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Renewable Energy and Local Opportunities

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Sustainability East hosted this event as the first in a series of 4 events across the country in partnership with DECC and Climate UK

Sustainability East hosted this event as the first in a series of 4 events across the country in partnership with DECC and Climate UK

Published in: Technology, Economy & Finance

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  • I’m going to set out why the UK is committed to renewables as part of a cost effective, diverse and low carbon energy mix. Why we are required to deliver this, how we are going about it – including the financial costs associated with this – the investment it brings to the country, the issue of public support for this programme and then looking in more detail at onshore wind how we are attempting to ensure communities that host onshore wind are appropriately recognised for their role. I’ve allowed time for questions at the end of my presentation. If you have any questions that can’t wait until then please ask. If you don’t get a chance to ask a question or one springs to mind during the course of the day, don’t worry. Both James and myself are here today so please feel free to grab us during the breaks or at lunch time.
  • The overwhelming scientific consensus is that human emissions of greenhouse gases since the industrial revolution are responsible for most of the global warming observed over recent decades. There is no longer any serious doubt on this point.  We need new and sustainable sources of energy to replace our ageing power stations. Around a fifth of our power plants are set to close by the end of the next decade because they are too old or too polluting. Doing nothing is not an option.  We have fantastic renewable assets including some of the best wind and tidal resources in Europe. We can use them to help secure our energy supply and to reduce our vulnerability to unpredictable fossil fuel supplies.The Government is committed to cost effective renewable energy as part of a diverse, low-carbon and secure energy mix.  
  • Legally binding commitment:80% reduction in emissions by 2050 – 34% by 202015% of energy demand by 2020.We are making significant progress in generating more of our energy requirements from renewable resources. In 2011, for example, 3.8% of our energy came from renewables compared to 3.2% in 2010 and we are well placed to meet our goal of 15% by 2020. If we don’t meet these targets, we face infraction proceedings. The cost could be billions and it would increase each day that we didn’t meet the target!
  • So what renewable technologies are DECC focusing on?Offshore windBiomass HeatBiomass ElectricityOnshore windHeat PumpsSolar PVMarine EnergyRenewable TransportNo one source can deliver our objectives. We need to have a mix of renewables technologies, as well as gas, nuclear and carbon capture and storage. We cannot exclude any single technology if we are to meet our objectives and ensure secure, low carbon energy generation. Why does the Government support renewable energy?The UK must replace around a fifth of its existing electricity generation over the next decade –need to call on all the tools at our disposal to keep the lights on. This requires a balanced energy policy, comprising a mix of nuclear, fossil fuels with carbon capture, and a major roll out of renewables. Generating electricity from renewable technologies is currently more costly than from long-established fossil fuelled technologies. We provide financial support for renewables to ensure that they are viable.
  • This graph shows the progress the UK has made to date and the trajectory towards the 2020 renewables target. Also shows the interim targets set by European Commission (every 2 years).To date we are on course to achieve next interim target but as you can see towards end of decade we will need to see significant increase in the deployment of renewables.We need to see renewable energy deployed in not just electricity sector but also heat and transport.Electricity doing well- good support structures in place; heat and transport- have some challenges such as sustainability concerns for biofuels and disparate nature of heating solutions make it difficult to roll out across the country.
  • The RO works by requiring UK electricity suppliers to source a specified and annually increasing proportion of the electricity they supply from renewable sources, or to pay a penalty. Renewables generators receive financial support which starts when they begin to generate and is guaranteed at a certain rate for up to 25 years. This support tops up the revenue they get for selling their energy, so they only get paid for what they actually generate. It is up to suppliers to decide whether to pass the cost of the support on to consumers through their electricity bills.The total cost that can be levied on consumers through the RO and the Feed-in Tariff scheme is controlled within agreed limits by a mechanism called the Levy Control Framework.The Framework was introduced by Treasury in 2011 and is designed to enable DECC achieve its objectives on fuel poverty, energy and climate change in ways which are consistent with economic recovery and minimise impacts on consumer energy bills. From 2017 the RO will be closed and replaced by a new system called the Contracts for Difference (under Electricity Market Reform). This is intended to create a competitive market in which low-carbon technologies compete fairly on price and so deliver the best deal for the consumer. Our analysis estimates that the impact of the Renewables Obligation on average household electricity bills will be an increase of £37 in 2013, of which around half, i.e. £10 (in 2010 prices) is accounted for by wind power (onshore and offshore wind).
