Surfers provide insight to average SSD consumer.One interviewee stated, “that building a testing facility is the most important step in developing a fully functioning program.” Conversely, another stated, “no money should be invested until further research is conducted.” However, the research reveals that SSD is interested in developing a program that is different than anything currently proposed.
Testing may have not started as they should have.
DEH SSD CVC Linked interestThe regions will be the far north, north, central and south watersheds. beaches that match DEH beach sampling points.Working with local NGO’s and environmentally consciousbusinesses in their region to assist in sampling efforts (i.e. recruitment and transportation.) For example, Patagonia in the North Task Force is an ideal synergistic collaboration.Social Media, Applications, Websites, Public and Beach postings, and radio. News outlets that give of Surf reports.Working with regional surf report stations to change reports to include water quality.SSD benefits by obtaining access to rapid testing equipment. Proves to our members our commitment to water quality.-DEH benefits by using our network of motivated volunteers. Association to SSD provides great recognition to the public when it partners with one of the most respected environmental groups on the state.
No Border Sewage (NoBS)Surfrider San Diego Chapter
No B.S. is a campaign by Surfrider,San Diego, to address theenvironmental threats affecting thewetland areas and beaches of theborder region. Through No B.S. wehope to raise awareness andeducation of this incrediblyoverwhelming problem.
Los Laureles Canyon, “a secondhand town,” in Tijuana.
The rain picks up pollutants as it washes across dirt roads, streets and urban canyons in theoutskirts of Tijuana, where tens of thousands live in ramshackle villages called colonias.Rain from a Dec. 17, 2008 storm caused the river to spew an estimated 3 billion gallons ofcontaminated water into the Pacific Ocean in one 24-hour period
Tijuana Estuary• Over 90% of the Estuaries inSouthern California have beendestroyed.• Tijuana Estuary is one of the mostintact estuarine systems left .• The Tijuana Estuary is 2,500 acresof undeveloped wetland habitat andis the end point of the TJ RiverWatershed.• Home to 5 endangered and 2threatened bird species• In 2010, the Tijuana River MoutnState Marine Conservation area wasdesignated as part of the CA MarineLife Protection Initiative.
Major Threats to the Tijuana River WatershedWater Pollution from MexicoLos Laureles Canyon Solid Waste Pollution& SedimentAlamar Channelization Projects
Tijuana River Watershed• 4000 tires wash across the borderestuary and nearby beaches everyyear.• We export 2 million tires to Mexicoevery year to keep them out ofCalifornia landfills and then they endup coming back when it rainsthrough the Tijuana River channel atthe end of the pipe• The runoff from Mexico contains notonly trash and silt, which over timechokes the fragile estuary on theU.S. side of the border, it alsocarries disease-causing pathogensand toxic waste from so-calledmaquiladora manufacturing plants.
Who does this affect?Sediment can havecatastrophic impacts to thehealth of coastal wetlandssuch as the TijuanaEstuary. In 2005, nearly 20acres of salt marsh werelost due to cross-bordersediment.Mexico is working hard toresolve the sediment andtrash problems on theinternational border,however this is a largecomplex issue.Sediment Funding Proposalis an important step inpartnering with Mexico tokeep our environmenthealthy.
Who does this affect?• Surfers, Divers, Fisherman, Lifeguards, Beach Users, Ranchers, businessowners…it affects us all!!!!• Navy SEALs used to train in Imperial Beach but don’t anymore because it’s toopolluted.• High levels of Hepatitis A were found off South San Diego Beaches within 72 hrsafter a rain event.• In 2005, U.S. border patrol agents won a class action lawsuit to receivehazardous work pay for working by the Tijuana River. It’s thatpolluted!• Every year it costs U.S. taxpayers millions of dollars to collect and dispose of thetrash and sediment deposited in San Diego County by the Tijuana River. Theseinclude tires, plastics, and hazardous waste.
http://www.sccoos.org/data/tracking/IB/Plume monitoring showspolluted waters stretch allthe way from the border toCoronado beaches.According to the CountyDepartment ofEnvironmental Health in2012 beaches in ImperialBeach were closed due tocontamination 138 days. (Inrainy years the beaches areclosed more frequently.)Every year, 80-95% of SanDiego Countys total beachclosures are due to TijuanaRiver pollution.
Currently the government of Mexicohas upgraded its treatment plantsto tertiary standards, which ishigher than the treatment done atthe Point Loma WastewaterTreatment Plant in San Diego.Mexican treatment plants ArturoHerrera and La Morita treat ten andsix million gallons per dayrespectively.470,000 gallons of wastewatertreated at the new Arturo HerreraPlant are used daily to irrigateLandscaping at Morelo s Park.Upgrades to Tijuanas sewagesystem have opened newpossibilities for reuse and areexpected to lead to cleanerbeaches on both sides of the U.S.-Mexico border.
