Baptism: The Door of the Church:
The Sacrament of Baptism is often called "The door of the Church," because it is the first of the seven
sacraments not only in time (since most Catholics receive it as infants) but in priority, since the
reception of the other sacraments depends on it. It is the first of the three Sacraments of Initiation,
the other two being the Sacrament of Confirmation and the Sacrament of Holy Communion. Once
baptized, a person becomes a member of the Church. Traditionally, the rite (or ceremony) of baptism
was held outside the doors of the main part of the church, to signify this fact.
The Necessity of Baptism:
Christ Himself ordered His disciples to preach the Gospel to all nations and to baptize those who
accept the message of the Gospel. In His encounter with Nicodemus (John 3:1-21), Christ made it
clear that baptism was necessary for salvation: "Amen, amen I say to thee, unless a man be born
again of water and the Holy Ghost, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God." For Catholics, the
sacrament is not a mere formality; it is the very mark of a Christian, because it brings us into new life
Baptism of Desire:
That doesn't mean that only those who have been formally baptized can be saved. From very early on,
the Church recognized that there are two other types of baptism besides the baptism of water.
The baptism of desire applies both to those who, while wishing to be baptized, die before receiving the
sacrament and "Those who, through no fault of their own, do not know the Gospel of Christ or His
Church, but who nevertheless seek God with a sincere heart, and, moved by grace, try in their actions
to do His will as they know it through the dictates of conscience" (Constitution on the Church, Second
Baptism of Blood:
The baptism of blood is similar to the baptism of desire. It refers to the martyrdom of those believers
who were killed for the faith before they had a chance to be baptized. This was a common occurrence
in the early centuries of the Church, but also in later times in missionary lands. The baptism of blood
has the same effects as the baptism of water.
The Form of the Sacrament of Baptism:
While the Church has an extended rite of Baptism which is normally celebrated, which includes roles
for both parents and godparents, the essentials of that rite are two: the pouring of water over the
head of the person to be baptized (or the immersion of the person in water); and the words "I baptize
you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit."
The Minister of the Sacrament of Baptism:
Since the form of baptism requires just the water and the words, the sacrament, like the Sacrament of
Marriage, does not require a priest; any baptized person can baptize another. In fact, when the life of
a person is in danger, even a non-baptized person—including someone who does not himself believe in
Christ—can baptize, provided that the person performing the baptism follows the form of baptism and
intends, by the baptism, to do what the Church does—in other words, to bring the person being
baptized into the fullness of the Church.
In both cases, a priest may later perform a conditional baptism.
In the Catholic Church today, baptism is most commonly administered to infants. While some other
Christians strenuously object to infant baptism, believing that baptism requires assent on the part of
the person being baptized, the Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans, and other mainline
Protestants also practice infant baptism, and there is evidence that it was practiced from the earliest
days of the Church.
Since baptism removes both the guilt and the punishment due to Original Sin, delaying baptism until a
child can understand the sacrament may put the child's salvation in danger, should he die unbaptized.
Adult converts to Catholicism also receive the sacrament, unless they have already received a
Christian baptism. (If there is any doubt about whether an adult has already been baptized, the priest
will perform a conditional baptism.) A person can only be baptized once as a Christian—if, say, he was
baptized as a Lutheran, he cannot be rebaptized when he converts to Catholicism.
While an adult can be baptized after proper instruction in the Faith, adult baptism normally occurs
today as part of the Rite of Christian Initiation for Adults (RCIA) and is immediately followed by
Confirmation and Communion.
The Effects of the Sacrament of Baptism:
Baptism has six primary effects, which are all supernatural graces:
1. The removal of the guilt of both Original Sin (the sin imparted to all mankind by the Fall of
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden) and personal sin (the sins that we have committed
2. The remission of all punishment that we owe because of sin, both temporal (in this world and
in Purgatory) and eternal (the punishment that we would suffer in hell).
3. The infusion of grace in the form of sanctifying grace (the life of God within us); the seven
gifts of the Holy Spirit; and the three theological virtues.
4. Becoming a part of Christ.
5. Becoming a part of the Church, which is the Mystical Body of Christ on earth.
6. Enabling participation in the sacraments, the priesthood of all believers, and the growth in
The sacraments of initiation—Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Communion—are the three primary
sacraments, on which the rest of our life as a Christian depends. Originally tied very closely together,
the three sacraments are now, in the Western Church, celebrated at different milestones in our
spiritual lives. (In the Eastern Church, both Catholic and Orthodox, all three sacraments are still
administered to infants at the same time.)
The Sacrament of Baptism, the first of the sacraments of initiation, is our entrance into the Church.
Through Baptism, we are cleansed of Original Sin and receive sanctifying grace, the life of God within
our souls. That grace prepares us for the reception of the other sacraments and helps us to live our
lives as Christians—in other words, to rise about the cardinal virtues, which can be practiced by
anyone, to the theological virtues of faith, hope, and charity, which can only be practiced through the
grace of God.
The Sacrament of Baptism
The Sacrament of Confirmation:
Traditionally, the Sacrament of Confirmation is the second of the sacraments of initiation, and the
Eastern Church continues to confirm (or chrismate) infants immediately after Baptism. Even in the
West, where Confirmation is routinely delayed until a person's teen years, several years after his First
Communion, the Church has stressed the original order of the sacraments (most recently in Pope
Benedict XVI's apostolic exhortation Sacramentumcaritatis).
Confirmation is the perfection of Baptism, and it gives us the grace to live our life as a Christian boldly
and without shame.