  • Overall our energy and climate change policies will mean an 11% reduction in bills by 2020, compared to no intervention. (from the 2013 Prices and bills report) (including VAT) at the electricity consumption level before the impact of other policies Although global gas prices and network costs have driven household energy bills up in recent years, and are predicted to continue to do so, the Government is pursuing policies aimed at putting a cushion between the price of energy and the bills paid by householders. While some policies are adding to household bills, others lead to reductions, and the net result, based on the most thorough evidence base to date, is that households are on average better off than they would have been in the absence of policies.
  • In addition to addressing climate change, keeping bills down in the long term renewable energy delivers significant economic benefits across the UK.For example, looking at onshore wind. We know it can bring substantial new economic benefits and job opportunities to the country as a whole and at a local level. Since 2010 DECC has recorded announced investments in onshore wind energy totalling over £3.4bn, with the potential to support around 5,400 jobs. There are an increasing number of companies around the UK involved in manufacturing turbine components and installing, operating and maintaining turbines. This is creating jobs which can often be sourced locally to a development. In addition, development of the onshore wind sector can bring a wide range of more difficult to quantify benefits to local people,  including  community benefit schemes which reward  residents for hosting turbines, community ownership,  investment in infrastructure around new developments, and improvement to wildlife and habitat management. 
  • DECC’s latest research shows that 82% of the UK population support renewable energy, just 4% are opposed.This varies by technology: Solar 85%,Wave and tidal 77%,Off-shore wind 76%,On-shore wind 68% and Biomass 64%.Since we started monitoring support has remained fairly constant. If anything it has edged-up slightly.This compares well to other technologies. For example our research shows Nuclear, 40% support, 23% oppose.But this changes when renewables projects are proposed in their locality. DECC’s research shows that 56% would support a large-scale renewable development in their locality and 21 would oppose.So it is a complex issue driven sometimes by misconceptions e.g. onshore wind (a belief that turbines are inefficient, loud, cause health problems) whether the development affects your daily life; how people have been treated/been engaged by the developer. But can also depend upon whether people feel empowered by the development e.g. community ownership, community benefits (e.g. money of their electricity bill, local employment)
  • In conclusion, Government’s role is to provide a financial support framework to ensure the deployment of renewable energy to meet our targets.We believe it is industry’s role is to ensure a high level of engagement with communities hosting renewable energy and ensure communities see tangible benefits from this. Local authorities’ role is to plan positively for renewables and work with developers to maximise the local economic impact.Turning to onshore wind, we launched a call for evidence in October 2012 on onshore wind community engagement and benefits and costs of onshore wind. Announced a package of measures in June on community engagement and benefits (above) and confirmation that evidence showed onshore wind financial support was appropriate and would not be formally reviewed. This has allowed us tomaintain a stable and certain investment framework that clearly follows the evidence.The community benefits package aims to enable this approach I’ve just summarised. It puts local people at the heart of decision making on onshore wind by changing the balance to ensure that they are consulted earlier and have the skills they need to engage with developers. Best practice guidance will be issued by DECC to onshore wind developers which will lay down the higher standards expected in relation to their engagement with communities.  As part of the measures, the Government will make pre-application consultation with local communities compulsory for the more significant onshore wind applications (this is already the case for national infrastructure applications). This will ensure that community engagement takes place at an earlier stage in more cases and may assist in improving the quality of proposed onshore wind developmentWe have also asked Industry to implement a fivefold increase in the amount that developers pay to communities. It will mean that, in England, community benefits packages should be worth at least £5,000 per megawatt of installed capacity for communities every year. Communities and developers will work together to decide how the money should be used – for example, to provide households with money off their energy bills, to pay for energy efficiency initiatives, establish local training projects or fund other community initiatives. Communities agreeing a medium-sized 20MW wind farm could therefore receive a package of benefits worth £100,000 per year, or up to £400 a year off each household’s annual bill.
