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  1. 1. WORLD RELIGIONS Culture Unit 6th grade
  2. 2. What is Religion? ► Religion is an organized belief system. ► There are rules, standards, and expectations of obedience to these rules. ► Leaders teach and ensure the teachings of the religion are being followed. ► Some leaders are called ministers, Rabbis, priests, bishops, prophets, monks, etc…. ► Religion answers questions about the creation, the purpose of life, and life after death.
  3. 3. FIVE WORLD RELIGIONS There are 5 basic world religions which have served as foundations for many other religions and church groups throughout the world. They are: The 3 Abrahamic Faiths of: Judaism Hinduism Christianity Islam Buddhism
  4. 4. Abraham lived about 2000 years BC (before the birth of Christ) Abraham was a man of great faith. His belief system was based on the monotheism. This means that he believed in one God who was also the creator of all things. Abraham prayed often Sarah convinced Abraham that he should take and was promised that he one of her servants as a wife. Abraham took would become the father Hagar and Hagar had a son named Ishmael. of many nations. He and his wife Sarah were very old and without children. A few years later, Sarah also had a son. This He did not know how this was considered to be a miracle because of her promise would come age. They named him Isaac. about.
  5. 5. Hagar became jealous of Isaac and felt that Abraham would favor him over Ishmael. Sarah expressed her worries and asked Abraham to send Hagar and Ishmael away. Abraham gave them an inheritance and sent them away into the desert. Through Ishmael’s lineage, the Arab nations were born. The Prophet Mohammad, is a descendant of these people. It was through the Prophet Mohammad that the nation of Islam, also known as the Muslim Religion, began.
  6. 6. Abraham kept Isaac close and raised him as a Hebrew. He taught him his belief system. Isaac had a son named Jacob, who had 12 sons known as the 12 tribes of Israel. Moses was born and organized the tribes and led them out of Egypt to the land of Cannan. Judaism begins. Through Judaism, Jesus Christ is born. Some Jews believed Jesus was the Messiah of the world. Messiah means Savior. Many Jews did not believe he was the promised Messiah. Those who followed Jesus’ teachings became known as Christians.
  7. 7. The Beginning of the 3 Abrahamic Faiths Hagar Abraham Sarah (2000BC) Sons Ishmael Isaac Ishmael has many sons and Jacob has 12 sons. They become eventually they become the the 12 Tribes of Israel. Moses frees beginning of the Arab Nations. them from Egypt and organizes religious teachings establishing Judaism. Holy book is the Torah, which are the first 5 books in the Old Testament. Mohammad (600AD) is visited by an angel and is given information that is Jesus is born and teaches (30AD) that written into a Holy book he is the Messiah (Savior of the world). called the Quran, the Those who become his followers are Islamic Religion is called Christians. Apostles organize the organized. Christian church.
  8. 8. What is Judaism? Originated in Southwest Asia (also known as the Middle ► East) about 3500 years ago (1500BC) Monotheistic- belief in one God. ► Organized into a religion by Moses. ► Jewish law is very important to the people. ► Holy Book – The Torah (first 5 books of the Old ► Testament). Spiritual leaders are called Rabbis. ► Followers of Judaism worship in Synagogues and Temples. ► Jewish heritage and linage is of great worth to the people. ► Non-practicing Jews still consider themselves to be Jewish. Food Restrictions: No pork, Kosher foods (no mixing of ► dairy and meats). No Shell fish. About 12 million in the world. ►
  9. 9. What is Christianity? Followers of Jesus Christ (33AD). ► Jesus is the promised Messiah (Savior) spoken of in the ► Old Testament. Jesus as the literal son of God. ► Jesus dies and is resurrected on the 3rd day. ► Monotheistic- Belief in one God. (The Father, the Son, and ► the Holy Spirit are one in purpose.) Christians worship in churches and chapels. ► Holy Book is the Holy Bible. ► Holidays: Christmas and Easter ► No Food Restrictions ► 2 billion followers. ►
  10. 10. What is Islam? Islam means Peace and Submission. ► Began 1400 years ago in Mecca. (600AD) ► Followers are called Muslims. ► Monotheistic- belief in one God. ► Mohammad the Prophet teaches and organizes Islam. ► Jesus, Moses, and Abraham are also considered to be ► prophets. Mohammad is believed to be the last prophet. The Holy book is the Qur’an and the Sunnah ► There are 5 Pillars of Faith: 1. pray 5x a day, 2. give ► money to the poor, 3. fasting during Ramadan, 4. visit Mecca, 5. Believe in God. Second largest Religion in the World with 1.5 billion. ► Food Restrictions: No pork ►
  11. 11. All 3 of these religions have many branches and churches. Most of the population on the earth are followers of one of these 3 religions. The oldest is Judaism, followed by Christianity, and then Islam. Christianity ranks number one in the number of followers, Islam is 2nd, Judaism is 13th. Today, most religious sects (groups) can be traced to the basic teachings of each of these religions.
  12. 12. HINDUISM Hinduism is one of the worlds’ oldest religions with over 900 million followers. There is no known single founder. It began in the Indus Valley known as Pakistan today. About 80% of all the people in India are followers of Hinduism. It is a Polytheistic Religion. This means the belief in more than one god. Hindus believe in an eternal soul called Brahman who created all things and is in all things. They also worship Ram, Shiva, Lakshmi, and Hanuman.
  13. 13. Hindus believe that life is a cycle of birth, death, and rebirth governed by Karma. How you live life will determine what your next life will be like. Death Birth Life Cycle of life based on Karma Life Rebirth Death This cycle is sometimes called “Reincarnation”
  14. 14. The Vedas are holy writings and the Holy book of the Hindu people. Hindus believe that the things written in the Vedas were given to scholars to write down by Brahman so that the people will know how to live their lives. Hindus have many celebrations. The most well known one is Diwali, the Festival of Lights. Also Holi, the return of Spring.
  15. 15. BUDDHISM Buddhism focuses on the true nature of life and learning the deeper meaning of life. Buddhism teaches that all life is interconnected, so compassion is natural and important. Buddhism is about 2,500 years old. There are 376 million followers worldwide. Siddhartha Gautama founded Buddhists believe that they Buddhism as he was studying ways should strive to become to improve the meaning of his life in enlightened as well by the 6th century BC. Followers believe following Buddha’s he became the “Buddha” after he teachings. became enlightened with perfect understanding.
  16. 16. What is Buddhism? There is no belief in a personal god. ► It is not centered on a relationship with a god. ► Change is always possible. ► 2 main types of Buddhism: 1. Theravada, 2. Mahayana; ► there are many more. Many festivals (eg. Vesak, O-Bon) ► Worship both at home or in temples. ► Morality, meditation, and wisdom ► Holy writing called Tripitka and Diamond Sutra ► Belief in reincarnation (birth, life, death, and rebirth) ►
  17. 17. All 5 world religions are important to the majority of the world’s population. Understanding them gives us greater understanding of why people do what they do.