TYPES OF LAUNDRYTYPES OF LAUNDRY
1.1. OPL- ( ON PREMISES LAUNDRY)OPL- ( ON PREMISES LAUNDRY)
2.2. CONTRACTED–OUT LAUNDRYCO...
OPLOPL
THE RECENT TREND HAS BEEN FORTHE RECENT TREND HAS BEEN FOR
HOTELS TO OPERATE AN ONHOTELS TO OPERATE AN ON
PREMISES ...
How to plan for an OPL?How to plan for an OPL?
1.1. WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LAUNDRY (OUTPUT) THE OPLWHAT IS THE MAXI...
PLANNING OPLPLANNING OPL
5)5) THE SIZE OF THE PROPERTY AND TYPES OF SERVICESTHE SIZE OF THE PROPERTY AND TYPES OF SERVICES...
POINTS TO REMEMBERPOINTS TO REMEMBER
WHILE PLANING A LAUNDRYWHILE PLANING A LAUNDRY
MAXIMUM OUT-PUTMAXIMUM OUT-PUT
SPACE- ...
ADVANTAGES OF HAVING ANADVANTAGES OF HAVING AN
OPLOPL
It is a capital asset for the organization.It is a capital asset for...
DIS-ADVANTAGES OF HAVINGDIS-ADVANTAGES OF HAVING
AN OPLAN OPL
Initial capital investment is very high not allInitial capit...
Contracted out laundryContracted out laundry
Some hotels do not operate on an OPL. TheseSome hotels do not operate on an O...
OFF PREMISES LAUNDRYOFF PREMISES LAUNDRY
ADVANTAGESADVANTAGES
NO CAPITAL REQUIRED.NO CAPITAL REQUIRED.
LITTLE TECHNICAL EX...
DIS ADVANTAGES OF OFFDIS ADVANTAGES OF OFF
PREMISES LAUNDRYPREMISES LAUNDRY
LESS CONTROL OVER STANDARDS.LESS CONTROL OVER ...
LINEN HIRE ADVANTAGESLINEN HIRE ADVANTAGES
INITIAL COST IS LESSINITIAL COST IS LESS
LARGE SUM OF MONEY NOT REQUIRED TOLARG...
DIS-ADVANTAGES OF LINENDIS-ADVANTAGES OF LINEN
HIRING FROM OUTSIDEHIRING FROM OUTSIDE
LITTLE CHOICE OF QUALITYLITTLE CHOIC...
LAUNDRY AGENTSLAUNDRY AGENTS
WATERWATER
DETERGENTSDETERGENTS
FABRIC BRIGHTNERSFABRIC BRIGHTNERS
BLEACHES (CHLORINE & OXYGE...
WATERWATER
WATER SHOULD BE FREEWATER SHOULD BE FREE
FROM HARDNESSFROM HARDNESS
DETERGENTS &DETERGENTS &
SOAPSSOAPS
SOAP FREE DETERGENTS ARE USEDSOAP FREE DETERGENTS ARE USED
SOAP IS ALSO A TYPE OF DETE...
BLEACHESBLEACHES
1.OXIDIZING BLEACH-1.OXIDIZING BLEACH- RELEASES OXYGENRELEASES OXYGEN
WHICH COMBINES WITH THE STAIN TOWHI...
ANTI-CHLORSANTI-CHLORS
THEY ARE USED AFTERTHEY ARE USED AFTER
BLEACH TO REMOVEBLEACH TO REMOVE
CHLORINE FROM THE FABRICCHL...
ALKALINE AGENTSALKALINE AGENTS
INCREASES THE WASHING POWERINCREASES THE WASHING POWER
OF THE DETERGENTS SPECIALLYOF THE DE...
ACID AGENTSACID AGENTS
THET NEUTRALIZES ALKALYINITYTHET NEUTRALIZES ALKALYINITY
MILD ACID ARE KNOWN AS SOURSMILD ACID ARE ...
ORGANIC SOLVENTSORGANIC SOLVENTS
APPLIED TO MOST DELECATE FABRICSAPPLIED TO MOST DELECATE FABRICS
THEY ARE USED FOR SPOT C...
ABSORBENTSABSORBENTS
REMOVES GREASE FROM ALLREMOVES GREASE FROM ALL
FABRICSFABRICS
EXAMPLES ARE FRENCH CHALK,EXAMPLES ARE ...
