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Energy hotel Energy hotel Presentation Transcript

  • ENERGYENERGY MANAGEMANTMANAGEMANT DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com
  • What is EnergyWhat is Energy Management?Management?  Energy conservation is the practice ofEnergy conservation is the practice of decreasing the quantity of energy used.decreasing the quantity of energy used.  It may be achieved through efficientIt may be achieved through efficient energy use, in which case energy use isenergy use, in which case energy use is decreased while achieving a similardecreased while achieving a similar outcome, or by reduced consumption ofoutcome, or by reduced consumption of energy services.energy services.
  • It may result in increaseIt may result in increase of:of:  Financial CapitalFinancial Capital  Environmental valueEnvironmental value  National SecurityNational Security  Personal Security andPersonal Security and  Human ComfortHuman Comfort  Individuals and organizations that are directIndividuals and organizations that are direct consumersconsumers of energy may want to conserve energy inof energy may want to conserve energy in order to reduceorder to reduce ENERGY COSTSENERGY COSTS and promoteand promote ECONOMICECONOMIC SECURITYSECURITY. Industrial and commercial users may want. Industrial and commercial users may want to increase efficiency and thus maximize profitto increase efficiency and thus maximize profit Benefits of Energy ConservationBenefits of Energy Conservation
  • How it can beHow it can be achieved?????achieved????? Efficient Energy Use:Efficient Energy Use: By usingBy using energy according to the requirementenergy according to the requirement when not required put it off so thatwhen not required put it off so that electricity cost can be decreased andelectricity cost can be decreased and achieving a similar outcome, by reducedachieving a similar outcome, by reduced consumption of energy services..consumption of energy services..
  • Natural Energy Sources:Natural Energy Sources: implementing natural energy resourcesimplementing natural energy resources to influence their home power supplyto influence their home power supply The use of energy to provide heating andThe use of energy to provide heating and decorative lighting is rapidly increasingdecorative lighting is rapidly increasing popularity by utilizing sunlight energy costpopularity by utilizing sunlight energy cost can be reduced.can be reduced.
  • Front Office DepartmentFront Office Department House Keeping DepartmentHouse Keeping Department Food ProductionFood Production DepartmentDepartment Food & BeverageFood & Beverage DepartmentDepartment
  • DIFFERENTDIFFERENT WAYS TOWAYS TO CONSERVECONSERVE ENERGYENERGY ININ
  • FRONT OFFICEFRONT OFFICE When occupancy in unfortunately notWhen occupancy in unfortunately not high, front office should rent room byhigh, front office should rent room by virtue of their location.virtue of their location. In summer, rooms on the east or northIn summer, rooms on the east or north sides of the building will be cooler.sides of the building will be cooler. Corner rooms with two outsideCorner rooms with two outside exposures will be warmer.exposures will be warmer. Rooms close to heat source should alsoRooms close to heat source should also be avoided if possible. This wouldbe avoided if possible. This would certainly help reduce air conditioningcertainly help reduce air conditioning load and result in saving of energy.load and result in saving of energy.
  • If any one of these is to be rented out,If any one of these is to be rented out, air conditioning or ventilation can beair conditioning or ventilation can be started ½ hour before the guest movesstarted ½ hour before the guest moves in.in. Front office should make sure that theFront office should make sure that the rooms which are not to be rented outrooms which are not to be rented out during lean period are not airduring lean period are not air conditioned.conditioned. Lower all lighting levels during late nightLower all lighting levels during late night and day light hours. Turn off all lights inand day light hours. Turn off all lights in offices when these are closed.offices when these are closed.
  • If possible, instruct Shopping arcadeIf possible, instruct Shopping arcade shopkeepers to reduce the amount of shopshopkeepers to reduce the amount of shop and display lighting in morning timings.and display lighting in morning timings. Although, in most cases, shopkeepers do payAlthough, in most cases, shopkeepers do pay for their electric consumption, the lighting loadfor their electric consumption, the lighting load still affects hotels cooling systemsstill affects hotels cooling systems Lobby, managers should ensure that LobbyLobby, managers should ensure that Lobby Main Entrance doors are not unduly keptMain Entrance doors are not unduly kept opened. A door opening will result in ingressopened. A door opening will result in ingress of heat from outside and adversely effect airof heat from outside and adversely effect air conditioning.conditioning.