  • Ring ouzel – already extinct in the Shropshire Hills and declining fast in the Peak District (as well as other upland areas) possibly due to climate change effects on its upland habitats – gradual drying out causing declines in soil invertebrates.
  • Photo of solar panel is from Sandwell Valley RSPB Reserve
  • Peatland at Forsinard RSPB reserve, SutherlandStone curlewNoctule bat
  • Has been mentioned in both the Conwy and Denbighshire Local Development Plans. The examination in public of the Conwy Local Development Plan took place in March and we’re waiting to see if this policy makes it into the final version.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Renewable Energy & Local Opportunities National programme of free events during June and July 2013 from Climate UK in partnership with the Department for Energy and Climate Change 25th June 2013 - Chelmsford
    • 2. Welcome Robert Overall Deputy Chief Executive & Director of Environment, Sustainability & Highways Essex County Council
    • 3. Introduction Dr Hugh Ellis Chair Chief Planner Town and County Planning Association
    • 4. Video message from the Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change
    • 5. Policy Perspective Michael Rutter Department for Energy and Climate Change
    • 6. UK Renewable Energy Policy Office for Renewable Energy Deployment, Department of Energy and Climate Change 6
    • 7. Why do we need renewable energy? 7
    • 8. Ambitious, legally binding targets: •The Climate Change Act set a target to reduce emissions by at least 80% by 2050 relative to 1990 levels and by at least 34% by 2020 •The EU Renewable Energy Directive requires the UK to meet 15% of energy demand from renewable sources by 2020 (from 3.8% in 2011) Legal framework
    • 9. Key renewable technologies Can be widely deployed, but issues with their placement and public desirability 4. Onshore Wind In 2020: 24–32TWh/yr Very large deployment potential - but deeper / further out sites are expensive. Working to reduce cost by 2020 1. Offshore Wind In 2020: 33–58TWh/yr Small contribution to 2020, but potential to provide much more in future. 7. Marine Energy In 2020: 1TWh/yr Contributes around 40% of total renewable electricity 3. Biomass Electricity In 2020: 32–50TWh/yr The EU defines „renewables‟ widely, as “energy from renewable non-fossil sources. We can use any of these to meet a target of 15% of energy use in 2020, equal to 220 – 230 TWh of generation. But the following eight technologies will be most important. Heat from wood, waste, sewage etc. mainly for industrial and commercial use. 2. Biomass Heat In 2020: 36–50TWh/yr Uses electricity to pull heat from air or ground (‘reverse refrigerator’). 5. Heat Pumps In 2020: 16 -22TWh/yr Classic panels on roofs to generate electricity from sunlight. Small to industrial scale 6. Solar PV In 2020: 6–18TWh/yr Much theoretical potential but must ensure sustainability. 8. Renewable Transport In 2020: < 44TWh/yr Sources: Definition from EU, Directive 2009/28/EC; TWh figures from DECC(2011 and 2012), Renewables Roadmap
    • 10. 31 41 48 54 58 63 2011/12 83-84 2013/14 113-116 2015/16 154-158 2017/18 223-230 2020 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 EnergyGeneratedfromRenewableSources (TWh) Target Range through to 2020 Electricity Heat Transport Renewable Energy in the UK: Historic and Projected, 2007 - 2020 Because of the low starting point, deployment needs to be steep Sources: DECC(2012), Renewables Roadmap; indicative contribution based on possible sharing of burden as set out in HMG(2009), Renewable Energy Strategy Electricity 30%Heat 12% Transport 10% Indicative contribution: demand needed from renewables in 2020 Of the three sectors making up our 2020 goal:  Renewable electricity has made a good start.  Heat and transport have challenges Renewable electricity generation increased from 9.4% in 2011 to 12.5% by the end of 2012.
