WANTEDWANTED::
A “Just Right”A “Just Right”
GovernmentGovernment
Wanted: A government that…Wanted: A government that…
muchmuch
• Has enough ________ to do its jobHas enough ________ to do...
In 1777, the
Americans wrote their
first plan for
government in adocument called the
Articles of
Articles of
Confederation...
TheThe Articles of ConfederationArticles of Confederation??
What’s aWhat’s a confederationconfederation????
AA confederati...
The First Attempt:The First Attempt:
The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation
• Each state was _________...
• Congress had no way toCongress had no way to
__________ its _______!__________ its _______!
• Congress had no power toCo...
Under the Articles ofUnder the Articles of
Confederation, a PresidentConfederation, a President
would lead the country.wou...
States would be independentStates would be independent
under the Articles ofunder the Articles of
Confederation.Confederat...
 TrueTrue
 FalseFalse
The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation
were easy to change.were easy to chan...
 TrueTrue
 FalseFalse
The more people a state had,The more people a state had,
the more votes it got inthe more votes ...
Congress did not have theCongress did not have the
power to collect taxes.power to collect taxes.
 TrueTrue
 FalseFals...
Congress could pass laws andCongress could pass laws and
force states to follow them.force states to follow them.
 TrueT...
The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation
created the first Americancreated the first American
government...
There were some
good things and
some bad things
about the Articles of
Confederation. In
general, people felt
like the gove...
States Had DifferencesStates Had Differences
Some states depended on ,Some states depended on ,
while others mostly grew ....
States Had DifferentStates Had Different SizesSizes
Some states had people,Some states had people,
while others had .while...
People Had DifferentPeople Had Different OpinionsOpinions
Some peopleSome people
Others thought a central government was ....
Everybody thought the centralEverybody thought the central
government should have moregovernment should have more
power.po...
Some people were afraid statesSome people were afraid states
might lose their independence.might lose their independence.
...
Different states had differentDifferent states had different
needs for government to meet.needs for government to meet.
...
The states all got along withThe states all got along with
each other.each other.
 TrueTrue
 FalseFalse
The government created byThe government created by
the Articles of Confederationthe Articles of Confederation
had everythi...
Something needed to
change, but people
didn’t want a central
government to have
too much power!
The states decided to
put aside some of
their differences and
come together to try
to solve the problem
of forming a new
g...
Articles of
Confederation
New Idea
A New Idea!A New Idea!
1 Branch1 Branch
Legislative—makes laws 3 Branches3 Branches
A New Idea!A New Idea!
Legislative:
Makes laws
Judicial:Interprets laws
Executive:
Carries out laws
ButBut
Wait!
Wait!
How...
Each state gets to send representativesEach state gets to send representatives
to the legislature. Which states wouldto th...
Each state gets to send representativesEach state gets to send representatives
to the legislature. Which states wouldto th...
The Virginia PlanThe Virginia Plan The New Jersey PlanThe New Jersey Plan
Battle of the PlansBattle of the Plans
• Legisla...
 All states should have the same powerAll states should have the same power
 Larger states should have more powerLarge...
There were a lot of
differences to
overcome and a lot of
compromises to
make…but finally…
The ConstitutionThe Constitution...
LegislativeLegislative::
Makes lawsMakes laws
Judicial
Judicial::Interprets laws
Interprets laws
Executive
Executive::
Car...
Not only did the
Constitution resolve
the problem of the
legislature, but it
solved some other
problems as well…
Did the Articles ofDid the Articles of
Confederation require states toConfederation require states to
treat other states t...
The Constitution requires eachThe Constitution requires each
state to treat ________ of otherstate to treat ________ of ot...
How many states had to agreeHow many states had to agree
in order for the Articles ofin order for the Articles of
Confeder...
The Constitution can be changed ifThe Constitution can be changed if
________________ of the members of________________ of...
Did the Articles ofDid the Articles of
Confederation require states toConfederation require states to
follow the laws Cong...
