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TURKISH POWER SYSTEMAND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN TURKEY    TURKISH ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION              CORPORATION           ...
TURKISH POWER SYSTEM                                 LENGTH OF TRANSMISSION LINES- NUMBER OF SUBSTATIONS                  ...
INSTALLED CAPACITY & PEAK LOAD                       INSTALLED CAPACITY (AUGUST 2011)                                     ...
GENERATION FOR 2010                                  Other Renewable,                                   Other Renewable   ...
CONSUMPTION               1998    1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010CONSUMP...
PEAK LOAD AND ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION 1999‐2018http://www.teias.gov.tr/projeksiyon/KAPASITEPROJEKSIYONU2009.pdf           ...
INTERCONNECTIONS               BULGARİA            145 km 400kV                                                           ...
UCTE/ENTSO-E•   Trial Run period started with ENTSO-E on 18th of    September 2010.•   The first phase system stability te...
PLANNED INTERCONNECTIONS OF TURKEYWith Georgia:Construction of a new 400 kV transmission line(Akhaltsikhe(Georgia)-Borcka(...
With Iran:The existing 400 kV Başkale – Khoy interconnection line is energized at 220 kV and in order toenergize i at 400 ...
With Iraq:Construction of 400 kV Cizre (Turkey) - Musul (Iraq) interconnection line isunder bidding process.• 400 kV Gercü...
With Syria:  600 MW Back to Back station is planned on the existing of  400kV Birecik –Aleppo interconnection line        ...
Queue Management•    Process:    1.   The available capacity for connecting wind generations are published by         TEİA...
INSTALLED CAPACITY AND PEAK LOAD OF TURKEY ACCORDING TO THE YEARS           AND AVAILABLE RENEWABLECAPACITY CAN BE CONNECT...
Brief History of Queues•   Installed capacity of wind pp’s in operation are: 1588 MW•   Licensed wind power plants before ...
Wind power plant application areas                               16
Competitionscompetition           number of invited          number of      number of winner    total connection  organisa...
Grid code of wind power plants•    The studies for revising the the g code for wind p                            g        ...
ENTSO-E interconnection•   What is the effect of ENTSO-E interconnection to the penetration of wind    power plants in Tur...
Future Problems•   What will be the operation problems if ~11300 MW wind power plant will be    in service ?•   Wind appli...
We are not lucky as Germany for operating the system                                                          21
Future Efforts•    WIND FORECAST SYSTEM     The wind forecast system has been developed by Turkish State Meteorological Se...
Solar Energy in Turkey                    23
Connection points for solar Power Plants•    The capacity of 600MW for Solar Power plants has been approved by TEIAS accor...
Hydraulic Power Plant Applications•~18500 MW capacity has been approved by TEİAŞ• ~2800 MW capacity is in operation•~4200 ...
Thank you for your attention                          Nurhan OZAN                     Transmission Planning and           ...
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TURKISH POWER SYSTEM AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN TURKEY

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Transcript of "TURKISH POWER SYSTEM AND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN TURKEY"

  1. 1. TURKISH POWER SYSTEMAND RENEWABLE ENERGY IN TURKEY TURKISH ELECTRICITY TRANSMISSION CORPORATION (TEIAS) 1
  2. 2. TURKISH POWER SYSTEM LENGTH OF TRANSMISSION LINES- NUMBER OF SUBSTATIONS - 400 kV 15818,1 km- 400 kV 78 - 154 kV 32448 km- 220 kV 2 - 220 kV 84,5 km- 154 kV 515 - 66 kV 508 km- 66 kV 14 - 154 kV and 400 kV cable length 220 km TOTAL: 609 (101.193 MVA) - TOTAL 48.859,2 km 2
  3. 3. INSTALLED CAPACITY & PEAK LOAD INSTALLED CAPACITY (AUGUST 2011) Installed Capacity : 51.116 MW THERMAL HYDRO Hydro + Renewable : 36,5 % WIND Thermal : 63,5 % OTHER RENEWABLES WIND OTHERS 1626,6; 3% Peak Load (2010) : 33.392 MW 94,2; 0% HYDRO Peak Load (2011 July) : 36.122 MW16925; 33% THERMAL 32469,6; 64% 3 3
  4. 4. GENERATION FOR 2010 Other Renewable,  Other Renewable 1.051, 1% Fuel ‐ Oil, 4.957, 2% Coal, 2.047, 1% Wind, 2.827, 1% Imported Coal,  14.481, 7% Hydro, 51.518, 24% Lignite, 35.647, 17% Other  Thermal,  1.189, 1% 1 189 1%Total : 209,3 TWh Natural Gas, 96.569,  46% e aThermal : 73,7 % 3,Renewable : 26,3 % 4
