career path in hospitality


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  • Exoectatons / Needs: Help Satisfaction Respect Comfort Empathy Value Friendliness Safety & privacy EXPECTATIONS Vary according to purpose of visit Each person has their own expectations Dependent upon attitudes, perception & culture
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  • career path in hospitality

    1. 1. Week 1-4 Update and develop hospitality industry knowledge (Week 2)
    2. 2. Ten years ago the hospitality industry was seen as a low to medium skilled employment. But the growth of the Tourism industry has produced many changes. The tourism industry today is the biggest money earner for Aust. Economy. It requires professional with high level of skill. The need for trained hospitality staff will increase in the operational areas of catering/kitchen, food and beverage and accommodation sectors.
    3. 3. Hospitality From the French word “hospices…  “To provide care/shelter for travellers”  “The reception and entertainment of guests or strangers with (quality) and kindness”  Providing hospitality means: Offering a welcoming environment to visitors.  hospitality business is people business
    4. 4. The basis of Hospitality Hospitality is based upon:  a service relationship (between the host and guest)  providing a service that is valued by the guest or customer  Meeting and exceeding guest/ customer expectations It involves:  Consideration and service of each guest as an individual  The art of providing a valued intangible product
    5. 5. The host At the core of the hospitality industry is the host- guest relationship. The host is the entity giving the hospitality Individual person Company/business Region Country
    6. 6. The guest A guest is the entity receiving hospitality Individual person Company/business Region Country
    7. 7. Hospitality industry sectors A sector is one area or division of an industry. Each of the following can be said to be sectors of the hospitality industry: Restaurants Clubs Resorts Cruise ships Fast food outlets Hotels. Each sector offers different products and services.
    8. 8. COMMERCIAL AND NON-COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS The hospitality sector can be divided into commercial and non-commercial operations: commercial establishments charge for their services and seek to make a profit from their operations for their owners, investors or shareholders non-commercial operations do not seek to make a profit and include those that act in a charitable capacity or out of public need funded by government
    9. 9. Commercial hospitality Hospitality businesses that offer food, beverages and/or accommodation for a profit.
    10. 10. Non-commercial hospitality Hospitality organisations that provide food, beverages and/or accommodation free of charge (not for profit).
    11. 11. cont. COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS Hotels Motels Clubs – sporting or community Restaurants Nightclubs Bars Reception centres NON-COMMERCIAL OPERATIONS Hospitals (public) Prisons Employer-sponsored canteens or restaurants Emergency/relief catering Armed services Schools, some colleges and universities
    12. 12. Introduction to Hospitality/Front Office · Commercial hotels/corporate hotels · Airport hotels · Suite hotels · Serviced apartment hotels · Residential hotels · Resort hotels Types of Hotels
    13. 13. Introduction to Hospitality/Front Office Types of Hotels (continued) · Bed and breakfast hotels · Casino hotels · Convention hotels · Alternative lodging properties
    14. 14. Introduction to Hospitality/Front Office Hotels  Commercial /corporate Hotels Located in downtown or business districts- area that are convenient and of interest to their target markets. Guest amenities at commercial hotels may include complimentary newspapers, cable television, swimming pool, health club, high speed internet access. Airport hotels Located near the airports- especially international airports. Target Market: airline passengers, cancelled flight, airline personnel. Hotel-owned courtesy vans transport guests between the hotel and the airport.
    15. 15. Introduction to Hospitality/Front Office Corporate hotel
    16. 16. Hotels ( continued) Suite Hotels Suite hotels are among the newest and fastest-growing segments of the lodging industry. These suite hotels feature guestrooms with a living room and separate bedroom. Some guest suites includes a compact kitchenette with fridge and mini bar. Target Market: Professionals such lawyers, accountants Resorts Hotels Resort hotels are located in the mountains, on an island or exotic location away from crowded residential areas. More leisurely, relaxed atmosphere Resort hotels provide special activities such as golf, sailing, skiing.
    17. 17. Types of tourists Inbound Visitors to Australia whose main place of residence is not Australia. Outbound Tourists whose main place of residence is in Australia, travelling outside Australia. Domestic Australian residents travelling within Australia (interstate and intrastate).
    18. 18. Types of tourists Interstate Australian tourists travelling within Australia, to a state/territory other than where they usually reside. Intrastate Australian tourists travelling within the state/territory in which they usually reside.
    19. 19. Introduction to Hospitality/Front Office Business· Pleasure· Group· Business Travelers: Those who travel primarily for business reasons. Leisure Travelers: Those who travel primarily for personal reasons; these guests use their own money for travel expenses and are often sensitive to the prices charged. Categories of Guests
    20. 20. Purpose of travel Refers to the visitors reason for travel. Understanding the purpose of travel helps us better meet individual guests expectations and needs. Purpose of travel includes: Leisure/pleasure/holiday Business Conference Visiting relatives.
    21. 21. Relationship between tourism and hospitality When people travel they need many hospitality services: Accommodation Food Beverages Entertainment For many, this relationship is served by packaged holidays.
