ESSENTIAL NUTRIENTS Yr 10 HHD What nutrients do we need? What is their purpose? What foods can we find them in? www.wikipedia.org
There are 7 Essential Nutrients
- Also known as sugars and starches (glucose, fructose and sucrose). Are the principle energy source for our bodies.
- We need adequate carbohydrate stores for our bodies to function properly.
- Travel in our blood and stored in muscles as Glycogen.
Where can we get carb’s from?
- Amino acids are the building blocks of our bodies. Making up muscle, organs and tissues.
- The body stores protein for muscle growth, excess protein is converted to fat and stored.
- The body only uses protein as a main energy source if it is in distress.
Where can we get Protein from?
Fats and Oils
- Fats are the storage form of energy in our bodies.
- They are stored around our organs and under our skin for protection and warmth.
- Fats are the bodies energy source secondary to Carb’s.
- Fats are an incredible rich energy source. Providing nearly 10 times more energy than other nutrients.
Fats and Oils
- There are “good” (unsaturated) fats and “bad” (saturated) fats.
- Saturated tend to come from animal products and unsaturated from plants.
- It is important to regularly consume fat in your diet.
Sources of Fat
- Which of these are saturated fats and which are unsaturated?
- Dietary Fibre is derived from plant foods only. Lentils, beans, cereals, fruit and vegetables.
- It speeds up the rate of bowel movements and increases the bulk of faeces.
- It is also said to prevent many diseases, in particular cancer .
- Vitamins are found in most of the foods we eat.
- Keep metabolism regular and help release energy from digested foods.
- Allow the body to process carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
- Some vitamins also help the body produce blood cells, hormones, chemicals and genetic material.
- Vitamins also help protect the body from heart disease and cancer.
- There are 13 well-identified vitamins.
- Include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, and vitamin K.
- - Include the B group vitamins and vitamin C C.
B Group Vitamins
- Folate (sometimes called folic acid)
- Minerals are inorganic substances, this means we don’t get them from plants or animals, minerals come from the earth
- 14 minerals have been shown to be critical to human health.
- Create a fact sheet containing information on
- 3 vitamins or 3 minerals (If you choose B group, pick 1 e.g. B12)
- Your fact sheet should include:
- Role and sources of the vitamin.
- Facts about deficiency of the vitamin
- Recommended amounts of the vitamin
- Consequences' of too much
- Extra points for presentation and additional points
- Assessment will be peer and teacher based (rubric).