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Delhi's Young Aam Aadmi—The Political and Social Work of Young Middle Class Activists

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Gregory R Ortiz, DPhil candidate at the University of Oxford, gave a seminar at the Institute of Economic Growth on Friday, 25 April 2014. These are the slides.

Gregory R Ortiz, DPhil candidate at the University of Oxford, gave a seminar at the Institute of Economic Growth on Friday, 25 April 2014. These are the slides.

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  • YOUNG MC
  • Conculsions
  • conclusions
  • Transcript

    • 1. Ultra creative template DELHI’S YOUNG AAM AADMI 1 THE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL WORK OF YOUNG MIDDLE CLASS ACTIVISTS
    • 2. Ultra creative template Women‟s empowerment Stop Acid Attacks TB treatment for poor AIIMS Nurses Union Political Asylum Aids Control Workers Compensation De-militarize Kashmir North East India Rights/Sovereignty Anti-racism laws Women representation in Legislature Delhi Pollution Women‟s safety 2 Right-to-Information Stop violence against animals Right-to-education Dalit Representation Anti-corruption Creating new paths for sex workers LGBT and Gender issues Sindh people‟s rights Open journalism Muslim rights Access to government services Inclusive growth …AND Political activism/party participation EVERYDAY POLITICS/ACTIVISM
    • 3. Ultra creative template 3 portfolio THE 2014 ELECTION
    • 4. Ultra creative template 4 COMPELLING GROWTH
    • 5. Ultra creative template 5 DEFINING THE MIDDLE Organization Definition/ Equation to determine middle class India’s Mid Class Today Projected Mid Class Size in 2025 Using the median poverty line in 70 countries as a lower bound and the United States poverty line as an upper bound 250 Million 500 Million Using real annual household disposable incomes between 200,000 and 1 million rupees 60 Million 580 million Uses 'household income' as the criterion, a family with an annual income between Rs 3.4 lakh to Rs 17 lakh (at 2009-10 price levels) 260 Million 547 Million Defined as those with consumption expenditures of $2–$20 per person per day in 2005 PPP $ 274 Million No estimate Using a consumption-based criterion. The survey looked at whether a household owned a car or scooter, color television, or a telephone 200 Million 400 Million Uses a minimum threshold of $10 per capita per day (2005 PPP) and a maximum threshold of $50 a day 70 Million No estimate People earning between US$10 and US$100 per day 50 Million 200 Million
    • 6. Ultra creative template 6 We grow every day together MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF NEEDS
    • 7. Ultra creative template self- actualization self-esteem love and belonging safety and security physiological needs: breathing, food, water, shelter, clothing, sleep 7 TEMPORAL CAPITAL Male 27 Female 26 Male 22 Middle class informants (self-assessment) self- actualization self-esteem love and belonging safety and security physiological needs: breathing, food, water, shelter, clothing, sleep self- actualization self-esteem love and belonging safety and security
    • 8. Ultra creative template 8 KNOWLEDGE/SOC IAL SKILLS RESOURCES/ FINANCIAL STABILITY TIME/YOUTH MIDDLE NEXUS
    • 9. Ultra creative template 9 THE EAL TO YOUTH We grow every day ACTIVIST ROOTS ANTI- CORRUPTION NO CASTE OR RELIGIOUS LOYALTIES BROAD COALITION
    • 10. Ultra creative template 10 URBAN REACH 2013 DELHI ELECTION AAP BJP CONGRESS
    • 11. Ultra creative template 11 3.6 M Twitter followers 12.1 M Facebook likes NEW MEDIA Google search trends (India):
    • 12. Ultra creative template 12 January 21 – The CM holds dharna outside Rail Bhavan. Some see it as evidence that he can‟t be a serious CM whilst others see it as him sticking to his activist roots. KEJRIWAL’S DHARNA February 14 - Just 49 days after taking office as CM Kejriwal resigns after he was thwarted from introducing the Delhi Jan Lokpal bill. KEJRIWAL RESIGNS March 11 – AAP founding member quits saying, “The connect of aam aadmi is on the wane and a group of elite individuals is promoted to talk over the party “ ASHOK AGARWAL QUITS GROWING PAINS Third groupp
    • 13. Ultra creative template 13 GOING FORWARD
    • 14. Ultra creative template 14 . SOURCES SLIDE 1: Photo: Tsering Topgyal/Associated Press SLIDE 3: KKR INsights 2013, United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2012). World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. CD-RO M Edition - Data in digital form (POP/ DB/WUP/ Rev.2011).. Middle class consumption graph: Source: OECD Development Centre Working Paper 285 SLIDE 4: http://www.adb.org/sites/default/files/KI/2010/KI2010-Special-Chapter.pdf Ravallion, M. (2009), "The Developing World's Bulging (but Vulnerable) „Middle Class‟", Policy Research Working Paper 4816, World Bank, Washington, DC. Kharas, H. (2010), The Emerging Middle Class In Developing Countries. Working Paper 285, OECD Development Center, Paris McKinsey Global Institute. (2007), “The „Bird of Gold‟: The Rise of India‟s Middle Class.” May 2007. Page 13. Saxena, R. (2009) “Emerging Asia‟s Middle Class.” Deutsche Bank Research. August 21, 2009 State of the Nation Poll. IBN Website. (2007), http://ibnlive.in.com/news/indian-middle-class-happy-with- economic-progress/32178-3.html Ernst & Young Rapid-growth market Report (2013), “2013 Report”. http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/Rapid-growth_markets_forecast_- _Winter_2013/$FILE/RGM_Winter_edition_2013.pdf SLIDE 5: Image: http://theskooloflife.com/wordpress/self-actualization-in-the-maslow-hierarchy/ SLIDE 9: Map 1:http://blog.srr-foundation.org/?p=386 Map 2:http://www.censusindia.gov.in/maps/Town_maps/Delhi_slum_population.aspx Map 3:ihttp://www.epw.in/web-exclusives/aam-aadmi-partys-win-delhi-dissecting-it-through- geographical-information-systems.htm SLIDE 11: Google trends, India search SLIDE 13: http://graphics8.nytimes.com/images/2012/08/27/world/asia/27-kejriwal-protests-indiaInk/27- kejriwal-protests-indiaInk-blog480.jpg Gregory.ortiz@stx.ox.ac.uk +18472175442 Facebook.com/ultra @GregoryOrtiz1