    22. 22. Factors affecting accommodation choice Cost (how much can guest afford/how much do they want to spend) Standard or quality (how important is the standard/what standard or quality of accommodation is available at the destination) Availability (what accommodation is available for the required dates) Length of stay (how long does guest want to stay/relative to cost).
    23. 23. Factors affecting accommodation choice Destination/location (what is available at the destination/what choices are there) Purpose of travel Star rating Types of services available (does this suit the guests needs – business facilities, family orientation, choice of dining experiences, accessibility to other facilities/attractions/infrastructure at the destination.
    24. 24. What is a ‘package holiday’? An inclusive arrangement usually for transport, accommodation, transfers, some meals, occasionally tours and various other aspects of a trip for an all- inclusive price.
    25. 25. Career Avenues There is a high demand for hotel managers and staff in the international hospitality industry. ““The manpower shortage is also being felt in EuropeThe manpower shortage is also being felt in Europe (including the UK), the US, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong(including the UK), the US, Australia, Singapore, Hong Kong etc.etc. They like to hire Hospitality graduates because of theirThey like to hire Hospitality graduates because of their high level of education and experience in the industry,“high level of education and experience in the industry,“
    26. 26. What is Hospitality Management? Food Production Hotel ManagementFood and Beverage Services Housekeepin g Front Office Hospitality management involves dealing with people throughout the day - with guests and colleagues in your own and other departments. The work culture involves good teamwork and leadership. Hospitality management is primarily concerned with food and accommodation needs of the guests, and more importantly their comfort, at all times. Broadly speaking, there are four core operational areas in a hotel: Food Production, Food and Beverage Services, Housekeeping and Front Office.
    27. 27. Can you manage a career in Hospitality Management? Do you love people and understand them?Do you love people and understand them? Do you likeDo you like catering to the needs of others?catering to the needs of others? If you have good communication skills and an outgoing attitude, then the hospitality industry is a highly recommended career option. However, being part of the world's most dynamic and exciting industry is not for everyone, you have to be ambitious, creative and have the passion to work in an industry that’s constantly generating new ideas.
    28. 28. continued  Some of the personal skills essential to succeed in the Hotel Industry are:  An interest in food and changing styles  A friendly and outgoing disposition  Good communication and interaction skills  Good organising abilities and an eye for detail  Pleasant and cheerful personality.
    29. 29. Can you manage a career in Hotel Management? Skills for Front Office Management -Strong communication skills -Good command over English, and other preferred languages -Ability to be on your feet for long hours -An energetic and cheerful personality Skills for Housekeeping •Excellent problem- solving skills •Strong ability to grow and learn •Ability to multi-task •Good know-how of various equipments
    30. 30. Can you manage a career in Hotel Management? Skills for Food Production •Good knowledge of food and constant update of trends in national and international cuisines •Interest in cooking, as the work hours are long •Ability to have a good focus on quality, production, sanitation and food cost controls Skills for Food and Beverages Services •Pleasant personality •Knowledge of foreign language(s) •Good command over English •Ability to communicate effectively, both verbally and in writing, to an array of diverse internal and external clients •Ability to establish, maintain and enforce consistently high performance standards.
    31. 31. Tracing the Career PathTracing the Career Path
    32. 32. Tracing the Career Path in Hotel Management Food ProductionFood Production HotelHotel ManagementManagement Food and BeverageFood and Beverage ServicesServices HousekeepingHousekeeping Front OfficeFront Office With the Australian tourism & Hospitality sector witnessing a boom that promisesWith the Australian tourism & Hospitality sector witnessing a boom that promises to stay, the employment opportunities are on a stay, the employment opportunities are on a rise. The current demand forThe current demand for manpower in this industry is enormous. Moreover, the diversity of roles in hotelmanpower in this industry is enormous. Moreover, the diversity of roles in hotel management is greater than in any other profession. Hotels require trained staff formanagement is greater than in any other profession. Hotels require trained staff for all these departmentsall these departments
    33. 33. Front Office ManagementFront Office ManagementFront Office ManagementFront Office Management Front Office Reception (1-3 years) Shift Leader (2-4 years) T/Operator (0-6 months) Assistant Front Office Manager (4-7 years) Front Office Manager (5-8 years) FRONT OFFICE MANAGEMENT The hotel’s front desk is theThe hotel’s front desk is the control centrecontrol centre for the property and workers at thefor the property and workers at the supervisory level and must consist of well-supervisory level and must consist of well- trained andtrained and motivated professionalsmotivated professionals in orderin order to achieve business objectives ofto achieve business objectives of highhigh yield/revenueyield/revenue, high occupancy rates and, high occupancy rates and above all, topabove all, top quality service.quality service. They oversee and determine theThey oversee and determine the resolution of problems arising fromresolution of problems arising from owner/guest concerns, reservationsowner/guest concerns, reservations and unit assignments and otherand unit assignments and other unusual requests and inquiries.unusual requests and inquiries. These professionals ensure thatThese professionals ensure that customer service expectations arecustomer service expectations are being met.being met.
