Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes International Living History Maritime and Sailing Center
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Lake Ontario And Finger Lakes International Living History Maritime and sailing Center- Concept and Proposal to Establish the Center

Lake Ontario And Finger Lakes International Living History Maritime and sailing Center- Concept and Proposal to Establish the Center

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  • 1. Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes International Living History Maritime & Sailing Center Concept & Proposal
  • 2. The average annual attendance at Red Wings baseball games is 414,398 people (66 games per year; 6,094 people per game) and Amerk hockey games is 212, 605 people (38 games; 5,595 people per game); the average attendance at a NASCAR race at Watkins Glen International is 180,000 people; the average annual attendance at all 36 Sprint Cup races held in the U.S. is 98,000; 150,000 spectators attended the 2013 Kentucky Derby, the highest profile and largest sporting event held in the United States (with the exception of the Olympics).
  • 3. ♦ “When the first commercial sailing vessel [the Sloop “Alexander” ] was launched at Geneva, on Seneca Lake, in the later part of 1796, several thousand people assembled to witness the event, no such circumstance having occurred before to draw together so many from this sparsely settled area. Historian George Conover writes “Natives of every State In the Union and of every nation in Europe, were to be found in the assemblage, all ambitious of the one object, the aggrandizement of the Genesee country.” ~From “Commercial Sailing On The Finger Lakes” by Richard F. Palmer; Crooked Lake Review 1993 ♦ Schuyler County Historical Society documents and newspaper articles from the day record that the first grand Seneca Lake Regatta, which was held on September 9-11, 1874, drew a crowd of over 200,000 people. Large grandstands were erected on the west shore of the lake to accommodate regatta spectators, providing views of the three mile long rowing and twenty mile long sailing race courses. This was an incredible assembly, as it occurred in the era before the automobile! Historical photos courtesy of the Schuyler County and DeWitt Historical Societies; used with permission
  • 4. Historical photos and postcards courtesy of the Schuyler County Historical Society, Watkins Glen Review & Express newspaper archives, and the New York State Historical Archives; used with permission
  • 5. THE greatest community asset is Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes!
  • 6. Vintage photographs and drawings courtesy of the Rochester Public Library Local History Division and Vintage Rochester; used with permission
  • 7. Circa early 1800’s painting of sailing vessels in the Port of Rochester Image courtesy of the Rochester Public Library historic records archives; used with permission
  • 8. Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes International Living History Maritime & Sailing Center  A bolder, broader, grander, more long-term prosperous, community sustainability oriented vision for the future of the Port of Rochester/Charlotte Beach and Finger Lakes communities waterfronts  A model for other (Great Lakes and in-land) waterfront communities  Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes version/combination of Mystic Seaport (Mystic, CT), Salem Maritime National Historic Park/Salem Warf (Salem, MA), Baltimore Inner Harbor (Baltimore, MD), Sturbridge Village (Sturbridge, MA), Plimoth Plantation (Plymouth, MA), and Colonial Williamsburg (Williamsburg, VA)  A world class draw/destination!  1800’s era (Rochester and Finger Lakes) maritime history, lifestyle and impact (economic, historical, cultural, social, etc.) Lake Ontario and Seneca Lake have long been known as the “sailing capital of the east”  Economic development opportunity/economic potential- long term sustainable revenue for the community/region, with low expense expenditure  Direct connectivity thread between Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes  Year round; wide variety of audiences: international competitors/Olympians, sailing enthusiasts, tourists/visitors (international, national, regional and local), families, youth/youth-at-risk/youth groups, corporate/business sector, special needs populations, “romance” seekers/weddings, film makers, advertisers,
  • 9. From Finger Lakes Postcard History Series, by Kirk W. House and Charles R. Mitchell, 2008; used with permission from Arcadia Publishing