  • Lobby Managers, in course of their duty, doLobby Managers, in course of their duty, do take rounds of the property. They on theirtake rounds of the property. They on their rounds, should ensure that no unnecessaryrounds, should ensure that no unnecessary lights or water tape are left ON by carelesslights or water tape are left ON by careless staff.staff. During day light hours reduce electric lightingDuring day light hours reduce electric lighting load in Lobby etc. to minimum to make fullload in Lobby etc. to minimum to make full use of natural light.use of natural light. During low occupancy period try to blockDuring low occupancy period try to block complete floor. If this is not practicable,complete floor. If this is not practicable, attempt should be made to block as far asattempt should be made to block as far as possible total wings of individual floor.possible total wings of individual floor.
  • As soon as guest checks out, Front officeAs soon as guest checks out, Front office should inform Housekeeping so that all lightsshould inform Housekeeping so that all lights of the vacant room is switched off at theof the vacant room is switched off at the earliest.earliest. Report broken windowpanes to stop ingressReport broken windowpanes to stop ingress of air.of air. Inspect public toilets periodically and reportInspect public toilets periodically and report leading W.C. and faucets top stop waterleading W.C. and faucets top stop water unnecessary illumination.unnecessary illumination.
  • HOUSE KEEPINGHOUSE KEEPING DEAPRTMENTDEAPRTMENT The major space in a hotel is devoted toThe major space in a hotel is devoted to guest rooms and corridors. Number andguest rooms and corridors. Number and variety of ways to conserve energy invariety of ways to conserve energy in these areas are startling. Although thethese areas are startling. Although the energy conserved in one room or corridorenergy conserved in one room or corridor does not seem significant, but whendoes not seem significant, but when multiplied by 100 or so rooms, it doesmultiplied by 100 or so rooms, it does become significant. Some of thebecome significant. Some of the opportunities for Housekeepingopportunities for Housekeeping Department where they can significantlyDepartment where they can significantly contribute to energy saving listed below:-contribute to energy saving listed below:-
  •  Turn off guest room lights whenTurn off guest room lights when rooms are not physically occupied.rooms are not physically occupied.  Use minimum lighting when makingUse minimum lighting when making up and cleaning rooms. Use naturalup and cleaning rooms. Use natural light whenever possible.light whenever possible.  Turn off corridor lights, or reduce itTurn off corridor lights, or reduce it to 50% when natural light isto 50% when natural light is available.available.  Turn off lights in linen rooms,Turn off lights in linen rooms, storage room and maids closetsstorage room and maids closets when not in use.when not in use.
  •  Check your areas for light level.Check your areas for light level. Reduce number of lights if possible.Reduce number of lights if possible. Use lower wattage bulbs whereverUse lower wattage bulbs wherever possible.possible.  Have lamp shades cleaned at once.Have lamp shades cleaned at once. Bulb gives more light with cleanBulb gives more light with clean lampshadeslampshades  Keep walls and ceiling walls cleanedKeep walls and ceiling walls cleaned for better light reflection.for better light reflection.  Switch off music & TV Sets whenSwitch off music & TV Sets when rooms are not physically occupied.rooms are not physically occupied.
  •  Turn off HVAC system when rooms areTurn off HVAC system when rooms are not physically occupied.not physically occupied.  Report water leaks immediatelyReport water leaks immediately  Keep windows closed and curtain on.Keep windows closed and curtain on. The ingress of hot air in summer andThe ingress of hot air in summer and cold air during winter contribute to verycold air during winter contribute to very large waste or energy. For example 6’large waste or energy. For example 6’ wide window opened just one inch wouldwide window opened just one inch would allow hot air necessitating 1.76 kwh toallow hot air necessitating 1.76 kwh to cool. This in terms of monetary value, willcool. This in terms of monetary value, will cost approx. Rs. 1150/- per hour.cost approx. Rs. 1150/- per hour.
