socioeconomic status classification

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socioeconomic status classification

socioeconomic status classification

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  • 1. Dr sunil pal singh.c
  • 2.  Karl Marx theory Weber’s theoryHow the people in the community are differentiated ?
  • 3. For urban areas:Kuppuswamy’s classification, verma scale,Tuassigscale, Sims scale,Warner’s scale,Hollingshed scaleFor rural areas:Uday pareek and G Trivedi scale,lewis and Dhillonscale, Freeman scale
  • 4. As a characteristics for a socialclassification,especially for social pathologyEg: caste and birth order:caste 1stbirth order 2nd3rd 4thSC 35.5 47.0 10.8 6.6ST 30.1 29.5 12.3 28.0OBC 39.5 40.6 14.9 5.0Others 44.1 12.7 12.7 5.8
  • 5.  To understand the human behaviour Economic rewards Determinant of authority Degree of status
  • 6. EducationAny person who is able to read and write withunderstanding in any language is considered asliterate.education Hyderabad Slum Non-slumNo education 16.2 20.4 15.4<5yrs complete 13.7 14.2 13.65-9 yrs complete 26.1 27.8 25.710-11yrs complete 16.9 15.5 17.2>12yrs complete 26.9 21.8 28.0missing 0.2 0.2 0.2
  • 7. INCOME :Income is included in various methods of socialclassificationAssessed directly by interviews / questionnaire indirectlyby assets and liabilitiesWealth index IMR/1000 live birthslowest 70.4second 68.5middle 58.3fourth 44.0highest 29.2
  • 8. Another characteristics used for socialclassification Religion Purchasing power Residence (rural & urban) Area of residence Type of house (kuccha / pukka / owned /rented)
  • 9. B.G. Prasad’s Method of Social ClassificationSocial Class Per Capita Income (Rs)As suggested By Prasad(1961) Updated As per Index formay 2011(cpi=865)1 100 & Above 4264& Above2 50 – 99 2132-4221.43 30 – 49 1279.2-2089.44 15 – 29 639.6 – 1236.65 Below 15 Below 639.6
  • 10. Kuppuswamy’s Method of Social Classification of AnIndividual (Urban)Item ScoreA.Education1.Professional Degree, HonorsDegree, Post Graduate Degree 72 .Graduation 63 .Intermediate, post High SchoolDiploma 54 .High School Certificate 45 .Middle School Certificate 36 .Primary School of Literate 27 .Illiterate 1
  • 11. Kuppuswamy’s Method of Social Classification of AnIndividual (Urban)Item ScoreB. Occupation1.Profession 102.Semi-profession 063.Clerical, Shop Owner ,Farm Owner 054.Skilled Worker 045.Semi-Skilled Worker 036.Un-Skilled Worker 027.Un-employed 01
  • 12. Kuppuswamy’s Method of Social Classification of AnIndividual (Urban)Item Score.Income Per Month(Rs.)score Modified for 2007=2000 12 195751000-1999 10 9788-19575750-999 6 7323-9787500-749 4 4894-7322300-499 3 2396-4893101-299 2 980-2935<100 1 <979
  • 13. Kuppuswamy’s Method of Social Classification of AnIndividual (Urban)Calculation : Social ClassTotal Score (=A+B+C)26 – 29 upper class16 – 25 upper middle11 – 15 lower middle05 – 10 upper-lower classBelow 05 lower class
  • 14. Modified method of Kuppuswami for Social Classification ofFamily (Urban)Item ScoreA.Education of Family Head1. Professional Degree, PostGraduate and Above 72. Graduate 63. Intermediate 54. High School Certificate 45. Middle School Certificate 36. Primary or Literate 27. Illiterate 1
  • 15. Modified method of Kuppuswamy for SocialClassification of Family (Urban)Item ScoreB. Occupation of Family Head(Last Occupation if retired)1. Profession 102. Semi – Profession 063 . Clerical, shop Owner, Farm Owner 054. Skilled Worker 045. Semi – skilled Worker 036. Un – skilled Worker 027. Un – employed 01
  • 16. Modified method of Kuppuswami for Social Classificationof Family (Urban)Item ScoreC. Per Capita Income(Rs./Month)1. 800 or above 122. 400 to 799 103. 300 to 399 064. 200 to 299 045. 120 to 199 036. 40 to 199 027. below 40 01
  • 17. Modified method of Kuppuswamy for SocialClassification of Family (Urban)Calculation : Social ClassTotal Score ( = a+b+c)26 – 29 upper16 – 25 upper middle11 – 15 lower middle05 – 10 upper lowerBelow 05 lower class