  • 10. “Navigation on Cayuga Lake has been suspended for the winter so far as passenger boats are concerned. The steamers on Canandaigua and Keuka Lake are still making their accustomed trips, but only for the accommodations of the fruit traffic, and soon will be hauled off for the season. The open waters of Seneca Lake will be navigated by boats without cessation, and therein is its distinctive feature of superiority over other lakes in northern latitudes.” From the November 3, 1887 issue of the Review & Express newspaper
  • 11. Programmatic Design/Focus  (Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes) Lake Maritime History  Historic Sailing Vessels- schooners, sloops, yawls, etc. Live use, experiential, “hands-on, minds-on”, living history, not just on (museum) display  Sailing Vessels designated as National Historic Landmarks (example: The Lynx of America) Note: The are currently three sailing ships in New York State with National Historic Landmark status: 1888 Sloop Priscilla, 1893 Schooner Lettie G. Howard, and the Sloop Modesty Public domain historical photos
  • 12. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 1796 Sloop Alexander 1796 Sloop Sloop of the Seneca (rechristened as the Seneca in 1800) 1805 (masted ferry vessel) Goodwin (burned in 1897) 1812-1814 Schooner Robert S. Troup 1814 Schooner Sally Ann 1814 Sloop Geneva 1816 Schooner Lasiter 1823 Schooner Mary & Hannah 1864 Schooner St. Louis 1866 Schooner Mary A. Daryaw (also known as the Kewaunee) 1869 Schooner S.S. Ellsworth 1872 Schooner Julia B. Merrill 1873 Schooner Lyman M. Davis 1875 double reefed sailing vessel Water Witch (in its era, renown for Historical photos from Between The Lakes: The History of South Seneca County making the fastest run of the length by Maurice L. Patterson; used with permission of the publisher of Seneca Lake, from Geneva to Watkins Glen, in four hours) 1920 Yawl The Lotus
  • 13. Registered Commercial Vessels in 1857 From: Historical And Statistical Gazetteer Of New York State 1860
  • 14. Three schooners built in the Finger Lakes were famous Great Lakes sailing vessels • 1814 Schooner Sally Ann (built in Ovid; 29 tons) • 1814 Sloop Geneva (built in Geneva; 37 tons) • 1816 Schooner Lassiter (built in Ulysses; 37 tons) Historical drawing of the vessels berthed at Sackets Harbor on Lake Ontario; drawing courtesy of the New York State Historical Archives, used with permission Note: There are only eight Great Lakes Schooners of any note that still exist
  • 15. Henry Eckford, world renown master shipwright, designer and builder of nearly all the men-of-war sailing vessels built on Lake Ontario during the War of 1812 • • • • • • • • 1779 Frigate USS Mohawk 1810 Sloop-of-War USS Grampus 1812 Sloop-of-War USS Trippe (originally named Contractor; refitted in 1812) 1813 Schooner USS sylph 1813 Sloop-of-War Schooner Lady of the Lake 1814 Frigate USS Superior 1814 Sloop-of-War Saratoga 1813 Corvette USS General Pike USS General Pike
  • 16. Sovereign of the Seas 1853 Clipper Ship Set the world record for the fastest sailing ship in 1854 22 Knots 1:45 Speed-Length Ratio (The average speed of ships of the day was 19 Knots; average speed-length ratio 1:26) Public domain historical photo; U.S. Library of Congress
  • 17. 1884 Sloop Busy Bee ♦ 1866 Schooner Ben H. Porter Historical photos and documents courtesy of the Schuyler County and DeWitt Historical Societies; used with permission 1867 Sloop-Rigged Scow Onondaga 1901 Sloop the Orphan (won numerous international sailing competitions in the 1900’s through the 1950’s)
  • 18. 1851 Schooner Petrel One of the “Whale Hunters of Pultneyville” which frequently sailed from the Port of Rochester; active on Lake Ontario for more than a half a century, her whaling exploits and voyages around the world were mentioned many times in the Marine News in the Rochester newspapers of the era Drawing from “Rochester History” Volume LXIII Spring 1996, a publication of the Rochester Public Library; used with permission
  • 19. The Clipper Ship Beaver. The ship was owned by John Jacob Astor, who was a regular client of the Rochester NY based international trade company Porter, Barton & Co., and carried cargo from Rochester to Peru in 1819 1816 Schooner Steam Vessel S.S. Frontenac, was the first steam vessel on the Great Lakes. Its masts were removed and the vessel was converted fully to steam in 1870. Considered one of the grand old steamers on Cayuga Lake, it caught fire, burned and sank on July 27, 1907. Drawings from “Rochester History” Volume XLV July and October 1983, a publication of the Rochester Public Library; used with permission
