UNIT 3B: HEALTHY LIVING

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  • 1. CICLO 2011-I Módulo: I
    Unidad: 3 Semana:4
    INGLES III
    Angie Katherine BuitrònFernàndez
  • 2. INGLES III
    UNIT 3: HEALTHY LIVING
  • 3. ORIENTACIONES
    Espero que usted, al finalizar es estudio de esta unidad, haya logrado:
    • Reconocer y diferenciar los tiempos y el uso del presente perfecto y del pasado simple.
    Recuerde que nuestro curso estará enfocado a revisar vocabulario y puntos gramaticales, ítems que se tomará en cuenta en los exámenes y trabajo académico. No olvide de revisar sus otros materiales virtuales para reforzar sus conocimientos y habilidades.
  • 4. CONTENTS
    Grammar
    Simple past and presentperfect.
    Use
    Form
    Exercises
    Differences
  • 5. PRESENT PERFECT vs. SIMPLE PAST TENSE
    ThePresentPerfect Tense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthathappened at anunspecified, unfinishedperiod of time. Itisusedtoanswerthequestions: Haveyou..?, Haveyouever..? orHowlonghaveyou..?
    A: Haveyoueverbeento Iquitos?
    B: Yes, I havebeentheretwicethisyear.
    • I was in Iquitos two times thisyear.
    (unfinished time – “thisyear” Howeveritisnotspecificaboutwhenexactlytheactionhappened.
  • 6. TheSimple Past Tense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthathappend at a specific, finishedperiod of time.
    A: Haveyouever wona lottery?
    B: Yes, I have. In fact, I won a lotterylastyear.
    • Thesentenceisspecificthatitwaslastyearwhen I won thelottery. “Lastyear” is a finished time.
    Here are someexamples of expressions of finished and unfinishedperiods of time.
    Alice wenttothestoreyesterday.
    Shehas beentheretwo times today.
    Miguel has run25 miles thismonth.
    Carmen madea delicious cake twohours ago.
  • 7. ThePresentPerfecttense, whenusedwith“for” and “since”, expresses a situationthatstarted in thepast and continues up tonow.
    My dad has beensicksincelastweek.
    (He is still sick)
    He has had a terrible feverfor 4 daysnow.
    (he still has fever)
    He has stayed home since he becameill.
    (He is still home)
    TheSimple PastTense isusedtotalkaboutthingsthatstarted and finished in thepast.
    I likedtoread a lotwhen I was a littlegirl.
    (I don`tliketoread a lotnow)
    I participated a lot in class.
    (I do notparticipate a lotnow)
    I usedtohavemanyfriends.
    (I don`thavemanyfriendsnow)
  • 8. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE AND PAST SIMPLE: DIFFERENCES.
    • PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE
    • 9. USE:
    • 10. Time untilnow.
    • 11. Forsomethingthatstarted in thepast and continues up tothepresent.
    • 12. Totalkaboutanindefinite time up tothepresent (with “ever”, “never”).
    • 13. PAST SIMPLE
    • 14. USE:
    • 15. With a finished time.
    • 16. Forsomethingthatstarted and finished in thepast.
    • 17. Totalkabout a definite time in thepast(lastyear, yesterday…).
    • 18. Toaskwhensomethinghappened.
    • 19. “When?”, “What time?”
    Time until now
    past
    now
    finished time
    now
    past
    Note:For more grammar explanation open your book page 49 and do the task.
  • 20. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE and PAST SIMPLE: EXAMPLES
    They have lived in
    New York for
    two years.
    He
    lived
    in New
    York for
    two years
    (but he
    lives in
    London
    now).
    She has (just)
    had a baby.
    She had a baby
    three years ago.
  • 21. LET´S PRACTICE
    Puttheexpressions in twolists: Finished Time orUnfinished Time.
    When I was in 1995 twonightsagothisyear
    a long time agoRecently in my lifelast June
    Todaythisweeklatelyyesterday
    FINISHED
    ____________
    ____________
    ____________
    ____________
    ____________
    ____________
    UNFINISHED
    7. _____________
    8. _____________
    9. _____________
    10. ____________
    11. ____________
    12. ____________
  • 22. Complete thesentenceswiththeverbs in thePresentPerfectorSimple Past.
    Shehas beensicksinceearlythismorning. (be)
    They _______ beerlastnight. (drink)
    Andres ____________ of schoollastyear. (dropout)
    Susan ___________ in thiscityfor 6 months. (live)
    I _________ hundreds of bookswhen I was in college. (read)
    Everybody __________stupidthings in theirlives. (do)
    We ___________ foryoufortwohoursnow. (wait)
    Answerthequestions. Use theappropiate tense.
    A: Haveyoubeento Chiclayo?
    B: Yes, I have.
    A: Haveyoutalkedtoyourmom?
    A: Haveyoupaidthephonebill?
    A: HaveyoustudiedEnglishbefore?
    A: Haveyousentan e-mail?
    A: Whenwereyouthere?
    B: I wastherelastApril.
    A: Whendidyoutalktoher?
    A: Whendidyou pay it?
    A: Whendidyoustudyit?
    A: Whendidyousentit?
    Note:open yourbookto page 48 and 49 and practice.
  • 23. CHECKING KNOWLEDGE
    I suggestdoingtheseactivities in ordertocheckyourunderstanding. Please pay attentiontothepages in bold.
    STUDENT BOOK
    Pages: 48, 49,52,53
    WORKBOOK
    Pages:42, 43,46,50,51,56,57
  • 24. GRACIAS