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Chap 1 An Introduction To Motivation
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Chap 1 An Introduction To Motivation

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  • PI: performance incentives; EP: Expected Performance; I-N: INCENTIVE NEEDS
  • Transcript

    • 1. MOTIVATION AN INTRODUCTION Saturday, 26 th Sep 09
    • 2. Course Outline
      • Sr. | Chap|Final Exam Chapter Heading
      • No.|No. | Q. No.
      • 1. 1 1 An Introduction to Motivational Concept
      • 2. 2 2 Motivation in the History
      • 3. 3 3 Darwinian Theory of Evolution and Motivation
      • 4. 4 4 Instinct and Motivation
      • 5. 5 5 The Effect of Frustration, Conflict and Stress
      • 6. 6 6 Need Theories of Motivation
      • 7. 7 7 Reinforcement/Incentive Theories
      • 8. 8 8 Expectancy Theories of Motivation
      • 9. 9 9 Motivation, Satisfaction, and Performance
      • 10. 10 10 Motivation and Monetary Rewards
      • 11. 11 11 Motivation Through MBO and Performance Appraisal
    • 3. MARKS DISTRIBUTION
      • 50 Terminal Exam
      • 25 Mid-Term Exam
      • 25 Session Marks
        • 10 presentations/ assignments
        • 10 Quizzes (attendance results in marks)
        • 5 participation
      GIVE AND TAKE
    • 4. Motivation
      • Motivation is getting others to do something because they want to do it.
      • The process which encourages and guides behavior.
      • The act or process of stimulating to action, providing an incentive or motive, especially for an act.
      • Motivation is the internal drive to accomplish a particular goal . In a work setting, motivation is what makes people want to work.
      • Motivation: Goal directed behavior
    • 5. Security, Protection Hunger, Thirst
    • 6. E R G
    • 7.
      • MOTIVE: It is the key to an individual’s productive life
      • Self motivated workers/ alienated workers
      • Job performance is a function of both ability and motivation: Vroom and Lawler
      • Learning plays an important role in acquiring more abilities and better performance
      INDIVIDUAL
    • 8.
      • Labor is the source of productivity & profitability
      • An organization uses the following:
      • Capital
      • Assets
      • Technology
      • energy
      • Human capital
      • Incentives play a major role in motivating human capital
      ORGANIZATION
    • 9.
      • Efficient and effective utilization of scarce resources
      • Highly trained Human capital
      • Job alienation and job dissatisfaction
      • Quality of life
      SOCIETY
    • 10.
      • Need: an internal desire to be satisfied
      • Want: A means to fulfill a need
      • Motive: Energy arising from need, lacking or wanting of something, leading towards the satisfaction of need/ fulfillment of want.
      • Motivation: Goal directed behavior
      • Incentive: A stimulus that can influence the behavior of employees of organization
      Some important points
    • 11.
      • Extrinsic: the rewards given by an organization to motivate its employees to make them perform better, induce extrinsic motivation. Directly related to the needs of an employee.
      • Intrinsic: The influence on employees psychology that motivates them internally to perform higher
        • Inborn desire to work, perform higher, psychological impact created by organization/ managers, good management practices
      Extrinsic & Intrinsic Motivation:
    • 12.  
    • 13.
      • “ Motivation is the result of the interaction of needs, incentives and perceptual patterns of an individual”
      • PI: performance incentives
      • EP: Expected Performance
      • I-N: INCENTIVE NEEDS
      Atkinson, Vroom and Lawler:
    • 14. Needs (Internal stimuli) Incentive (External Stimuli) Perception EP PI IN Ability Motivation Satisfaction Reward Performance Productivity MOTIVATION INPUTS BEHAVIOR MOTIVATION OUTPUTS
    • 15.  
    • 16. MOTIVATIONAL COMPONENTS & PROGRAMS
    • 17. FOOD FOR THOUGHT
    • 18.
      • DOES MOTIVATION PLAY A PART IN OUR DAILY LIVES??
    • 19. FURTHER …
    • 20.  
    • 21.