State Solar Policy Trends in       the Southeast              !"#$%&(&")(($         *+,-.$/),+0()$1+0),$/&(-&,$  2&+,3)$4&...
DSIRE Project Overview              @  /,&)-&A$($?BBC$              @  DE(A&A$F#$GH6$I$*J6K$              @  :)()3&A$F#$*/...
DSIRE Solar       @    "#$%&()*%+,-./(0+12P$U,+QA&9$VE58$)55&99$            -+$9-)-&W97&5X5$9+0),$(Y+,")S+($$       @    3...
“Traditional” Solar Policy Options  3$$%+=/##(/.+"#(%#)*%8$      3$$%+>%?5.$-&0+,-./(/%8$@ $$J&F)-&$U,+3,)"9$             ...
Direct Cash Incentives for Solar Projects                                             www.dsireusa.org / February 2010    ...
State Tax Credits for Solar Projects                                       www.dsireusa.org / February 2010               ...
Renewable Portfolio Standards                                                           www.dsireusa.org / April 2010     ...
Renewables Portfolio Standards, 1997                                                ME: 30% by 2000                       ...
RPS Policies with Solar/DG Provisions                                                   www.dsireusa.org / April 2010 WA: ...
Solar Set-Aside   MW (2025)         Rank   % Retail Sales (2025)       RankAZ                             1,037      4    ...
Net Metering•    /E9-+"&,$9-+,&9$)(#$&[5&99$&0&5-,5-#$     3&(&,)-&A=$E9E)00#$($-.&$Y+,"$+Y$)$8a.$     5,&A-=$+($-.&$3,A$Y...
Net Metering                                                             www.dsireusa.org / May 2010                      ...
Interconnection Standards•  4&5.(5)0$99E&9$^9)Y&-#=$7+N&,$$$   VE)0-#=$9#9-&"$"7)5-9_$0),3&0#$,&9+0Q&A$•  U+05#$99E&9$^0&3...
Interconnection Standards                                                         www.dsireusa.org / March 2010           ...
Federal Incentives                                    +:-2+3$$%+3-.&+32%#6/#?A+B>>BC3D,+•  ARRA Funded Programs –         ...
Installed U.S. PV Capacity (through 12/31/08)   :-2+EF+      GFFH+I1JK9L                          +            GFFM+I1JK9L...
Emerging Trends – PACE Financing•  U!/6$X()(5(3$o$7,+7&,-#$)99&99&A$50&)($&(&,3#$X()(5(3$•  U,+7&,-#$+N(&,9$F+,,+N$"+(&#$Y...
Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE)                                         www.dsireusa.org / April 2010               ...
Timeline of PACE•  O($;>>i=$;$9-)-&9$7)99&A$U!/6$0&390)S+($•  O($;>>B=$?d$9-)-&9$7)99&A$U!/6$0&390)S+($)(A$   ;$"+,&$)77&)...
Conclusions       :&%#68N"885%8+                        O%%6+P-&+"72&-*%7%#$+•    G+"()(5&$+Y$JU1$7+05&9$         @  LS0-#...
!"#$%&$()     !"#$%&(&")(($ */$1+0),$/&(-&,$I$G1OJ6$      */1L=$]+[$kd>B$       B?BC?CC<BT$70Q<%/#%7##R#(85Q%65+    SSSQ68...