  • 20. 1826-1827 Schooner Lyre of Tioga and the Seneca Lake Inlet (at Catharine Creek) drawbridge incident “A lighter story concerns the schooner Lyre of Tioga, built at Mills Landing in Montour Falls NY (then called Havana) during the winter of 1826-27, and financed by local businessmen. Coincidental with this was the construction of a draw bridge over the inlet to Seneca Lake, also known as Catharine Creek. When completed, the new craft was loaded with locally-produced commodities to be taken to the eastern markets through the canal system. But the Lyre could not pass through the narrow drawbridge gap where the creek entered the lake. Pleas to widen the gap had fallen on deaf ears, and the owners faced financial ruin with their boat. The boat owners solved the problem coincidental and in keeping with the Fourth of July. They placed a cannon on the prow of the schooner and loaded it with broken andirons. When a convenient distance from the drawbridge, one welldirected shot made kindling wood out of the span and the Lyre sailed on its merry way. It is said the “attack” on the drawbridge was made at night so the law was never able to prove who destroyed the bridge. A new bridge was soon built of a more accommodating size to allow the passage of boats.” ~From “Commercial Sailing On The Finger Lakes, Part III” by Richard F. Palmer, 1993
  • 21. 1875 Schooner Water Witch 1873 Schooner Lyman M. Davis 1864 Schooner St. Louis 1866 Schooner Mary A. Daryaw Schooner Cossack Circa 1870’s photo 1880 Sloop Friendship Circa 1920’s photo Historical photos from the New York State Historical Archives and the “Last Of The Lake Schooners” by Richard F. Palmer, Crooked Lake Review, 2008; used with permission of the publisher and archives
  • 22. 1805 Masted Ferry Vessel Goodwin Historical Drawing Courtesy of Town of Catharine/Montour Falls Memorial Library Historic Archives, used with permission
  • 23. November 18, 1823 The Geneva Gazette reported* that on September 11, 1869 the Schooner S.S. Ellsworth took a cargo of 300 tons of coal to Toronto, Canada, which was recorded as the first direct shipment ever made from Seneca Lake to a Canadian port From a newspaper article published on 9/18/1869
  • 24. “$150 REWARD- Ran away from the subscriber, on Sunday night, 27th inst., my NEGRO GIRL, Lear Green, about 18 years of age, black complexion, round featured, good-looking and ordinary size… The above reward will be paid if said girl is taken out of the State of Maryland and delivered to me; or fifty dollars if taken in the State of Maryland.” JAMES NOBEL, No. 153 Broadway, Baltimore …”They found an old sea chest, which they packed with a pillow, a few articles of clothing, some food, and a water bottle. Lear climbed in, the lid was closed, and strong ropes were tied around the chest. The chest was shipped north on an Erricson Lines steamship to Philadelphia.” From Philadelphia the chest was transported to Elmira, New York and then routed to Watkins Glen. From Watkins Glen the chest was shipped on the Schooner Fox across Lake Ontario to Canada. According to shipping records of the time, the entire journey took eight days. “Escape In A Sea Chest”, Excerpted from: Underground Railroad Tales With Routes Through The Finger Lakes Region (revised edition) by Emerson Klees and illustrated by Dru Wheelin; used with permission of the publisher, Friends of the Finger Lakes Publishing
  • 25. Among the surviving historic sailing vessels in storage, derelict and/or private ownership today, there are at least sixteen 1800’s era lake schooners that sailed on Lake Ontario, Seneca and Cayuga Lakes and three (known) historic schooners that had been converted from old steamboats Historical documents and photos courtesy of Schuyler County Historical Society; used with permission Examples: • 1824 Schooner Highland Chief • 1831 Schooner Constitution (re-named the Independence) • 1866 Schooner Ben H. Porter
  • 26.  Famous schooners, sloops and sailing vessels used/featured in movies/films and television shows (example: Schooner Malabar VII “True Love”, Movie “High Society”)  Schooners, sloops and sailing vessels owned and/or sailed by famous people (examples: 1939 Schooner When and If owned by General George Patton; Louis Philippe, King of France from 1830-1848, along with his two younger brothers, exiled during the ascendancy of Napoleon, evoked that his greatest adventure in America was sailing a sloop [name unrecorded] the length of Seneca Lake to Watkins Glen NY in 1797)
  • 27.  Replicas of fictional schooners, sloops and sailing vessels written about in books and literature Examples:  “Dragon”, Iain Lawrence's The Smugglers and The Buccaneers, The High Seas Trilogy  “Ebba”, Ker Karraje's pirate schooner in Jules Verne’s Facing The Flag  “Hispaniola”, a schooner from Robert Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island  “Ghost”, seal-hunting schooner in Jack London’s The Sea Wolf  “Prudence & Apostle 1219”, Iain Lawrence's The Smugglers and The Buccaneers, The High Seas Trilogy  “Sweet Judy”, in Terry Practhett’s Nation  “Kestrel”, Revolutionary War privateering topsail schooner, Danelle Harmon's Captain Of My Heart, My Lady Pirate, and Wicked At Heart  Oneida, a real 1809 U.S. Brig and Warship, provides the setting for Hope Marston’s historical based fiction novel Sackets Harbor Powder Monkey- The War of 1812 Note: In process of researching fictional sailing vessels highlighted in books/literature written about Lake Ontario or the Finger Lakes, which take place on Lake Ontario or the Finger Lakes, or were written by famous Lake Ontario, Genesee and Finger Lakes region authors
