      • Agendas/pathways
      • Experiments
      • Monitoring/evaluation
      • Tippingpoint-/phase-analysis
      • Transitioncoalitions
      • Public/political debate
      • Pathway-analyses
      • Development plans/business cases/legal innovation
      • Destabilising actions/interventions
      • Quantitative t-mon/reflexive pattern monitoring
    • 42. What is TM?
      • Framing
      • Learning for
      • Experimenting for
      • Mobilising
      • Empowering
      • Institutionalising
      social innovation and change
    • 43.
      • Thank you for your attention
      • For more information and publications:
        • [email_address]