Thuyet trinh 1
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    Thuyet trinh 1 Thuyet trinh 1 Presentation Transcript

    • HELLO EVERYONE !!! Today, we will tell you about 3 problems : ->The Simple past. ->The Past Continuous. ->The Past Simple and Continuous. LET’S BEGIN !
    • PART I : The Simple Past tense. 1) Form : The form of the Past Simple is the same for all persons. --> We have 3 types of sentences : Affirmative, Negative, and the Interrogative .
    • •Affirmative and Negative ( Except Be ) : I • V2 Adverb You • V+ed of Time We in past They Didn’t + Vo (yesterday, + He She It + last night… etc) Examples…
    • - I watched The Project Runway on TV last night . - He didn’t wash his car . -I saw her in the street 2 days ago . - Samual didn’t go to school yesterday. - She traveled to Japan last year . - I loved him but no more . - The director didn’t finish his work .
    • Note : Verb BE ( Negative ) For this verb ONLY, never use DIDN’T. Simply ADD the word NOT after the verb . Ex : I was tired. She was here. I was NOT tired. She was NOT here. They were happy. They were NOT happy
    • • Interrogative : Did + Example : I, you, we,they, he, she, it + Vo - Did she eat that cupcake ? - How did you do that ? - Where did you go last night ? -->Short answer : - Yes, I did or – No, I didn’t
    • In addition, English has TWO types of verbs in the past tense : • Regular verbs • Irregular verbs
    • For REGULAR verbs, simply use the –ed form of the verb in a positive sentence. When I was a child, I ___________ the piano. Donna ______________ and _______________ in Paris when she was younger.
    • **Spelling of REGULAR verbs : The normal rule is to add –ed or –d : worked started lived loved Some short verbs with only one syllable, we double the consonant : stopped planned permitted fitted For verbs ending in a consonant –y, we divide into 2 cases : o If before Y is a consonant, we turn Y  I, then add –ed. studied carried o If before Y is a vowel, we add –ed as normal .
    • For IRREGULAR verbs, use the correct past tense form in positive sentences. Last week, I ___________ you a letter. The student _______ a gift for their teacher on her 30th birthday.
    • Here are some Irregular verbs : Is/are _ Was / were Give _ Gave Go _ Went Keep _ Kept Eat _ Ate Leave _ Left Drink _ Drank Lose _ Lost Run _ Ran Meet _ Met Make _ Made Pay _ Paid Become _ Became See _ Saw Begin _ Began Sing _ Sang Build _ Built Sleep _ Slept Come _ Came Teach _ Taught Find _ Found Write _ Wrote Get _ Got Win _ Won
    • PART II : The Past Continuous tense. 1)Form : We have 3 structure : Affirmative : Negative : Interrogative : S + was / were + V-ing (present Participle) + O S + was/were + not + V-ing (present Participle) + O (WH-question) + Was/were + S + V-ing + O ? **Short answer : Yes, I was / No, I wasn’t.
    • Examples: - My mom was trying to call me last night, but I wasn’t home. - The kids were studying last night at 9:00. -I was cleaning my house all day yesterday. - They were NOT arguing last night. - Were she going there yesterday ?
    • Important Note about Past Continuous ! Some verbs are NOT typically used in the continuous tense. Instead, we prefer to use these verbs in the simple tenses (simple present or past). These verbs are called STATIVE (or nonaction) verbs. Here are some examples: want like love hate know need see hear believe understand have (possession) forget remember belong
    • Examples: I liked Rome. NOT: I was liking Rome. She had a headache. NOT: She was having a headache. I knew the answer. NOT: I was knowing the answer.
    • Using both tenses together: Sometimes we use both the simple past and the past continuous together to mean . . . That one action (simple past) interrupted a continuing action (past continuous)
    • 1.Dan burned his hand while he was cooking dinner. =in the middle of cooking dinner, he burned his hand. 2. When Helen called, we were having dinner. =in the middle of eating dinner, Helen called.
    • And we have some linking-words to make sentences with 2 actions : • WHEN • WHILE • SUDDENLY • ETC…
    • We can use 2 verbs in past continuous to say that two actions were happening simultaneously in the past: Ex. Jim was at the park. He was sitting on the grass and reading.