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Disaster Drama
 

Disaster Drama

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This presentation was created in partnership with H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design. Jo Ann Howard, Principal of H2O, simplifies the complexity of disaster prevention by comparing paralleling it ...

This presentation was created in partnership with H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design. Jo Ann Howard, Principal of H2O, simplifies the complexity of disaster prevention by comparing paralleling it with theatre and the human drama of politics and our system.

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    Disaster Drama Disaster Drama Presentation Transcript

    • ADISASTERDRAMA
      IN THREE ACTS
    • TOWNIES
      What
      disaster?
      It’s been
      5 years since the flood…
      Yesterday
      wasa long
      time ago!
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • STATIES wear different hats.
      Legislative
      Sombreros
      Governor
      Crowns
      Barrister
      Wigs
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • UNCLE SAM
      Presidential
      Executive Agency
      Commander-in-Chief
      Congressional
      Federal Courts
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • PRIVATE BUSINESS
      Infrastructure Players
      Power Companies
      SUBSTATE GOVERNMENTS
      Health Care Institutions
      Counties/
      Parishes
      Regional
      Development Authorities
      (Councils of Governments)
      Transportation
      NONPROFITS/
      CHARITABLE GROUPS
      Communications
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Sometimes an actor tries
      to don the costume and role of another actor…
      Katrina
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • STAGE
      BACKGROUND
    • THE CONSTITUTION =
      MASTER SCRIPT
    • SET DESIGN IS A WORK
      IN PROGRESS.
    • PREAMBLE TO CONSTITUTION
      Government Powers
      Individual Rights
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • STATIES on stage first.
    • 3 MODELS OF FEDERAL SYSTEM
      All power at national level
      UNITARY
      CONFEDERATION
      Equal states share power
      FEDERAL
      Power divided
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • FEDERALISM
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • WHAT KIND OF CAKEIS FEDERALISM?
      National
      States
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • THE POWER QUESTION
      ?
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • The American Disaster Management System represents Shared
      or Concurrent Powers.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • ACT ONE:
      Introduce actors and tension mounts.
    • Danger in the wings!
    • Emergency Management is essentially a role played by local governments.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Locals remain in charge of an event –
      even if it’s one of “national significance.”
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Local Governments’ failures are largely
      pre-disaster inactions.
      So many duties,
      so little time..
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Local Governments are lead disaster actors but must know their lines.
    • The Federal Government SUPPLEMENTS
      – not supplants.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • POSSE COMITATUS
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act – Public Assistance
      I declare a disaster!
    • Stafford ActPublic AssistanceGrants to Statesfrom Uncle.Staties andTownies have topaytheir shareof recovery costs.
    • Federal Program crosses into Townie stage.
      NATIONAL
      FLOOD
      INSURANCE
      PROGRAM
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • STATES’ ROLES
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • States manage their own financial resources and also federal funds.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Emergency
      Response
      Mitigation
      STATES HAVE CRITICAL ROLES
      IN DISASTERS INCLUDING:
      Long-Term
      Disaster Recovery
      Grants
      Management
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Preparedness
      Mitigation
      4 PHASES OF
      HAZARDS MANAGEMENT
      Recovery
      Response
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • NATIONAL INCIDENT
      MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NIMS)
      FEDERAL
      STATE
      LOCAL
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • States, locals and private actors manage the majority of critical infrastructures in the U.S.
      STATE
      LOCAL
      FEDERAL
      PRIVATE ACTORS
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • MITIGATION
      PREPARED
      -NESS
      RECOVERY
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • What function
      isgovernment
      performing?
      What’s the cause of the disaster?
      What’s the scale of the disaster?
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • ROWBOAT FEDERALISM
      If all levels of government don’t row…
      WE ALL SINK.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • WHOOOOO PAYS?
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • ACT TWO
      Pratfalls on the disaster stage…
    • CRITICS CITE PERCEIVED MISSTEPS
      Mitigation opportunities lost by allowing / encouraging rebuilding in high-risk areas
      Environmental protection lost out in priority in the recovery process
      Layers of federal bureaucracy and “red tape”
      CDBG funding did not include significant mitigation programs
      National Flood Insurance enables floodplain development
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • UNCLE SAM: VILLAIN OR HERO?
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Which actor can best keep Danger away?
      Who should pay when Danger comes?
      Who should be center stage when Danger strikes?
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • Whoooooooo pays?
      We all pay.
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • BUILD A SUSTAINABILITY SET
      HEALTH
      SAFETY
      ECONOMICS
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • ACT THREE
      Hope brings down the curtain.
    • GET STANDING OVATIONS –
      NOT BOOS!
      Bravo!
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • DISASTER DRAMA CAN HAVE HAPPIER ENDINGS.
      Tie Federal Aid to Mitigation and Environmental Protection Measures
      Public Assistance Conditioned on Mitigation in Rebuilding
      Keep CDBG as Discretionary Disaster Assistance Funding
      Have Rainy Day Funds for Grant Matches
      Amend Stafford Act (PA) for Cat Events
      Adopt EMACs
      Award Pre-Event Competitively-Procured Contracts
      Utilize PA Workflow/Expenditure Tracking Systems to Expedite PA Grants
      Identify and Mitigate Risks
      Define Disaster Roles and Responsibilities and Practice
      Improve Public/Private Partnerships Pre- and Post-Incident
      Push for More Mitigation Funds and Financial Aide for Disaster Recovery
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
    • We all have a part to
      play onstage.
    • CREDITS
      • BrightSpot Info Design (www.sunnibrown.com)
      • Credit
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      • Credit
      © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design