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Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
Gas in Finland
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Gas in Finland

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  • 1. G A S S T A T I S T I C S GAS IN FINLAND April 2013 KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 2. Gas map – Finland NUMBER OF BIOGAS PLANTS Landfill plants 39 LENGTH OF THE NATURAL GAS PIPELINES, km Transmission Reactorplants • municipal wastewater 15 • industrial wastewater 2 1 318 Distribution • polyethylene 1 810 • farms 13 • steel • other 13 • cast iron 20 82 Total length 3 229 Total number BIOGAS PLANTS Anjalankoski Espoo Evijärvi Forssa Haapajärvi Haapavesi Halsua Helsinki Huittinen Hyvinkää Hämeenlinna Iisalmi Ilmajoki Imatra Joensuu Joutsa Juva Jyväskylä Jämsä Järvenpää Kaarina Kajaani Karijoki Kaustinen Kerava Kitee Kokkola Kotka Kouvola Kuopio Kärsämäki Lahti Laihia Lappeenranta Lapua Laukaa Lohja Loimaa Maalahti Maaninka Maarianhamina Mikkeli Muhos Mustasaari Nastola Nivala Nokia Nurmijärvi Orivesi Oulu 81 NATURAL GAS PIPELINE NETWORKS Outokumpu Pedesören kunta Pori Porvoo Punkalaidun Raisio Rauma Rautjärvi Riihimäki Rovaniemi Salo Savonlinna Sotkamo Säkylä Tampere Tervola Turku Uusikaarlepyy Uusikaupunki Vaasa Vantaa Vehmaa Virolahti Virrat Ylivieska Akaa Asikkala Espoo Hamina Hattula Helsinki Hollola Hyvinkää Hämeenkyrö Hämeenlinna Iitti Ikaalinen Imatra Janakkala Järvenpää Kangasala Kerava Kirkkonummi Kotka Kouvola Lahti Lappeenranta Lempäälä Lohja Luumäki Mäntsälä Nastola Nokia Orimattila Pirkkala Porvoo Riihimäki Ruokolahti Sipoo Siuntio Taipalsaari Tampere Tuusula Valkeakoski Vantaa Vihti Virolahti Ylöjärvi Source: University of Eastern Finland, Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 3. Natural gas transmission network Source: Gasum Oy KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 4. Length of the natural gas distribution network Length of the natural gas transmission network Dimension, mm DN 1000 Lenght (km) 1 DN 900 122 DN 800 262 DN 500 326 DN 400 104 DN 250 21 DN 200 98 DN 150 59 DN 100 37 DN 80 4 DN 50 1810 229 DN 300 Polyethylene Lenght (km) 1 DN 700 Material 1 PEH 315 81 Cast iron 20 Total 1911 25 PEH 200 Steel 20 PEH 90-180 Total 9 1318 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 5. Natural gas consumption in Finland (1974 – 2012) 5000 Local distribution 4000 Energy and power companies 3500 million m3 4500 Manufacturing 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 0 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 6. Natural gas consumption by market sectors in Finland 2012 KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 7. Natural gas consumption in Finland (2012) Heating: residential and commercial greenhouses 2,3 % District heating 12,4 % Combined district heat and power 36,1 % Condensing power 0,1 % Combined heat and power, industry 21,1 % Industry, other use 27,9 % Steam boilers 4,1 % 13,5 % 8,6 % 1,6 % Direct processes Non-energy use Space heating Gas vehicles 0,2 % Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 8. Number of natural gas consumers in Finland (on January 1, 2013)) Number Consumption (million m3/a) Average consumption (m3/a/consumer) 27 270 1 30 Vehicles 1 330 6 4 800 One-family houses, heating 4 344 13 2 900 808 23 28 600 1 176 40 34 000 32 4 133 000 628 149 237 000 Heavy industry 35 1 560 45 000 000 District heating plants 80 419 5 000 000 Power plants 25 1 265 51 000 000 35 730 3 500 97 000 Households, cooking Apartment houses Commercial and public buildings Greenhouses Small-scale industry Total Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 9. Natural gas consumption in manufacturing in Finland (1993 – 2012) 2500 2000 mill. m3 1500 Other manufacturing 1000 Chemical industry 500 Forest industry 0 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 10. Natural gas consumption in power and heat production in Finland (1988 – 2012) 3000 2500 mill. m3 2000 1500 1000 500 Production of electricity Production of district heat Production of CHP 0 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 11. Natural gas consumption in different sectors in Finland 3000 2500 mill.m3 2000 1500 Manufactoring Energy companies Local distribution 1000 500 0 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 12. Local distribution of natural gas in Finland (1993 – 2012) 250 200 Households, cooking mill. m3 Apartment houses 150 100 Commercial and public services District heating Greenhouses Manufacturing 50 Transport - Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 13. Local distribution of natural gas in Finland (2012) 5.4 % 2.6 % 9.2 % Transport 16.0 % Manufacturing Greenhouses District heating Commercial and public services 5.3 % 59.8 % Apartment houses Households, cooking 1.7 % Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 14. Characteristics in local distribution of gas in Finland 5000 4000 3000 Bubscribers, one-family houses (pieces) Other subscribers (pieces) 2000 Sales of gas (GWh) Lenght of the distribution network (km) 1000 Gas vehicles (pieces) 0 Source: Finnish Gas Association KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 15. Biogas productiuon and utilization in Finland (1994 – 2011) 160 140 120 Million m3 100 80 60 Combustion of surplus biogas Biogas utilized 40 20 - Source: University of Eastern Finland KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 16. Biogas from landfil gas recovery plants in Finland (1994 – 2011) 120 100 Million m3 80 60 40 Combustion of surplus biogas Biogas utilized 20 - Source: University of Eastern Finland KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 17. Biogas from reactor plants in Finland (1994 – 2011) 50 million m3 40 30 20 Combustion of surplus biogas Biogas utilized 10 - Source: University of Eastern Finland KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 18. Biogas production by the types of biogas plants in Finland (2011) Farms Industrial wastewater Other reactor plants Municipal wastewater Landfills 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 million m3 Source: University of Eastern Finland KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI
  • 19. Energy produced from biogas in Finland (1994 – 2011) 600 500 GWh 400 300 200 Heat Electricity 100 - Source: University of Eastern Finland KAAS UY HDIS TY S .FI

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