By: Arjot Singh Rai
Democracy is a system of
government by the whole
population or all the eligible
members of a state, typically
through ele...
 The Republic of South Africa is
a parliamentary representative
democratic republic.
 The President of South Africa, ser...
 Executive power is exercised by the
government.
 Legislative power is vested in both the
government and the two chamber...
Following the 1994 elections, South
Africa was governed under an
interim constitution. This
constitution required
the Con...
 African National Congress-:
 Leader- Jacob Zuma
 Democratic Alliance-:
 Leader- Helen Zille
 Congress of the People-...
 Equality before the law and prohibitions
against discrimination.
 The right to life, privacy, property, and
freedom and...
 Democracy is one of the founding
ideologies and systems upon
which Pakistan was established in 1947 as
a nation-state, a...
However democracy failed
exceptionally quickly after
independence and has since become
a facade for military and
bureaucr...
 Since its independence, Pakistan's
democratic system has fluctuated at various
times throughout its political history, m...
Some of the Islamisation
policies introduced during Zia-
ul-Haq's martial era also
controversially undermined local
democ...
 There are many democratic countries.
 But there are still a lot of non-democratic
countries.
 Each democratic country ...
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Democracy

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Democracy

  1. 1. By: Arjot Singh Rai
  2. 2. Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
  3. 3.  The Republic of South Africa is a parliamentary representative democratic republic.  The President of South Africa, serves both as head of state and as head of government - in the same manner as prime ministers of other nations, the President is elected by the National Assembly (the lower house of the South African Parliament) and must enjoy the confidence of the Assembly in order to remain in office. South Africans also elect provincial legislatures which govern each of the country's nine provinces.
  4. 4.  Executive power is exercised by the government.  Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of Parliament, the Council of Provinces and the National Assembly.  The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Government is three- tiered, with representatives elected at the national, provincial and local levels.
  5. 5. Following the 1994 elections, South Africa was governed under an interim constitution. This constitution required the Constituent Assembly (CA) to draft and approve a permanent constitution by 9 May 1996.
  6. 6.  African National Congress-:  Leader- Jacob Zuma  Democratic Alliance-:  Leader- Helen Zille  Congress of the People-:  Leader- Mosiuoa Lekota
  7. 7.  Equality before the law and prohibitions against discrimination.  The right to life, privacy, property, and freedom and security of the person.  Prohibition against slavery and forced labour; and freedom of speech, religion, assembly, and association.  The legal rights of criminal suspects also are enumerated. It also includes wide guarantees of access of food, water, education, health care, and social security.
  8. 8.  Democracy is one of the founding ideologies and systems upon which Pakistan was established in 1947 as a nation-state, as envisaged by the founding father of the nation, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Pakistan is today a democratic parliamentary republic with its political system based on an elected form of governance. As of current status, Pakistan is also the fifth largest democracy in the world.
  9. 9. However democracy failed exceptionally quickly after independence and has since become a facade for military and bureaucratic
  10. 10.  Since its independence, Pakistan's democratic system has fluctuated at various times throughout its political history, mainly due tofeudalism, elitist bureaucracy, political corruption, and the periodic coup d'états by the military establishment against weak civilian governments, resulting in the enforcement of martial law across the country (occurring in 1958, 1977 and 1999, and led by chief martial law administrator- generals Ayub Khan, Zia-ul-Haq and Pervez Musharraf respectively).
  11. 11. Some of the Islamisation policies introduced during Zia- ul-Haq's martial era also controversially undermined local democratic and secularist movements.
  12. 12.  There are many democratic countries.  But there are still a lot of non-democratic countries.  Each democratic country has a different account on how they became democratic.

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