EQUIPMENTS USED IN LAUNDRYEQUIPMENTS USED IN LAUNDRY
WASHING MACHINESWASHING MACHINES
WATER-CUM CENTRIFUGEWATER-CUM CENTRI...
MORE ON EQUIPMENTSMORE ON EQUIPMENTS
WASHERS-capacity 7 toWASHERS-capacity 7 to
200 kg200 kg
Front loading & EndFront load...
WASHER- CENTRIFUGERSWASHER- CENTRIFUGERS
CAPACITY 7 –CAPACITY 7 –
300KGS300KGS
HAVE EXTRACTIONHAVE EXTRACTION
CAPABILTIESC...
ABOUT HYDRO- EXTRACTORABOUT HYDRO- EXTRACTOR
THE BASKET ISTHE BASKET IS
MADE UP OF STEELMADE UP OF STEEL
CAPACITY 7 TOCAPA...
ON DRYERSON DRYERS
TUMBLER TYPETUMBLER TYPE
EQUIPMENTEQUIPMENT
LOADING IS DONELOADING IS DONE
FROM ONE ENDFROM ONE END
FOR...
FLAT BED PRESSFLAT BED PRESS
HEATED BY STEAMHEATED BY STEAM
OR ELECTRICITYOR ELECTRICITY
A FOOT CONTROLA FOOT CONTROL
HELP...
CALENDERSCALENDERS
MEANT FOR BEDMEANT FOR BED
SHEET, SAREES,SHEET, SAREES,
TABLE CLOTHS ANYTABLE CLOTHS ANY
FLAT ITEMFLAT ...
STEAM PRESSSTEAM PRESS
THIS MACHINE USESTHIS MACHINE USES
STEAM &HEAT TOSTEAM &HEAT TO
PRESS THE CLOTHESPRESS THE CLOTHES
...
COLLAR & CUFFCOLLAR & CUFF
ONLY FORONLY FOR
PRESSINGPRESSING
COLLAR &COLLAR &
CUFFS OFCUFFS OF
SHIRTSSHIRTS
STEAM CABINETSSTEAM CABINETS
LNEN SUCH ASLNEN SUCH AS
CURTAINS,CURTAINS,
CUSHIONS &CUSHIONS &
BEDSREADS AREBEDSREADS ARE
H...
STEAM-AIR GARMENT FINISHERS/STEAM-AIR GARMENT FINISHERS/
SUZIES OR GENIESSUZIES OR GENIES
CONSISTS OF MESHCONSISTS OF MESH...
HAND OR FLAT IRONSHAND OR FLAT IRONS
CAN RUN BOTHCAN RUN BOTH
ON ELECTRICITYON ELECTRICITY
OR STEAMOR STEAM
IROININGIROINI...
FOLDING MACHINESFOLDING MACHINES
THE MACHINETHE MACHINE
HOLDS LINEN ATHOLDS LINEN AT
ONE END SO THATONE END SO THAT
THE WO...
SPOTTING UNITSSPOTTING UNITS
CONSISTS OF ACONSISTS OF A
SPOTTING BOARD ,SPOTTING BOARD ,
A GUN & A STEAMA GUN & A STEAM
AT...
CARTS, TROLLEYRS, SACKSCARTS, TROLLEYRS, SACKS
USED FOR LINENUSED FOR LINEN
TRANSPORTATION TOTRANSPORTATION TO
& FRO FROM&...
LAUNDRY SACKSLAUNDRY SACKS
THE ARE NOTTHE ARE NOT
MOBILEMOBILE
THEY ARETHEY ARE
USUALLY MADE OFUSUALLY MADE OF
WICKER, CAN...
LAUNDRY CYCLELAUNDRY CYCLE
MAIN FIVE STAGES AREMAIN FIVE STAGES ARE
THERETHERE
STAGES ARE :STAGES ARE :
1. PRE-WASH1. PRE-WASH - (COLLECTING SOILED- (COLLECTING SOILED
LINEN, TRANSPORTING SOILED LINEN ...
WASH CYCLE
 FLUSH- ADDITION OF WATER ( 1-3 MINS)
 BREAK- LOOSENING OF SOIL (4-10 MINS)
 SUDS - ADDITION OF DETERGENT (5...