  5. 5. CONSUMPTION 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010CONSUMPTION (TWh) 114,0 114 0 118,5 128,3 126,9 118 5 128 3 126 9 132,6 141,2 150,0 132 6 141 2 150 0 160,8 174,6 190,0 198,1 194,1 160 8 174 6 190 0 198 1 194 1 209,3 209 3Increase (%) 8,1 3,9 8,3 -1,1 4,5 6,5 6,3 7,2 8,6 8,8 4,3 -2,0 7,9 5
  6. 6. PEAK LOAD AND ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION 1999‐2018http://www.teias.gov.tr/projeksiyon/KAPASITEPROJEKSIYONU2009.pdf 6
  7. 7. INTERCONNECTIONS BULGARİA 145 km 400kV GEORGIA 28 km 220kV 136 km 400kV 160km 400kV GREECE130 km 400kV ERMENİA 80,7 km 154kV NAHCEVAN 87 km 154kV IRAN 73 km 154kV k 100 km 400kV IRAQ 42 km 400kV SYRIA 124 km 400kV 400 kV EXISTING 400 k Under constructıon kV d 220 kV Existing KKTC 154 kV existing 7 7
  8. 8. UCTE/ENTSO-E• Trial Run period started with ENTSO-E on 18th of September 2010.• The first phase system stability tests approved by ENTSO-E Planary Group on 8th of February.• Without any trade Import-Export tests for the second phase found successfull by ENTSO-E.• The third phase (import-export with trade) related with the synchronous parallel operation of Turkey with European Power System started on 1th of June 2011 and it will be ended in 11 mounths.• Trade will be limited with 400 MW from Bulgaria and Greece to Turkey; 300 MW from Turkey to Europe via th i these countries. ti 8 8
  9. 9. PLANNED INTERCONNECTIONS OF TURKEYWith Georgia:Construction of a new 400 kV transmission line(Akhaltsikhe(Georgia)-Borcka(Turkey)) together with a 700 MW DC Back-to-back station at Back to backGeorgian side are planned, tendering process for the construction of thisline and relevant facilities are in the process. The interconnection will be inoperation in 2012.Construction of 154kV Batumi-Muratlı transmission line together with a350MW DC Back-to-back station at Georgian side are planned, tenderingprocess for the construction of this line and relevant facilities are in theprocess.process The interconnection will be in operation in 2012 ill 2012. 9
  10. 10. With Iran:The existing 400 kV Başkale – Khoy interconnection line is energized at 220 kV and in order toenergize i at 400 kV and improve the energy exchange b i it di h h between the countries a new project i h i j isunder construction. At the end of 2011, Turkey-Iran interconnection line will be energized as400kV. 250-350 MW import from Iran will be possible by isolated region method.A 600MW Back to Back DC link is planned for construction at Van 400kV substation in Turkey Back-to-Back Turkey. 10
  11. 11. With Iraq:Construction of 400 kV Cizre (Turkey) - Musul (Iraq) interconnection line isunder bidding process.• 400 kV Gercüş-Cizre-Border OHL (~130 km) will be tendered in 2011.• 400 kV Cizre SS will be tendered at the begining of October 2011.• Th investments will b fi li d at the end of 2012 The i ill be finalized h d f 2012. 11
  12. 12. With Syria: 600 MW Back to Back station is planned on the existing of 400kV Birecik –Aleppo interconnection line Aleppo line. New connection possibilities will be studied in order to increase the energy export capability from Turkey to Syria and the interconnected countries of Syria (Eight Countries project). 12
  13. 13. Queue Management• Process: 1. The available capacity for connecting wind generations are published by TEİAS. 2. WPP applications are forwarded to EMRA (Turkish Regulatory Agency) for these capacities. capacities 3. These applications are forwarded to TEIAS for studying connection opportunities. 4. TEIAS gives its comment concerning the availability.If the application g g y pp is alone in the substation, EMRA gives license to those applications. 5. If there are multiple applications in one substation, compitition process is done by TEIAS to determine the owner of the capacity. 6. 6 After taking license the investor sign a connection agreement with TEIAS. 7. Project will be approved by MENR after the realization of the project System Usage Agreement will be done with TEIAS. 13
  14. 14. INSTALLED CAPACITY AND PEAK LOAD OF TURKEY ACCORDING TO THE YEARS  AND AVAILABLE RENEWABLECAPACITY CAN BE CONNECTED TO THE SYSTEM 120000 100000 PEAK DEMAND 80000 INSTALLED CAPACITYMW W 60000 CONNECTABLE RENEWABLE 40000 CAPACITY 20000 0 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 20 YEARS 14
