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SUNIL KUMAR

ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE
IT IS A PORTABLE BEVERAGE
WHICH CONTAINS 0.5% TO 75.5% OF
CONSUMABLE ALCOHOL, VOLUME BY
VO...
SUNIL KUMAR

WINE

WINE CAN BE DEFINED AS AN ALCOHOLIC
BEVERAGE
MADE
BY
NATURAL
FERMENTATION OF THE JUICE OF THE
FRESHLY
G...
SUNIL KUMAR

NATURAL FERMENTATION
BLOOM……
…..A WHITE POWDERY COATING
FOUND ON GRAPE SKIN, IS ACTUALLY
NATURAL YEAST.
WHEN ...
SUNIL KUMAR

RIPE & FRESH
RIPE
GRAPE
YEILDS
HIGH
FERMENTABLE SUGAR IN THE PRESSED
GRAPE JUICE (MUST). GRAPES FOR WINE
MANU...
SUNIL KUMAR

TRADITIONS & PRACTICE
ALTHOUGH WINE IS MADE BY THE
NATURAL PROCESS, MANUFACTURING AND
PROCESSING TECHNIQUE VA...
SUNIL KUMAR

GRAPES
THERE ARE MORE THAN 5000 DIFFERENT
SPECIES OF GRAPES; BUT ONLY A COUNTED
FEW ARE SUITABLE FOR WINE PRO...
SUNIL KUMAR

BLACK GRAPE VARIETIES
CABERNET SAUVIGNON
MERLOT

PINOT NOIR
NEBBIOLO
SYRAH
GAMAY
ZINFANDEL
CABERNET FRANC
PIN...
SUNIL KUMAR

WHITE GRAPE VARIETIES
CHARDONNAY
CHENIN BLANC
RIESLING
SEMILLON

SAUVIGNON BLANC
GEWÜRZTRAMINER
MUSCATEL
PINO...
SUNIL KUMAR

FACTORS AFFECTING VINE
• Type of grape

• Aspect

• Yield per acre

• Viticulture

• Terminology

• Vinificat...
SUNIL KUMAR

CLASSIFICATION OF WINE
NATURE

TASTE COLOUR

YEAR

Still

Dry

White

Vintage

Sparkling

Sweet

Rosé

Non-Vi...
SUNIL KUMAR

LABEL INFORMATION
OPTIONAL INFORMATION.

MANDATORY INFORMATION.
•

•
•
•
•
•

NAME & ESTATE OF THE
BOTTLER/SH...
SUNIL KUMAR

STORAGE OF WINES
1. WINE BOTTLES ARE LAID ON SIDE, CAUSING THE WINE
TO STAY IN CONTACT WITH THE CORK AND PREV...
SUNIL KUMAR

YIELD PER ACRE
HIGH YIELD :
LOW QUALITY / HIGH QUANTITY.

LOW YIELD :
HIGH QUALITY / LOW QUANTITY.

MEDIUM YI...
SUNIL KUMAR

SOIL TYPES
SOIL PROVIDES NUTRITION TO THE
GRAPES AND HENCE, TYPE OF SOIL
DIRECTLY AFFECT THE WINE QUALITY.

S...
SUNIL KUMAR

CLIMATE
•

MACRO & MICRO CLIMATE
DIRECTLY AFFECTS THE QUALITY OF
GRAPE & THUS THE WINE.

•

CLIMATE DICTATES ...
BANDS OF LATITUDE
SUNIL KUMAR
50 N
30 N
0

30 S
50 S
SUNIL KUMAR

ASPECT
SUN

N

Wind

W

E

S
Rain

No Rain

HILL
SUNIL KUMAR

VITICULTURE
VITICULTURE IS A TERM TO DESCRIBE THE ART
& SCENCE OF VINE CULTIVATION.
THE WAY, THE GRAPE IS NUR...
SUNIL KUMAR

VINTAGE
• VINTAGE MEANS “GOOD HARVEST”.