  • 28. Historic sailing vessels restoration & reproductions/boat building (restoring/reproducing/building and then sailing the vessels) Historic sailing event reenactments (July 4,1816 military naval event; War of 1812- three warship sailing vessels (U.S. Brig Oneida, U.S. Brig Sylph, U.S. Brig Clitz) were stationed on Lake Ontario and Seneca Lake to move supplies from the Finger Lakes to support the troops at Sackets Harbor on Lake Ontario; Cayuga Ferry Treaty of 1795; etc.) From Seneca Lake Past, Present and Future by Carol U. Sisler, 1994; used with permission from Enterprise Publishing
  • 29. War of 1812 Lake Ontario Warships Stationed in the Harbor of the Genesee and/or Involved in the “Great Battle of Charlotte” on May 13, 1813 • 1810 U.S. Brig Clitz (262 tons; 14 guns) • 1813 Schooner (300 tons, 16 guns); re-rigged (350 tons, 18 guns) in 1814 U.S. Brig Sylph (dimensions and tonnage unknown; sold before 1824) • 1812 Corvette U.S. Brig Madison (593 tons, 20 guns; ship broken up in 1824) • 1810 Schooner Lady Murray (a private vessel owned by Captain William M’Kinistry of Penfield NY, seized and pressed into military service by the British) • 1812 Schooner Experiment (originally known as Growler; 53 tons, 10 guns; captured by British July 3, 1813, later called Chubb); retaken by Americans September 11, 1813; sold July 1815) Sources: “Visits of American and British Naval Vessels to the Genesee River, 1809 to 1814” by Frank Hanford, Rochester Historical Society Publications, Volume III; used with permission; The History Of The American Sailing Navy The Ships And Their Development by Howard I. Chappelle; used with permission of the publisher, Bonanza Books
  • 30. 1809 U.S. Brig Oneida 220 tons, 14 guns; the final fate of the ship is unknown Note: Artifacts from the Oneida are on display at the Sackets Harbor Battlefield State Historic Site in Sackets Harbor NY Illustrations from The History Of The American Sailing Navy The Ships And Their Development by Howard I. Chappelle; used with permission of the publisher, Bonanza Books
  • 31.  Historic sunken boat wrecks (diving/underwater archeological tourism and research opportunities; NY Underwater BlueWay Trail) Examples: 1826-1827 Schooner Lyre of Tioga 1855 Schooner Queen of the Lakes 1886 sinking of Sloop George Washington 1878 sinking of the Schooner Wild Fire 1875 burning & sinking of 1867 Sloop Onondaga “These wrecks are very different than wrecks in other parts of the world; there are not many people out here diving on these wrecks, it is not a common thing; this is a big missing gap in New York State, not a lot of people know about these wrecks, history and the industrial economic shipping that was critically important to New York for hundreds of years.” ~NY State Chief of Underwater Archeology
  • 32. H.M.S. Ontario 1780 Sloop of War The oldest confirmed shipwreck and the only fully intact British warship to have ever been found in the Great Lakes~ found in deep water off Lake Ontario’s southern shore, west of Rochester NY Tiller with overturned cannons located just above the port side Quarter Gallery Illustration of the HMS Ontario from the book Legend of the Lake by Arthur Britton Smith Scroll Bow Stem ~Photos by Dan Scoville & Jim Kennard, Shipwreck Discovery Team There are an estimated 4,700 shipwrecks in the Great Lakes, with approximately 550 occurring on Lake Ontario
  • 33.  International Lake Ontario/Finger Lakes Sailing Festivals and sailing regattas (national and international regattas) Examples: ♦Annually hosted 24,000 Girl Scouts and international sailors from around the world in the 1970’s & 1980’s ♦In 1940, members of all of the yacht clubs in New York State participated in the Invitational Sailing Regatta sponsored by the Watkins Glen Yacht Club. The event was so colorful and so successful it was recognized by National Geographic Magazine with a full page, full color picture of one of the races ♦In 1941, the Seneca Lake Sailing Association (an informal association) conducted the very first national K-boat regatta (the boats were built by the Murray Wright Boat Company in Dundee NY) ♦According to historical records, in 1948 the Seneca Yacht Club (under the auspices of the Central New York Racing Association) hosted the largest freshwater sailing regatta ever held in the world (racing occurred in multiple classes; today many classes are inactive and regattas are often held for only one to three classes, such as Stars, at a time); could bring back/revitalize that distinction/tradition!
