What is waste?
•Waste is an unavoidable by-product of most human activity
• Economic development and rising living standards
in the Asian and Pacific Region have
led to increases in the quantity and complexity of
•While industrial diversification and
the provision of expanded health-care facilities have
added substantial quantities of industrial hazardous
waste and biomedical waste,
with potentially severe environmental and human
Types of wastes
1. Municipal Solid Waste
2. Industrial Solid Waste
3. Agricultural Waste and Residues
4. Hazardous Waste
• Municipal solid waste (MSW) is generated from
• households, offices, hotels, shops, schools and other
• institutions. The major components are food waste ,
plastic, rags, metal and glass.
• demolition and construction debris is often included.
• hazardous waste, such as electric light bulbs, batteries,
• automotive parts and discarded medicines and chemicals
are also a part.
• Industrial solid waste would include paper,
• waste from food processing, oils, solvents,
• paints and sludge, glass, ceramics, stones,
• plastics, rubber, leather, wood, cloth, straw,
AWR (Agricultural Waste and
• Expanding agricultural production has naturally resulted in
increased quantities of livestock waste, agricultural crop
residues and agro-industrial by-products.
• People’s Republic of China produces the largest quantities
of agriculture waste and crop residues followed by India.
• tones of residues are generated annually from the
production of rice, corn and wheat alone .
• Primarily, high-volume generators of industrial
hazardous waste are the chemical, petrochemical,
petroleum, metals, energy production plants (coal-
fired and nuclear plants).
• Small- and medium-sized industries that generate
hazardous waste include auto and equipment repair
shops, electroplating and metal finishing shops,
textile factories, hospital and health-care centres, dry
.cleaners and pesticide users.
• It is generally undertaken to reduce their
effect on human health, environment &
• It is also carried out to recover resources
It involves solid , liquid &
Waste management practices differ for
developed and developing nations, for urban
and rural areas, and for residential and
Management for non-hazardous residential
and institutional waste in metropolitan areas is
usually the responsibility of local government
authorities, while management for non-
hazardous commercial and industrial waste is
usually the responsibility of the generator.
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY,
Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499
email: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com