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Heinemann 100526163215-phpapp02

  1. 1. State Solar Policy Trends in the Southeast !"#$%&(&")(($ *+,-.$/),+0()$1+0),$/&(-&,$ 2&+,3)$4&5.$/0&)($6(&,3#$17&)8&,9$1&,&9$ :)#$;<=$;>?>$
  2. 2. DSIRE Project Overview @  /,&)-&A$($?BBC$ @  DE(A&A$F#$GH6$I$*J6K$ @  :)()3&A$F#$*/1LM$$ N+,89$50+9&0#$N-.$OJ6/$ @  15+7&P$3+Q&,("&(-$R$ES0-#$ 7+05&9I7,+3,)"9$-.)-$$ 7,+"+-&$J6I66$A&70+#"&(-$ @  !$;=T>>$-+-)0$9E""),&9$ @  !"#$%&"()*&
  3. 3. DSIRE Solar @  "#$%&()*%+,-./(0+12P$U,+QA&9$VE58$)55&99$ -+$9-)-&W97&5X5$9+0),$(Y+,")S+($$ @  3-.&+,-./(0+45/6%P$HZ&,9$A&95,7S+(9$+Y$ Q),+E9$9-)-&$)(A$0+5)0$7+05#$-#7&9$Y+,$ 7,+"+S(3$9+0),M$9-)-E9$)(A$-,&(A9$+Y$ (AQAE)0$7+05&9M$97&5X5$7+05#$&[)"70&9M$ )(A$0(89$-+$)AAS+()0$,&9+E,5&9$$ @  3577&0+128P$U,+QA&$3&+3,)7.5)0$ +Q&,Q&N$+Y$(5&(SQ&9$)5,+99$-.&$5+E(-,#$ @  3-.&+,-./(0+9-72&/8-#+:;.%8P$%3.03.-$ (AQAE)0$&0&"&(-9$+Y$9-)-&$,&F)-&$)(A$-)[$ 5,&A-$7,+3,)"9$ @  3%&(<+=5#()-#P$!00+N9$E9&,9$-+$5,&)-&$)$ 5E9-+"$09-$+Y$7,+3,)"9$F#$9+0),$-&5.(+0+3#=$ (5&(SQ&$-#7&=$&03F0&$9&5-+,=$&-5$$
  4. 4. “Traditional” Solar Policy Options 3$$%+=/##(/.+"#(%#)*%8$ 3$$%+>%?5.$-&0+,-./(/%8$@ $$J&F)-&$U,+3,)"9$ @ $$UEF05$]&(&X-9$DE(A9$^U]D9_$$@ $$U,+AE5S+($O(5&(SQ&9$ @ $$J&(&N)F0&$U+,`+0+$1-)(A),A9$^JU19_$@ $$/+,7+,)-&$4)[$/,&A-9$ @ $$1+0),IG2$/),Q&WHE-9$$@ $$U&,9+()0$4)[$/,&A-9$$ @ $$*&-$:&-&,(3$@ $$2,)(-$U,+3,)"9$$ @ $$O(-&,5+((&5S+($1-)(A),A9$@ $$O(A$J&5,E-"&(-I1E77+,-$$ @ $$1+0),$!55&99$K)N9$$@ $$K+)($U,+3,)"9$$ @ $$/+(-,)5-+,$K5&(9(3$@ $$U,+7&,-#$4)[$O(5&(SQ&9$$@ $$1)0&9$4)[$O(5&(SQ&9$$
  5. 5. Direct Cash Incentives for Solar Projects www.dsireusa.org / February 2010 U NH U U VT U MA U U U U U RI U U U U U U DC U U U U U U U U U U U U.S. Virgin Islands U U ,5%&$-+>/(-+ U U 26 states State Direct Cash Incentives for PV +DC & USVI State Direct Cash Incentives for Solar Water Heating offer direct cash State Direct Cash Incentives for both PV and Solar Water Heating incentives for solar projectsU Utility Direct Cash Incentive(s) for PV and/or Solar Water Heating
  6. 6. State Tax Credits for Solar Projects www.dsireusa.org / February 2010 DCIncentives for Residential Projects 21 states +Incentives for Commercial Projects Puerto Rico PRIncentives for Residential and Commercial Projects offer tax creditsApplies to Solar Electric only for solar projects
  7. 7. Renewable Portfolio Standards www.dsireusa.org / April 2010 VT: (1) RE meets any increase ME: 30% x 2000 WA: 15% x 2020* New RE: 10% x 2017 MN: 25% x 2025 in retail sales x 2012; MT: 15% x 2015 (Xcel: 30% x 2020) (2) 20% RE & CHP x 2017 NH: 23.8% x 2025OR: 25% x 2025 (large utilities)* ND: 10% x 2015 MI: 10% + 1,100 MW MA: 22.1% x 2020 5% - 10% x 2025 (smaller utilities) x 2015* New RE: 15% x 2020 (+1% annually thereafter) SD: 10% x 2015 WI: Varies by utility; 10% x 2015 statewide NY: 29% x 2015 RI: 16% x 2020 NV: 25% x 2025* CT: 23% x 2020 IA: 105 MW OH: 25% x 2025† CO: 30% by 2020 (IOUs) PA: ~18% x 2021† 10% by 2020 (co-ops & large munis)* IL: 25% x 2025 WV: 25% x 2025*† NJ: 22.5% x 2021CA: 33% x 2020 UT: 20% by 2025* KS: 20% x 2020 VA: 15% x 2025* MD: 20% x 2022 MO: 15% x 2021 DE: 20% x 2020* AZ: 15% x 2025 NC: 12.5% x 2021 (IOUs) DC DC: 20% x 2020 10% x 2018 (co-ops & munis) NM: 20% x 2020 (IOUs) 10% x 2020 (co-ops) TX: 5,880 MW x 2015 HI: 40% x 2030 State renewable portfolio standard Minimum solar or customer-sited requirement 29 states + DC have an RPS * State renewable portfolio goal Extra credit for solar or customer-sited renewables (6 states have goals) Solar water heating eligible † Includes non-renewable alternative resources