    • 11. • The Renewables Obligation is currently the main policy for supporting large scale renewable electricity deployment. The Feed in tariff supports smaller scale projects (up to 5MW). • RO closes to new generation in 2017 • Contracts for Difference will take over as our main source of support for large scale electricity generation projects • Between 2014 and 2017, new renewable energy projects will be able to make a one- off choice between the two mechanisms Financial Support
    • 12. 12 Impact on energy prices and bills
    • 13. Delivering investment and jobs Since 2010 DECC has recorded investments in large scale renewable energy totalling over £29 billion, with the potential to support around 30,000 jobs. Job figures based on ORED analysis of developer announcements
    • 14. What influences people‟s views on renewables? 14
    • 15. Call for Evidence: Part A- on how communities can have more of a say over, and receive greater economic and wider social benefits from, hosting onshore wind farms. Part B - examined the latest UK onshore wind costs. Over 1000 response from members of the public, NGOs developers, Local Authorities etc. Our response was published in June and announced: • Maintained level of financial support for onshore wind; • Fivefold increase in community benefits payments; • Compulsory pre-application consultation; • Commitment to clear and reliable evidence on the impacts of onshore wind, through an evidence toolkit; • Best practice guidance for use by those parties involved in onshore wind developments; • Register of community benefits on offer. Onshore Wind Community Engagement and Benefits
    • 16. Any questions?
    • 17. Low Carbon Innovation for the Area Dr Aled Jones Global Sustainability Institute
    • 18. Global Sustainability Institute
    • 19. "According to a new U.N. report, the global warming outlook is much worse than originally predicted. Which is pretty bad when they originally predicted it would destroy the planet." --Jay Leno
    • 20. Climate action • It is estimated that $1 trillion a year globally will be invested in „climate solutions‟ by 2030 • UK Climate Change Bill • EU 2020 and 2030 targets • Decarbonise energy by 2050
    • 21. East of England growth • The East of England has a market value of £12.9 billion, with 6,234 companies employing about 103,000 people. • How much of the $1 trillion investment per year does it want to attract?
    • 22. Generating capacity investment ($billion) Fossil fuel Clean energy 0 50 100 150 200 250 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
    • 23. Investments on the rise 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Europe, Middle East, Africa Asia/Oceania Americas BillionUS$ 2007 2008 2009 2010
    • 24. Innovation on the rise 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 1,600 Year-by-Year Comparison: 6 Low-Carbon Energy Technologies: 1976-2007 Wind CST Biomass Photovoltaic Clean Coal Carbon Capture Application year Nrofpatents
    • 25. Knowledge generation • Discover • Develop • Deploy
    • 26. Knowledge partnership • Discover University • Develop University - Business • Deploy Business Government enabled Local and national
    • 27. Strategic opportunities • Feed-in-Tariff • Renewable Heat Incentive • Green Deal • Planning changes • Local authority strategic plans • Low cost technologies – In particular following investments over last 4 years