Assignment for students
 1) Washing & ironing of cloths following the
correct procedures
 2) Students to make power poin...
DESINGED BY
Sunil Kumar
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAYA...
Laundry operation1
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Laundry operation1

  1. 1. TYPES OF LAUNDRYTYPES OF LAUNDRY 1.1. OPL- ( ON PREMISES LAUNDRY)OPL- ( ON PREMISES LAUNDRY) 2.2. CONTRACTED–OUT LAUNDRYCONTRACTED–OUT LAUNDRY 3.3. LINEN HIRELINEN HIRE DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar
  2. 2. OPLOPL THE RECENT TREND HAS BEEN FORTHE RECENT TREND HAS BEEN FOR HOTELS TO OPERATE AN ONHOTELS TO OPERATE AN ON PREMISES LAUNDRY.PREMISES LAUNDRY. THE BEST OPL IS THE ONETHE BEST OPL IS THE ONE TAILORED TO THE NEEDS OF THETAILORED TO THE NEEDS OF THE HOTEL IT SERVES.HOTEL IT SERVES.
  3. 3. How to plan for an OPL?How to plan for an OPL? 1.1. WHAT IS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LAUNDRY (OUTPUT) THE OPLWHAT IS THE MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF LAUNDRY (OUTPUT) THE OPL WILL BE EXPECTED TO HANDLE?WILL BE EXPECTED TO HANDLE? THE OUTPUT IS GENERALLYTHE OUTPUT IS GENERALLY MEASURED IN TERMS OF MONEY AND IT IS DIRECTLY RELATEDMEASURED IN TERMS OF MONEY AND IT IS DIRECTLY RELATED TO THE OCCUPANCY LEVEL IN GUEST ROOMTO THE OCCUPANCY LEVEL IN GUEST ROOM 2.2. HOW MUCH SPACE TO BE DEVOTED?HOW MUCH SPACE TO BE DEVOTED? LUANDRY NEEDS ,LUANDRY NEEDS , AMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT , & THE AMOUNT OF LINEN TO BE KEPTAMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT , & THE AMOUNT OF LINEN TO BE KEPT ON HAND IN STORAGE WILL DETERMINE THE SPACE NEEDSON HAND IN STORAGE WILL DETERMINE THE SPACE NEEDS 3.3. HOW MUCH EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE PURCHASED?HOW MUCH EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE PURCHASED? THE OUTPUTTHE OUTPUT LEVEL WILL DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT REQUIREDLEVEL WILL DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF EQUIPMENT REQUIRED 4.4. WILL THERE BE VALET SERVICE ?WILL THERE BE VALET SERVICE ? VALET SERVICE REQUIRESVALET SERVICE REQUIRES DRY CLEANING EQUIPMENT & SEPARATE WORK AREAS FORDRY CLEANING EQUIPMENT & SEPARATE WORK AREAS FOR VALET STAFF .VALET STAFF .
  4. 4. PLANNING OPLPLANNING OPL 5)5) THE SIZE OF THE PROPERTY AND TYPES OF SERVICESTHE SIZE OF THE PROPERTY AND TYPES OF SERVICES OFFERED ARE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION------OFFERED ARE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION------a very smalla very small operation offering economy services may devote between 400 to 800operation offering economy services may devote between 400 to 800 square feet of space to OPL . A property offering mid market service withsquare feet of space to OPL . A property offering mid market service with food and beverage operation may require between 1,500 to 2,000 squarefood and beverage operation may require between 1,500 to 2,000 square feet for the OPL. Medium size hotels with (150 to 200 rooms) may offerfeet for the OPL. Medium size hotels with (150 to 200 rooms) may offer economy to luxury services with more F&B outlets OPL space varieseconomy to luxury services with more F&B outlets OPL space varies from 2000 to 3000 square feet , large properties with 300 or more roomsfrom 2000 to 3000 square feet , large properties with 300 or more rooms may devote from 8000 to 18000 square feet to the OPLmay devote from 8000 to 18000 square feet to the OPL 6)LOCATION OF THE HOTEL– the resorts & heritage properties can6)LOCATION OF THE HOTEL– the resorts & heritage properties can devote more space then the commercial hotelsdevote more space then the commercial hotels
