2. Social workers who
help with drug
rehabilitation Social drinker and
BE A pill popping raver
who’s beginning to
by drugs AFFECTED rely on ecstasy
School boys Dealers making
and girls money off kids
Police who fight the
war on drugs
Harm minimization aims to LESSEN
the dangers that drug abuse and our
drug policies cause to society.
4. Harm minimisation aim?
 To reduce the number of young people
 To delay the onset of drug use.
 To minimise the harm caused by drugs.
 To enable those who have concerns about
drug use to seek help.
List main aim of harm minimization
5. Harm Minimization Strategy:
1. Harm Reduction
2. Supply Control
3. Demand Reduction
List 3 components of harm minimization
6. 1. Harm Reduction
 Refers to the harm caused by the drug user and the
wider community. This includes the need to teach
safer ways for people to use drugs if they are going
to do so.
 For example use needle exchange programs so users
get clean needles and safely dispose of used ones.
This then prevents diseases from spreading, and
helps to ensure pubic safety.
7. 2. Supply Control
 Laws are created and enforced by government and
police aimed at preventing drugs from entering the
country, being manufactured and distributed.
 For example if there are not as many drugs are on the
streets, less people can have access to them and
‘traffickers’ will also go out of business.
8. 3. Demand Reduction
 Making people want to use drugs less
 For example -:
 providing information to people so they can make
 helping people to achieve a good standard of living
and be able to maintain happy and healthy
relationships so they are less likely to turn to drugs.
 helping people with drug problems to seek treatment
9. How harm minimisation works?
 To minimise the harm of drugs, the problem
needs to be looked at on a number of levels
and from a number of angles.
 A multi component approach is most effective,
as different issues require different
10. Multi Component Approach
*Safety and Protection
*Speakers in schools
*Safe injecting rooms
11. Examples Of Harm Minimisation Strategies
DRUG TYPE SUPPLY CONTROL DEMAND REDUCTION HARM REDUCTION
Fill in gaps Fill in gaps Fill in gaps
TOBACCO QUIT campaigns.
Classes for smokers
ALCOHOL Age restrictions. Sales. Proof
of age entry.Alcho-pop’ tax
PRESCRIPTION Relaxation training Consumer info on labels
DRUGS Stress Management and packets
CANNABIS Media /Education
ECSTACY Laws against using, Public education campaigns
12. Points to consider re Harm Minimization
 There is no set solution to the drug problem in a free
society, and many different interventions may work.
 Some drugs, such as marijuana, are less harmful than
others, such as cocaine and alcohol.
 Aims to lessen the harm of drugs through education,
prevention, and treatment.
 Aims to protect youth from the dangers of drugs by offering
factual, drug education and eliminating youth’s black
market exposure to drugs.
 List 4 points to consider regarding Harm Minimzation.
13. Zero Tolerance
 Zero tolerance is a term refers to strict policing
measures. It does not support the consideration of
drug use as a health issue rather than a legal issue.
 Q What is zero tolerance?