    • 28. However… 0 10000 20000 30000 40000 50000 60000 Apr-10 May-10 Jun-10 Jul-10 Aug-10 Sep-10 Oct-10 Nov-10 Dec-10 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 Jan-12 Feb-12 Mar-12 Apr-12 May-12 Jun-12 Jul-12 Aug-12 Sep-12 Oct-12 Nov-12 Dec-12 Jan-13 Feb-13 Mar-13
    • 29. East of England: knowledge hub Clean-tech innovation Environmental management Energy technologies „Green‟ finance „Green‟ manufacturing Transport innovation
    • 30. East of England: knowledge hub
    • 31. Contact details Dr Aled Jones, Director Global Sustainability Institute Tel: 0845 196 2931 (direct) aled.jones@anglia.ac.uk http://www.anglia.ac.uk/gsi
    • 32. Planning Policy Framework Dr Hugh Ellis Chair
    • 33. Video clip
    • 34. Questions
    • 35. Refreshments
    • 36. Local Authority Examples John Preston - Epping Forest District Council Paul Hinsley – Essex County Council
    • 37. Renewable Energy and Local Opportunities A Presentation by John de Wilton Preston 25 June 2013
    • 38. John Preston 25 June 2013 Introduction  John de Wilton Preston  Director of Planning and Economic Development for Epping Forest District Council  Chairman of Essex Planning Officer Association (EPOA)  Chairman of Epping Forest District Council Green Corporate Working Party
    • 39. John Preston 25 June 2013 Epping Forest District Council Civic Offices
    • 40. John Preston 25 June 2013 Lights
    • 41. John Preston 25 June 2013 Lights
    • 42. John Preston 25 June 2013 Windows - before
    • 43. John Preston 25 June 2013 Windows - before
    • 44. John Preston 25 June 2013 Windows - after
    • 45. John Preston 25 June 2013 Windows - after
    • 46. John Preston 25 June 2013 Southend YMCA
    • 47. John Preston 25 June 2013 Design  The newly refurbished eco-hub facility provides affordable workspace, meeting rooms and conference facilities.  The exterior space maximises on the flexibility of the eco- hub. It has been designed to allow the remediation of the existing grounds whilst increasing the ecological value of the local area.
    • 48. John Preston 25 June 2013 Blending the historical contest of the existing stables with contemporary interior space  Benching and planters made from re-used timber  Naturally lit spaces
    • 49. John Preston 25 June 2013 Design achieves a “very good” BREEAM rating  Designed to compliment the Victoriana
    • 50. John Preston 25 June 2013 Evogreen Photo Votaic site survey – Buckhurst Court  Location specific irradiance model  Structural suitability  Electrical capacity  Shade modelling  This information is then assessed to design a unique system specific to site needs
    • 51. John Preston 25 June 2013 PV site survey Buckhurst Court  The amount of energy produced is guaranteed for 20 years. Most sites exceed this by around 20%
    • 52. John Preston 25 June 2013 PV site survey Jessop Court  The amount of energy produced is guaranteed for 20 years.
    • 53. John Preston 25 June 2013 My own efforts…
    • 54. John Preston 25 June 2013 Credits to:  Sarah Creitzman, Environmental Coordinator, EFDC  Stuart Mitchell, Senior Building Surveyor, EFDC  Southend-on-Sea Borough Council  Chris Redman, Management Assistant, EFDC  www.ledhut.co.uk  www.southendymca.org.uk  www.ecohub.org
    • 55. John Preston 25 June 2013 Questions?