  5. 5. POINTS TO REMEMBERPOINTS TO REMEMBER WHILE PLANING A LAUNDRYWHILE PLANING A LAUNDRY MAXIMUM OUT-PUTMAXIMUM OUT-PUT SPACE- DOORS NEED TO BE WIDE OPENSPACE- DOORS NEED TO BE WIDE OPEN EQUIPMENTS SELECTIONEQUIPMENTS SELECTION LOCATION OF THE LAUNDRYLOCATION OF THE LAUNDRY PROVISION FOR VALET SERVICEPROVISION FOR VALET SERVICE FOR DRY-CLEANINGFOR DRY-CLEANING SIZEOF THE PROPERTYSIZEOF THE PROPERTY CEILINGS-( SHOULD NOTCEILINGS-( SHOULD NOT ABSORBABSORB MOISTURE)MOISTURE) FLOORS- (SHOULD BE OF CONCRETE SLABS)FLOORS- (SHOULD BE OF CONCRETE SLABS) WALLS SHOULD BE DURABLE & MOISTURE RESISTANTWALLS SHOULD BE DURABLE & MOISTURE RESISTANT 18 INCHES GAP SHOULD BE ALLOWED IN BETWEEN TWO18 INCHES GAP SHOULD BE ALLOWED IN BETWEEN TWO MACHINESMACHINES LABOUR COSTS & OTHER COSTS TO BE CONSIDEREDLABOUR COSTS & OTHER COSTS TO BE CONSIDERED
  6. 6. ADVANTAGES OF HAVING ANADVANTAGES OF HAVING AN OPLOPL It is a capital asset for the organization.It is a capital asset for the organization. Can cover emergency requirements of bed bath & table linen in theCan cover emergency requirements of bed bath & table linen in the hotel during peak season and high occupancy period.hotel during peak season and high occupancy period. Have full control on the desired level of standards that are required toHave full control on the desired level of standards that are required to maintain by the propertymaintain by the property Helps in increasing guest satisfaction level of the hotel by providing aHelps in increasing guest satisfaction level of the hotel by providing a healthy guest laundry servicehealthy guest laundry service No losses as such in regards to linen maintenanceNo losses as such in regards to linen maintenance No transportation cost as such unlike outsourced laundry.No transportation cost as such unlike outsourced laundry.
  7. 7. DIS-ADVANTAGES OF HAVINGDIS-ADVANTAGES OF HAVING AN OPLAN OPL Initial capital investment is very high not allInitial capital investment is very high not all category hotel can effort the same.category hotel can effort the same. OPL have high labour costOPL have high labour cost High maintenance cost for running differentHigh maintenance cost for running different kinds of machines which operates either bykinds of machines which operates either by steam or electricity.steam or electricity.
  8. 8. Contracted out laundryContracted out laundry Some hotels do not operate on an OPL. TheseSome hotels do not operate on an OPL. These properties contract with an outsideproperties contract with an outside Laundry service that provides them with cleanLaundry service that provides them with clean linen on scheduled basis.linen on scheduled basis. The LINEN SUPPLY MAY BE OWNED BY theThe LINEN SUPPLY MAY BE OWNED BY the hotel OR RENTED from the LAUNDRYhotel OR RENTED from the LAUNDRY SERVICE.SERVICE. IF IT IS RENTED IT IS KNOWN AS LINEN HIREIF IT IS RENTED IT IS KNOWN AS LINEN HIRE IT IS ALSO KNOWN AS OFF PREMISESIT IS ALSO KNOWN AS OFF PREMISES LAUNDRYLAUNDRY
  9. 9. OFF PREMISES LAUNDRYOFF PREMISES LAUNDRY ADVANTAGESADVANTAGES NO CAPITAL REQUIRED.NO CAPITAL REQUIRED. LITTLE TECHNICAL EXPERTISELITTLE TECHNICAL EXPERTISE REQUIRED.REQUIRED. LABOUR COST IS SAVED.LABOUR COST IS SAVED.
