Present Perfect Simple Continuous

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  • 1. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE &CONTINUOUS
  • 2. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEFORM: have / has + past participleUSES:1. LIFE EXPERIENCESI’ve been to ChinaShe’s ridden a horse
  • 3. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE2. ALREADY, JUST & YETThey’ve just leftShe’s already called her friendThey haven’t finished yet
  • 4. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLESUPERLATIVES & “THE FIRST, SECOND,LAST TIME”, ETCIt’s the best meal I’ve ever hadIt’s the first time he’s given a speech
  • 5. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE3. CONNECTION PAST & PRESENTI’ve sprained my ankle, as you can seeHe’s lost his keys
  • 6. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NON-ACTION VERBS:be, have, know, like, etc)I’ve known Maria for 10 yearsThey’ve had that car since 2007
  • 7. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANYHow many books have you written?I’ve spent too much money
  • 8. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSFORM: HAVE / HAS + BEEN + VERB + INGUSES:1. “HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE” WITH ACTIONVERBS (action started in past & continues now)How long have you been feeling like this?She’s been travelling by bus for 5 years
  • 9. PRESENT PERFECTCONTINUOUS2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITHTIME EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY,ETCI have been arguing with my husbandlately.The phone has been ringing all day.
  • 10. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUSTFINISHED (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT)He’s been running all day. He’s dead!A: Look at your hands! They’re so filthy!B: I know. I’ve been painting the living room
  • 11. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?With “How long?, For & Since” we canuse both. However, we prefer thecontinuous for shorter, temporaryactions.We’ve lived in London since 1980We’ve been living in London since 1980We’ve been staying in a hotel for the lastmonth
  • 12. SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE:Emphasis on the RESULT of the actionI’ve painted my living roomPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS:Emphasis on the DURATION of theactionI’ve been painting my living room