Luther Hospitals, Medicine, And Health Of The.Ppt 2

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Luther Hospitals, Medicine, And Health Of The.Ppt 2

  1. 1. How did Hospitals and Medical Treatment change over the course of the Civil War? Danielle Dube and Hannah Luther U.S. History 1-A
  2. 2. “ Disease killed far more men in both armies than did bullets. ” --John L. Ransom Microsoft ® Encarta ® 2007. © 1993-2006 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
  3. 3. Health and Safety <ul><li>DIET, SANITATION, AND THE ENVIRONMENT ALL PLAYED IMPORTANT ROLES IN HEALTH. </li></ul><ul><li>No fresh fruits and vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Poor sanitation </li></ul><ul><li>Dirty clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Humidity </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate shelter </li></ul>
  4. 4. Common Deaths <ul><li>Broken bones </li></ul><ul><li>Cut from sharp tools/blades </li></ul><ul><li>Hit by carriages/carts </li></ul><ul><li>Kicked by horses </li></ul><ul><li>Drowning </li></ul><ul><li>Freezing </li></ul><ul><li>Burned or Scalded </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked by animals </li></ul><ul><li>Bullet wounds </li></ul><ul><li>These injuries would be treated correctly and safely today, but during the time of the Civil War, no one had the luxuries of life saving treatments. </li></ul><ul><li>Even though the medicine looked like it was working, most of the time it was making the injury worse. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Doctors <ul><li>Did not know what caused diseases and infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Attempted to treat the symptoms as best they could. </li></ul><ul><li>Often used common sense to treat patients. </li></ul><ul><li>Did not treat infection until it had progressed to the point that it was visible. </li></ul><ul><li>Only treated wounds to the extremities. </li></ul><ul><li>Often too late to do anything. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Herbs and Fruits “Prevent” Diseases Image from A History of Medicine in Pictures, Published by Parke, Davis & Co. in 1960; Artist: Robert A. Thom
  7. 7. Herbal/Common Treatments <ul><li>Strong alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Morphine </li></ul><ul><li>Osná (wild celery) </li></ul><ul><li>Rest in bed </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodletting </li></ul><ul><li>Isolate the contagious </li></ul>
  8. 8. Unsanitary, Close-Quarter Hospitals http://home.mindspring.com/~mtmitchell/Medical.html
  9. 9. Voluntary Organizations <ul><li>U.S. Sanitary Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Cared for sick and wounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited male and female nurses. </li></ul><ul><li>Sent necessities to hospitals. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Christian Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Gave out Bibles and reading matter. </li></ul>Clara Barton <ul><li>Organized to provide food and supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>Nursed for soldiers. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sources <ul><li>http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/492417/medical_treatment_during_the_civil.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.civilwar.vt.edu/propro/medsymp1.html </li></ul><ul><li>The Annals of America . Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, INC., 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooke, J., and M. Klein. North America in the Colonial Times . New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1998. </li></ul><ul><li>Adams, James. Album of American History . New York, NY: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1946. </li></ul><ul><li>http://thelibrary.springfield.missouri.org/lochist/periodicals/ozarkswatch/ow404q.htm </li></ul>

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