  10. 10. DIS ADVANTAGES OF OFFDIS ADVANTAGES OF OFF PREMISES LAUNDRYPREMISES LAUNDRY LESS CONTROL OVER STANDARDS.LESS CONTROL OVER STANDARDS. CANT MEET EMERGENCY.CANT MEET EMERGENCY. DELAY CAN HAPPEN DURING THE ENTIREDELAY CAN HAPPEN DURING THE ENTIRE PROCESS .PROCESS . HIGHER STOCKS REQUIRED TO MAINTAINHIGHER STOCKS REQUIRED TO MAINTAIN BY THE HOTEL.BY THE HOTEL. TRANSPORTATION COST CAN BE HIGHTRANSPORTATION COST CAN BE HIGH LOSSES MAY OCCUR DURING THELOSSES MAY OCCUR DURING THE TRANSACTIONTRANSACTION
  11. 11. LINEN HIRE ADVANTAGESLINEN HIRE ADVANTAGES INITIAL COST IS LESSINITIAL COST IS LESS LARGE SUM OF MONEY NOT REQUIRED TOLARGE SUM OF MONEY NOT REQUIRED TO INVEST FOR PURCHASING OF LINENINVEST FOR PURCHASING OF LINEN NO REPAIRING COST AS SUCHNO REPAIRING COST AS SUCH LESS SPACE REQUIREDLESS SPACE REQUIRED FEWER STAFF REQUIREDFEWER STAFF REQUIRED
  12. 12. DIS-ADVANTAGES OF LINENDIS-ADVANTAGES OF LINEN HIRING FROM OUTSIDEHIRING FROM OUTSIDE LITTLE CHOICE OF QUALITYLITTLE CHOICE OF QUALITY STANDARDS NOT ALWAYSSTANDARDS NOT ALWAYS MAINTAINEDMAINTAINED NO DISCARDS AVAILABLENO DISCARDS AVAILABLE
  13. 13. LAUNDRY AGENTSLAUNDRY AGENTS WATERWATER DETERGENTSDETERGENTS FABRIC BRIGHTNERSFABRIC BRIGHTNERS BLEACHES (CHLORINE & OXYGEN)BLEACHES (CHLORINE & OXYGEN) ALKALINE BUILDERS (HELPS TO LATHER)ALKALINE BUILDERS (HELPS TO LATHER) ANTICHLORS (TO REMOVE CHLORINE)ANTICHLORS (TO REMOVE CHLORINE) MILDEWCIDES (PREVENTS GROWTH OFMILDEWCIDES (PREVENTS GROWTH OF BACTERIA)BACTERIA) SOURS (TO NEUTRALIZE ALKALINITY)SOURS (TO NEUTRALIZE ALKALINITY) FABRIC SOFTNERS (CONDITIONERS)FABRIC SOFTNERS (CONDITIONERS) STARCH (CRISP APPEARANCE)STARCH (CRISP APPEARANCE)
  14. 14. WATERWATER WATER SHOULD BE FREEWATER SHOULD BE FREE FROM HARDNESSFROM HARDNESS
  15. 15. DETERGENTS &DETERGENTS & SOAPSSOAPS SOAP FREE DETERGENTS ARE USEDSOAP FREE DETERGENTS ARE USED SOAP IS ALSO A TYPE OF DETERGENTSOAP IS ALSO A TYPE OF DETERGENT MOSTLY KNOWN AS “ FABRIC CLEANER”MOSTLY KNOWN AS “ FABRIC CLEANER”
  16. 16. BLEACHESBLEACHES 1.OXIDIZING BLEACH-1.OXIDIZING BLEACH- RELEASES OXYGENRELEASES OXYGEN WHICH COMBINES WITH THE STAIN TOWHICH COMBINES WITH THE STAIN TO FORM A COLOURLESS COMPOUNDFORM A COLOURLESS COMPOUND EXAMPLES ARE BLEACHING POWDEREXAMPLES ARE BLEACHING POWDER ,SODIUM CHLORATE, SODIUM PERBORATE,,SODIUM CHLORATE, SODIUM PERBORATE, SODIUM PEROXIDE, HYDROGEN PROXIDESODIUM PEROXIDE, HYDROGEN PROXIDE 2. REDUCING BLEACH-2. REDUCING BLEACH- REMOVES OXYGENREMOVES OXYGEN FROM THE STAIN COLOUR, e.g AREFROM THE STAIN COLOUR, e.g ARE SODIUM HYDRO- SULPHITE , SULPHUROUSSODIUM HYDRO- SULPHITE , SULPHUROUS ACID etcACID etc 3. OXALIC ACID IS A COMBINATION OF BOTH3. OXALIC ACID IS A COMBINATION OF BOTH
