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Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
Visual Dictionary-Substrate
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Visual Dictionary-Substrate

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  • 1. Air Barrier Paper<br />The air barrier paper is a backup protection put over the sheathing. It allows water vapor to escape while keeping water out of the home.<br />
  • 2. Attic Ventilation-Soffit Vent<br />The soffit vent allows air flow into the attic or space below the roof sheathing.<br />
  • 3. Attic Ventilation-Ridge Vent<br />The ridge vent allows air to circulate into an attic on a gable roof<br />
  • 4. Attic Ventilation- Gable Vent<br />The gable vent is used to exhaust excess heat and humidity from an attic.<br />
  • 5. Attic Ventilation-Roof Turbine<br />Roof turbines draw air out of the attic while bringing in fresh air from the outside<br />
  • 6. Backhoe<br />A backhoe is a machine that excavates and digs. It consists of an arm and a digging bucket. The width of the bucket on this backhoe is 17”.<br />
  • 7. Batter Boards<br />
  • 8. Brick Arches<br />Brick Arch #1- Segmental Arch<br />Brick Arch #2- Roman Arch<br />
  • 9. Brick Arches (cont)<br />Arch with a Keystone<br />Centering is temporary framework for an arch<br />
  • 10. Brick Bonds<br />Brick Bond #1-This is a running bond because each course alternates stretcher bricks<br />
  • 11. Brick Bonds (cont)<br />Brick Bond #2-This is a Flemish bond because the courses alternate headers and stretchers<br />
  • 12. Brick Bonds (cont)<br />Header<br />Rowlocks<br />Soldier<br />
  • 13. Brick Bonds (cont)<br />Sailor<br />Stretcher Rowlocks<br />
  • 14. Brick Sizes<br />Brick Size #2<br />Modular brick<br />3 ½” x 2 ¼” x 7 ½”<br />Brick Size #1<br />Utility brick<br />3 ½” x 3 ½” x 11 ½”<br />
  • 15. Bulldozer<br />A bulldozer is a piece of machinery used to push large objects that is equipped with a large metal plate. This usually includes soil, sand, or rubble<br />
  • 16. Cladding<br />Brick Clad Structure<br />Stone Clad Structure-random rubble pattern<br />EIFS clad structure<br />
  • 17. Cladding (cont)<br />Wood shingle definition- shingles that are sawn and used as siding; can be individual shingles or panels<br />Wood shake definition- shingles that are split and used as siding<br />Wood shingle structure<br />Wood Board Clad Structure<br />
  • 18. Code Requirements-Egress<br />Window Measurements<br />Width= 40”<br />Height=27”<br />Area= 7.5 sq. ft<br />Sill height AFF= 25”<br />IBC code requirements<br />20” minimum width<br />24” minimum height<br />5.7 sq ft. minimum area<br />Sill height must be less than or equal to 44” AFF<br />The egress meets IBC code requirements because it’s width and height are more than the minimum. Also, the area is bigger and the sill height is less than code.<br />
  • 19. Code Requirements-Stairs<br />Stair measurements<br />Tread= 10”<br />Riser= 7 ½”<br />IBC code requirements<br />10” minimum Tread<br />7 ¾” max riser<br />These stairs barely meet code requirements but the tread meets the minimum and the riser has smaller dimensions than required<br />
  • 20. Concrete Joints<br />A control joint is used to prevent cracking in a slab of concrete<br />Crack near a control joint<br />
  • 21. Concrete Joints (cont)<br />An isolation joint is used to isolate two different concrete structures. They reduce the stress caused by the movement of concrete.<br />Isolation joint that is isolating a column and a slab<br />
  • 22. Concrete Masonry Unit<br />A CMU is a block of hardened concrete that is mainly used to build foundations and sometimes walls. The nominal dimensions of a CMU are 8” x 8” x 16”. The actual size of the blocks are 7 5/8” x 7 5/8” x 15 5/8” to allow for the mortar joints.<br />3 brick courses= 1 CMU<br />2 different sized CMU<br />
  • 23. Decorative Concrete Masonry Unit<br />Split block<br />Ribbed block<br />
  • 24. Doors<br />Exterior Panel Door<br />Stile<br />Exterior Flush Door<br />Top Rail<br />Panel<br />Lock Rail<br />Bottom Rail<br />
  • 25. Doors (cont)<br />Transom- a small window above a door; usually a fixed window<br />Sidelight-a tall, narrow window along side a door<br />
  • 26. Electrical Components<br />Transformer on a power pole- electricity from a power plant comes through the transformer and the voltage is stepped down here<br />Service head- once the voltage is stepped down, it is sent to the service head, where the electricity can enter the house<br />
  • 27. Electrical Components (cont)<br />Service Panel- the main distribution center of a home’s electricity. This is where the local utility lines hook up with the circuits in the house.<br />Electrical meter- electricity is sent through the meter to measure how much is being used in the home<br />Duplex Receptacle- connect to circuits in the home to supply electricity to appliances in the home <br />
  • 28. Framing Elements<br />2) Sill Plate<br />1) Anchor Bolt<br />
  • 29. Framing Elements (cont)<br />3) Floor Joist<br />4) Subflooring<br />5) Sole Plate<br />
  • 30. Framing Elements (cont)<br />7) Top Plate<br />6) Stud<br />8) Ceiling Joist<br />
  • 31. Framing Elements (cont)<br />9) Rafter<br />10) Roof Decking<br />11) Sheathing<br />12) Stringer<br />
  • 32. Front End Loader<br />A front end loader is used to load different types of material and carry them. It differs from a backhoe and a bulldozer because it doesn’t dig or push objects.<br />