The Constitution says that theThe Constitution says that the
laws passed by Congress arelaws passed by Congress are
______...
The new Americans
made compromises
and found solutions
for their new
government. Let’s
review the final
product of the
al
AA 
Laws are made by the _______Laws are made by the _______
branch.branch.
BB
executiveexecutive legislativelegislative
Laws passed by Congress areLaws passed by Congress are
_____ to state laws._____ to state laws.
superiorsuperior inferiori...
Congress has ______.Congress has ______.
1 chamber1 chamber 2 chambers2 chambers
AA BB
Each state gets two votes inEach state gets two votes in
the __________.the __________.
House ofHouse of
RepresentativesRe...
In the House of Representatives,In the House of Representatives,
the number of votes each statesthe number of votes each s...
A change to the ConstitutionA change to the Constitution
must be approved bymust be approved by
___________.___________.
A...
Although they
managed to solve the
problems created by
the Articles, there
were still many
decisions to be made
before eve...
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  • Give students two minutes to use these words to complete the cloze “wanted” note on the notetaking worksheet. When they are finished, ask for the answers by reading each phrase, pausing at the blank, and asking the class for a choral response.
  • Make sure students understand we’re talking about the first attempt at a new government. Then give students 2-3 minutes to fill in the first cloze paragraph with these words. Check answers by reading the sentences and pausing for choral response.
  • Make sure students understand we’re talking about the first attempt at a new government. Then give students 2-3 minutes to fill in the first cloze paragraph with these words. Check answers by reading the sentences and pausing for choral response.
  • Slides 7 – 13: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “true” or “false.”
  • Slides 19 – 23: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “true” or “false.”
  • Poll the class. Call on random students to explain their choices.
  • Slides 42 – 47: Click through the slides to quiz students. The class should give a choral response of “A” or “B.”
  • Art confed present

    1. 1. WANTEDWANTED:: A “Just Right”A “Just Right” GovernmentGovernment
    2. 2. Wanted: A government that…Wanted: A government that… muchmuch • Has enough ________ to do its jobHas enough ________ to do its job • Doesn’t give anyone too ______Doesn’t give anyone too ______ powerpower • Considers the needs of all _________Considers the needs of all _________ • Lets people have a ________Lets people have a ________ • Protects individual __________Protects individual __________ saysay statestate sspowerpower rightsrights
    3. 3. In 1777, the Americans wrote their first plan for government in adocument called the Articles of Articles of Confederation Confederation
    4. 4. TheThe Articles of ConfederationArticles of Confederation?? What’s aWhat’s a confederationconfederation???? AA confederationconfederation is a _________ ofis a _________ of individuals _______ togetherindividuals _______ together for a _________.for a _________. The First Attempt:The First Attempt: The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation groupgroup unitedunited purposepurpose
    5. 5. The First Attempt:The First Attempt: The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation • Each state was _________________ and had its ownEach state was _________________ and had its own ________________.________________. • Each state would send _______________ to theEach state would send _______________ to the “Congress of the Confederation.”“Congress of the Confederation.” • The Congress was the only ____________The Congress was the only ____________ government. There was no ___________.government. There was no ___________. • In Congress, each state got _______ vote.In Congress, each state got _______ vote. independentindependent governmentgovernment representativesrepresentatives centralcentral PresidentPresident oneone
    6. 6. • Congress had no way toCongress had no way to __________ its _______!__________ its _______! • Congress had no power toCongress had no power to collect _________ to pay forcollect _________ to pay for the military!the military! • The Articles could only beThe Articles could only be _________ if ______ the_________ if ______ the states agreed!states agreed! • States get to keep theirStates get to keep their ______ and __________________ and ____________ • No _____________ tellingNo _____________ telling the states what to dothe states what to do • Congress had the power toCongress had the power to create a _________ tocreate a _________ to ________all the states________all the states The First Attempt:The First Attempt: The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation Hey, this sounds great! Wait! Not so fast… independencindependenc ee powerpower governmentgovernment militarymilitary protectprotect enforceenforce lawslaws taxetaxe ss changechange dd ALAL LL
    7. 7. Under the Articles ofUnder the Articles of Confederation, a PresidentConfederation, a President would lead the country.would lead the country.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse
    8. 8. States would be independentStates would be independent under the Articles ofunder the Articles of Confederation.Confederation.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse 
    9. 9.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation were easy to change.were easy to change. 
