Family

382 views
309 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
382
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Family

  1. 1. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 1
  2. 2. Dr. Sunil Pal Singh.C MBBS, MD Assistant professor Dept Of Community Medicine Kamineni Academy of Medical sciences and research centre. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 2
  3. 3. “The secret of national health lies in the homes of people”. - Florence Nightingale 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 3
  4. 4. Family: The family is group defined by a sex relationship precise and enduring to provide for procreation and up brining of children Maclver 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 4
  5. 5. As a cultural unit, family reflects culture of wider society of which it forms a part and determines the behaviour and attitudes of its members. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 5
  6. 6. The Family It is a group of people who are related by blood or marriage or adoption and living together and eating from a common kitchen. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 6
  7. 7. Family : Biological unit Social unit Cultural unit Epidemiological unit Unit for providing social services Unit for providing comprehensive medical care. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 7
  8. 8. Stages of Family Formation: PHASES EVENTS Beginning End I. Formation Marriage Birth of 1st C II. Extension Birth of 1st C B. of last C III. comp Ex B. Of last C 1st C leaves IV. Contraction 1st C leaves home Last C leaves home V. Completed Contraction Last C leaves home of parents 1st spouse dies VI. Disolution 1st spouse dies Death of survivor 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 8
  9. 9. Types of families • Patriarcial ( father is head ). • Matriarcial ( mother is head ). • Matrilocal ( husband go to wife house). • Patrilocal ( wife go to husband house ). 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 9
  10. 10. Types of families • Matrilinial ( right of property is females ). Patrilinial (right of property is males ). • Monogamous (one man marries one woman) • Polygamous (Husband has more than one wife) • Polyandrous (One woman marries many men) 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 10
  11. 11. Types of families • An endogamous (consanguineous) • An exogamous (Non- consanguineous) (?) What are the problems / health effects of above types of Family? 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 11
  12. 12. Types of families • Nuclear family: consist of Husband, wife and their children. • Joint family: Married couples live with their parents and their children • Three generation family: Grand parents, their married sons and their off springs (?) Advantages & Disadvantages of Above type of family?????? 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 12
  13. 13. Types of families Broken family: Parents have separated or death has occurred. Problem family: Lags behind the rest of the community (?) Effects of above said families on health and Community ???????? 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 13
  14. 14. Functions of Family • Communication • Provision of home and surname. • Satisfaction of sexual needs. • Procreation and rearing of children. • Economic security. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 14
  15. 15. Functions of Family • Education of children. • Care during sickness, old age, widowhood. • Socialization. • Center for religious training, social customs etc.. • Recreation and stress & strain absorption. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 15
  16. 16. Functions of Family • Stabilization of adult personality-family is like shock absorber. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 16
  17. 17. Family Tradition and Health: • Health perception: perceive health as token of divine and diseases as form of punishment. • Housing condition: ill ventilated, ill lighted, kitchens are neglected, latrine is absent. • Personal hygiene: bathing, oil massage, turmeric application, brushing with neem twigs, 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 17
  18. 18. Family Tradition and Health: • Disposal practices: Insanitation – lack of latrine • Dietary practices: Veg, Non- veg, PEM, food fads, food taboos, Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation…. • Life style: Bare foot walking, open air defecation, smoking, paan chewing, 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 18
  19. 19. Family Tradition and Health: • Child rearing practices: Prelacteal feeds, Delay in weaning, stopping of breast feeding, stoping of breast feeding during diarrhea, branding the skin of child, purgatives, aplying kajal 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 19
  20. 20. Family Tradition and Health: Care of vulnerable: Ignorance and negligence of the family members towards their vulnerable members results in late reporting and delayed treatment Reproductive behavior: Teen age marriages, polygamy, large family size, gender preference, 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 20
  21. 21. Challenges of the Family: Communication problems Frequent Arguing. Financial problems. Separation. Grief and Loss. Depression. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 21
  22. 22. Check the appropriate column based on the needs provided by the parents for . the members of the family Needs provided by the Parents yes No Give advise when problem arises among family members Provides education to each and every member of family Ensures that all family members eat sufficiently Provide support to the family members who are depressed Annual medical check up to the family members. 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 22
  23. 23. Thank you 08/03/14 Kamineni academy of Medical sciences and Research Centre. 23

×