  •  Keep room hot water temperature atKeep room hot water temperature at lowest acceptable limit.lowest acceptable limit.  Minimize use of lights during nightMinimize use of lights during night cleaning by switching on only those lightscleaning by switching on only those lights which are actually required to clean awhich are actually required to clean a particular area.particular area.  Bellhops may be advised to leave onlyBellhops may be advised to leave only such lights on which are actually neededsuch lights on which are actually needed by the guest while leaving the room.by the guest while leaving the room.
  • LightingLighting A well designed lighting can change aA well designed lighting can change a rather dismal ‘waiting-room’ feeling into arather dismal ‘waiting-room’ feeling into a welcoming atmosphere at a very littlewelcoming atmosphere at a very little cost.cost. Light is endlessly varied with shadows,Light is endlessly varied with shadows, bright spots and filtered rays. In hotelsbright spots and filtered rays. In hotels variety indoor lights are used forvariety indoor lights are used for efficiency, interest and to spotlightefficiency, interest and to spotlight particular objects.particular objects.
  • Categories of LightingCategories of Lighting To achieve the efficiency of variousTo achieve the efficiency of various lights it is classified into categories:lights it is classified into categories: General LightingGeneral Lighting Task LightingTask Lighting Decorative LightingDecorative Lighting
  • CategoriesCategories (contd.)………)(contd.)………) General Lighting:General Lighting: is the main lightis the main light that we used to see properly. It consumesthat we used to see properly. It consumes more power it is very essential to put it offmore power it is very essential to put it off when it is not required.when it is not required.
  • Task Lighting: is for working by, andTask Lighting: is for working by, and should be directed on to work surfacesshould be directed on to work surfaces or places where good light is needed foror places where good light is needed for activities such as reading sewing etc.activities such as reading sewing etc.
  • CategoriesCategories (contd.)………)(contd.)………) Decorative Lighting: is not purelyDecorative Lighting: is not purely functional but is used as an ‘addedfunctional but is used as an ‘added bonus’ to look attractive in its ownbonus’ to look attractive in its own right and to high light objects,right and to high light objects, pictures, plants or interestingpictures, plants or interesting architectural features.architectural features.
  • Light Plan forLight Plan for Conserving LightConserving Light  Turn off or dim general lighting.Turn off or dim general lighting.  Flexible lighting system.Flexible lighting system.  Raise the level when necessaryRaise the level when necessary and lower it to intimate level whenand lower it to intimate level when required.required.
  • Computerized lighting controlsComputerized lighting controls Switch lights automatically as soon asSwitch lights automatically as soon as certain level of voice is heard.certain level of voice is heard. Right positioning of light sockets forRight positioning of light sockets for easy access and safetyeasy access and safety Install light according to theInstall light according to the requirement.requirement.
  • ENERGY CAN BE CONSERVEDENERGY CAN BE CONSERVED IN THE FORM OFIN THE FORM OF  LightLight  WaterWater  RefrigerationRefrigeration  Air conditioningAir conditioning
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Turn off guest room lights when rooms areTurn off guest room lights when rooms are not physically occupied.not physically occupied.  Use minimum lighting when making up andUse minimum lighting when making up and cleaning rooms.cleaning rooms.  Use natural light whenever possible.Use natural light whenever possible.
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Turn off corridor lights, or reduce it to 50%Turn off corridor lights, or reduce it to 50% when natural light is available.when natural light is available.  Turn off lights in linen rooms, storage roomTurn off lights in linen rooms, storage room and maids closets when not in use.and maids closets when not in use.  Check your areas for light level. ReduceCheck your areas for light level. Reduce number of lights if possible. Use lowernumber of lights if possible. Use lower wattage bulbs wherever possible.wattage bulbs wherever possible.