    10. 10.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse The more people a state had,The more people a state had, the more votes it got inthe more votes it got in Congress.Congress. 
    11. 11. Congress did not have theCongress did not have the power to collect taxes.power to collect taxes.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse 
    12. 12. Congress could pass laws andCongress could pass laws and force states to follow them.force states to follow them.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse
    13. 13. The Articles of ConfederationThe Articles of Confederation created the first Americancreated the first American government.government.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse 
    14. 14. There were some good things and some bad things about the Articles of Confederation. In general, people felt like the government rking! Congress is too weak to endCongress is too weak to end the conflicts between ourthe conflicts between our states!states!
    15. 15. States Had DifferencesStates Had Differences Some states depended on ,Some states depended on , while others mostly grew .while others mostly grew . fishingfishing cropscrops
    16. 16. States Had DifferentStates Had Different SizesSizes Some states had people,Some states had people, while others had .while others had . manymany fewfew
    17. 17. People Had DifferentPeople Had Different OpinionsOpinions Some peopleSome people Others thought a central government was .Others thought a central government was . fearedfeared necessarnecessar yy a central government.a central government. A central government will have too much power! We’ll lose our freedom! But we’ll never get anything done if no one is in charge!!
    18. 18. Everybody thought the centralEverybody thought the central government should have moregovernment should have more power.power.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse
    19. 19. Some people were afraid statesSome people were afraid states might lose their independence.might lose their independence.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse 
    20. 20. Different states had differentDifferent states had different needs for government to meet.needs for government to meet.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse 
    21. 21. The states all got along withThe states all got along with each other.each other.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse
    22. 22. The government created byThe government created by the Articles of Confederationthe Articles of Confederation had everything under controlhad everything under control among the states.among the states.  TrueTrue  FalseFalse
    23. 23. Something needed to change, but people didn’t want a central government to have too much power!
    24. 24. The states decided to put aside some of their differences and come together to try to solve the problem of forming a new government…
    25. 25. Articles of Confederation New Idea A New Idea!A New Idea! 1 Branch1 Branch Legislative—makes laws 3 Branches3 Branches
    26. 26. A New Idea!A New Idea! Legislative: Makes laws Judicial:Interprets laws Executive: Carries out laws ButBut Wait! Wait! How manyHow many should each state getshould each state get in the legislature?in the legislature? votesvotes
    27. 27. Each state gets to send representativesEach state gets to send representatives to the legislature. Which states wouldto the legislature. Which states would have the most power if…have the most power if… • The more people a state had, the moreThe more people a state had, the more representatives it got?representatives it got? Answer: The more people, the moreAnswer: The more people, the more power!power!
    28. 28. Each state gets to send representativesEach state gets to send representatives to the legislature. Which states wouldto the legislature. Which states would have the most power if…have the most power if… • Each state got one vote, no matter howEach state got one vote, no matter how small?small? Answer: People in the small statesAnswer: People in the small states would have more power.would have more power.
    29. 29. The Virginia PlanThe Virginia Plan The New Jersey PlanThe New Jersey Plan Battle of the PlansBattle of the Plans • Legislative branch has ___Legislative branch has ___ “chambers”“chambers” • Number of votes for eachNumber of votes for each state depends on thestate depends on the state’s ___________state’s ___________ • ________ states would________ states would have more powerhave more power populationpopulation 22 LargerLarger • Legislative branch has ___Legislative branch has ___ “chamber”“chamber” • Each state gets ___ voteEach state gets ___ vote • ________ states would________ states would have more powerhave more power 11 SmallerSmaller 11 (Virginia was a large state, and New Jersey was a small state.(Virginia was a large state, and New Jersey was a small state.
