Stress management

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Stress management

  1. 1. STRESS MANAGEMENT MANAGING STRESS IN YOUR LIFE: A PERSONAL APPROACH Presented by: Suha Abu Dawoud1
  2. 2. STRESS MANAGEMENT  IS A PART OF EVERYDAY LIFE  IS NECESSARY TIME, MONEY, AND RELATIONSHIPS ENSURE THAT STRESS WILL ALWAYS BE WITH US2
  3. 3. STRESS MANAGEMENT STRESS  DOES NOT HAVE TO BE NEGATIVE OR OVERWHELMING3
  4. 4. STRESS MANAGEMENT DEFINITION: THE NON-SPECIFIC RESPONSE OF THE BODY TO ANY DEMAND Hans Selye, MD4
  5. 5. STRESS MANAGEMENT DR. HANS SELYE WROTE: “…STRESS IS ESSENTIALLY REFLECTED BY THE RATE OF ALL THE WEAR AND TEAR CAUSED BY LIFE.”5
  6. 6. STRESS MANAGEMENT WHAT DOES THAT MEAN TO US?  IT DOES NOT MATTER IF THE STRESSOR IS PLEASANT OR UNPLEASANT, OR THE RESULTS ARE GOOD OR BAD6
  7. 7. STRESS MANAGEMENT NOT ALL STRESS IS NEGATIVE EUSTRESS: POSITIVE STRESS RESULTS FROM EXHILARATING EXPERIENCES: WINNING THE LOTTERY UNEXPECTED PROMOTION AWARD7
  8. 8. STRESS MANAGEMENT DISTRESS STRESS OF: LOSING, FAILING, OVERWORKING AND NOT COPING CAN BE HARMFUL AND IT IS NORMAL FROM TIME TO TIME8
  9. 9. STRESS MANAGEMENT OUR RESPONSE TO STRESS: IS THE AUTOMATIC STATE THAT RESULTS WHEN THE BODY ATTEMPTS TO MAKE CHANGES IN ORDER TO ADAPT TO ANY DEMAND9
  10. 10. STRESS MANAGEMENT CAUSES OF STRESS FALL INTO TWO CATEGORIES:  EXTERNAL  INTERNAL10
  11. 11. STRESS MANAGEMENT EXTERNAL STRESSOR MAY BE MAJOR LIFE EVENTS: (REFER TO HOLMES-RAHE SCALE)  MOVING  DEATH OF SPOUSE, FAMILY MEMBER OR FRIEND  DIVORCE11
  12. 12. STRESS MANAGEMENT MAY BE CAUSED BY EVERYDAY PRESSURES SUCH AS:  FINANCIAL  DEADLINES  ARGUMENTS  FAMILY CONCERNS  LACK OF SLEEP12
  13. 13. STRESS MANAGEMENT INTERNAL STRESSORS “INSIDE OURSELVES” THIS TYPE OF STRESSOR MAY PLAY A GREATER ROLE IN THE STRESS OF DAILY LIFE13
  14. 14. STRESS MANAGEMENT EXAMPLES ARE: “VALUES AND BELIEFS” FAITH GOALS SELF-IMAGE EXPECTATIONS OF SELVES & OTHERS14
  15. 15. STRESS MANAGEMENT STRESS  DRIVEN BY HORMONES  HORMONES ACT LIKE A CONDUCTOR  HORMONES INNERVATE BODY SYSTEMS/ ORGANS15
  16. 16. STRESS MANAGEMENT WHAT HAPPENS WHEN WE ARE STRESSED:  HYPOTHALAMUS STIMULATES PITUITARY  PITUITARY RELEASES ACTH INTO BLOOD  ACTH STIMULATES ADRENAL GLANDS TO SECRETE FURTHER CHEMICALS THAT AFFECT OTHER ORGAN SYSTEMS16
  17. 17. STRESS MANAGEMENT STRESS WHAT YOU NOTICE:  HEART RATE SPEEDS UP  BP RISES  BREATHING SPEEDS UP  BLOOD TO MUSCLES  SWEATING  BLOOD SUGAR INCREASES17
  18. 18. STRESS MANAGEMENT MANY PEOPLE HAVE SYMPTOMS OF DISTRESS EVERYDAY. WE ACCEPT IT AS PART OF A NORMAL DAY. TO REDUCE THE WEAR AND TEAR ON OURSELVES, WE MUST INCREASE AWARENESS18
  19. 19. STRESS MANAGEMENT COMMON SYMPTOMS OF STRESS  PHYSICAL  MENTAL EMOTIONAL  BEHAVIORAL  COGNITIVE19