  • 33. Gypsum Board<br />Gypsum board is an interior facing panel sandwiched between paper faces that is put over studs to be used as walls. It is often called drywall or plasterboard.<br />
  • 34. Heat Pump<br />An advantage of heat pumps is that they can rapidly heat and cool a house. A disadvantage of heat pumps is that they are noisy, especially the compressor unit.<br />The air handling unit takes the air from the compressor and sends it all throughout the house using the air ducts.<br />The compressor is taking air from outside and transferring it into the home. The air moves across coils that either heat it or cool it. <br />
  • 35. Insulation<br />Insulation is used to slow the exchange of heat in your home. Insulation forms a container around the home to create a thermal envelope.<br />Batt/blanket insulation<br />Loose fill insulation<br />
  • 36. Insulation (cont)<br />Foam Insulation<br />Rigid Board Insulation<br />
  • 37. Lintel<br />A lintel is a beam used to carry the load of a wall across a window or door opening<br />Concrete Lintel<br />
  • 38. Mortar<br />Mortar Joint #1<br />This mortar joint is tooled and is ½” wide. It is used on a column of a building. My guess is Type M mortar might have been used on this joint because it is on a column.<br />
  • 39. Mortar (cont)<br />Mortar Joint #2<br />This mortar joint is tooled and is 3/8” wide. It is used as cladding on a building. My guess is Type S mortar might have been used on this joint because it needs to be strong to hold up to the weather elements.<br />
  • 40. Oriented Strand Board<br />A nonveneered panel product composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions that are glued together and bonded under pressure.<br />
  • 41. Plumbing<br />Shower set in framing prior to gypsum board insulation<br />Lavatory= 1-1 ½” pipes used to drain it<br />Water Closet= 3” pipes used to drain it<br />
  • 42. Plumbing (cont)<br />Plumbing Roof Vent- VTRs connect to bathroom fixtures and let air into the pipes to maintain pressure<br />Kitchen sink- this sink is a drop in<br />
  • 43. Plywood<br />Wood panels that are made of an odd number of thin wood veneers that are glued together<br />Veneer- a thin layer, sheet, or facing<br />
  • 44. Radiant Barrier<br />A radiant barrier is a reflective material that inhibits heat transfer by radiation. It is usually placed between the rafters of a roof to deflect the sun’s rays. However, It doesn’t protect against conduction or convention.<br />
  • 45. Rebar<br />The deformations on rebar allow better bonding to concrete. This rebar is ½” and is #4<br />
  • 46. Steep Roof Drainage<br />Gutter-a channel that collects rainwater and snowmelt at the eave of a roof and moves it down a downspout<br />Downspout-a vertical pipe that carries water from the gutter to a lower level<br />Splashblock-a concrete block that diverts water at the bottom of a downspout to avoid soil erosion<br />
  • 47. Steep Roof Materials<br />Underlayment- a layer of waterproof material between roof sheathing and roofing. It keeps water off of the sheathing and prevents it from entering the home<br />Clay Tile Roof<br />
  • 48. Steep Roof Materials (cont)<br />Shingle- a small unit of water resistant material nailed in overlapping fashion with many other units to render a sloping roof watertight<br />Single roof that isn’t asphalt<br />
  • 49. Steep Roof Materials (cont)<br />Metal Panel Roof- typically galvanized or aluminized steel are used for metal panels<br />
  • 50. Steep Roof Shapes<br />Gable Roof<br />Gambrel Roof<br />Hip Roof<br />Mansard Roof<br />
  • 51. Steep Roof Terms<br />Ridge-the level intersection of roof planes at their highest point<br />Valley-the sloping intersection of 2 roof planes where water drains towards it<br />
  • 52. Steep Roof Terms (cont)<br />Rake- the sloping edge of a roof<br />Eave-the level, low edge of a roof<br />
  • 53. Steep Roof Terms (cont)<br />Fascia-the exposed vertical face of an eave<br />Building without a fascia<br />Soffit- the undersurface of a horizontal element of a building of an eave<br />
  • 54. Stone<br />Stone in a random rubble pattern<br />Stone in a coursed rubble pattern<br />
  • 55. Stone (cont)<br />Stone in a coursed ashlar pattern<br />Stone in a random ashlar pattern<br />
  • 56. Vapor Retarder<br />The Vapor Retarder restricts the passage of water vapor through a building and is most commonly put on batt insulation. It is usually put on the warm side in winter.<br />Vapor Retarder-brown paper on one side of the insulation<br />
  • 57. Waterproofing<br />Waterproofing is an impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation. It keeps water from entering the foundation. This waterproofing is liquid applied.<br />Waterproofing- liquid applied<br />
  • 58. Weep Hole<br />A small opening in brick cladding to permit the drainage of water that accumulates inside a building cavity. It is usually a head joint that is left unmortared to allow water caught in the cavity a place to escape.<br />Weep Hole<br />
  • 59. Wielded Wire Fabric<br />
  • 60. Windows<br />Window #1- This is an Awning window because the sash tilts outward and is hinged on the head jamb<br />
  • 61. Windows (cont)<br />Window #2- This is a Casement window because the sash tilts outward and is hinged on a vertical jamb<br />
  • 62. Windows (cont)<br />Window #3- This is a Hopper window because the sash tilts inward and is hinged on the sill<br />

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