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Postmodern presentation

  1. 1. Postmodernism Authors and Literature
  2. 2. What is Postmodernism? <ul><li>Postmodernism is a term that encompasses a wide-range of developments in philosophy, film, architecture, art, literature, and culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Originally a reaction to modernism, referring to the lack of artistic, intellectual, or cultural thought or organized principle. </li></ul><ul><li>Started around 1940s, exact date is unknown. </li></ul><ul><li>Peaked around the 1960s and 1970s with the release of Catch 22 and Slaughterhouse Five </li></ul>
  3. 3. Postmodern Literature <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><li>- Used to describe the different aspects of post WW2 literature (modernist literature). </li></ul><ul><li>- There is not a clear and defined definition of postmodernism because of the little agreement of the concepts and characteristics and ideas within postmodernism. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Postmodernist Literature <ul><li>Postmodernist Literature contains a broad range of concepts and ideas that include: </li></ul><ul><li>- responses to modernism and its ideas </li></ul><ul><li>- responses to technological advances </li></ul><ul><li>- greater diversity of cultures that leads to cultural pluralism. (small groups within a larger society maintain their culture identity). </li></ul><ul><li>- reconceptualizations of society and history </li></ul>
  5. 5. Postmodern Literature <ul><li>There are a few similarities to modernist literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Like modernist literature, both are usually told from an objective or omniscient point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>Both literatures explore the external reality to examine the inner states of consciousness of the characters </li></ul><ul><li>Both employ fragmentation in narrative and character construction </li></ul>
  6. 6. Postmodern Literature: Common Themes <ul><li>Irony, playfulness, black humor </li></ul><ul><li>- Example: The Crying Lot of 49, Pynchon uses childish wordplay while discussing serious subjects. An example of his wordplay can be found in the names of his characters: Mike Fallopian, Stanley Koteks, Mucho Maas, and Dr. Hilarius. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Postmodern Literature: Common Themes <ul><li>Patiche </li></ul><ul><li>- Authors often combine multiple elements in the postmodern genre. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: Pynchon includes elements from science fiction, pop culture references, and detective fiction to create fictional cultures and concepts. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Postmodern Literature: Common Themes <ul><li>Metafiction </li></ul><ul><li>- Writing about writing, often used to undermine the authority of the author and to advance stories in unique ways. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: In Italo Calvino’s novel, If On a Winter’s Night a Traveler , is about a reader attempting to read a novel of the same name. In Kurt Vonnegut’s novel, Slaughterhouse Five, the first chapter is about the writing process of the novel. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Postmodern Literature: Common Themes <ul><li>Paranoia </li></ul><ul><li>-The belief that there is something out of the ordinary, while everything remains the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: In Kurt Vonnegut’s novel, Breakfast of Champions, a character becomes violent when he imagines everyone else as a robot and he is the only human. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Postmodern Literature: Influential works <ul><li>Catch 22 – Joseph Heller </li></ul><ul><li>Slaughterhouse Five – Kurt Vonnegut </li></ul><ul><li>Lost in the Funhouse – John Barth </li></ul><ul><li>The Things They Carried – Tim O’Brien </li></ul><ul><li>White Noise – Don DeLillo </li></ul><ul><li>Gravity’s Rainbow – Thomas Pynchon </li></ul><ul><li>The Crying of Lot 49 – Thomas Pynchon </li></ul>
  11. 11. Postmodern Authors <ul><li>Joseph Heller </li></ul><ul><li>Born May 1, 1923 in Brooklyn, New York </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his post World War satires and playwrights </li></ul><ul><li>Catch 22 most well-known of his works </li></ul><ul><li>Other works include: Something Happened, Good as Gold, and Closing Time. </li></ul><ul><li>Also wrote plays: We Bombed in New Haven, Catch 22, Clevinger’s Trail </li></ul>
  12. 12. Postmodern Authors <ul><li>Thomas Pynchon </li></ul><ul><li>Born May 8, 1937 in Glen Cove, New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his fictional writing over many different subjects that include: science, mathematics, and history </li></ul><ul><li>Known for his early works: V, The Crying of Lot 49, and Gravity’s Rainbow. </li></ul><ul><li>Also wrote essays concerning diverse topics such as missile security and Watts Riots ( a large scale riot that lasted six days in the Watt’s neighborhood of LA). </li></ul>
  13. 13. Postmodern Authors <ul><li>Kurt Vonnegut </li></ul><ul><li>Born November 11, 1922 in Indianapolis, Indiana </li></ul><ul><li>Known for using Patiche in his works. Blends satire, black comedy, and science fiction to create novels, such as Slaughterhouse Five and Breakfast of Champions. </li></ul><ul><li>As a former soldier and prisoner of war, many of his experiences influenced his later works. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Postmodern Authors <ul><li>Tim O’Brien </li></ul><ul><li>Born October 1, 1946 in Austin, Minnesota </li></ul><ul><li>- His career began with the release of If I Die in a Combat Zone, Box Me Up and Ship me. Wrote mainly about his experiences in the Vietnam War </li></ul><ul><li>O’Brien uses fiction and reality and blends them into his own genre. He labels his works fiction, however, he uses his situations he experienced in his works. </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous work: The Things They Carried </li></ul>
  15. 15. References <ul><li>&quot;Joseph Heller.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 19 Mar 2008, 05:42 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 Mar 2008 < http:// = Joseph_Heller&oldid =199280810 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Kurt Vonnegut.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 21 Mar 2008, 18:26 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 Mar 2008 < http:// = Kurt_Vonnegut&oldid =199877168 > </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;List of postmodern authors.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 10 Mar 2008, 12:37 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 Mar 2008 < http:// = List_of_postmodern_authors&oldid =197215707 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Postmodern literature.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 21 Mar 2008, 16:46 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 Mar 2008 < http:// = Postmodern_literature&oldid =199856493 >. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Thomas Pynchon.&quot; Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia . 15 Mar 2008, 14:23 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 24 Mar 2008 < http:// = Thomas_Pynchon&oldid =198410127 >. </li></ul>