  17. 17. ANTI-CHLORSANTI-CHLORS THEY ARE USED AFTERTHEY ARE USED AFTER BLEACH TO REMOVEBLEACH TO REMOVE CHLORINE FROM THE FABRICCHLORINE FROM THE FABRIC
  18. 18. ALKALINE AGENTSALKALINE AGENTS INCREASES THE WASHING POWERINCREASES THE WASHING POWER OF THE DETERGENTS SPECIALLYOF THE DETERGENTS SPECIALLY ON BOILON BOIL THEY ARE ADDITVES INTHEY ARE ADDITVES IN DETERGENTDETERGENT EXAMPLES ARE WASHING SODA ,EXAMPLES ARE WASHING SODA , BORAX AMMONIABORAX AMMONIA
  19. 19. ACID AGENTSACID AGENTS THET NEUTRALIZES ALKALYINITYTHET NEUTRALIZES ALKALYINITY MILD ACID ARE KNOWN AS SOURSMILD ACID ARE KNOWN AS SOURS EXAMPLES ARE OXALIC ACID . SALTSEXAMPLES ARE OXALIC ACID . SALTS OF LEMON, ACETIC ACID, OLEIC ACIDOF LEMON, ACETIC ACID, OLEIC ACID (OBTAINED FROM FAT)(OBTAINED FROM FAT)
  20. 20. ORGANIC SOLVENTSORGANIC SOLVENTS APPLIED TO MOST DELECATE FABRICSAPPLIED TO MOST DELECATE FABRICS THEY ARE USED FOR SPOT CLEANINGTHEY ARE USED FOR SPOT CLEANING EXAMPLES ARE BENZENE OR PETROL,EXAMPLES ARE BENZENE OR PETROL, ACETONE etcACETONE etc
  21. 21. ABSORBENTSABSORBENTS REMOVES GREASE FROM ALLREMOVES GREASE FROM ALL FABRICSFABRICS EXAMPLES ARE FRENCH CHALK,EXAMPLES ARE FRENCH CHALK, FULLERS EARTH etcFULLERS EARTH etc
  22. 22. EQUIPMENTS USED IN LAUNDRYEQUIPMENTS USED IN LAUNDRY WASHING MACHINESWASHING MACHINES WATER-CUM CENTRIFUGEWATER-CUM CENTRIFUGE HYDRO- EXTRACTORSHYDRO- EXTRACTORS DRYERSDRYERS PRESSING EQUIPMENTS( FLAT - BEDPRESSING EQUIPMENTS( FLAT - BED PRESS, FLATWORK IRONS,PRESS, FLATWORK IRONS, CALENDERS,COLLAR-CUFF PRESS, STEAMCALENDERS,COLLAR-CUFF PRESS, STEAM CABINETS, SUZIES OR COATCABINETS, SUZIES OR COAT FORMERS,HAND IRONS , IRONING BOARDS)FORMERS,HAND IRONS , IRONING BOARDS) FOLDING MACHINESFOLDING MACHINES DRY CLEANING EQUIPMENTDRY CLEANING EQUIPMENT CARTS, TROLLEYS & SACKSCARTS, TROLLEYS & SACKS
  23. 23. MORE ON EQUIPMENTSMORE ON EQUIPMENTS WASHERS-capacity 7 toWASHERS-capacity 7 to 200 kg200 kg Front loading & EndFront loading & End loadingloading Consists of a motor, insideConsists of a motor, inside & outside shells & a casing.& outside shells & a casing. Automatic washingAutomatic washing machines Should have 5machines Should have 5 ports 2 for detergents, 1ports 2 for detergents, 1 for bleach, sour,& softenerfor bleach, sour,& softener Mainly 2 types AGITATED &Mainly 2 types AGITATED & CIRCULAR MOTIONCIRCULAR MOTION
  24. 24. WASHER- CENTRIFUGERSWASHER- CENTRIFUGERS CAPACITY 7 –CAPACITY 7 – 300KGS300KGS HAVE EXTRACTIONHAVE EXTRACTION CAPABILTIESCAPABILTIES OPERATES ONOPERATES ON STEAM ORSTEAM OR ELECTICITYELECTICITY
