ORIENTACIONES Espero que usted, al finalizar es estudio de esta unidad, haya logrado:
Reconocer y diferenciar los tiempos y el uso del presente perfecto y del pasado simple.
Recuerde que nuestro curso estará enfocado a revisar vocabulario y puntos gramaticales, ítems que se tomará en cuenta en los exámenes y trabajo académico. No olvide de revisar sus otros materiales virtuales para reforzar sus conocimientos y habilidades.
CONTENTS Grammar Simple past and presentperfect. Use Form Exercises Differences
PRESENT PERFECT vs. SIMPLE PAST TENSE ThePresentPerfect Tense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthathappened at anunspecified, unfinishedperiod of time. Itisusedtoanswerthequestions: Haveyou..?, Haveyouever..? orHowlonghaveyou..? A: Haveyoueverbeento Iquitos? B: Yes, I havebeentheretwicethisyear.
I was in Iquitos two times thisyear.
(unfinished time – “thisyear” Howeveritisnotspecificaboutwhenexactlytheactionhappened.
TheSimple Past Tense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthathappend at a specific, finishedperiod of time. A: Haveyouever wona lottery? B: Yes, I have. In fact, I won a lotterylastyear.
Thesentenceisspecificthatitwaslastyearwhen I won thelottery. “Lastyear” is a finished time.
Here are someexamples of expressions of finished and unfinishedperiods of time. Alice wenttothestoreyesterday. Shehas beentheretwo times today. Miguel has run25 miles thismonth. Carmen madea delicious cake twohours ago.
ThePresentPerfecttense, whenusedwith“for” and “since”, expresses a situationthatstarted in thepast and continues up tonow. My dad has beensicksincelastweek. (He is still sick) He has had a terrible feverfor 4 daysnow. (he still has fever) He has stayed home since he becameill. (He is still home) TheSimple PastTense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthatstarted and finished in thepast. I likedtoread a lotwhen I was a littlegirl. (I don`tliketoread a lotnow) I participated a lot in class. (I do notparticipate a lotnow) I usedtohavemanyfriends. (I don`thavemanyfriendsnow)
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE AND PAST SIMPLE: DIFFERENCES.
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
Forsomethingthatstarted in thepast and continues up tothepresent.
Totalkaboutanindefinite time up tothepresent (with “ever”, “never”).
With a finished time.
Forsomethingthatstarted and finished in thepast.
Totalkabout a definite time in thepast(lastyear, yesterday…).
“When?”, “What time?”
Time until now past now finished time now past Note:For more grammar explanation open your book page 49 and do the task.
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE and PAST SIMPLE: EXAMPLES They have lived in New York for two years. He lived in New York for two years (but he lives in London now). She has (just) had a baby. She had a baby three years ago.
LET´S PRACTICE Puttheexpressions in twolists: Finished Time orUnfinished Time. When I was in 1995 twonightsagothisyear a long time agoRecently in my lifelast June Todaythisweeklatelyyesterday FINISHED ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ ____________ UNFINISHED 7. _____________ 8. _____________ 9. _____________ 10. ____________ 11. ____________ 12. ____________
Complete thesentenceswiththeverbs in thePresentPerfectorSimple Past. Shehas beensicksinceearlythismorning. (be) They _______ beerlastnight. (drink) Andres ____________ of schoollastyear. (dropout) Susan ___________ in thiscityfor 6 months. (live) I _________ hundreds of bookswhen I was in college. (read) Everybody __________stupidthings in theirlives. (do) We ___________ foryoufortwohoursnow. (wait) Answerthequestions. Use theappropiate tense. A: Haveyoubeento Chiclayo? B: Yes, I have. A: Haveyoutalkedtoyourmom? A: Haveyoupaidthephonebill? A: HaveyoustudiedEnglishbefore? A: Haveyousentan e-mail? A: Whenwereyouthere? B: I wastherelastApril. A: Whendidyoutalktoher? A: Whendidyou pay it? A: Whendidyoustudyit? A: Whendidyousentit? Note:open yourbookto page 48 and 49 and practice.
CHECKING KNOWLEDGE I suggestdoingtheseactivities in ordertocheckyourunderstanding. Please pay attentiontothepages in bold. STUDENT BOOK Pages: 48, 49,52,53 WORKBOOK Pages:42, 43,46,50,51,56,57