    • 56. Paul Hinsley Environmental Project Officer Planning, Environment & Economic Growth paul.hinsley@essex.gov.uk
    • 57. Allowable Solutions & Community Energy Funds Jonathan Galton Climate Consulting
    • 58. Making energy efficiency our businessMaking energy efficiency our business Allowable Solutions and Community Energy Funds An analysis of viewpoints from local authorities in the East of England Jonathan Galton Climate Consulting (part of the Climate Energy Group) 25th June 2013
    • 59. Making energy efficiency our business Background • Proposal for Building Regulations Part L 2016 to include a zero carbon requirement for new dwellings. • “Zero carbon” (proposed definition) includes mandatory energy efficiency standard and “carbon compliance” target. • Beyond carbon compliance, developers can either meet full zero carbon target onsite or offset remaining emissions through offsite carbon reduction projects called “Allowable Solutions” Making energy efficiency our business
    • 60. Making energy efficiency our business Background Allowable Solutions: Options for Developers Direct Delivery Contract an AS Provider Pay into Fund Route A Route B (Local authority list) (No local authority list) Community Energy Fund Private Provider Private Energy Fund •Investing in social housing retrofitting initiatives •Investing in renewable energy projects •Investing in district heating projects •Investing via Green Deal •Investing in embodied carbon initiatives • Investing in low-carbon lighting projects
    • 61. Making energy efficiency our business Objectives and Methodology • Research project conducted with three key objectives in mind:  To explain government proposals for Allowable Solutions and Community Energy Funds to local authorities.  Collect feedback and opinion from local authorities on these proposals  To learn from local authorities with existing “Carbon Offset Funds”. • Research methods used: • Desktop literature review • Telephone interviews with 13 local authority officers (planners, building control, sustainability officers). Making energy efficiency our business
    • 62. Making energy efficiency our business Results and Analysis (1) • Most local authorities are open to benefitting from Part L 2016 legislation with local Allowable Solutions… Making energy efficiency our business No. of responses Social housing retrofit Renewable energy Decentralised energy Green deal Low energy lighting Em bodied energy 11 5 4 4 2 0 85% of local authorities interviewed express a preference for simple Allowable Solutions which are easy to deliver and provide clear benefit to the community.
    • 63. Making energy efficiency our business Results and Analysis (2) • … but many have concerns over limited internal resources and knowledge and current lack of government clarity • Limited internal resource was identified a key challenge in implementing Allowable Solutions. • However, local authorities with established Carbon Offset Funds have not reported a significant strain on resourcing when establishing their funds. • All interview respondents expressed a need for more clarity from government on its proposals • NB: We are expecting a further announcement prior to the summer recess. • Some respondents doubted whether carbon offset payments could generate enough income to fund worthwhile projects • NB: Of the Carbon Offset Funds investigated, one had accrued £2.6 million (since 2008) while another had accrued £65,000 (since 2012) Making energy efficiency our business
    • 64. Making energy efficiency our business Results and Analysis (3) • Some views on using Allowable Solution funding to finance Renewable Energy installations: “Solar thermal panels on social housing or larger scale standalone projects would be most appropriate” “…small-scale renewable energy projects seem most appropriate for the district.” “ Councillors not keen unless direct community benefit from electricity.” “Renewable energy projects are unlikely to meet tests of additionality as they are fairly low risk and already receive significant funding.” Making energy efficiency our business
    • 65. Making energy efficiency our business Next Steps • Think about where your organisation fits in: • How can you benefit from the legislation? What challenges might you face? • What can you start doing now? • Respond to the government’s next consultation on Part L 2016 proposals. Contact details: Jonathan Galton Principal Consultant - Sustainable Planning and Policy jonathan.galton@climate-consulting.co.uk 020 8633 9807 www.climate-consulting.co.uk Making energy efficiency our business
    • 66. Community Benefits Discussion Michael Rutter Department for Energy and Climate Change
    • 67. 1. Which example do you think brings the most positive benefits to the community? Why? 1. In each example, how would you define the community? Is this appropriate? 2. How would you administer the community fund in each example? 3. What could be done to improve these schemes? 4. What benefits do you think renewable energy can bring to an area? What does this need to be balanced against?