  8. 8. Renewables Portfolio Standards, 1997 ME: 30% by 2000 MN: 425 MW by 2002 MA (under development) IA: 105 MW by 1999 NV: 1% by 2009 AZ: 1.1% by 2007
  9. 9. RPS Policies with Solar/DG Provisions www.dsireusa.org / April 2010 WA: double credit for DG NH: 0.3% solar- electric x 2014OR: 20 MW solar PV x 2020; MI: triple credit for solar- double credit for PV MA: 400 MW PV x 2020 electric NY: 0.4788% customer- OH: 0.5% solar- sited x 2015 electric x 2025 NJ: 5,316 GWh solar-NV: 1.5% solar x 2025; CO: 3.0% DG x 20202.4 - 2.45 multiplier for PV 1.5% customer-sited x 2020 IL: 1.5% PV electric x 2026 x 2025 PA: 0.5% PV x 2020 UT: 2.4 multiplier WV: various multipliers for solar-electric DC DE: 2.005% PV x 2019; MO: 0.3% solar- triple credit for PV AZ: 4.5% DG x 2025 electric x 2021 NC: 0.2% solar MD: 2% solar-electric x 2022 x 2018 NM: 4% solar-electric x 2020 DC: 0.4% solar x 2020 0.6% DG x 2020 TX: double credit for non-wind (non-wind goal: 500 MW) 16 states + State renewable portfolio standard with solar / distributed generation (DG) provision DC have an RPS with solar/DG State renewable portfolio goal with solar / distributed generation provision provisions Solar water heating counts toward solar provision
  10. 10. Solar Set-Aside MW (2025) Rank % Retail Sales (2025) RankAZ 1,037 4 2.0% 3CO 135 12 0.4% 11DC 48 13 0.4% 10DE 144 11 1.4% 5IL 1,736 1 1.0% 6MD 1,248 3 1.9% 4MO 183 9 0.2% 13NC 236 8 0.2% 14NH 31 14 0.3% 12NJ 1,649 2 2.1% 2NM 357 7 3.1% 1NV 173 10 0.9% 7NY 15 16 0.01% 16OH 710 6 0.4% 9OR 20 15 0.04% 15PA 723 5 0.5% 8Total 8,447 0.2% Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Lab
  11. 11. Net Metering•  /E9-+"&,$9-+,&9$)(#$&[5&99$&0&5-,5-#$ 3&(&,)-&A=$E9E)00#$($-.&$Y+,"$+Y$)$8a.$ 5,&A-=$+($-.&$3,A$Y+,$0)-&,$E9&$•  !Q)0)F0&$b9-)-&NA&c$($dT$9-)-&9=$G/=$R$UJ$$•  !,+E(A$;>$9-)-&9$e$G/$)00+N$?$:a$+,$3,&)-&,$ ^9E7&,W9f&A$(&-$"&-&,(3_$•  OJ6/$"+A&0$,E0&9P$$NNN,&5E9)+,3$$•  +*,,-./&01,&2*-3&4556=$*+Q&"F&,$;>>B& www.newenergychoices.org
  12. 12. Net Metering www.dsireusa.org / May 2010 ME: 660 WA: 100 co-ops & munis: 100 MT: 50* ND: 100* VT: 250 OR: 25/2,000* MN: 40 NH: 100 WI: 20* MA: 60/1,000/2,000* MI: 150* WY: 25* RI: 1,650/2,250/3,500* IA: 500* CT: 2,000* NV: 1,000* NE: 25 OH: no limit* IL: 40* NY: 10/ 25/500/2,000* UT: 25/2,000* IN: 10* WV: 25 PA: 50/3,000/5,000* CA: 1,000* KS: 25/200* CO: no limit KY: 30* VA: 20/500* NJ: 2,000* co-ops & munis: 10/25 MO: 100 DC NC: 1,000* DE: 25/500/2,000* AZ: no limit* OK: 100* MD: 2,000 AR: 25/300 NM: 80,000* DC: 1,000 GA: 10/100 AK: 25* LA: 25/300 FL: 2,000* 43 states + HI: 100 DC & PR have State policy KIUC: 50 adopted a net Voluntary utility program(s) only PR: 25/1,000 metering policy * State policy applies to certain utility types only (e.g., investor-owned utilities)Note: Numbers indicate individual system capacity limit in kW. Some limits vary by customer type, technology and/or application. Other limits might also apply.