  25. 25. ABOUT HYDRO- EXTRACTORABOUT HYDRO- EXTRACTOR THE BASKET ISTHE BASKET IS MADE UP OF STEELMADE UP OF STEEL CAPACITY 7 TOCAPACITY 7 TO 70kgs70kgs EXTRACTS WATEREXTRACTS WATER FROM LINENFROM LINEN LINEN IS LEFTLINEN IS LEFT DAMP NOT DRYDAMP NOT DRY
  26. 26. ON DRYERSON DRYERS TUMBLER TYPETUMBLER TYPE EQUIPMENTEQUIPMENT LOADING IS DONELOADING IS DONE FROM ONE ENDFROM ONE END FOR NO- IRONFOR NO- IRON LINEN SUCH ASLINEN SUCH AS TOWELS etc.TOWELS etc. Runs on steam or gasRuns on steam or gas or electricityor electricity
  27. 27. FLAT BED PRESSFLAT BED PRESS HEATED BY STEAMHEATED BY STEAM OR ELECTRICITYOR ELECTRICITY A FOOT CONTROLA FOOT CONTROL HELP INHELP IN OPERATING PRESSOPERATING PRESS SIMILAR TO THIS ISSIMILAR TO THIS IS FLATWORK IRONSFLATWORK IRONS
  28. 28. CALENDERSCALENDERS MEANT FOR BEDMEANT FOR BED SHEET, SAREES,SHEET, SAREES, TABLE CLOTHS ANYTABLE CLOTHS ANY FLAT ITEMFLAT ITEM CONSISTS OF SERIESCONSISTS OF SERIES OF ROLLARSOF ROLLARS THE SHEET IS FEEDTHE SHEET IS FEED MANUALLYMANUALLY RUNS ON STEAM ORRUNS ON STEAM OR ELECTRICITYELECTRICITY
  29. 29. STEAM PRESSSTEAM PRESS THIS MACHINE USESTHIS MACHINE USES STEAM &HEAT TOSTEAM &HEAT TO PRESS THE CLOTHESPRESS THE CLOTHES THE CLOTHES ARETHE CLOTHES ARE SANDWICHEDSANDWICHED BETWEEN 2 PLATES ,BETWEEN 2 PLATES , ONE PLATE IS ‘HEAD’ONE PLATE IS ‘HEAD’ & THE OTHER IS& THE OTHER IS ‘BUCK’‘BUCK’ THE HAVE OTHERTHE HAVE OTHER ATTACHMENTS LIKEATTACHMENTS LIKE “COLLAR & CUFF“COLLAR & CUFF PRESS” & “SLEEVEPRESS” & “SLEEVE PRESS”PRESS”
  30. 30. COLLAR & CUFFCOLLAR & CUFF ONLY FORONLY FOR PRESSINGPRESSING COLLAR &COLLAR & CUFFS OFCUFFS OF SHIRTSSHIRTS
  31. 31. STEAM CABINETSSTEAM CABINETS LNEN SUCH ASLNEN SUCH AS CURTAINS,CURTAINS, CUSHIONS &CUSHIONS & BEDSREADS AREBEDSREADS ARE HUNGHUNG THE STEAM WHICHTHE STEAM WHICH PASSES THROUGHPASSES THROUGH THIS REMOVES THETHIS REMOVES THE WRINKLESWRINKLES
  32. 32. STEAM-AIR GARMENT FINISHERS/STEAM-AIR GARMENT FINISHERS/ SUZIES OR GENIESSUZIES OR GENIES CONSISTS OF MESHCONSISTS OF MESH NYLON AIR FORM BAGNYLON AIR FORM BAG THAT LOOKS LIKE ATHAT LOOKS LIKE A DUMMY DOLL ANDDUMMY DOLL AND SHAPES GARMENTSSHAPES GARMENTS LIKE JACKETS, COATSLIKE JACKETS, COATS AND PATHAN SUITSAND PATHAN SUITS WHEN STEAM ISWHEN STEAM IS INDUCED THE AIR BAGINDUCED THE AIR BAG EXPANDS RELEASINGEXPANDS RELEASING THE WRINKLES OFTHE WRINKLES OF THE GARMENTTHE GARMENT
  33. 33. HAND OR FLAT IRONSHAND OR FLAT IRONS CAN RUN BOTHCAN RUN BOTH ON ELECTRICITYON ELECTRICITY OR STEAMOR STEAM IROININGIROINING BOARDS & HANDBOARDS & HAND IRONS ARE USEDIRONS ARE USED FOR DOMESTICFOR DOMESTIC PURPOSES ALSOPURPOSES ALSO
