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Job Roles & Contracts



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  • 1. Job Roles & Contracts
    Suraj Perbhaker
  • 2. Introduction
    Throughout the TV &Film industry there are several job roles and contract types available. Job roles that are available come under specific segments. All jobs vary therefore each job role has a different role and responsibility. Jobs are generally offered to candidates that the Industry think are capable of undertaking the role and its responsibilities.
    Working patterns differ depending on what job it is. Some occupations may require individuals to work shifts whereas some may pay employees according to the time they work or a piece rate.
  • 3. Below Are The Variety of Job Roles That Are Available:
    Marketing & Publicity Manager
    Film Director
    Title Designer
    • Technical
    • 4. Vision Mixer
    • 5. Research
    • 6. Researcher
    • 7. Financial
    • 8. Financial Controllers & Accountant
  • Management
    Marketing and Publicity Manager:
    • A marketing and publicity manager role will consist of an employee in the media industry being responsible for managing the creation and planning of film marketing campaigns. The manager will be in charge of creating awareness and boosting the visibility. This would be done by convincing audiences to watch the film as soon as it is viewable for the public.
    • 9. Individuals that apply for this job generally need to be creative and are required to have good organisational skills so that jobs can be organised finely. Planning skills are essential, because the employee needs to plan before her or she can undertake out other relevant activities.
    • 10. This form of manager should have a high level qualifications in Marketing, Public Relations, Business and in other applicable Business courses. To become efficient in the job role, it is essential the employee carry's out on the job training so that the worker can work as well as receiving training at the same time. This method is effectual as the employee will grasp the main aspects of the job whilst she or he is also being trained in other areas of the occupation. Training can be obtained by working through media planning agencies or working at an advertising organisation.
    • 11. Marketing and Publicity manager generally tend to be signed to a permanent contract with the producer or director of a film.
  • Creative
    • Film Director:
    • 12. A film director job role is quiet complex, the individual will be responsible for artistically translating the written script into visual images and sound for the film. The film director will direct characters and explain to them of how the role should be performed so that the footage being recorded is efficient.
    • 13. Main duties of a film director include: casting, script editing, shot selection, shot composition, and editing.
    • 14. As the location and casts are elected, the director will then undertake tasks such as directing rehearsals until the performer is effective at his or her role. As the character are fully capable of performing efficiently the director will the direct for the actual shooting. Once footage is captured for all scenes, the director will edit the recordings. Throughout the post production, the director will work with the editor to complete the editing so that it reaches the final cut stage.
    • 15. To fulfil this job role effectively, it is vital that this individual has an inventive thinking alongside creative skills so that he or she can construct and engaging movie. The director has the responsibility of directing others therefore he or she should have organisational skills as well as should be capable of leading the team in a motivational manner, delegating responsibility onto subordinates and undertaking the correct decisions.
    • 16. To become efficient at this job role the individual will need practical experience to grasp the arts and crafts the job holds, therefore formal qualifications are not required. A majority of directors work there way up in the hierarchy from receiving experience as a runner in a production office or a film set.
  • Editorial
    • Title Designer:
    • 17. This employee will design titles or captions that appear at the beginning or ending of the piece or throughout the film.
    • 18. They spend ample time electing or creating the correct fonts that reflects the genres of the movie. For example if the film is appealing to children then they will insert professional bubbly fonts that are not sharp, as the target market for the piece will delicate. When titles are designed, these individual(s) will link up with the director and editor to communicate about regarding the fonts that will be employed in the final piece. The communication will be essential as this will help influence on what type of font should be produced.
    • 19. Title designers tend to be free lancers, or may work independently in their own graphic studios. Some are employed by companies therefore they have to work the hours that are stated in their contract. To become a professional at this occupation it is important that these individuals are rapid with computer or new technology are aware of all the styles that are released in the market so they can either use them as benchmarks or create unique designs. They are required to be familiar with professional software packages that will help them fulfil their job and hold relevant knowledge regarding animations.
    • 20. Communication should be fluent in the production of titles so that other group members can assist in producing an effective final product. Presentational skills are required to be exceptional and should have the ability to work in a group or individually to meet deadlines. Qualifications in graphic designing or relevant artistic qualifications will be helpful for becoming proficient at this job.
  • Technical
    • Vision Mixer:
    • 21. A vision mixers role consists of editing programmes live, by employing different transitions that will make the piece more effective such as: mixes, cuts, wipes, fades etc. the main role that a vision mixer has is to bond visual images together so that they have a constant flow and the piece looks professional. The work that is carried out by a vision mixer is quite interesting but very demanding, therefore this worker will always be busy in editing programmes and should be patient.
    • 22. Vision makes should have several aptitudes that low them to perform effectually, for instance a vision mixer should be capable of multi tasking as they will need to cut through different shots during live broadcasts whilst taking into consideration the instructions provided by the producer.
    • 23. Vision mixers generally follow a running order that is created by the producer before broadcasting. The worker will then work with the director to ensure on what transitions need to be carried out and what graphics or special effects need to be employed.