  • 34. Historical photo/postcard courtesy of the Central New York Racing Association; used with permission Historical photo from Cornell & Ithaca In Postcards… A History With Reflections by Harvey N. Roehl, used with permission from the Publisher, The Vestal Press, Ltd.
  • 35.  Olympic sailing/Olympic caliber sailing/Olympic (inland waters) national training facility  Sailing academy/sailing training programs (like the world renown center/training academy in Florida)  Community sailing programs (like Community Rowing & Sailing in Boston, MA; host of Head Of The Charles Regatta, prelude to the Henley Regatta in England) Photos courtesy of the United States Olympic Committee; used with permission
  • 36.  (Establishing a) Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes “Boat Trail”/connectivity Points of interest: Finger Lakes Boat Museum, Canandaigua paddlewheelers/steamboats, Erie Museum, Erie Canal packetboats, et. al., boat festivals (Keuka Antique Boat Show & Regatta), U.S. Naval Training Station/Sampson State Park, etc. (like the Freedom Trail in Boston MA, Florida Black Heritage Trail, Amish Trail, Free Thought Trail, Wine Trails, etc.)  National Park/”Blueway” component (akin to “Mound City” in Ohio, Florida Blueways Trail, and the National Scenic Trail), with connectivity to the existing Seaway Trail Historical photos and documents from the Geneva Historical Society; used with permission
  • 37.  Carboard Boat Regatta(s) (with a sailing vessel hosting the national cardboard boat regatta theme);  Harbor Lights  Tall Ships Festival(s)
  • 38. During Rochester’s Sesquicentennial celebration in 1984 tall ships entered the Genesee River from Lake Ontario near the Stutson Street swing bridge Photo from “Rochester History”, Volume LXI Summer, Fall 1999, a publication of the Rochester Public Library; used with permission
  • 39. Tall Ships Parade of Sail
  • 40. Examples Of Famous Historic Sailing Vessels That Have Visited The Port Of Rochester Caravel Nina (replica); 2007 HMS Bounty; June 27, 2010 Photos by Richard Cooper, taken at the Port
  • 41. 1851 Schooner America The First America’s Cup Boat In 1998 a replica was sailed from the Port of Rochester to Detroit MI Original Vessel; painting circa 1851 Replica Vessel Image and photo courtesy of the New York Yacht Club; used with permission
  • 42.  Maritime music & arts festivals (sea music/chanties, etc.)  Historic maritime arts & crafts (model boats/model ship building, knot tying, etc.)  Annual Aquatic Carnival (recreation of the historic carnival held from 18281934 at Long Pier/ Lakeside Park/Green’s Pavilion in Geneva) Historical photo courtesy of the Geneva Historical Society; used with permission
  • 43.  Lake Ontario and Finger Lakes (Great Lake and in-land lake) maritime themed still photography, media, film/movie and TV show location & production “Tess of Storm Country” (1912, Metro Studios) staring actress Norma Talmadge, “The Perils of Pauline” (1915, Wharton Studios), and serial thrillers (RKO Studios) staring actor Lionel Barrymore were among the many films featuring sailing/maritime themes that were shot on Seneca and Cayuga Lakes Historical photos courtesy of the DeWitt Historical Society; used with permission
  • 44.  Recreational sailing/boating  Family programs  Youth programs/youth-at-risk/ youth group/school programs  Leadership development and team building programs (corporate leadership and team building sails, etc.)  “Live aboard”/overnight (historic daily life onboard) immersive experience opportunities (akin to the PBS “1900 House” and “The Westward Pioneers” experiences)  Adaptive sailing (sailing for the disabled, blind & visually impaired) and events (like the U.S. National Wheelchair Rowing Championship, Community Rowing/Sailing)
  • 45. To Make The Center A Reality:  Waterfront/waterfront access  Deep water dockage/boat slips  Warehouse sized building/buildings & facilities  Legal permission/rights to use movie “High Society”, etc.  Partners, collaborators & cooperative entities  Support and funding  501(c)(3) not-for-profit status (ability to provide tax benefits and incentives to donors)  For-profit partners/adjuncts/ subsidiaries & collaborative agreements (w/ boat owners, maritime artisans, etc.)
