Google project loon


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Project Loon is a research and development project being developed by Google with the mission of providing Internet access to rural and remote areas. The project uses high-altitude balloons placed in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 32 km to create an aerial wireless network with up to 3G-like speeds. Because of the project's seemingly outlandish mission goals, Google named it "Project Loon"

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Google project loon

  1. 1. GOOGLE PROJECT LOON UnderThe Guidance of : Submitted by: Dr.Yashpal Singh Suraj Kumar Department of InformationTechnology R.No: 1204313907
  2. 2. CONTENTS  Introduction  What is project Loon  Working principle of project Loon  Technology Used  Equipment used  Advantages  Disadvantages 2/22
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Project Loon is a research and development project being developed by Google with the mission of providing Internet access to rural and remote areas.  A balloon is a flexible bag filled with air or gas.  The balloon is also considerably used to gather weather information such as atmospheric pressure, temperature, humidity and wind speed.  It allows people to communicate with others as well. 3/22
  4. 4. WHAT IS PROJECT LOON History In 2008, Google had considered contracting with or acquiring Space Data Corp., a company that sends balloons carrying small base stations about 20 miles (32 km) up in the air for providing connectivity to truckers and oil companies in the southern United States, but didn't do so.[7] 4/22
  5. 5. CONTINUE… Unofficial development on the project began in 2011 under incubation in Google X with a series of trial runs in California's Central Valley. The project was officially announced as a Google project on 14 June 2013.[1] 5/22
  6. 6. CONTINUE…  On 16 June 2013, Google began a pilot experiment in New Zealand where about 30 balloons were launched in coordination with the Civil Aviation Authority from theTekapo area in the South Island.  About 50 local users in and around Christchurch and the Canterbury Region tested connections to the aerial network using special antennas.[1] 6/22
  7. 7. WORKING PRINCIPLE OF PROJECT LOON  Each super-pressure balloon is massive with a whopping 15-meter diameter.  It is made of very thin, very light polyethylene plastic though, so it lifts up the sky easily.  It is strong enough to lift the flight computer and other electronics. All these are powered by a solar power panel. 7/22
  8. 8. CONTINUE… 8/22 The balloons are maneuvered by adjusting their altitude to float to a wind layer after identifying the wind layer with the desired speed and direction.
  9. 9. CONTINUE 9/22
  10. 10. CONTINUE… 10/22
  11. 11. USER CONNECTIVITY  Users of the service connect to the balloon network using a special Internet antenna attached to their building.  The signal travels through the balloon network from balloon to balloon, then to a ground-based station connected to an Internet service provider (ISP).  The system aims to improve communication during natural disasters to affected regions.[5][6] 11/20
  12. 12. CONTINUE… 12/22
  13. 13. TECHNOLOGY USED  The small box (payload) hangs below the envelope, and looks very similar to the basket in a hot air balloon.  It holds electronic devices, such as circuit boards, radio antennas, solar panels, batteries, GPS, and devices to monitor weather conditions.  The circuit boards control the overall balloon system and radio antennas are for communications. 13/22
  14. 14. CONTINUE… 14/22
  15. 15. CONTINUE… 15/22
  16. 16. EQUIPMENT USED 16/22 A Google Project Loon Balloon Batteries Solar panel used to charge batteries in balloon
  17. 17. ADVANTAGES  Lower Cost  Availability of Information  Education  Health and Medicine  Use of Renewable Energy  Weather Surveillance  Collaboration 17/22
  18. 18. DISADVANTAGES  Hardware Failure  internet privacy  Not a replacement of satellite communication.  International politics 18/22
  19. 19. CONCLUSION  Project Loon is an ambitious project and the world will highly benefit from it.  Project Loon, an initiative to help fill in those internet gaps through the use of networked balloons.  The goal is to provide broadband-like internet for the two-thirds of the world that doesn’t have access to a reliable internet connection by balloon.  It is still in experimental phase. 19/22
  20. 20. [1] Levy, Steven (14 June 2013). "How GoogleWill Use High-Flying Balloons to Deliver Internet to the Hinterlands". Wired. Retrieved 15 June 2013. [2] "Google to beam Internet from balloons". Agence France-Presse. Google. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 16 June 2013. [3] "Google launches Project Loon". The New Zealand Herald. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 15 June 2013. [4] Lardinois, Frederic (14 June 2013). "Google X Announces Project Loon: Balloon-Powered Internet For Rural, Remote And Underserved Areas". TechCrunch. Retrieved 15 June 2013. [5] Mack, Eric (14 June 2013). "Meet Google's 'Project Loon: ’Balloon-powered’ net accesses". CNET. Retrieved 15 June 2013. [6] Brodkin, Jon (14 June 2013). "Google flies Internet balloons in stratosphere for a “network in the sky ””. ArsTechnica. Retrieved 15 June 2013. [7] Sharma, Amol (20 February 2008). "Floating a New Idea For GoingWireless, Parachute Included". TheWall Street Journal. Retrieved 16 June 2013. [8] Perry, Nick; Mendoza, Martha (15 June 2013)."Google launches Internet-beaming balloons". The Associated Press. Retrieved 17 June 2013. [9] "How Loon Works". Google. Retrieved 16 June 2013. REFERENCES 20/22
  21. 21. GOOGLE PROJECT LOON ThankYou. GOOGLE PRO 21/22
  22. 22. GOOGLE PROJECT LOON Queries? GOOGLE PRO 22/22