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Disaster Drama

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This presentation was created in partnership with H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design. Jo Ann Howard, Principal of H2O, simplifies the complexity of disaster prevention by comparing paralleling it ...

This presentation was created in partnership with H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design. Jo Ann Howard, Principal of H2O, simplifies the complexity of disaster prevention by comparing paralleling it with theatre and the human drama of politics and our system.

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Disaster Drama Disaster Drama Presentation Transcript

  • ADISASTERDRAMA
    IN THREE ACTS
  • TOWNIES
    What
    disaster?
    It’s been
    5 years since the flood…
    Yesterday
    wasa long
    time ago!
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • STATIES wear different hats.
    Legislative
    Sombreros
    Governor
    Crowns
    Barrister
    Wigs
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • UNCLE SAM
    Presidential
    Executive Agency
    Commander-in-Chief
    Congressional
    Federal Courts
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • PRIVATE BUSINESS
    Infrastructure Players
    Power Companies
    SUBSTATE GOVERNMENTS
    Health Care Institutions
    Counties/
    Parishes
    Regional
    Development Authorities
    (Councils of Governments)
    Transportation
    NONPROFITS/
    CHARITABLE GROUPS
    Communications
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Sometimes an actor tries
    to don the costume and role of another actor…
    Katrina
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • STAGE
    BACKGROUND
  • THE CONSTITUTION =
    MASTER SCRIPT
  • SET DESIGN IS A WORK
    IN PROGRESS.
  • PREAMBLE TO CONSTITUTION
    Government Powers
    Individual Rights
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • STATIES on stage first.
  • 3 MODELS OF FEDERAL SYSTEM
    All power at national level
    UNITARY
    CONFEDERATION
    Equal states share power
    FEDERAL
    Power divided
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • FEDERALISM
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • WHAT KIND OF CAKEIS FEDERALISM?
    National
    States
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • THE POWER QUESTION
    ?
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • The American Disaster Management System represents Shared
    or Concurrent Powers.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • ACT ONE:
    Introduce actors and tension mounts.
  • Danger in the wings!
  • Emergency Management is essentially a role played by local governments.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Locals remain in charge of an event –
    even if it’s one of “national significance.”
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Local Governments’ failures are largely
    pre-disaster inactions.
    So many duties,
    so little time..
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Local Governments are lead disaster actors but must know their lines.
  • The Federal Government SUPPLEMENTS
    – not supplants.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • POSSE COMITATUS
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • The Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act – Public Assistance
    I declare a disaster!
  • Stafford ActPublic AssistanceGrants to Statesfrom Uncle.Staties andTownies have topaytheir shareof recovery costs.
  • Federal Program crosses into Townie stage.
    NATIONAL
    FLOOD
    INSURANCE
    PROGRAM
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • STATES’ ROLES
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • States manage their own financial resources and also federal funds.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Emergency
    Response
    Mitigation
    STATES HAVE CRITICAL ROLES
    IN DISASTERS INCLUDING:
    Long-Term
    Disaster Recovery
    Grants
    Management
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Preparedness
    Mitigation
    4 PHASES OF
    HAZARDS MANAGEMENT
    Recovery
    Response
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • NATIONAL INCIDENT
    MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NIMS)
    FEDERAL
    STATE
    LOCAL
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • States, locals and private actors manage the majority of critical infrastructures in the U.S.
    STATE
    LOCAL
    FEDERAL
    PRIVATE ACTORS
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • MITIGATION
    PREPARED
    -NESS
    RECOVERY
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • What function
    isgovernment
    performing?
    What’s the cause of the disaster?
    What’s the scale of the disaster?
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • ROWBOAT FEDERALISM
    If all levels of government don’t row…
    WE ALL SINK.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • WHOOOOO PAYS?
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • ACT TWO
    Pratfalls on the disaster stage…
  • CRITICS CITE PERCEIVED MISSTEPS
    Mitigation opportunities lost by allowing / encouraging rebuilding in high-risk areas
    Environmental protection lost out in priority in the recovery process
    Layers of federal bureaucracy and “red tape”
    CDBG funding did not include significant mitigation programs
    National Flood Insurance enables floodplain development
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • UNCLE SAM: VILLAIN OR HERO?
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Which actor can best keep Danger away?
    Who should pay when Danger comes?
    Who should be center stage when Danger strikes?
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • Whoooooooo pays?
    We all pay.
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • BUILD A SUSTAINABILITY SET
    HEALTH
    SAFETY
    ECONOMICS
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • ACT THREE
    Hope brings down the curtain.
  • GET STANDING OVATIONS –
    NOT BOOS!
    Bravo!
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • DISASTER DRAMA CAN HAVE HAPPIER ENDINGS.
    Tie Federal Aid to Mitigation and Environmental Protection Measures
    Public Assistance Conditioned on Mitigation in Rebuilding
    Keep CDBG as Discretionary Disaster Assistance Funding
    Have Rainy Day Funds for Grant Matches
    Amend Stafford Act (PA) for Cat Events
    Adopt EMACs
    Award Pre-Event Competitively-Procured Contracts
    Utilize PA Workflow/Expenditure Tracking Systems to Expedite PA Grants
    Identify and Mitigate Risks
    Define Disaster Roles and Responsibilities and Practice
    Improve Public/Private Partnerships Pre- and Post-Incident
    Push for More Mitigation Funds and Financial Aide for Disaster Recovery
    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design
  • We all have a part to
    play onstage.
  • CREDITS
    • BrightSpot Info Design (www.sunnibrown.com)
    • Credit
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    © 2009 / H2O Partners and BrightSpot Info Design