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C:\fakepath\harm minimisation

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  • 1. DRUGS
  • 2. Social workers who help with drug rehabilitation Social drinker and Female smoker heroin addict WHO MAY Communities overrun BE A pill popping raver who’s beginning to by drugs AFFECTED rely on ecstasy BY DRUGS? School boys Dealers making and girls money off kids Police who fight the war on drugs
  • 3. Description Harm minimization aims to LESSEN the dangers that drug abuse and our drug policies cause to society.
  • 4. Harm minimisation aim?  To reduce the number of young people using drugs.  To delay the onset of drug use.  To minimise the harm caused by drugs.  To enable those who have concerns about drug use to seek help. List main aim of harm minimization
  • 5. Harm Minimization Strategy: 1. Harm Reduction 2. Supply Control 3. Demand Reduction List 3 components of harm minimization
  • 6. 1. Harm Reduction  Refers to the harm caused by the drug user and the wider community. This includes the need to teach safer ways for people to use drugs if they are going to do so.  For example use needle exchange programs so users get clean needles and safely dispose of used ones. This then prevents diseases from spreading, and helps to ensure pubic safety.
  • 7. 2. Supply Control  Laws are created and enforced by government and police aimed at preventing drugs from entering the country, being manufactured and distributed.  For example if there are not as many drugs are on the streets, less people can have access to them and ‘traffickers’ will also go out of business.
  • 8. 3. Demand Reduction  Making people want to use drugs less  For example -:  providing information to people so they can make responsible choices  helping people to achieve a good standard of living and be able to maintain happy and healthy relationships so they are less likely to turn to drugs.  helping people with drug problems to seek treatment and rehabilitation.
  • 9. How harm minimisation works?  To minimise the harm of drugs, the problem needs to be looked at on a number of levels and from a number of angles.  A multi component approach is most effective, as different issues require different approaches.
  • 10. Multi Component Approach *Policies *Education *Media *Community *Family *Rehabilitation *Safety and Protection *Speakers in schools *Safe injecting rooms *Taxes
  • 11. Examples Of Harm Minimisation Strategies DRUG TYPE SUPPLY CONTROL DEMAND REDUCTION HARM REDUCTION Fill in gaps Fill in gaps Fill in gaps TOBACCO QUIT campaigns. Classes for smokers Ban advertising ALCOHOL Age restrictions. Sales. Proof of age entry.Alcho-pop’ tax PRESCRIPTION Relaxation training Consumer info on labels DRUGS Stress Management and packets Education programs CANNABIS Media /Education Relaxation training Stress management ECSTACY Laws against using, Public education campaigns manufacturing, supplying, possession
  • 12. Points to consider re Harm Minimization  There is no set solution to the drug problem in a free society, and many different interventions may work.  Some drugs, such as marijuana, are less harmful than others, such as cocaine and alcohol.  Aims to lessen the harm of drugs through education, prevention, and treatment.  Aims to protect youth from the dangers of drugs by offering factual, drug education and eliminating youth’s black market exposure to drugs.  List 4 points to consider regarding Harm Minimzation.
  • 13. Zero Tolerance  Zero tolerance is a term refers to strict policing measures. It does not support the consideration of drug use as a health issue rather than a legal issue.  Q What is zero tolerance?