  • 46. Support And Funding:  Major donors (individuals, corporations/businesses, organizations, civic groups, etc.; as identified through the Gravitas Mapping©® process and comprehensive fundraising/fund development plan)  Private foundations/family foundations/philanthropists (New York Community Trust, community foundations, Recreational Boating & Fishing Foundation, etc.)  Sailing and boating industry/community (sailboat manufacturers & dealers, sailing associations, Evenrude family in Florida, etc.)  Hotels/motels/hospitality industry  Area/regional attractions, wineries & breweries, etc.  Hollywood & television stars/elite  Innovative sources of funding (Transfer Fee Charitable Giving©®, Better America Bonds, etc.)  NY State economic development grant funding*  Federal economic development grant funding/earmarks*  County, city & municipal grant funding/support*  National Historic Preservation Trust *only as an economic catalyst; not for on-going support; The Center is to be primarily privately funded
  • 47. Prospective Partner, Collaborative & Cooperative Entities, and Networking Opportunities Local and Regional Private sailing operations/boat tour & excursion businesses (ex: Schooner Excursions (Schooner Malibar VII “True Love”; Joshua & Lisa Navone), Seneca Sailing Adventures (Captain Terry Stewart), Captain Gray’s, Captain Bill’s (Captain Mark Simiele), Bryce Marine, etc. New York State Sail & Power Squadron (& local squadrons) Local yacht clubs Lake Ontario/Finger Lakes Underwater Preservation Association and New York State Underwater Preserves (ex: David W. Mills Underwater Archeological Preserve) Cayuga Wooden Boatworks Monroe County, Schuyler County, Cayuga County & other lakeside counties; City of Rochester Lakeside municipalities, villages and towns County and local historical societies Finger Lakes Regional Economic Development Council (& other New York State councils) Rochester and regional/local area Chamber of Commerce’s Rochester Museum & Science Center, Finger Lakes Boat Museum, Finger Lakes Museum of Natural &
  • 48. State and National              United States Olympic Committee U.S. Sailing Association U.S. Waterfronts Council U.S. Navy and U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Department of the Interior/National Park Service U.S. Environmental Protection Agency “Old Ironsides” Maritime History Center (Boston, MA; world renown historic boat restoration program; Community Rowing/Sailing’s Director of Boat Maintenance headed up the restoration of “Old Ironsides” and other historic sailing vessels) Business Roundtable (Richard Stoff, Executive Director) New York State Department of Environmental Conservation New York State Office of Historical Preservation Great Lakes Singlehanded Sailing Society Seaway Trail Council Smithsonian Institution (Smithsonian Partner Program) International  International Maritime Association  International Joint Commission (for the Great Lakes) United States and Canada (Dr. Samuel Speck, Commissioner)
  • 49. Other Maritime Museums & Centers in New York State: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • American Merchant Marine Museum (New York)- a national repository celebrating American merchant marine history Antique Boat Museum (Thousand Islands)- specializes in Chris Craft boats Buffalo & Erie County Naval & Military Park (Buffalo)- a museum that is home to several WWII naval destroyers, vessels and PT boats Canal Society of New York State (Lockport)- exhibits historic canal packet boats and barges Carmans River Maritime Center (Brookhaven)- features 20th century rowboats, ferries, fishing vessels, oil tankers, and 40 Shore Bird class 1923-1926 sloops designed by Charles D. Mower City Island Nautical Museum (New York)- dedicated to City Island’s famous yacht builders who contributed to the successful defense of the America’s Cup Clearwater Hudson River Sloop (Clearwater)- 106 foot historic 19th century wooden sailing Sloop the Clearwater Cold Spring Harbor Whaling Museum (Cold Spring)- exhibits on whaling history and nine 1800’s whale boats East End Seaport Maritime Museum (Greenport)- ships models and exhibits on Greenport’s shipbuilding industry South Street Seaport Museum (New York)- features a feet of six restored historic tall ships, including the famous tall ship Pekin Erie Canal Museum & Village (Syracuse)- outdoor living history museum with exhibits on Erie canal history, mule drawn packet boats, and 5 historic canal barges H. Lee White Museum (Oswego)- historic 1900’s fishing vessel Eleanor D., WWII National Historic Landmark Tug LT-5, and canal Derrick Barge #8 National Maritime Historical Society (New York)- dedicated to America’s seafaring heritage and exhibits the historic Bark Kaiulani New Netherland Museum and Half Moon (Hudson River)- highlights contributions of Dutch colonizers and exhibits a replica of the ship the Halve Maen (Half Moon) Oswego Maritime Foundation (Oswego)- classic gaff-rigged 85 foot Schooner OMS Ontario Sackets Harbor Battlefield State Historic Site (Sackets Harbor)- highlights the