  13. 13. Interconnection Standards•  4&5.(5)0$99E&9$^9)Y&-#=$7+N&,$$$ VE)0-#=$9#9-&"$"7)5-9_$0),3&0#$,&9+0Q&A$•  U+05#$99E&9$^0&3)0I7,+5&AE,)0_$"7,+Q(3$•  OJ6/$"+A&0$,E0&9P$$NNN,&5E9)+,3$$•  +*,,-./&01,&2*-3&4555=$*+Q&"F&,$;>>B& www.newenergychoices.org
  14. 14. Interconnection Standards www.dsireusa.org / March 2010 WA: 20,000 MT: 50* MN: 10,000 VT: no limit ME: no limit OR: 10,000 NH: 100* WI: 15,000 NY: 2,000 MA: no limit SD: 10,000 MI: no limit CT: 20,000 WY: 25* PA: 5,000* NE: 25* IN: no limit NJ: no limit NV: 20,000 OH: 20,000 MD: 10,000 CO: 10,000 IL: 10,000 CA: no limit KS: 25/200* VA: 20,000 DC: 10,000 UT: 25/2,000* MO: 100* KY: 30* DC NC: no limit SC: 20/100 AR: 25/300* NM: 80,000 GA: 10/100* HI: no limit TX: 10,000 LA: 25/300* 38 States + FL: 2,000* DC & PR have adopted an interconnection State policy policy * Standard only applies to net-metered systems PR: no limitNotes: Numbers indicate system capacity limit in kW. Some state limits vary by customer type (e.g., residential/non-residential).“No limit” means that there is nostated maximum size for individual systems. Other limits may apply. Generally, state interconnection standards apply only to investor-owned utilities.
  15. 15. Federal Incentives +:-2+3$$%+3-.&+32%#6/#?A+B>>BC3D,+•  ARRA Funded Programs – 3$$%8$ 3-.&+@$vary state-to-state 4*$ g$<?C$:$•  US Department of TreasuryRenewable Energy Grants 4h$ g$d<i$:$(1603 grants, cash in lieu of tax *j$ g$ddT$:$credit) DK$ g;dd$:$•  Business Energy Investment U!$ g?Bk$:$Tax Credit :!$ g$?iC$:$•  Accelerated Depreciation l!$ g$?dd$:$(MACRS) :G$ g$BkC$:$ UJ$ g$ki$:$ 2!$ g$kki$:$
  16. 16. Installed U.S. PV Capacity (through 12/31/08) :-2+EF+ GFFH+I1JK9L + GFFM+I1JK9L + 9575.)*%+ + /#8$..)-#8 + /#8$..)-#8 + 701*8/1&94:;9:5<= & 3$$%8+++++ $/)0Y+,()$ B?i$ ?i;T$ CT?B$*&N$m&,9&#$ ;>d$ ;;C$ k>;$/+0+,)A+$ ??C$ ;?k$ TCk$*&Q)A)$ ?CB$ ?dB$ Td;$!,f+()$ ;i$ <d$ ;CT$*&N$j+,8$ Ti$ k>$ ;?B$%)N)$ ;B$ i<$ ?TC$/+((&5S5E-$ ;C$ CT$ ii$H,&3+($ ??$ di$ kk$:)99)5.E9&n9$ ?d$ ;B$ kC$ Source: www.irecusa.org, May 2009