• VINTAGE IS DECLARED BY THE
WINE GOVERNING BODY OF THAT
PARTICULAR ...
SUNIL KUMAR

ENEMIES OF THE VINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

PHYLLOXERA
MILDEW
NOBLE ROT
FROST
HAIL
OIDIUM
COULURE
CHLOROSIS
PYRALI...
SUNIL KUMAR

MANUFACTURING WINE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

HARVESTING
DE-STALKING
PRESSING
FERMENTING
RACKING & CLARIFICATION
BOTTLI...
SUNIL KUMAR

TERMINOLOGY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Chateau
Vin
Doux/Sweet
Sec/Dry
Vintage
Cremant
Viticulture
Rosé
Cask

•
•
•
•
...
DESINGED BY

Sunil Kumar
Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty
Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management,
MAHARSHI DAY...
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Alcoholic beverage

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Transcript of "Alcoholic beverage"

  1. 1. SUNIL KUMAR ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE IT IS A PORTABLE BEVERAGE WHICH CONTAINS 0.5% TO 75.5% OF CONSUMABLE ALCOHOL, VOLUME BY VOLUME. (0.5%-75.5% V/V) : OIML SCALE. 40% OIML Scale = 80° Sykes Scale
  2. 2. SUNIL KUMAR WINE WINE CAN BE DEFINED AS AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE MADE BY NATURAL FERMENTATION OF THE JUICE OF THE FRESHLY GATHERED RIPE GRAPES ACCORDING TO LOCAL TRADITION AND PRACTICE. FACTORS GRAPE VARIETIES ENEMIES OF VINE LABEL INFORMATION MANUFACURING TERMINOLOGIES CLASSIFICATION STORAGE OF WINE
  3. 3. SUNIL KUMAR NATURAL FERMENTATION BLOOM…… …..A WHITE POWDERY COATING FOUND ON GRAPE SKIN, IS ACTUALLY NATURAL YEAST. WHEN GRAPES ARE PRESSED , JUICE COMES OUT WITH THE BLOOM AND FERMENTATION STARTS AUTOMATICALLY / NATURALLY .
  4. 4. SUNIL KUMAR RIPE & FRESH RIPE GRAPE YEILDS HIGH FERMENTABLE SUGAR IN THE PRESSED GRAPE JUICE (MUST). GRAPES FOR WINE MANUFACTURING MUST BE RIPE . GRAPE CONTAINS MANY USEFUL BIOCHEMICAL COMPOUNDS DEGRADABLE WITH TIME. THE TIME GAP BETWEEN HARVESTING AND PRESSING SHOULD BE MINIMUM.
  5. 5. SUNIL KUMAR TRADITIONS & PRACTICE ALTHOUGH WINE IS MADE BY THE NATURAL PROCESS, MANUFACTURING AND PROCESSING TECHNIQUE VARY FROM PLACE TO PLACE. • In Portugal, some wines are made from unripe grapes • In Germany, some wines are made from frozen grapes • In Spain, some wines are made from dry grapes. • In Madeira Islands, they cook their wines !!!!!
  6. 6. SUNIL KUMAR GRAPES THERE ARE MORE THAN 5000 DIFFERENT SPECIES OF GRAPES; BUT ONLY A COUNTED FEW ARE SUITABLE FOR WINE PRODUCTION. VITIS VINIFERA IS THE MOST NOBLE WINE GRAPE VARIETY. BASED ON THE COLOUR, THERE ARE TWO TYPE OF GRAPES : - • WHITE GRAPES • BLACK GRAPES.
  7. 7. SUNIL KUMAR BLACK GRAPE VARIETIES CABERNET SAUVIGNON MERLOT PINOT NOIR NEBBIOLO SYRAH GAMAY ZINFANDEL CABERNET FRANC PINOT MEUNIER
  8. 8. SUNIL KUMAR WHITE GRAPE VARIETIES CHARDONNAY CHENIN BLANC RIESLING SEMILLON SAUVIGNON BLANC GEWÜRZTRAMINER MUSCATEL PINOT BLANC PALOMINO
  9. 9. SUNIL KUMAR FACTORS AFFECTING VINE • Type of grape • Aspect • Yield per acre • Viticulture • Terminology • Vinification • Climate • Vintage • Bands of Latitude • Soil Types
  10. 10. SUNIL KUMAR CLASSIFICATION OF WINE NATURE TASTE COLOUR YEAR Still Dry White Vintage Sparkling Sweet Rosé Non-Vintage Fortified Aromatized Red
