FORM OF THE PRESENTPERFECTTHE PRESENT PERFECT USES THEAUXILIARY HAVE AND THE PASTPARTICIPLEI HAVE FINISHED MY WORKSHE HAS BEEN TO CHINA.HAVE YOU SEEN MY PEN?
FORM: THINGS TO NOTETHE AUXILIARY HAVE CHANGESFORM:I HAVE, YOU HAVE, WE HAVEBUTHE HAS, SHE HAS, JOHN HAS
USING CONTRACTIONSIN THE PRESENT PERFECTI’VE = I HAVE YOU’VE= YOU HAVEHE’S = HE HAS SHE’S = SHE HASWE’VE = WE HAVE THEY’VE = THEY HAVE
PRACTICE USINGCONTRACTIONS• WE HAVE JUST SOLVED THEPROBLEM.We’ve just solved the problem.SHE HAS NEVER BEEN TO FRANCE.She’s never been to France.THEY HAVE BEEN MARRIED FOR 5 YEARS.They’ve been married for 5 years.YOU HAVE SEEN THAT MOVIE.You’ve seen that movie.
THINGS TO NOTE• THE PAST PARTICIPLE IS FORMED IN REGULAR VERBS BY ADDING-ED IN IRREGULAR VERBS THE WHOLEFORM CHANGESSEE, SAW, SEENDO, DID, DONEEAT, ATE, EATEN
INDEFINITE TIME IN THEPASTDURATION OF AN ACTION ORSTATE FROM PRESENT TOPASTFORSINCE
TIME SIGNALS FORINDEFINITE TIMErecentlyJUSTeverLATELYYETALREADYNO TIME SIGNAL
EXAMPLES OFINDEFINITE TIMEYou have seen that movie.He has just finished his project.The books have not arrived yet.They have already eaten lunch.I have never met her husband.Have you ever tasted sushi?
EXTRA PRACTICE WITHINDEFINITE TIME• Excuse me, but (wemeet) ? You look familiar.• I’m not hungry. I (justhave) lunch.How many people (youinvite) to the party?Can you let me in? I(forget) my key.have we met‘ve just hadhave you‘ve forgotten
DURATION OF TIME• Use for an action, event, or state thatstarted in the past but continues (orcan continue) into the presentUsed most often with I’ve been on the phone for 10minutes. I’ve been on the phone since 8o’clock. How long have I been on the phone?forhow longsince
DURATION OF TIME –TIME SIGNALSforsince10 o’clock thismorningTuesdayA long timeyears…the past year…many yearsso far
USING FOR AND SINCE• Use foro With an amount (length) of time…for a year …for 3 hours…for 2 days …for a long time• Use sinceo With a specific moment in time…since 1995 …since I woke up…since last Tuesday …since 8 a.m.
DURATION OF TIME EXAMPLESI’ve known her for many years.She has been waiting here for overan hour. They have been in Canada for thepast ten years.He has owned his home since 1995.She has taught here for manyyears.She has not seen him in ages.
PRACTICING THE PRESENT PERFECTI (wait) for the bus for 20minutes!What (do) to my hair? It’s awful!I can’t go to the party with you. I( finish) my homework.Where is Marc? He (go) shopping forFood.How long (you work) here?have beenwaitinghave youdonehaven’tfinished‘s gonehave youworked
PRACTICE PRESENT PERFECTWITH FOR AND SINCEJames has not seen his brother tenyears.We have had an Internet connectionlast September.She has had that cough 2 weeks.Louis has played the piano he was achild.I haven’t seen Claire shegraduated.I have not slept well last Friday.sinceforsincesincesincefor