  20. 20. STRESS MANAGEMENT PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS INCLUDE:  MUSCLE TENSION  NAUSEA, VOMITING  HEADACHES  JAW, NECK & BACK PAIN  DIARRHEA  SLEEP DISTURBANCES  DRY MOUTH, SWEATY PALMS  UPPER RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS  COLD HANDS  BREATHING CHANGES (E.G., SHALLOW, SIGHING)20
  21. 21. STRESS MANAGEMENT EMOTIONAL/MENTAL SYMPTOMS:  ANXIETY, WORRY, GUILT, NERVOUSNESS  ANGER, FRUSTRATION  MOODINESS  DEPRESSION  APPETITE VARIES  RACING THOUGHTS  NIGHTMARES  DIMINISHED CONCENTRATION  IMPAIRED MEMORY OR FORGETFULNESS21
  22. 22. STRESS MANAGEMENT  INDECISIVENESS  CLOSE TO TEARS OR CRYING  LONELINESS  FEAR OF GETTING CLOSE  SUICIDAL THINKING  TROUBLE LEARNING NEW INFO  CONFUSED/DISORGANIZED22
  23. 23. STRESS MANAGEMENT BEHAVIORAL SYMPTOMS  TARDINESS  SERIOUS APPEARANCE  NERVOUS BEHAVIOR/HABITS  RUSHING/PACING  ON EDGE  INCREASED FRUSTRATION/IRRITABLE  MORE ACCIDENTS  OVERREACTING23
  24. 24. STRESS MANAGEMENT  REDUCED PRODUCTIVITY  SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL  DEFENSIVE  SLEEP PROBLEMS/TIREDNESS  INCREASED USE OF OTC DRUGS  INCREASED TOBACCO  INCREASED ALCOHOL  INCREASED RECREATIONAL DRUGS24
  25. 25. STRESS MANAGEMENT LONG TERM EFFECTS ARE HARMFUL. MOST OF US BOUNCE BACK. UNDER LONG-TERM STRESS HOWEVER:  OUR PERSONALITIES CHANGE  MAY BECOME DEPRESSED  FEEL HELPLESS/HOPELESS  BECOME EXPLOSIVE/IMPULSIVE25
  26. 26. STRESS MANAGEMENT  HAVE EXAGGERATED FEARS  DEVELOP ANXIETY/PANIC  DEVELOP PHYSICAL PROBLEMS INCLUDING CV DISEASE, HBP, ULCERS OR HEADACHES26
  27. 27. STRESS MANAGEMENT QUESTIONS?27
  28. 28. STRESS MANAGEMENT NOW THAT YOU ARE FAMILIAR WITH SOME OF THE SYMPTOMS OF STRESS, HOW DO YOU MANAGE IT? SIMPLE, RIGHT?28
  29. 29. STRESS MANAGEMENT COPING SKILLS FOR STRESS MANAGEMENT:  DEEP BREATHING  EXERCISE  RELAXATION  GUIDED IMAGERY29
  30. 30. STRESS MANAGEMENT GET ORGANIZED: USE CALENDERS OR “TO DO LISTS” KNOW YOUR LIMITS: BE REALISTIC CHANGE ATTITUDE: LEARN TO SEE STRESSFUL SITUATIONS AS CHALLENGES TALK IT OVER: TALK THE SITUATION OVER WITH A FRIEND30
  31. 31. STRESS MANAGEMENT LEARN TO SAY “NO”: THERE ARE SOME DEMANDS THAT WE HAVE NO CONTROL OVER. SEPARATE THOSE FROM ACTIVITIES OVER WHICH WE HAVE SOME CONTROL, AND LEARN TO SAY “NO” TO DEMANDS.31
  32. 32. STRESS MANAGEMENT POSITIVE SELF TALK: LEARN THAT YOU CAN MANAGE A STRESSFUL SITUATION BY WHAT YOU SAY TO YOURSELF, “I CAN HANDLE THIS ONE STEP AT A TIME”.32
  33. 33. STRESS MANAGEMENT TAKE CHARGE: TAKE RESPONSIBILITY FOR MAKING YOUR LIFE WHAT YOU WANT.33
  34. 34. STRESS MANAGEMENT  DEEP BREATHING  PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION  BIOFEEDBACK  MEDITATION  BEGIN AN EXERCISE PROGRAM  REAPPRAISE YOUR LIFE AND PRIORITIES34
  35. 35. STRESS MANAGEMENT LOVE, PRAY, FORGIVE REALIZE THAT MOST STRESS COMES FROM WITHIN, NOT WITHOUT. TAKE TIME TO SMELL THE FLOWERS AND TASTE THE STRAWBERRIES.35
  36. 36. STRESS MANAGEMENT QUESTIONS? THANK YOU VERY MUCH FOR YOUR ATTENTIVENESS36

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