    • 68. Lunch
    • 69. Welcome Back
    • 70. Developing Renewables in Harmony with Nature Alex Cooper Royal Society for the Protection of Birds
    • 71. Developing renewable energy in harmony with nature Renewable Energy & Local Opportunities, Chelmsford, 25th June 2013
    • 72. Introduction • The RSPB‟s response to climate change and the need to reduce emissions • The risks posed to wildlife by renewable energy deployment • Ways these risks can be either avoided or mitigated for • Plus the potential opportunities for delivering a net biodiversity gain
    • 73. Climate change: the greatest long term threat to wildlife Black tailed godwit Lapwing AndyHay(rspb-images.com) ChrisGomersall(rspb-images.com)
    • 74. What are we doing about it? Installing solar panels at RSPB Sandwell Valley, Birmingham AndyHay,(rspb-images.com)
    • 75. Risks to wildlife from renewable energy • Direct habitat loss and damage • Disturbance and displacement • Collision mortality • Cumulative impacts of multiple developments Blanket bog Curlew Noctule bat Blanket bog: Eleanor Bentall (rspb-images.com) Curlew: Chris Gomersall (rspb-images.com) Noctule: Steve Knell (rspb-images.com )
    • 76. Renewable energy in harmony with nature • Strategic planning • Project level considerations • Potential to deliver positive biodiversity gain Nick Upton (rspb-images.com)
    • 77. From RSPB Research report no.35 “Mapped and written guidance in relation to birds and onshore wind energy development in England” Strategic planning for renewables Key elements from a nature conservation point of view: • Robust evidence base • Spatially-explicit approach • Sensitivity mapping • Community and stakeholder engagement
    • 78. Strategic planning for renewables: delivering positives “Habitat creation or restoration conforms to the principles contained in the Clocaenog Statement of Environmental Planning Principles (SEMP)...”
    • 79. Project Level Considerations • Good siting and design • Mitigation of predicted impacts • Early and close collaboration • Post construction monitoring John Bridges (rspb-images.com)
    • 80. Take-home messages • Climate change is here, now. We need renewable energy projects to happen. • Strategic planning saves time (and tempers!) • Project level planning – plan, do, review • Create harmony: deliver renewables and look for opportunities to benefit wildlife directly Nick Upton (rspb-images.com)
    • 81. The RSPB is the country’s largest nature conservation charity, inspiring everyone to give nature a home.
    • 82. Planning for Wind Energy Robin Basten RWE npower renewables
    • 83. RWE Innogy PAGE 84 PLANNING FOR WIND ENERGY Robin Basten Regional Development Manager East of England 18.07.2013
    • 84. RWE Innogy PAGE 85 RWE npower renewables > UK subsidiary of RWE Innogy and one of the UK‟s leading renewable energy developers and operators > We operate 21 hydroelectric power schemes, 27 onshore wind farms and 2 offshore wind farms – including the UK‟s first major offshore wind farm, North Hoyle > Employ 453 staff in the UK, from Development to Operation > During 2012 our renewable energy sites contributed >£1m into local communities 18/07/2013
    • 85. RWE Innogy PAGE 86 Background > The NPPF – “Development that is sustainable should go ahead, without delay” > Prime Minister David Cameron claimed last year that applications for judicial review hamper economic growth and that many are "completely pointless". – http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2012/nov/19/david-cameron- clampdown-judicial-review > Unprecedented number of onshore wind planning decisions called in by the Secretary of State this year 18/07/2013
    • 86. RWE Innogy PAGE 87 NPPF – para 97 > To help increase the use and supply of renewable and low carbon energy, local planning authorities should recognise the responsibility on all communities to contribute to energy generation from renewable or low carbon sources. They should: – have a positive strategy to promote energy from renewable and low carbon sources; – design their policies to maximise renewable and low carbon energy development while ensuring that adverse impacts are addressed satisfactorily, including cumulative landscape and visual impacts 18/07/2013
    • 87. RWE Innogy PAGE 88 Renewable energy mapping site selection > Regional capacity studies undertaken such as the East of England Renewable Energy Capacity Study & Maps [Aecom] the evidence base > Study undertaken by RWE nrl earlier this year – 236 LPAs policy documents scrutinised – looking at regional guidance and more detailed local planning documents – 65 LPAs carried site specific guidance – Application of high level constraints – wind speed, cumulative impact, proximity to settlements and site size • Reduced total of 22 LPAs and 108 sites 18/07/2013