From Pope Francis on the Baptism of the Lord:
Elsewhere, Jimmy Akin points out exactly how little we really know about the situation; it is entirely
possible that the way in which the “problem” of the couple’s civil marriage was “overcome” was by the
convalidation of their marriage by the Church before their child’s baptism.
Lest it get lost amid the controversy, Pope Francis had some strong words for the parents of the children
he baptized during the Mass; from Catholic News Agency:
“Today, carry this thought home with you. We must be transmitters of the faith. Think of this,
think always of how to hand on the faith to (your) children,” he told the families who were
gathered for Mass in the Sistine Chapel.
“These children are links in a chain,” he said of the 32 infants brought for baptism. “You parents
have a baby son or daughter to be baptized, but in several years, it will be they that have a baby
to baptize, or a grandchild and so, the chain of faith!” …
This chain of faith began with Christ, whose baptism the Church celebrates today. Although
“Jesus did not need to be baptized,” because he was without sin, “with his body, with his
divinity, he blessed all waters,”explained the Pope.
“And then, before going up to heaven, Jesus told us to go out to all the world and baptize. And
from that day until today, this is an uninterrupted chain: they were baptizing children, and then
the children (baptized) their children, and their children and today this chain carries on.” …
“Above all, I want to tell you this: you are the persons who hand on the faith, the transmitters;
you have the duty to pass on the faith to these babies. It is the most beautiful inheritance that
you can give them: the faith!” he exclaimed.
Sacrament of BaptismPresentation Transcript
2. Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit, and the
door which gives access to the other sacraments. SOURCE: Catechism of the Catholic Church
3. BIBLICAL FOUNDATION Matthew 28:18-20 Mark 16:16 John 3:3-5 Acts 2:38-39
5. MATTER: Natural water FORM: N., I baptize you in the name of the Father and of the Son and
of the Holy Spirit.
6. MINISTER: Bishops, priests and deacons RECIPIENT: Any unbaptized living human being
7. EFFECTS SOURCE: http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02258b.htm the remission of all sin
and of temporal punishment infusion of grace, gifts, and virtues impression of a character on the
8. Incorporation into the Church New Life in Union with Christ Sharing in the Divine Life
9. NEW LIFE IN UNION WITH CHRIST through the biblical symbol of water and the Holy Spirit by
making us share in Christ's “baptism” How baptism brings us new life in Christ: SOURCE:
Catechism for Filipino Catholics 1648
10. INCORPORATION INTO THE CHURCH by uniting us with other members of the Church our
union with Christ makes us “Church” SOURCE: Catechism for Filipino Catholics 1651 How
baptism incorporates us into the Church:
11. SHARING IN THE DIVINE LIFE through the coming of the Holy Spirit through the Holy Spirit,
the Father and the Son are present in the baptized SOURCE: Catechism for Filipino Catholics
1654 How baptism effects a sharing in the divine life:
12. Made by Fr. Stephen Cuyos, MSC http://stephencuyos.com Licensed under Creative
Commons (Attribution 2.0 Generic) For more info: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/
You are free to share and remix this presentation.
HusengLanggam at Adamson University4 months ago
2. Holy Baptism is basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway life in Spirit … and the door
which gives access to the other sacraments. Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn
as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into Church and made sharers
in her mission: ’Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word’(CCC 1213).
4. INFANT ADULT God claims the child with divine grace. Clearly the child can do nothing to save
himself or herself, but is totally dependent on God's grace, as we all are — whatever our age. Its
their parents decision. The person being baptized is publicly professing her or his own decision
to accept Christ.
5. Because it transforms us into God’s people. We receive Christ’s salvation and new life. It gives
us the promise of eternal life . Forgives original sin.
6. The reality of: Pain Brokenness Suffering Alienation In which we are all born into. God saves
us from this reality through baptism.
7. The word baptism comes from a Greek word baptizein that means: “ To plunge” or “ To
immerse” (go under)
8. Going under water symbolizes our burial into the death of Christ. It also symbolizes our rising
up to new life in Christ. Our union with Christ in this life and the next.
9. Through baptism the baptized: Share in Christ’s suffering and death . Share in Christ’s victory
and new life. Is called to live on this earth as Jesus lived. S hare in one destiny, eternal life with
God Becomes a member of the body of Christ.
10. There are three types of baptism: Baptism of water Baptism of Blood Baptism of desire
11. Those who although not baptized died for the Christian faith. Their blood unites them with
Christ and his destiny. Example: Martyrs
12. Those who although not baptized wished in this life to receive baptism , but died before its
reception. Example: Catechumens Those who although do not know Christ, live and follow the
will of God on this earth. Example: Just people, infants (Jesus’ love for children is evident in the
13. The rite of baptism is the way the sacrament of baptism is celebrated and received.
14. The sign of the cross. The reading of the word of God Blessing of the water and invocation of
the Spirit of God Exorcism Anointing with the oil of Catechumens Renunciation of Sin. Profession
of Faith Baptism Anointing with Chrism. Clothing with White garment Lighted Candle.
15. The seal of Baptism is: An eternal mark on the person’s soul This mark makes the person
belong to Christ It can’t never be erased It enables the person to do God’s will on this earth.
16. The seal of the Holy Spirit The seal of the Lord The seal of Eternal life
17. The seal is important because it is a sign of our faith . During our lives on this earth we are
called to keep this sign of faith alive and strong.
18. Baptism purifies us from sin. Baptism gives us new life through the Holy Spirit. We become
new creatures. Sons and daughters of God by adoption. We become members of the body of
Christ. We become disciples of Jesus’ teachings.
19. The bishop The priest The deacon
20. Anyone , including a non-Catholic. The baptism has to be in the name of the Father, Son, and
Holy Spirit and water has to be used to baptize the dying person.