  11. 11. SUNIL KUMAR LABEL INFORMATION OPTIONAL INFORMATION. MANDATORY INFORMATION. • • • • • • NAME & ESTATE OF THE BOTTLER/SHIPPER/MANUF ACTURER/VINTNER/COMP ANY. ALCOHOL PERCENTAGE. BOTTLE CAPACITY. EXCISE SEAL OF THE GOVERNING BODY STATUTORY HEALTH WARNING. DATE OF BOTTLING. • • • • • HISTORY RELATED TO THE BEVERAGE. AWARDS & DISTINCTION WON BY THE VINTNER / BOTTLER / SHIPPER / MANUFACTURER / COMPANY. RECOMMENDED CONSUMABLE TIME SPAN. ECO-FRIENDLY, RECYCLE LOGOS, ETC. MISC INFO.
  12. 12. SUNIL KUMAR STORAGE OF WINES 1. WINE BOTTLES ARE LAID ON SIDE, CAUSING THE WINE TO STAY IN CONTACT WITH THE CORK AND PREVENTS BRITTLENESS OF CORK. 2. MUST BE STORED IN A CELLAR (DARK ROOM). 3. MUST BE STORED IN A PLACE WITHOUT VIBRATION. 4. PREFERRED RELATIVE HUMIDITY - 60%. 5. WHITE WINE , ROSÉ WINE & SPARKLING WINE TO BE STORED AT 7 C TO 14 C. 6. RED WINE TO BE STORED AT 17 C TO 24 C.
  13. 13. SUNIL KUMAR YIELD PER ACRE HIGH YIELD : LOW QUALITY / HIGH QUANTITY. LOW YIELD : HIGH QUALITY / LOW QUANTITY. MEDIUM YIELD : MEDIUM QUALITY / MODERATE QUANTITY.
  14. 14. SUNIL KUMAR SOIL TYPES SOIL PROVIDES NUTRITION TO THE GRAPES AND HENCE, TYPE OF SOIL DIRECTLY AFFECT THE WINE QUALITY. SOME KNOWN SOIL TYPES ARE CLAY, CHALKY, LOAMY, GRAVEL, GRANITE, SLATE, ALLUVIAL, SAND, SANDSTONE, LIMESTONE, QUARTZ, ETC.
  15. 15. SUNIL KUMAR CLIMATE • MACRO & MICRO CLIMATE DIRECTLY AFFECTS THE QUALITY OF GRAPE & THUS THE WINE. • CLIMATE DICTATES THE TYPE OF GRAPE TO BE PLANTED. • IT AFFECTS THE VINTAGE PRODUCTION.
  16. 16. BANDS OF LATITUDE SUNIL KUMAR 50 N 30 N 0 30 S 50 S
  17. 17. SUNIL KUMAR ASPECT SUN N Wind W E S Rain No Rain HILL
  18. 18. SUNIL KUMAR VITICULTURE VITICULTURE IS A TERM TO DESCRIBE THE ART & SCENCE OF VINE CULTIVATION. THE WAY, THE GRAPE IS NURTURED WILL DETERMINE THE FINAL QUALITY OF THE WINE PRODUCED. EXAMPLE OF SOME NURTURING ACTIVITIES ARE AS FOLLOWS: - VINE TRAINING, PRUNING, PESTICIDE, IRRIGATION, ETC.
  19. 19. SUNIL KUMAR VINTAGE • VINTAGE MEANS “GOOD HARVEST”. • VINTAGE IS DECLARED BY THE WINE GOVERNING BODY OF THAT PARTICULAR COUNTRY. • GENERALLY, VINTAGE WINES ARE EXPENSIVE.
  20. 20. SUNIL KUMAR ENEMIES OF THE VINE • • • • • • • • • PHYLLOXERA MILDEW NOBLE ROT FROST HAIL OIDIUM COULURE CHLOROSIS PYRALIS & OTHER VINE MOTHS
  21. 21. SUNIL KUMAR MANUFACTURING WINE • • • • • • • • HARVESTING DE-STALKING PRESSING FERMENTING RACKING & CLARIFICATION BOTTLING MATURING LABELING & SHIPPING
  22. 22. SUNIL KUMAR TERMINOLOGY • • • • • • • • • Chateau Vin Doux/Sweet Sec/Dry Vintage Cremant Viticulture Rosé Cask • • • • • • • • • Sommelier Aperitif/Digestif Bouquet Blanc Cellar Oxidation Fortification Botanicals/Naturals Vinification
  23. 23. DESINGED BY Sunil Kumar Research Scholar/ Food Production Faculty Institute of Hotel and Tourism Management, MAHARSHI DAYANAND UNIVERSITY, ROHTAK Haryana- 124001 INDIA Ph. No. 09996000499 email: skihm86@yahoo.com , balhara86@gmail.com linkedin:- in.linkedin.com/in/ihmsunilkumar facebook: www.facebook.com/ihmsunilkumar webpage: chefsunilkumar.tripod.com
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