    34. 34. HousekeepingHousekeepingHousekeepingHousekeeping Room attendants (0-1 years) Floor Supervisor (1-3 years) Assistant Executive Housekeeper (4-7 years) Executive Housekeeper (7-10 years) HOUSE KEEPING Housekeeping in a hotel is a very physicallyHousekeeping in a hotel is a very physically demanding job that includes many varieddemanding job that includes many varied tasks. The actual amount of work depends ontasks. The actual amount of work depends on the size of the room and the number of beds. Athe size of the room and the number of beds. A housekeeper needs between fifteen and thirtyhousekeeper needs between fifteen and thirty minutes to do one room. The housekeepingminutes to do one room. The housekeeping department is in charge of the following tasks:department is in charge of the following tasks: Making beds Tidying rooms Cleaning and polishing toilets, taps, sinks, bathtubs and mirrors Washing floors Removing stains
    35. 35. Food ProductionFood ProductionFood ProductionFood Production Associate Chef- I (2-3 years) Associate Chef- II (0-2 years) Chef (3-4 years) Sous Chef (4-6 years) Head Chef (6-7 years) Assistant Executive Chef (7- 9 years) Executive Chef (9-10 years) FOOD PRODUCTION Food Production is an operating system and the quality of food that a hotel delivers to its customers is a key part of its product offer. Therefore, chefs play a vital role in the hotel setTherefore, chefs play a vital role in the hotel set up.up. The reputations of hotels ride on foodThe reputations of hotels ride on food quality and thus food production operations arequality and thus food production operations are a critical issue.a critical issue. A career inA career in Food ProductionFood Production involves administratinginvolves administrating thethe procedures used inprocedures used in quantity foodquantity food production management includingproduction management including quality controlquality control,, food costingfood costing, work, work methods, menu planning, foodmethods, menu planning, food production systems and service.production systems and service.
    36. 36. Food & BeverageFood & Beverage ServicesServices Food & BeverageFood & Beverage ServicesServices Captain (2-3 years) Waiter (1-2 years) Assistant Restaurant Manager (6-7 years) Restaurant Manager (7-9 years) FOOD & BEVERAGE SERVICES F&B services and related areas employ bartenders,F&B services and related areas employ bartenders, waiters and waitresses who are at the front line ofwaiters and waitresses who are at the front line of customer service in restaurants, coffee shops andcustomer service in restaurants, coffee shops and other food service establishments.other food service establishments. There is substantial movement in and out of these occupations because education and trainingeducation and training requirements are minimal and the predominancerequirements are minimal and the predominance of part-time jobs is an attractive optionof part-time jobs is an attractive option to people seeking a short-term source of income rather than a career. However, keen competitionkeen competition is expected for the posts of bartenders, waiters and waitressesposts of bartenders, waiters and waitresses, and other F&B service jobs in popular restaurants wherewhere potential earnings from tips are greatestpotential earnings from tips are greatest.
    37. 37. Job Opportunities for Hospitality Management graduates A graduate can join in the variety of roles to begin with his career. Some of the work roles are given below for reference. Management Trainee in Hotel and Allied Industry Hospitality Executive Kitchen Management/House and Institutional Catering Supervisor/Assistant Faculty in Hotel Management/Food Craft Institutes Cabin Crew in National and International Airlines Catering Officer in Cruise lines/Ships Marketing/Sales Executive in Hotel/Multinational Companies Customer Service Executives in Banking /Insurance and other Service Sectors Manager/Supervisor in Tourism Development Corporations Entrepreneurship opportunities and many more
    38. 38. Alternate CareersAlternate Careers
    39. 39. Public RelationsPublic Relations The importance of PR is expected to grow, more so as globalisation has revolutionised the business environment. Also, quick thinking, being able to work under pressure, an outgoing personality and excellent communication - skills which you acquire as a hotel management professional will help you build a successful career in the PR industry. 
    40. 40. Event ManagementEvent Management Event Management is a multi-million-dollar industry, growing rapidly, with thousands of mega shows and events hosted regularly. On the professional side, event management is aOn the professional side, event management is a glamorous and exciting profession that demands a lotglamorous and exciting profession that demands a lot of hard work and dynamism.of hard work and dynamism. As a professional with a background in the hospitality industry, you may already possess the skill sets and experience needed to manage events (parties, conferences, etc.) and a career in Event management would be essentially, an extension of your present role.
    41. 41. Hospitality Service Model  Smile  Make Eye contact  Respect and welcome all guests  Value the guest  Initiate guest contact  Creative service solutions  End with a “thank you”
    42. 42. Making it Happen  People who work in the hospitality industry must possess:  Good interpersonal skills  Sound communication skills  Flexibility in working hours  High level of technical skills  Organisational skills  Self motivation  Teamwork ability and  Well-groomed/well presented