    30. 30.  All states should have the same powerAll states should have the same power  Larger states should have more powerLarger states should have more power Is it more fair for every state to have theIs it more fair for every state to have the same amount of power no matter howsame amount of power no matter how few people live there, or should statesfew people live there, or should states with more people have more power?with more people have more power? WHY?WHY?
    31. 31. There were a lot of differences to overcome and a lot of compromises to make…but finally… The ConstitutionThe Constitution of the Unitedof the United States ofStates of AmericaAmerica
    32. 32. LegislativeLegislative:: Makes lawsMakes laws Judicial Judicial::Interprets laws Interprets laws Executive Executive:: Carries out laws Carries out laws Divide Congress Into TwoDivide Congress Into Two HousesHouses SenateSenate House ofHouse of RepresentativesRepresentatives Each state gets 2 votes. The more people the state has, the more votes it gets! And that’s notAnd that’s not all…all… The Constitution SolutionThe Constitution Solution
    33. 33. Not only did the Constitution resolve the problem of the legislature, but it solved some other problems as well…
    34. 34. Did the Articles ofDid the Articles of Confederation require states toConfederation require states to treat other states the same astreat other states the same as their own citizens?their own citizens?  YesYes  NoNo
    35. 35. The Constitution requires eachThe Constitution requires each state to treat ________ of otherstate to treat ________ of other states the ______ as it treats itsstates the ______ as it treats its own citizens.own citizens. citizenscitizens samesame The Constitution SolutionThe Constitution Solution
    36. 36. How many states had to agreeHow many states had to agree in order for the Articles ofin order for the Articles of Confederation to be changed?Confederation to be changed?  All statesAll states  A majority of statesA majority of states 
    37. 37. The Constitution can be changed ifThe Constitution can be changed if ________________ of the members of________________ of the members of Congress and ________________ ofCongress and ________________ of the states agree.the states agree. two-thirds (2/3)two-thirds (2/3) three-fourths (3/4)three-fourths (3/4) The Constitution SolutionThe Constitution Solution
    38. 38. Did the Articles ofDid the Articles of Confederation require states toConfederation require states to follow the laws Congressfollow the laws Congress passed?passed?  YesYes  NoNo
    39. 39. The Constitution says that theThe Constitution says that the laws passed by Congress arelaws passed by Congress are _________ to laws passed by the_________ to laws passed by the _______._______. superiorsuperior statesstates The Constitution SolutionThe Constitution Solution
    40. 40. The new Americans made compromises and found solutions for their new government. Let’s review the final product of the al
    41. 41. AA  Laws are made by the _______Laws are made by the _______ branch.branch. BB executiveexecutive legislativelegislative
    42. 42. Laws passed by Congress areLaws passed by Congress are _____ to state laws._____ to state laws. superiorsuperior inferiorinferior AA BB
    43. 43. Congress has ______.Congress has ______. 1 chamber1 chamber 2 chambers2 chambers AA BB
    44. 44. Each state gets two votes inEach state gets two votes in the __________.the __________. House ofHouse of RepresentativesRepresentatives SenateSenate AA BB
    45. 45. In the House of Representatives,In the House of Representatives, the number of votes each statesthe number of votes each states gets is based on its ________.gets is based on its ________. populationpopulation taxestaxes AA BB
    46. 46. A change to the ConstitutionA change to the Constitution must be approved bymust be approved by ___________.___________. All statesAll states ¾ of states¾ of states AA BB
    47. 47. Although they managed to solve the problems created by the Articles, there were still many decisions to be made before everyone acc

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