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Have lamp shades cleaned at once. BulbHave lamp shades cleaned at once. Bulb gives more light with clean lampshades.gives more light with clean lampshades.  Keep walls and ceiling walls cleaned forKeep walls and ceiling walls cleaned for better light reflection.better light reflection.  Switch off music & TV Sets when rooms areSwitch off music & TV Sets when rooms are not physically occupied.not physically occupied.
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Turn off HVAC system when rooms are notTurn off HVAC system when rooms are not physically occupied.physically occupied.  Report water leaks immediately .Report water leaks immediately .  Keep room hot water temperature at lowestKeep room hot water temperature at lowest acceptable limit.acceptable limit.
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Keep windows closed and curtain on.Keep windows closed and curtain on.  The ingress of hot air in summer and coldThe ingress of hot air in summer and cold air during winter contribute to very largeair during winter contribute to very large waste or energy.waste or energy.  For example 6’ wide window opened justFor example 6’ wide window opened just one inch would allow hot air necessitatingone inch would allow hot air necessitating 1.76 kwh to cool. This in terms of monetary1.76 kwh to cool. This in terms of monetary value, will cost approx. Rs. 1150/- per hour.value, will cost approx. Rs. 1150/- per hour.
  • GUEST ROOMSGUEST ROOMS  Minimize use of lights during night cleaningMinimize use of lights during night cleaning by switching on only those lights which areby switching on only those lights which are actually required to clean a particular area.actually required to clean a particular area.  Bellhops may be advised to leave only suchBellhops may be advised to leave only such lights on which are actually needed by thelights on which are actually needed by the guest while leaving the room.guest while leaving the room.
  • GUEST BATHROOMSGUEST BATHROOMS  Make sure your flushes work efficiently toMake sure your flushes work efficiently to keep from having to use the flush twicekeep from having to use the flush twice due to faulty parts.due to faulty parts.  This helps conserve water energy in theThis helps conserve water energy in the bathroom with every flush.bathroom with every flush.
  •  Test the works in your toilet to make sureTest the works in your toilet to make sure that your 1.6 gpf toilet actually only usesthat your 1.6 gpf toilet actually only uses 1.6 gpf (gallons per flush).1.6 gpf (gallons per flush).  Use of shower cubicles require lessUse of shower cubicles require less water instead of bathtubs.water instead of bathtubs. GUEST BATHROOMSGUEST BATHROOMS
  • GUEST BATHROOMSGUEST BATHROOMS  Use of low flow showerheads.Use of low flow showerheads.  They may not produce as much water pressure,They may not produce as much water pressure, but they conserve water energy by the gallonsbut they conserve water energy by the gallons per minutes.per minutes.  Tightening up on all the drips and drops inTightening up on all the drips and drops in hotel bathroomshotel bathrooms
  • GUESTGUEST BATHROOMSBATHROOMS  Conserve energy in bathroom by usingConserve energy in bathroom by using recycled toilet paper, petrochemical-recycled toilet paper, petrochemical- free personal care products, organicfree personal care products, organic towels, environmentally friendlytowels, environmentally friendly cleaning products and CFL vanitycleaning products and CFL vanity bulbs.bulbs.
  • PUBLIC AREASPUBLIC AREAS Use of compact fluorescent light bulbsUse of compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFL).(CFL). Use of energy saver card slots.Use of energy saver card slots. Use of lighting sensors.Use of lighting sensors.
  • PUBLIC AREASPUBLIC AREAS  Replace exit signs with Light EmittingReplace exit signs with Light Emitting Diode (LED) exit signs.Diode (LED) exit signs.  Use of dimmers in the night.Use of dimmers in the night.
  • PUBLIC AREASPUBLIC AREAS  Use of grey water system that covers rainwaterUse of grey water system that covers rainwater or other non potable water for on site irrigation.or other non potable water for on site irrigation.  Usage of ultra low flush toilets and low flushingUsage of ultra low flush toilets and low flushing WC.WC.  Automatic flushes activated by infra redAutomatic flushes activated by infra red sensors ideal for usage in public area.sensors ideal for usage in public area.
