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Grammar Grammar Presentation Transcript

  • REVISION 3Present Perfect SimplePast SimpleConversation© Peter Humay 2008
  • © Peter Humay 2008 2Present Perfect SimpleI have opened the window.You have closed your book.We have checked a test.They have written an exercise.He has done his homework.She has broken her leg.It has slept.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 3Present Perfect SimpleQUESTIONS AND NEGATIVESHave you opened the window?Have they written a test?Has he done his homework?You haven’t opened the window.They haven’t written a test.He hasn’t done his homework.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 4Present Perfect SimpleIt is used to express:• an action from the past has a result in thepresent: The train has arrived. (And the train ishere now.)• I + have + past participleHe + has + past participle
  • © Peter Humay 2008 5Present Perfect: exercise 1a1. I ............................................... (break) a cup.2. He ............................................. (pay) the bill.3. She ........................................ (fall) from a tree.4. We ................................... (forget) the address.5. They ................................. (buy) some sweets.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 6Present Perfect: exercise 1b1. We ............................................ (not / watch) a video.2. He .......................................... (not / help) his parents.3. She .................................................. (not / see) him.4. We .......................................... (not / forget) the keys.5. They ......................................... (not / buy) new jeans.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 7Present Perfect: exercise 1c1. ..................... you ...................... (meet) him?2. ................... he ...................... (pay) the bill?3. ................... they ................. (fall) from a wall?4. .................... she ......................arrived in NY?5. ..................... we .................... (buy) any milk?
  • © Peter Humay 2008 8Present Perfect Simpleever, never, already, still not, yet, not yetHave you ever been to the U.S.A?Have you been to Britain yet?I have never eaten sushi.I haven’t drunk wine yet.I have already read Harry Potter.I still haven’t found what I am looking for.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 9Present Perfect Simplefor, sinceI have studied English grammarfor ten years.FOR + a period of timeI have studied English grammarsince 1998.SINCE + a point of time
  • © Peter Humay 2008 10Present Perfect: ever, never, for, since1. She’s lived there ............................ many years,................................ 1989, I believe.2. He has ..................................... loved anybody as much as her.3. We have known Paul .............................................. three years.4. Have you .................................................. met him?
  • © Peter Humay 2008 11Present Perfect: ever, never, for, since5. I have known him ......................................... we went to schooltogether, but I’ve ............................................... met his parents.6. They have ....................................................... eaten Indian food.7. She’s been in France ................................................... February.8. We haven’t seen you .......................................... a very long time.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 12Past SimpleI visited my grandmother.You played tennis.He appeared on TV.She wrote a book.It slept.We won a cup.They met a famous person.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 13Past Simple: QUESTIONS, NEGATIVESDid you visit your grandmother?Did he appear on TV?Did they meet a famous person?I didn’t see your sister.He didn’t write a letter.We didn’t watch the film.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 14Past SimpleIt is used to express:• an action which happened and finished at aparticular time in the pastUseful words:• yesterday • last year• two days ago • in September 1998• before two years • when I was a child
  • © Peter Humay 2008 15Past Simple: exercise 1a1. I .......................... (take) him to the hospital.2. We .............................. (buy) a new house.3. They ...................... (win) a race yesterday.4. He ........................ (go) to school last week.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 16Past Simple: exercise 1b1. They ..................................... (not / drink) Champagne.2. We .............................................. (not / come) on time.3. She ................................... (catch) the train yesterday.4. I ................................. (not / have) free time lastmonth.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 17Past Simple: exercise 1c1. ........................... they ............................ (visit) you last Monday?2. ........................... she ............................. (bring) a bottle?3. ........................ you ................................. (finish) school last year?4. .............................. he ................................. (sing) his new songs?
  • © Peter Humay 2008 18Present Perfect or Past Simple1. Tim Jackson .................................................... (write) a lot of books.2. He ............................................... (write) his first fourteen years ago.3. ............................ you ever .............................. (try) Japanese food?4. He ............................. never .................................. (be) to the USA.5. She ............................................... (live) in Manchester for five yearsand she doesn’t want to move anywhere else.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 19Present Perfect or Past Simple6. They ............................ (live) in London for two years,and then in 1995 they ......................... (move) toOxford.7. I ........................... never ...................... (be) to Russia.8. When ...................... you ......................... (go) there?9. We ............................ (meet) Maria and Francis threeyears ago.
  • © Peter Humay 2008 20CONVERSATION1. How long have you lived in your town?2. How long have you studied English?3. How long have you known your best friend?4. How long have you had your bike?5. How long have you had your computer?6. How many countries have you visited?7. Have you been to .................?8. Where did you go on a holiday last year?9. Who did you go there with?10. What did you see / do ? Who did you meet?