What can we do?• Water Testing and Reporting data toagencies – BEACH Act ProgramFunding• Native Plant Restoration in the TJWatershed• Cleanups and Stewardship events• Bi-national efforts• Awareness Events• Tours of Impacted areas• Working with Local, State, andFederal Agencies and ElectedOfficials• Expansion of Tijuana sewerinfrastructure is necessary• EPA’s Border EnvironmentalInfrastructure Grants• Grassroots efforts
Tijuana River Action Network• Cross-border collaboration to address the conservation andrestoration of the Tijuana River watershed by engaging inoutreach, education, and being advocates for naturalresources.• Colaboracion transfronteriza para atender la conservacion yrestayracuib de la cuenca del rio Tijuanacomprometiendonos a involucrara la sociedad, promover laeducacion y defender los recureos naturals.
Tijuana River Action Month• 2012 Summary• 2753 Volunteers, 4112 Participants• 25 hours, 8240 Volunteer hours• 6 miles of Trails improved, 3 acres of habitat improved• 62,646 Lbs of trash, 687 Tires, 29671 Lbs of recyclables• 100 Native Plants• Grand Total = 64,736 lbs of solid waste
Ocean Monitoring and Public Knowledge• Spill in April 2012 andMarch 2013• Lack of adequatecommunication betweenUS and Mexico.• Slow response time toclose the beaches due tospill.• Grassroots efforts to findsource of spill and informIBWC, local authorities andDepartment of Health toclose beaches.• Improve Communications
San Diego Water Quality:Does the Current Water quality-testing and Notification Process Protect OceanEnthusiasts from Sewage Contaminated Water?
Upstream Water Testing• Surfrider and San DiegoCoastkeeper Partnership• Source Point Testing forPollutants – dangerousnutrients from treatedsewage, enteric pathogens,pesticides, heavy metals,and trash.• Publish and submit thedata and use it to directlyinfluence the knowledgethat decision makers haveon the health of the TijuanaRiver and Watershed.
San Diego Water Quality TestingBackground• Coastkeeper (CK) and SSD NoBS Campaign (NoBS)– Highlighted Tijuana River Valley (TRV) unique impacts– Drew core volunteers to South County– Impact on SSD volunteer retention– Source point vs. end point pollution (Surfrider Mission)– Data analysis disconnect• County DEH samples beaches April 1st – October 31st– Once weekly, twice most popular beaches– Winter sampling drops significantly– CK publishes results under no “formal agreement”• Efficacy of extensive water testing in San Diego County– Equinox Quality of Life Dashboard
Findings• Program Effectiveness (RQ1):– Results show both programs as partially effective– Can’t overcome the stoke of surfing– Leadership is not in agreement• Tools and strategies to make effective program. (RQ2)– Input from staff, members and PUBLIC– MIMNOE tools for evaluation– Goals identifiable, measurable and agreed upon– Leadership chosen• BWTF/NoBS Collaboration/ SSD Exclusive facility (RQ3)– Results show probable success– Both committed to clean water– Facility- heavy disagreement, right time now– Want something different than current programs
Findings• RQ4: Are there new alliances that could potentially providenew funding streams (or access) to SSD that would benefitwith an alliance with the most respected environmentalorganization in San Diego?– CVC – non traditional alliances• Produce environmental capital– Goal of SSD, only Tijuana River or all of San Diego?• San Diego Trial Run– Four hour testing began April First ending Oct. 31st• Report 60 days after to County Board of Supervisors– Unfortunately recent testing didn’t include rapid testing April 13th.– No State Approval– Old testing simultaneously
Recommendations• DEH Trail Run– Reenergize BWTF• EC select motivated chair• BWTF four specific task forceregions• Task Force Responsibilities– Training– Daily Sampling– Collaborating– Posting Results– Rapid Reaction Sampling– Develop attainable goals– Establish Non TraditionalCollaboration• County DEH– CVC Transferred Value
Conclusions• NoBS and DEH not completely effective• DEH closes and opens beaches early and late• CVC w/ linked interest is the collaborative future• Future Research -– Increase SSD sample size, determine their goals• BWTF and NoBS Collaboration would be successful– Leadership for new BWTF could hurt NoBS– Tackle another campaign– EC must be committed to new BWTF– Testing Facility easy, but putting cart before the horse• Current DEH is doomed to fail– Lack vision, commitment and staff– Sampling once a week defeats faster results• Synergistic alliance w/ DEH is the future