War of 1812 and the Brig Oneida Waterfront Museum and Showboat Barge (New York)- features the restored historic Showboat Barge Brooklyn, designated in 1998 by the United Nations as the “Regional Craft of the Year of the Oceans” Finger Lakes Boating Museum (Geneva)- specializes in wooden motorized boats built in the 1900’s; collection of boats includes 25 Comet, Lightening and other small sailboats built from 1930-1972 Notable Major Maritime Museums & Centers In The United States: • • • • • • • • • Mystic Seaport (Mystic CT) San Diego Harbor Maritime Museum & Center (San Diego CA) Salem Maritime National Historic Park (Salem MA) Sail Baltimore (Baltimore MD) Maine Windjammers Association (Camden ME) Lake Champlain Maritime Museum (Burlington VT)- highlights historic sites at Basin Harbor and the shipyard at Ferry Dock Museum of Yachting (Newport RI)- features yachting history and sailboats from the 1900’s to present time The Great Lakes Historical Society Inland Seas Maritime Museum (Vermillion OH)- exhibits on Great Lakes maritime history and ship wrecks, including artifacts from the sunken Tanker ship Edmond Fitzgerald Plymouth Rock/Pilgrim Memorial Park and Plimoth Plantation (Plymouth MA)- living history museum that features a replica the 1600’s Caravel ship the Mayflower (Mayflower II)
  • 50. Conservation Economy©® A “Conservation Economy” is economic opportunities/jobs (beyond the concepts of eco-tourism, agri-entertainment and recreational entrepreneurialism) which capitalize on (without exploiting or exhausting) the natural resource and unique assets of a community while ensuring that those assets are preserved in perpetuity, thus ensuring the jobs will exist in perpetuity; are non-building based; are high paying; and define, highlight and maintain the community’s unique culture and character, provide for a sense of place, and enhance the quality of life of a region/area (cornerstones of a sustainable community)
  • 51. Economic Development Approaches Conventional/Traditional Vs Conservation Economy©®  For every dollar raised by conventional/traditional development municipalities spend $1.19 in services  In contrast, for every dollar of revenue raised through sustainable community development municipalities spend $0.33 in services  Conventional/traditional development costs approximately 34% more than “neo-traditional” and alternative designs which keep the most important assets such as scenic areas, historical features, and recreational amenities intact  “Neo-traditional” and alternative designs consume less land, requires shorter roads and utility lines, and involves less infrastructure than conventional/traditional development “Conservation means development as much as it does protection, but the nation behaves well if it treats the natural resources as assets which it must turn over to the next generation increased, and not impaired in value.” ~Theodore Roosevelt Community sustainability is most often defined as “meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.” ~Source: World Commission on Environment & Development Sources: Sustainable Communities Alliance and Cornell University Economic Development Studies
  • 52. Capitalizing on, preserving and highlighting the most unique assets of the community enhances the quality of life for residents, adds to the visitor’s experience, and results in a significantly improved economy!  The Joint Economic Committee of the U.S. Congress reports that “an area’s quality of life is more important than purely business-related factors when it comes to attracting new businesses, particularly in high tech and service industries”  Owners of small companies ranked scenic amenities, outdoor lifestyle and recreation opportunities as one of the highest priorities (the third most important factor, only behind access to domestic markets and availability of skilled labor) in choosing a new location for their businesses  A prime example of this is Phoenix, Arizona, among the most successful communities in the United States in attracting new businesses. The CEO’s of seventy firms which relocated to Phoenix within the past five years said they choose the community for its scenic amenities, outdoor lifestyle, recreation opportunities and quality of life  A recent poll conducted by the President’s Commission on American’s Outdoors found that natural beauty was the single most important criterion for tourists in selecting outdoor recreation and vacation sites
  • 53. Conservation Economy©®  Women’s Rights National Historical Park (NY)  The National Scenic Trail, Florida Section and Lake Okeechobee Segment/Big Water Heritage Trail Project (FL)  The Banner Lake, Zora Neale Hurston, American Beach Cultural Greenways, and Florida Waterfronts Council Projects (FL)  The Delaplane Peninsula & St. Lucie River Blueways Project (FL)  Digital Land Preservation Project/Plymouth Memorial Park (MA)