    • 24. Vision mixers can work as freelancer but are generally employed by broadcasters. Working freelance will mean that vision mixers will be required to be able to work with several gear as they will be switching location and therefore will need to adapt with various atmospheres. Having the ability to work in diverse locations will enable them to perform effectively.
    • 25. To carry out this job role, no formal qualifications or training is required , therefore a vision mixer will not be assed on the qualification or training he or she has carried out. However a relevant media degree should assist the individual in performing well.
  • Research
    • Researcher:
    • 26. Researchers will have a broad range of genres that they can work across, an example of what genres they can work in are mentioned in the following list: sports, documentaries, current affairs, music videos, soaps etc. They research into depth various aspects that are relevant to the genre and will develop programme ideas and then present their initial findings to the main work in the production team who will make the decisions.
    • 27. Researchers at times can be approached by producers or other key members that undertake decisions, regarding some ideas that may come to mind. As then the researcher will be requested to research deeply into these ideas, researching aspects such as: locations, archive material, contributors etc.
    • 28. Researchers, search into depthh to find pleasant contributors to participate in the programme according to what the genre and format of the show is. Producers and directors elect the contributors appearance and then the researcher arranges this within time and budget. Another major role researcher carry out is they contribute to the developments of the scripts and sometimes finalise the written material by going over it ample times to ensure whether any improvements need to be undertaken in order to make the text proficient.
    • 29. No precise qualification is required in order to fulfil this job , however a media degree would be helpful as this knowledge will assist the researcher in many ways. Knowledge and experience in pre-production and production processes are needed for this job. Without these two vital aspects it would very hard to receive the occupation of a researcher.
  • Financial
    • Financial Controller and Accountant
    • 30. Financial controllers will be the workers that will ensure all the jobs that are relevant to finance are fulfilled completely, therefore these workers will manage subordinates below and at times may delegate responsibility on to them. They control and record all the finance for the media production, so the company is aware if they are in their budget and whether if they are falling short on capital.
    • 31. The accountant role within this occupation will mean that the individual will perform many calculations such as carrying out balance sheets, cash flows for the organisation. This employee will manage the finance and will work out whether the company is making a loss or a profit by monitoring the capital that is coming and the revenue that is going out. At times the financial controller and accountant will need to approach the sales team in order to be provided with figures that need to be employed into financial documents such as the profit and loss account etc.
    • 32. These employees are generally permanently employed, this is because they will always require a financial controller as well as an accountant to calculate and assemble finances. The reason why these accountants are always required is because finances to business, especially a media industry is essential as they have to ensure everything is within budget and whether the final production will become profitable or not.
    • 33. This job requires a range of qualifications that are completed to a high standard, for example qualifications such as the following are essential to undertake this occupation: mathematics, higher level accounting degree, business relevant subjects and many more. Experience in a previous firm or for a business is vital because the accountant would then be aware with what needs to be taken into consideration when solving accounts.
  • Contracts:
    Shift Work
    Fixed Term
    Office Hours
    Time Rate
    Piece Rate
  • 34. Shift Work
    Shift work allows employees to work throughout certain times of the day. These contracts are mainly employed by organisations that are generally open 24 hours. Employees can choose to work throughout the day or night as the firm is in need for both types of workers. The shift work contract allows employees to work rotate their working hours rather than having to stick to a strict schedule. Therefore they can be flexible on their hours they work and when they work.
  • 35. Fixed Term
    This is when employees will be employed for a pre-arrange period of time. This method is effectual for employees as they like to have the sense of security for their job. Employees will work under the firm for a specific period of time. Within the contract, it will sate a fixed date for how long the employee will work at the organisation.
  • 36. Office Hours
    Office hours are generally hours from 8am-5pm. And will mean that employees will be required to work this shift on a daily basis. these hours are vital to be fulfilled as it will be stated on the contract for how long the employee will work throughout the day. Some may prefer this method as they might get use to working these hours, however some may dislike it due to the lack of flexibility.
  • 37. Freelance
    Freelance is where a business employees a candidate that is self employed. This employee will work as freelancer as he or she may work independently and not have a fixed schedule of hours. They work for the organisation temporally as they are employed for business when they require a certain project/task to be completed. These individuals will aim to receive a temporary contract from a range of employers so that they have a job at all times, this allows them to broaden their portfolio of work and sometimes grasp new skills.
  • 38. Time Rate
    Time rate contracts are where the employee is paid according to the time he or she has spent at work. Therefore according to the time and what pay is stated in the contract the employee will get paid a certain amount for how much she or he has worked.
  • 39. Piece Rate
    This form of contract consists of paying employees according to their production levels. If they perform efficiently and work hard they are likely to get paid more. However in organisation where this method of pay is adopted the quality of products or service provided will be affected. As some may find it motivational as they will tend to work hard to get more pay whereas some may find it tedious and will have certain productivity levels.
  • 40. Continued
    A continued employment contract does not have a precise time in which the employee will be working therefore they do not have a definite date for how long the employee will be employed for. These employees do not have to leave if they wish, however if they become redundant they should receive a notice before hand so that employees can start to search for jobs in other organisations.