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Breaking the Scanning Habit
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Breaking the Scanning Habit



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  • 1. RoutineCue Breaking the Reward Scanning Habit © 2012 Aquatic Safety Research Group, LLC
  • 2. I. How Habits are FormedII. Important Habits in LifeguardingIII. Habits we need to Mix-up in LifeguardingIV. Ways to Break the Scanning HabitI. Your Input/Takeaways
  • 3. Backing out of the Driveway - The 1st Time Requires a lot of concentration, which involves: Unlock the car door Adjust the seatPut foot on the brake All while applying slight Mentally estimate distance between theRemove foot from the brake pressure to the gas garage and the street while keeping pedal and break wheels aligned and monitoring for oncoming traffic
  • 4. But Backing out of the Driveway Quickly becomes a Habit
  • 5. The Habit Loop RoutineCue Reward
  • 6. Habits in the Brain Basal Ganglia
  • 7. Craving for Reprieve at Work
  • 8. Anticipation RoutineCue Reward
  • 9. Now that it’s Habit
  • 10. Not Greatfor Knowingis Unexpectedly Good When a Car What to Do Parked Behind You
  • 11. Necessary Habits in Lifeguarding Emergency Actions Plans CPR Backboarding
  • 12. Other Positive Habits in LifeguardingProfessional Appearance/DemeanorPositive customer service Smiling Practicing Proactive Behavior Cleaning!Others Vital Habits in Lifeguarding?
  • 13. The “Unexpected Car Habit you” The Scanning behind When Scanning becomes Habit It is a routine, automatic behavior – Stimulus Habituation Stored in Basal Ganglia and no longer involves critical decision-making skills and active thought processes Leaves more room for Internal Noise and other Distractions Critical events in the pool (Body on the Bottom, distressed swimmer, drowning) is our unexpected car behind us in the driveway
  • 14. What Lifeguards Report they Think While Lifeguarding Survey of 839 Lifeguards © 2013 International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education
  • 15. What Lifeguards Report they Feel While Lifeguarding © 2013 International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education
  • 16. Room for Habit ImprovementDummy DropsScanning
  • 17. Lifeguard Workshop & Lifeguard Playbook Routine Identify cues with Lifeguards: Drifting offCue Reward Boredom Anxiety
  • 18. Lifeguard Workshop & Lifeguard PlaybookBrainstorm ideas to change the routine and help lifeguards create new,improved habitsDiscuss strategies they currently use to “Break the Scanning Habit”Provide new ways they can “Break the Scanning Habit” (examplescoming soon!)Encourage LIFEGUARDS to come up with ideas that might work for them Avoid exclusively “One Size Fits All” approach Tailor to individual/groups of lifeguards!
  • 19. Lifeguard Workshop & Lifeguard PlaybookCreate a Lifeguard Playbook with lifeguards of “plays” to breakthe habit of scanning when cues arise
  • 20. How Lifeguards can “Break the Scanning Habit” Use as many SENSES as Possible! Which is the primary sense used in lifeguarding? Sight! Let’s not let the others go to waste!
  • 21. HearingSelf-talk Quietly talk/whisper to yourself OUT LOUD – counting patrons, saying patrons bathing suit colors, etc. Talking will help you focus in on the scanning (helps manage internal noise) Then, you can also HEAR yourself Hearing yourself can improve and reinforce observation skills
  • 22. Hearing – “Other Talk” Brief interactions with pool patrons verbally Are you OK?
  • 23. SmellPeppermint Wakes you up!! Scent in break room Scent hooked under chairs
  • 24. TOUCHImproves stimulation Strategies developed with Pool Management Group: Snapping Wristband/Rubber Band Clapping Against thighs Silently Hands together Aesthetically pleasing sound to humans
  • 25. Introduce InteractionSCUBA signalscommunication with swimmers/others OK Pointing
  • 26. What Supervisors can do -Variations of Dummy Drops/Vigilance Drills Avoid “Testing for the Test” Breaking the “Dummy/Silhouette Check” Habit Don’t want to forget the surface (in addition to the bottom)!
  • 27. What Supervisors can do -Variations of Dummy Drops/Vigilance Drills Variations of BOB –SOS (Swimmer on the Surface): Colorful sweatbands: Wristbands Headbands Temporary Tattoos Baseball gloves Sports Tape
  • 28. Flow Theory – Mihály CsíkszentmihályiFlow - feeling complete energized focus on an activity,with a high level of enjoyment and fulfillment“In the Zone”Optimal for the lifeguard and for their performance
  • 29. Blinding Interruptions, Goal - The Distractions, Challenges ScanningBIDC Present in thePAST FUTURE
  • 30. Takeaways ~ Questions ~ Comments? Routine Thank you!Cue Reward