  34. 34. FOLDING MACHINESFOLDING MACHINES THE MACHINETHE MACHINE HOLDS LINEN ATHOLDS LINEN AT ONE END SO THATONE END SO THAT THE WORKER CANTHE WORKER CAN FOLD IT EASILYFOLD IT EASILY THIS MACHINE AIDSTHIS MACHINE AIDS THE WORK OF ATHE WORK OF A LAUNRY WORKERLAUNRY WORKER
  35. 35. SPOTTING UNITSSPOTTING UNITS CONSISTS OF ACONSISTS OF A SPOTTING BOARD ,SPOTTING BOARD , A GUN & A STEAMA GUN & A STEAM ATTACHMENTATTACHMENT THIS IS A UNIT INTHIS IS A UNIT IN LAUNDRY WHERELAUNDRY WHERE THE STAIN ISTHE STAIN IS REMOVED FROMREMOVED FROM THE FABRICSTHE FABRICS
  36. 36. CARTS, TROLLEYRS, SACKSCARTS, TROLLEYRS, SACKS USED FOR LINENUSED FOR LINEN TRANSPORTATION TOTRANSPORTATION TO & FRO FROM& FRO FROM LAUNDRY TO LINENLAUNDRY TO LINEN ROOM & FROM LINENROOM & FROM LINEN ROOM TO FLOORROOM TO FLOOR PANTRIES & SO ONPANTRIES & SO ON THEY ARE MOBILE &THEY ARE MOBILE & HAS GOT CASTORHAS GOT CASTOR WHEELSWHEELS
  37. 37. LAUNDRY SACKSLAUNDRY SACKS THE ARE NOTTHE ARE NOT MOBILEMOBILE THEY ARETHEY ARE USUALLY MADE OFUSUALLY MADE OF WICKER, CANE,WICKER, CANE, PLASTIC& COTTONPLASTIC& COTTON THEY CAN BETHEY CAN BE WASHEDWASHED FREQUENTLYFREQUENTLY
  38. 38. LAUNDRY CYCLELAUNDRY CYCLE MAIN FIVE STAGES AREMAIN FIVE STAGES ARE THERETHERE
  39. 39. STAGES ARE :STAGES ARE : 1. PRE-WASH1. PRE-WASH - (COLLECTING SOILED- (COLLECTING SOILED LINEN, TRANSPORTING SOILED LINEN TOLINEN, TRANSPORTING SOILED LINEN TO LAUNDRY, SORTING, WEIGHING & LOADING)LAUNDRY, SORTING, WEIGHING & LOADING) 2.2. ACTUAL WASHACTUAL WASH – (IS THE ACTUAL WASH– (IS THE ACTUAL WASH CYCLE)CYCLE) 3.3. RINSINGRINSING- DONE USING HOT & COLD WATER- DONE USING HOT & COLD WATER 4.4. EXTRACTION-EXTRACTION- REMOVES 50% WATER FROMREMOVES 50% WATER FROM FABRICS)FABRICS) 5.5.FINISHINGFINISHING-DRYING, IRONING, FOLDING,-DRYING, IRONING, FOLDING, STORING, TRANSFERRING TO USE AREAS )STORING, TRANSFERRING TO USE AREAS )
  40. 40. WASH CYCLE  FLUSH- ADDITION OF WATER ( 1-3 MINS)  BREAK- LOOSENING OF SOIL (4-10 MINS)  SUDS - ADDITION OF DETERGENT (5-8 MINS)  CARRYOVER- SUDS REMVES DIRT & ALKALY (2-5 MINS)  BLEACH- IS ADDED TO HOT WATER-( 5-8MINS)  RINSE – (1-3 MINS)  INTERMEDIATE EXTRACT- REMOVES DETERGENT (1-2 MINS)  SOUR- ADDITION OF SOFTNERS (3-5 MINS)  FINAL EXTRACT- HIGH SPEED SPIN REMOVES MOISTURE) (2- 12 MINS)
  41. 41. Assignment for students  1) Washing & ironing of cloths following the correct procedures  2) Students to make power point presentations on various topic under laundry procedures.  Topics to given by the module tutor.  Followed by a presentation taken in class.  (Computer lab required)  Duration – 2hrs + 4hrs = 6hrs
  42. 42. DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com
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