Pest control
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Pest control

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  • 1. What is a pest ? • A pest is any living organism which competes with human, domestic animals or desirable plants for food or water. • At the same time they spread diseases to mankind & harms the environment .
  • 2. Why to control pests? 1. For clean environment. 2. Disease free environment. 3. To stop the rapid growth of pests.
  • 3. How it is done ? Pest Management System
  • 4. What are the goals of PMS? 1. Prevention. 2. Suppression. 3. Eradication.
  • 5. Apart from this Natural Control Biological control
  • 6. Types of pests • Insects • Arthopods ( eight legged) • Microbial organism • Weeds • mollusks • Cockroach, termites, beetles& fleas • Spiders • Bacteria • Any plant growing where they are unwanted • snails , slugs & ship worms
  • 7. COCKROACH • These are found in kitchens & restaurant. • Do not require human food & can feed on white wash, hair & books. • Prevention can be done by hygienic disposal of food & waste & overall cleanliness of the area, • Eradication : Chlorodecone.(Insecticide) • Life span : 4 months or more.
  • 8. RAT & MICE • They are found in kitchen & dining areas. • Can be controlled by hygienic storage & disposal of food & waste. • Destruction : Baits, Fumigation & Trapping.
  • 9. SILVERFISH
  • 10. SILVERFISH ERADICATION • Its silver grey insect that looks like minute fish without fins • A dispersion of borax or Boric acid and sugar is a reliable bait to kill. silverfish). • Adults can be killed by freezing, but it is difficult to kill the eggs. • To capture silverfish, sprinkle plaster on a wet, white cotton cloth, put it in a corner overnight, near the silverfish's hideout. • By far the most effective way to be rid of Silverfish for sure is to keep an area or room tidy, limiting the possible number of breeding grounds they have.
  • 11. HOUSE FLY • It breeds on human & animal extracts, decaying & fermenting vegetables. • It cannot breed in dry materials. • Controlling measures: Keeping area clean & installing Electrocutors.
  • 12. FLEAS • They bite their hosts causing irritation. In humans red itching spots appear on the skin. • Found in unhygienic conditions & entry to clean places is entirely accidental.
  • 13. LICE • Wingless parasites surviving on mammalian blood. • Eggs sticks firmly on to the hairs & cannot be removed by brushing.
  • 14. BED BUGS • Prefer human blood & can survive for months without food. • Gammexane, D.D.T. Dichloro-Diphenyl- Trichloroethane is one of the best known synthetic pesticides), or kerosene oil containing pyrethrum may be sprayed. • Hydrocyanic acid gives very good result.
  • 15. MOSQUITOES • Prefer dark areas. • Live on blood. (females) • Presence of water is essential for their existence.
  • 16. CARPET BEETLE • Major textile pest. • Larvae damages fabric. • Can be controlled by frequent vacuum cleaning & spraying of insecticide between floor boards under carpets, under felts & in the crevices.
  • 17. WOOD BORING BEETLE • They attack unpolished & unpainted wooden surfaces. • Causes weakening of the wood & may take 2-3 years to destroy it. • Controlled by spraying Rentokil, cuprinol etc. • Heat & fumigation. • Badly infested pieces are burnt.
  • 18. EFFECTS DUE TO INFESTATION
  • 19. MOTHS • Pest only in the larvae stage. • Control measures: • Naphthalene balls & camphor tablets. • Keeping area clean.
  • 20. CLOTH MOTH & ITS LARVAE
  • 21. DRY ROT • Lives on wood. • Gives offensive smell. • Prefers dampness. • Effected area cut away & burnt. • Sterilized by using blow lamp.
  • 22. WET ROT • Decay in timber in damp conditions. • Causes darkening of wood & breaking into small pieces, • Badly decayed wood to be cut out.
  • 23. INSECTICIDES • An insecticide is a pesticide used against insects in all developmental forms. • Insecticides are used in agriculture, medicine, industry and the household. • Some insecticides have been banned due to the fact that they are persistent toxins which have adverse effects on animals and/or humans. An oft-quoted case is that of DDT( Dichloro- Diphenyl-Trichloroethane) . •
  • 24. Control measures: • Proper drainage -- • No stagnant water --- • Screening of buildings -- • Mosquito nets — (Repellants formula: kerosene oil – 1 part, coconut oil – 2 parts, Carbolic acid – 1%, Citronella oil – 1 part)
  • 25. Fumigation • Fumigation -- is a method of pest control that completely fills an area with gaseous pesticides to suffocate or poison the pests.
  • 26. • Pci– Pest Control of India • Rentokil pvt ltd ( UK based company) DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com