Democracy is a system of
government by the whole
population or all the eligible
members of a state, typically
through elected representatives.
The Republic of South Africa is
a parliamentary representative
The President of South Africa, serves both
as head of state and as head of government - in
the same manner as prime ministers of other
nations, the President is elected by the National
Assembly (the lower house of the South African
Parliament) and must enjoy the confidence of
the Assembly in order to remain in office. South
Africans also elect provincial legislatures which
govern each of the country's nine provinces.
Executive power is exercised by the
Legislative power is vested in both the
government and the two chambers
of Parliament, the Council of Provinces and
the National Assembly.
The judiciary is independent of the executive
and the legislature. Government is three-
tiered, with representatives elected at the
national, provincial and local levels.
Following the 1994 elections, South
Africa was governed under an
interim constitution. This
the Constituent Assembly (CA) to
draft and approve a permanent
constitution by 9 May 1996.
African National Congress-:
Leader- Jacob Zuma
Leader- Helen Zille
Congress of the People-:
Leader- Mosiuoa Lekota
Equality before the law and prohibitions
The right to life, privacy, property, and
freedom and security of the person.
Prohibition against slavery and forced labour;
and freedom of speech, religion, assembly,
The legal rights of criminal suspects also are
enumerated. It also includes wide guarantees
of access of food, water, education, health
care, and social security.
Democracy is one of the founding
ideologies and systems upon
which Pakistan was established in 1947 as
a nation-state, as envisaged by the
founding father of the nation, Muhammad
Ali Jinnah. Pakistan is today a democratic
parliamentary republic with its political
system based on an elected form
of governance. As of current status,
Pakistan is also the fifth
largest democracy in the world.
However democracy failed
exceptionally quickly after
independence and has since become
a facade for military and
Since its independence, Pakistan's
democratic system has fluctuated at various
times throughout its political history, mainly
due tofeudalism, elitist bureaucracy,
political corruption, and the periodic coup
d'états by the military establishment against
weak civilian governments, resulting in the
enforcement of martial law across the
country (occurring in 1958, 1977 and 1999,
and led by chief martial law administrator-
generals Ayub Khan, Zia-ul-Haq and Pervez
Some of the Islamisation
policies introduced during Zia-
ul-Haq's martial era also
controversially undermined local
democratic and secularist
There are many democratic countries.
But there are still a lot of non-democratic
Each democratic country has a different
account on how they became democratic.