    • 88. RWE Innogy PAGE 89 A plan led system? > Are these studies recognised? > Council statements about renewable energy and Economic Development? > „the proposal is not therefore considered to be sustainable development‟ > Community acceptance? > Adverse impacts? 18/07/2013
    • 89. RWE Innogy PAGE 90 The planning balance > Current planning decisions on onshore wind are not always reflecting a locally-led planning system. New planning guidance supporting the planning framework from DCLG will make clear that the need for renewable energy does not automatically override environmental protections and the planning concerns of local communities. [DECC/DCLG 06-06-2013] > When determining planning applications, local planning authorities should: – approve the application if its impacts are (or can be made) acceptable. [NPPF para 98] 18/07/2013
    • 90. RWE Innogy PAGE 91 “adverse impacts” > My attention was drawn to places where the turbines would be seen in juxtaposition with Churches. However, a wind turbine and a Church are legible as different objects with different functions. I do not consider that there would be any significant competition between them or any visual confusion as a result of the juxtaposition. [Para 27, APP/F2415/A/09/2109745] > As individual objects, if carefully designed and proportioned a wind turbine or a meteorological mast can attain a degree of elegance as a sculptural object, notwithstanding their scale and consequent landscape impact. [Para 28, APP/F2415/A/09/2109745] > The current landscape is what it is… [Para 39, APP/Y2810/A/11/2164759] 18/07/2013
    • 91. RWE Innogy PAGE 92 Engagement > As part of the measures, the Government will make pre- application consultation with local communities compulsory for the more significant onshore wind applications [DECC/DCLG 06- 06-2013] > Preparation of planning applications already involves consultation with a wide range of statutory stakeholders and communities > National stakeholders suffering from financial curtailment > Community consultation – early & meaningful 18/07/2013
    • 92. RWE Innogy PAGE 93 Localism > Not much has changed – excepting increased expectation from local communities! > Pre-determination changes now enable Local Councillors to engage in discussions – to better represent constituents and encourage democratic debate – This is a change that has not really worked its way into practice – Implementation will facilitate engagement 18/07/2013
    • 93. RWE Innogy PAGE 94 Community Benefit –bribe or benefit? > an increase in the recommended community benefit package in England from £1,000/MW of installed capacity per year, to £5,000/MW/year for the lifetime of the windfarm. [DECC/DCLG 06-06- 2013] > Little Cheyne Court wind farm – £60,000 pa community fund – Decisions about grant applications are made by a panel of local community members. > >£1m pa paid into community initiatives 18/07/2013
    • 94. RWE Innogy PAGE 95 Economic Development > In 2010/2011 RWE npower renewables invested almost £1 billion into renewable energy projects in the UK. During 2012 we invested a further £500 million into UK renewable energy projects. > For every £1 spent by our Civils contractors for our Novar II wind farm in Scotland, between £1.93 to £2.31 was generated in the wider region. The multiplier effect on the Scottish economy as a whole is estimated as between £2.30 to £2.44. More than double the initial £1 spend! > For our onshore wind farms we generally agree: – four major contracts – turbines, electrical, civil, grid – up to 40 minor contracts – for example, site investigation, resident engineers, tree felling – the entire project might contain up to 200 contracts, large and small. 18/07/2013
    • 95. RWE Innogy PAGE 96 THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTION. 18.07.2013
    • 96. Questions
    • 97. Workshop Session Positive and Proactive Action: Barriers, Opportunities and Help Needed
    • 98. Please nominate a scribe to capture group a discussion about the following points: The Barriers Please consider organisational barriers and those with stakeholder engagement as well as barriers in technology and public perception. The Opportunities Please consider opportunities for organisations and for areas as a whole, e.g. reputational and financial opportunities as well as jobs, growth, investment into an area, etc. What would help? At the end of the session you will be asked to feedback one point to the group as a whole.
    • 99. Reflections, Summary and Close
    • 100. Thank You!