Health Promotion

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orientation to Physiotherapy

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Health Promotion

  1. 1. Subhanjan Das
  2. 2. What is health?Health can be defined as a state of complete physical mental social and spiritual well being and not just absence of disease or infirmity
  3. 3. What is health promotion?"the science and art of helping people change their lifestyle to move toward a state of optimal health”
  4. 4. Why health promotion isimportant?1. Prevention isbetter than cure
  5. 5. Why health promotion isimportant?2. Increasing cost of treatment
  6. 6. Why health promotion isimportant?3. Population explosion: existing system is unable to cope with the no. of patients
  7. 7. Why health promotion isimportant?4.Changing demands of life
  8. 8. Role of physiotherapist physiotherapists are uniquely qualified to assume leadership positions in interprofessional teams in efforts to promote health, because:1. Understanding & knowledge of the wide array of subjects involved2. Amount of time spent with the patient3. Trust of the patient/ population4. Effective communication skills: enable individuals and communities to make informed choices
  9. 9. MeansAwarenessCommunicationMotivationTrainingSupervisionPeriodic assessmentfeedback
  10. 10. Preventable/ controllable diseasesObesityDiabetes mellitusHypertensionIntermittent claudicationBronchial asthmaOsteoporosisBack/neck painCertain cancersCertain infections
  11. 11. Obesity Created by positiveenergy balance. Treated by creating anegative energy balance
  12. 12. Reduce energy intake: dietmodification
  13. 13.  Increase energy output: exercise and physical activity
  14. 14. Diabetes Mellitus Increased blood sugar due to reduction of insulin production or sensitivity.
  15. 15. Diabetes Mellitus Physical activity increases insulin effectiveness
  16. 16. Diabetes MellitusReduction of stress reduces sugar level
  17. 17. Diabetes Mellitus
  18. 18. Hypertension Healthy diet
  19. 19. Hypertension Regular aerobic exercise
  20. 20. Hypertension Reduction of stress
  21. 21. Hypertension Quit smoking
  22. 22. Cut down alcohol
  23. 23. Intermittent claudication Leg pain due to arterial insufficiency in walking
  24. 24. Quit smoking
  25. 25. Intermittent claudication Exercise to develop vasculature
  26. 26. Bronchial asthma Avoid allergen exposure Regular breathing exercise Aerobic exercise Avoid stress
  27. 27. osteoporosis Regular exercise Proper diet precautions
  28. 28. Back/neck pain Posture Ergonomics Regular physical activity
  29. 29. CancersAvoid the risk factorsHealthy habits
  30. 30. infections Hygiene & health habits

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