  15. 15. Brief History of Queues• Installed capacity of wind pp’s in operation are: 1588 MW• Licensed wind power plants before 1 November 2007 applications: 3483 MW• 1 November 2007 applications pp – Number of applications: 722 – Total capacity: 78.000 MW• 8474 MW capacity has been published for these applications .• Therefore TEIAŞ determineconnection point to wind power plants totally amount of 12000 MW which is planned capacity of 2013.• 71 application which h li ti hi h have an i t ll d capacity of 2246 MW are alone at th installed it f l t the sellected substations. Licensing process is going on for theese applications.• Competition process has been finalized for the substations where multiple applications h b li i has been applied. li d 15
  16. 16. Wind power plant application areas 16
  17. 17. Competitionscompetition number of invited number of number of winner total connection organisation companies substations companies capacity (MW) 1 27 12 16 626 2 11 5 6 281 3 26 8 8 500 4 31 3 8 395 5 30 8 9 520 6 38 8 16 289,4 7 46 6 15 427 8 54 6 12 607 9 41 3 4 74 10 37 5 9 217 11 175 16 31 1199 12 33 4 7 198 13 47 3 6 166 TOTAL 596 87 147 5500Weighted average of the competition prices is 1,91 kurus/MW 17
  18. 18. Grid code of wind power plants• The studies for revising the the g code for wind p g grid power p plants are going on with Turkish Technological Research Enstitute(TUBITAK). The final grid code for WPP’s will be send to EMRA till the end of 2011 WPP s 2011. 18
  19. 19. ENTSO-E interconnection• What is the effect of ENTSO-E interconnection to the penetration of wind power plants in Turkish Power System?• By the ENTSO-E interconnection primary reserve requirement of Turkish power system is decreased from 770 MW to 300 MW – But secondary reserve requirement did not change by the ENTSO-E interconnection and it is stayed as 770 MW. – Primary and secondary frequency control of System leave its place to tie line control of three 400kV interconnection lines between Turkey –Bulgaria and Turkey-Greece .• By increasing of wind power penetration in Turkish grid the secondary reserve requirements will increase.• The increment of Secondary reserve requirements will be performed by hydroulic and natural gas power plants that the total percentage is approximatey %70 in Turkish Power System. 19
  20. 20. Future Problems• What will be the operation problems if ~11300 MW wind power plant will be in service ?• Wind applications are concentrated in west side of Turkey. This will cause excessive voltage changes i the region i l h in h i• Effective regional voltage control ;• Effective secondary reserve control will be needed.• Effective ENTSO-E interconnection tie line control• All th these i issues can b managed b an effective wind f be d by ff ti i d forecast and t d monitoring system 20
  21. 21. We are not lucky as Germany for operating the system  21
  22. 22. Future Efforts• WIND FORECAST SYSTEM The wind forecast system has been developed by Turkish State Meteorological Service which is available to provide information about the wind forecasts for different heights and for 48 hours with 4 km solubility all around Turkey.• WIND MONITORING SYSTEM Specific SCADA System for wind power plants is under developing process 22
  23. 23. Solar Energy in Turkey 23
  24. 24. Connection points for solar Power Plants• The capacity of 600MW for Solar Power plants has been approved by TEIAS according to regions. Regions Number of CAPACITY(MW) Regions Number of CAPACITY(MW) substations substations 1 13 8 2 KONYA 46 HAKKARİ 21 2 14 5 MUĞLA 8 KONYA 46 AYDIN 20 3 15 VAN 5 ISPARTA 7 AĞRI 77 AFYON 18 4 6 16 ANTALYA 29 3 DENİZLİ 18 5 8 17 ANTALYA 29 2 BİTLİS 16 6 18 3 KARAMAN 38 BİNGÖL 4 7 TUNCELİ 11 7 MERSİN 35 19 3 ŞIRNAK 11 8 KAHRAMAN 20 MARAŞ 9 ADANA 4 ADIYAMAN OSMANİYE 9 27 21 1 9 MUŞ 9 3 22 BURDUR 26 SİİRT 5 BATMAN 10 MARDİN 9 NİĞDE 4 23 NEVŞEHİR 1 AKSARAY SİVAS 9 26 24 5 ELAZIĞ 8 11 6 25 KAYSERİ ŞANLIURFA 1 25 DİYARBAKIR 7 12 26 MALATYA 6 3 ERZURUM 5 ADIYAMAN 22 27 2 ERZİNCAN 3 TOTAL 121 600 *Applications has to sellect the most nearest substation for system connection according to the regulations 24
  25. 25. Hydraulic Power Plant Applications•~18500 MW capacity has been approved by TEİAŞ• ~2800 MW capacity is in operation•~4200 MW capacity has done connection agreement by TEİAŞ İ 25
  26. 26. Thank you for your attention Nurhan OZAN Transmission Planning and Coordination Manager in TEİAŞ İ 26
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