  • 54. Proven Economic Results  Prior to the establishment of the Women’s Rights National Historical Park, Seneca Falls area employers consisted of Gould’s Pumps, the hospital, P & C grocery store, McDonalds, and the school district/county & municipal jobs. As a direct result of the National Park, five major publishing companies specializing in women’s history books & publications, two costume design companies (serving Broadway and Hollywood), three world renown acting troupes portraying famous women in America History, a myriad of small businesses (FL Women’s Arts Center, Made By Women Products, etc.) that revitalized the main street/downtown district, and an entire new industry-women’s studies (on the academic level)-- were created  As a direct result of the National Scenic Trail Florida Section Lake Okeechobee Segment, Banner Lake Cultural Greenway, and Delaplane Peninsula & St. Lucie River Blueways Conservation Economy Projects, the region has experienced one of the largest increases in economic/job growth (sustained) in the United States; the Treasure Coast region of Florida now realizes the highest economic return (#1) in the nation generated from the film, still photography, outdoor magazine, advertising, cultural research, outdoor recreation, and tourism industries  For every 1 job produced by conventional/traditional economic development approaches 50 new jobs were produced by the Conservation Economy©® approach  In 2003, a documentary series on the Conservation Economy©® approach of, innovation in revitalizing low income/disadvantaged communities, and economic development success was filmed by PBS and aired for a national audience
  • 55. Economic Impact Potential  8.7 million people currently visit Rochester and the Finger Lakes region annually  The average water recreational use values on Lake Ontario is $ 9.2 billion and in the Finger Lakes is $762 million  The annual water recreation expenditures on Lake Ontario is $1,418 billion (out of $9,255 billion) and in the Finger Lakes is $1.302 billion (out of $2.7 billion)  Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes are recreational boating powerhouses, with more than one third of all registered boats in the United States and an employment impact of 107,000 direct support jobs and 160,000 secondary effect jobs (267,000 total jobs)  The Erie Canal/NY State Canal System currently generates more than $380 million in tourist dollars alone  The 2013 America’s Cup Regatta held in San Francisco Bay drew more than 2 million spectators and generated $1.4 billion in economic benefit and 9,000 jobs for the region  Americans spend more each year on boating/sailing activities, $18.2 billion, than to watch major sporting events, $5.9 billion Sources: Recent economic studies of the economic value of Lake Ontario and the Finger Lakes region conducted by the Great Lakes Commission and Cornell University and reports from the New York State 2013 Tourism Summit, VisitRochester, the State of California Office of Economic Development and United States Sailing Association
  • 56. Salem Maritime National Historic Park Mystic Seaport Sail Baltimore San Diego Harbor Maritime Museum & Center
  • 57. Economic Impact of Mystic Seaport • Mystic Seaport is the anchor of a $12 billion tourist industry in Mystic, Connecticut; 27 million visitors annually (Colonial Williamsburg is an $8 billion economic anchor) • It generates $ 11.5 billion in spending in the Mystic area community/region and $1 billion annually in state and local tax revenue • It produces $7 billion annually in non-tourism related revenue (historians/researchers, etc.) • It employs 318 direct staff and has generated 16,000 direct support jobs & 10,000 indirect jobs in the past 5 years • Revenue generated has continually increased by an average of 7% each and every year since Mystic Seaport was established Source: Connecticut Governor’s 2012 State of the State Report
  • 58. In Contrast… • $200 million was spent on economic development in the Finger LakesGenesee region in 2012, creating only 13,809 jobs • In 2012, New York State awarded $830 million to commercial renewable energy projects, for energy production and economic development purposes; the Finger Lakes-Genesee region has more than 250 wind turbines that generate $9.9 million a year into local economies in the form of wages, service contracts, easement payments and payments in lieu of taxes to towns, school districts and counties • New York State provided $420 million in tax breaks to filmmakers in 2012/ 2013 (including the Spiderman 2 movie filmed in Rochester NY in May 2013; The Amazing Spiderman movie grossed $750 million worldwide) • New York State and Erie County provided the Buffalo Bills with $94.5 million in public subsidies in 2012, creating 143 new seasonal and permanent jobs and producing $3.5 million in annual state and local tax revenue Sources: New York State Energy Research And Development Agency, COMITA, and the Finger Lakes Regional Economic Development Council
  • 59. Star Gazette, August 29, 2012
  • 60. “We celebrate the past to awaken our future” ~John F. Kennedy
  • 61. For Further Information Contact: Gail M. Sudore P.O. Box 202 Watkins Glen, NY 14891 Tel: 607-483-5383 E-mail: SudoreG@gmail.com