  • PUBLIC AREASPUBLIC AREAS  Use of aerated taps and water flowUse of aerated taps and water flow restrictors.restrictors.  Use of timer controlled sprinkler systemsUse of timer controlled sprinkler systems and self closing nozzles for gardeningand self closing nozzles for gardening
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Have lights turned off when not in use.Have lights turned off when not in use.  Periodically clean lamps and lights fixtures.Periodically clean lamps and lights fixtures.  Clean and wash walls, floors and ceilingClean and wash walls, floors and ceiling
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Operate washing machines at full load,Operate washing machines at full load, partial loads may require same amountpartial loads may require same amount water as full loads.water as full loads.  Check and record your water consumption.Check and record your water consumption. Compare water consumption daily to findCompare water consumption daily to find wastages, if any.wastages, if any.  Do not leave water taps running.Do not leave water taps running.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Consider using cold water detergents. It willConsider using cold water detergents. It will greatly reduce energy consumption.greatly reduce energy consumption.  Reduce hot water temperature to 120Reduce hot water temperature to 120 oo F.F.  Repair or replace all hot water pipingRepair or replace all hot water piping insulation.insulation.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  All steam line values should be checked forAll steam line values should be checked for leaks. That is, you should be able to shut offleaks. That is, you should be able to shut off steam to any machine not in use keepingsteam to any machine not in use keeping steam supply main open.steam supply main open.  If possible use final rinse water for 1stIf possible use final rinse water for 1st wash.wash.  Reduce time between loads to preventReduce time between loads to prevent tumblers from cooling down.tumblers from cooling down.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Air line should be checked for leaks.Air line should be checked for leaks.  Periodically clean exhaust duct and blowerPeriodically clean exhaust duct and blower of lint and dust.of lint and dust.  Keep steam pressure at lowest possibleKeep steam pressure at lowest possible level.level.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Shut off steam valve whenever machine is notShut off steam valve whenever machine is not being utilized.being utilized.  Keep radiator coils free from dirt all the times.Keep radiator coils free from dirt all the times.  Ensure all steam traps in perfect working order.Ensure all steam traps in perfect working order.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Keep an eye on the preventive maintenanceKeep an eye on the preventive maintenance schedule of all laundry equipments by Engineeringschedule of all laundry equipments by Engineering Department to ensure timely compliance.Department to ensure timely compliance.  Ensure that Drying tumblers and washingEnsure that Drying tumblers and washing machines are kept clean and free from scale at allmachines are kept clean and free from scale at all times.times.  Switch off laundry exhaust fans when laundry isSwitch off laundry exhaust fans when laundry is closed.closed.
  • LAUNDARYLAUNDARY  Ensure that extractors are working properly.Ensure that extractors are working properly. Incomplete extraction increased load onIncomplete extraction increased load on dryer and consumes more energy fordryer and consumes more energy for drying.drying.  Reschedule machine operation to reduceReschedule machine operation to reduce peak demand charges.peak demand charges.  Inform boiler room when steam is notInform boiler room when steam is not required so that boilers can be shut down torequired so that boilers can be shut down to save fuel.save fuel.
  • Saving energy in airSaving energy in air conditioning andconditioning and refrigeration….refrigeration….  Usage ofUsage of thermostatsthermostats in air conditioning to coordinatein air conditioning to coordinate with the daily temperaturewith the daily temperature  Use ofUse of fuzzy logic in mini barsfuzzy logic in mini bars which automaticallywhich automatically tunes the temperature of airtunes the temperature of air  Use ofUse of refrigerant additiverefrigerant additive to all of air conditioningto all of air conditioning systems- increases heat transfer, reduce compressorsystems- increases heat transfer, reduce compressor run time, saves energy, and increase compressor life.run time, saves energy, and increase compressor life.  Installation of window filmInstallation of window film to lower heating and coolingto lower heating and cooling loads and reduce glare in guestrooms.loads and reduce glare in guestrooms.  Use of proper insulation andUse of proper insulation and reflective roofreflective roof coveringscoverings ).).
  • DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com