PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEFORM: have / has + past participleUSES:1. LIFE EXPERIENCESI’ve been to ChinaShe’s ridden a horse
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE2. ALREADY, JUST & YETThey’ve just leftShe’s already called her friendThey haven’t finished yet
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLESUPERLATIVES & “THE FIRST, SECOND,LAST TIME”, ETCIt’s the best meal I’ve ever hadIt’s the first time he’s given a speech
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE3. CONNECTION PAST & PRESENTI’ve sprained my ankle, as you can seeHe’s lost his keys
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE4. HOW LONG / FOR/ SINCE (NON-ACTION VERBS:be, have, know, like, etc)I’ve known Maria for 10 yearsThey’ve had that car since 2007
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE5. HOW MUCH / HOW MANYHow many books have you written?I’ve spent too much money
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSFORM: HAVE / HAS + BEEN + VERB + INGUSES:1. “HOW LONG / FOR / SINCE” WITH ACTIONVERBS (action started in past & continues now)How long have you been feeling like this?She’s been travelling by bus for 5 years
PRESENT PERFECTCONTINUOUS2. REPEATED ACTIONS, ESPECIALLY WITHTIME EXPRESSIONS LIKE ALL DAY, RECENTLY,ETCI have been arguing with my husbandlately.The phone has been ringing all day.
PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS3. CONTINUOUS ACTIONS THAT HAVE JUSTFINISHED (WITH RESULT IN THE PRESENT)He’s been running all day. He’s dead!A: Look at your hands! They’re so filthy!B: I know. I’ve been painting the living room
SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?With “How long?, For & Since” we canuse both. However, we prefer thecontinuous for shorter, temporaryactions.We’ve lived in London since 1980We’ve been living in London since 1980We’ve been staying in a hotel for the lastmonth
SIMPLE OR CONTINUOUS?PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE:Emphasis on the RESULT of the actionI’ve painted my living roomPRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS:Emphasis on the DURATION of theactionI’ve been painting my living room
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