Italain win
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  • 1. WINES OF ITALY DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com
  • 2. THE COUNTRY OF • Pizza • Pisa & Wines
  • 3. HISTORY • Evolution • Consumption became cause of pleasure • Safer than water • Increase in consumption
  • 4. GEOGRAPHY •Altitude •Location •Climate
  • 5. SOIL • Sandy & Silicious • Calcarious • Quality
  • 6. GRAPE VARIETIES RED GRAPES • • • • NEBBIOLO SANGIOVESE VERONESE CABERNET SAUVIGNON • MERLOT • PINOT NERO WHITE GRAPES • TREBBIANO • CORTESE BIANCO • VERDICCHIO
  • 7. GRAPE COMPONENTS The grape has four essential parts: • • • • Stalk Skin Pulp Seeds
  • 8. THE STALK • 3 to 5 percent of total weight. • Each bunch has a stalk that is discarded at the beginning of the wine making process.
  • 9. THE SKIN 6 to 10 percent The skins or peels of grapes contain coloring substances, as well as tannins and yeasts, which enable the juice to ferment Red wines are made from dark-skinned grapes White wines usually derive from lightskinned grapes, but they can also be made from dark varieties if the skins are separated immediately from the pulp after pressing
  • 10. THE PULP • 82 to 90 percent • The pulpy interior of the grape, source of its juice, consists of water,sugars, acids, mineral substances and vitamins.
  • 11. THE SEEDS • 2 to 4 percent • These are rich in tannins and oils.
  • 12. THE WINE LAWS • DENOMINAZIONE DI ORIGINE CONTROLLATA E GARANTITA “Controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin” • DENOMINAZIONE DI ORIGINE CONTROLLATA “controlled denomination of origin” • VINO DA TAVOLA “Table wine” andor VINO TYPICO “Typical wine”
  • 13. Denominazione Di Origine Controllata e Garantita • • • • • More stringent than D.O.C. Wines Bottled & sealed with the government seal Govt. inspector can test & analyze Certain label requirements Container capacity: < 5litre
  • 14. Denominazione Di Origine Controllata • Appellation meant for wines that have met the stipulated standards of quality. • The label must state: area of the origin, soil, type, geography, grape variety. • Production practices must confirm to plan
  • 15. VINO DA TAVOLA • Common market category • Replaces Denominazione Semplice (original 1st level of govt. regulated wines) • Few restrictions on area, percentage of alcohol etc. • Sometimes they state the name of the region such as vino da Tavola Di Tuscana
  • 16. PIEDMONT • Meaning • Geography • People • Wines
  • 17. LOMBARDY • • • • Geography People Cities Wines
  • 18. MARCHES & UMBRIA
  • 19. MARCHES • Geography • Wine