  17. 17. Emerging Trends – PACE Financing•  U!/6$X()(5(3$o$7,+7&,-#$)99&99&A$50&)($&(&,3#$X()(5(3$•  U,+7&,-#$+N(&,9$F+,,+N$"+(&#$Y,+"$-.&$0+5)0$3+Q&,("&(-$-+$ 7)#$Y+,$,&(&N)F0&$&(&,3#$)(AI+,$&(&,3#$&p5&(5#$ "7,+Q&"&(-9$•  K+)($-#75)00#$,&7)A$+($7,+7&,-#$-)[$F00$^+,$N)-&,=$9&N&,=$ ES0-#_$•  K+)($0&3)00#$-,)(9Y&,9$N-.$7,+7&,-#$•  H7-W($97&5)0$)99&99"&(-$Y&)-E,&$•  K+)($9&5E,&A$F#$0&($+($7,+7&,-#$•  !A"(9-&,&A$F#$0+5)0$3+Q&,("&(-=$FE-$3&(&,)00#$,&VE,&9$ 9-)-&$)E-.+,f)S+($
  18. 18. Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) www.dsireusa.org / April 2010 ME: 2010 MN: 2010 NY: 2009 OR: 2009 VT: 2009 WI: 2009 NV: 2009 OH: 2009 MD: 2009 IL: 2009 CO: 2008 CA: 2008 DC VA: 2009 NC: 2009 NM: 2009 OK: 2009 TX: 2009 20 states LA: 2009 FL: Existing authorize PACE Authority* (18 states have passed legislation and HI: Existing Authority* 2 states permit it based on existing law)PACE financing authorized
  19. 19. Timeline of PACE•  O($;>>i=$;$9-)-&9$7)99&A$U!/6$0&390)S+($•  O($;>>B=$?d$9-)-&9$7)99&A$U!/6$0&390)S+($)(A$ ;$"+,&$)77&),&A$-+$.)Q&$&[9S(3$ )E-.+,f)S+($$K&390)S+($($?B$9-)-&9$•  O($;>?>=$;$9-)-&9$7)99&A$U!/6$0&390)S+(q$$T$ 9-)-&9$"+AX&A$U!/6$$K&390)S+($($;B$9-)-&9$qd$"+,&$9-)-&9$.)Q&$0&390)S+($N)S(3$-+$F&$ 93(&A$F#$3+Q&,(+,P$/4=$DK=$2!=$:H$
  20. 20. Conclusions :&%#68N"885%8+ O%%6+P-&+"72&-*%7%#$+•  G+"()(5&$+Y$JU1$7+05&9$ @  LS0-#$,)-&$9-,E5-E,&9$•  1E7&,W9f&A$(&-$"&-&,(3$ @  J6/$"),8&-9$$•  1E,3(3$(-&,&9-$($DO49$ @  O(5&(SQ&9$Y+,$(+(W-)[7)#&,9$•  J)7A$)A+7S+($+Y$U!/6$ @  *)S+()0$"),8&-$5++,A()S+($ X()(5(3$ @  K&3)0$50),X5)S+(P$T,A$7),-#$•  *&N$X()(5)0$R$7+05#$"+A&09$ 9)0&9=$U!/6$X()(5(3$•  /)0F,)S(3$9-)-&IY&A&,)0$7+05#$ @  ]E,&)E5,)5#$•  G9-,FE-&A$Q$5&(-,)0f&A$Ul$•  O(5,&)9(3$7+05#$5+"70&[-#$
  21. 21. !"#$%&$() !"#$%&(&")(($ */$1+0),$/&(-&,$I$G1OJ6$ */1L=$]+[$kd>B$ B?BC?CC<BT$70Q<%/#%7##R#(85Q%65+ SSSQ68/&%58Q-&?++ SSSQ68/&%58Q-&?N8-.&++

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