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  1. 1. RENEWABLE ENERGY in WORLD & TURKEYSTEAŞ/Petkim Future Projections Kenan Yavuz STEAŞ, CEO Wind Power Turkey 20-21 September, 2011
  3. 3. STEAŞ Our Vision SOCAR & TURCAS Energy Inc. To be a leader company who has a Refinery-Petrochemical-Energy-Logistics integration in the area covers Turkey, Azerbaijan and their neighboring countries Our Objective To be the greatest industrial production force of Turkey by accomplishing the Refinery-Petrochemical-Energy-Logistics Integration until the year 2018 PETKİM OTHER SUBSIDIARIES STRAŞ Petkim Petrochemical Holding Inc. SOCAR & TURCAS Refinery Inc. Our Vision Our visionTo be a regional force in the refinery sector To sustain our leadership in the Turkish Our Objective market through continuous growth To compensate the supply of Turkish To become a regional force Petroleum Products Market by Our Objective manufacturing by the year 2015 To reach 40% market share by the year 2018STEAS Group Structure 3
  4. 4. STEAS Aimed toIncrease Petkim’s Competitive Power & Move her Future Dreams Of Being the Major Petrochemical Hub in the Region by the Realization of Growth Strategy Including “Cluster Model”
  5. 5. Petkim Dam Petkim PortPETKİM: Competitive Advantages
  6. 6. Within the frame of Refinery-Petrochemical-Energy-Logistics integration on Petkim Peninsula, we target to be the biggest energy and production center of Europe by realizing Petkim “Value-Site” cluster project GROWTH PLAN Mid-to-Long Term UPSTREAM PETKİM DOWNSTREAM ENERGY LOGISTICS & TRADINGSTEAS: Vision and TargetsVision 2015Vision 2020 3 STEPS OF GROWTH PROJECTIONVision 2040
  7. 7. REFINERY NEW PETROCHEMICAL PRODUCTION WIND ENERGY 25-47 MW Energy ProductionAt least 1000 MW Total Energy Generation PETKİM PORT & LOGISTICS 1 million TEU capacity of Container Terminal 1 million tons Storage Capacity of Tank TerminalVision 2020 Process The Region’s World #1 Petrochemical Integration Class Energy and Production Centre Energy Chemical Logistics In Turkey Efficiency Hub
  8. 8. REFINERY (STAR) Capacity: 10 MMTPA PETROCHEMICAL PRODUCTION New Petrochemical Production; BDX, PET, XLPE Capacity Expansions of the Existing Plants; Aromatics, LDPE-T, ACN, PA, PTA, 600.000 MTPA Ethylene Production WIND ENERGY 25 MW Energy Production +ENERGY TERMINAL (300-600 MW) PETKİM PORT & LOGISTICS 1 million TEU capacity of Container Terminal 1 million tons Storage Capacity of Tank TerminalVision 2015 #1 Petrochemical Production Centre In Turkey
  10. 10. ▬ We target to increase our COMPETITIVE POWER by realizing Cluster Model & becoming the biggest Utilities petrochemical and logistics Logistics Supporting Facilities center on Petkim Site Downstream Petrochemical Plants ▬ Our 25-megawatt wind farm is Intermediate scheduled to become Petrochemical Plants operational by the end of 2012, “Cracker” Refinery ▬ We are planning investments in solar power too. Integration ChainCluster Model & Renewables Petkim uses renewable energy sources that is as environmentally friendly as it is cost- effective and reliable
  12. 12. Sustainable energy politics targets: ▬ Low cost ▬ Security of supply ▬ diversification of supply resources ▬ Supply at demanded quantity and expected quality Source: WEO, 2009ENERGY FACTS:▬ Global energy demand growth : 5,6% ( 3,5 % for OECD Countries, 7,5% for Non-OECD Countries; 11,2% for China)▬ The share of renewables in primary energy consumption: 1,8% (0,6 in 2000)Global Energy Policies Towards 2030 Total world energy demand is supplied by fossil fuels as 87%, renewable resources as 6% and nuclear energy as 7%.
  13. 13. ▬ 4 key recommendations in IEA report for Turkey Accelerating natural gas reform, (reducing BOTAŞ market share) Increasing effective usage of energy, Pushing the right button about procurement of oil and Natural gas It is emphasized that an effective carbon emission target should be identified with in the scope of fighting climate change. Turkey has became one of the fast growing energy markets in the world with rapid growing economy.Global Energy Policies Towards 2030 Reference: International Energy Agency (IEA) Basis Scenario
  14. 14. ▬ 2010-2030 transition period to green economy ▬ 2030-2050 green economy system adoption period ▬ After 2050 Totally new world order period OBJECTIVES: ▬Increase the global energy efficiency, ▬Increase the clean energy resources, ▬Develop innovative eco- friendly technologies, ▬Decrease the green house gas emissions, ▬Develop new generation energy technologies.Energy in the World Even if energy efficiency is provided at 2030 in the world, energy demand will be doubled.
  15. 15. ▬ Oil and Natural Gas has took the place of Biomass and Coal over many years ▬ Nuclear Energy sources has been increased by the year 1980Historical Progress of Energy Resources By the year 2000, Renewable Energy Sources came to order in parallel to GREEN ECONOMY concept
  16. 16. Global energy supply scenario Global allocation potential of various renewable energy sources Source: GWECGlobal Energy Scenarios Towards 2050
  17. 17. Renewable energy; ▬ Obtained from sources that are essentially inexhaustible ▬ Can be harnessed without the release of harmful pollutantsRenewable & Non-Renewable Energy Types
  18. 18. ▬ Worldwide capacity reached 196630 Megawatt out of which 37642 Megawatt were added in 2010 ▬ Wind power growth rate was 23,6% in 2010 ▬ China is number one in totally installed capacityWorld Wind EnergyRenewable Energy is supply response to the worlds energy demand,But no single or easy solution to the energy challenge exists
  19. 19. ▬ Wind turbines installed by the end of 2010 can generate 430 Terawatt hours pet annum and 2,5 % of the global electricity consumption. ▬ Turkey is the 5th country in growth rate in 2010. ▬ Turkey was one of the major wind markets who more than doubled its wind capacityWorld Wind Energy The wind sector in 2010 had a turnover of 40 Billion Euro and employed 670.000 of the global electricity consumption.
  20. 20. ▬ Turkey meets 70 % of energy demand by import. ▬ Foreign dependence of energy is over 90% especially fossil fuels; petroleum, and natural gas. ▬ Petrol has the biggest ratio in power consumption with 34%. ▬ Because of high import dependence, continuity of energy security and power supply has a vital importance. ▬ It has the potential of being country of transit in energy market by reason of presenting the 70% of world’s known natural gas and petrol reserves at adjacent zones and it should form energy policies in that frame. ▬ It aims to be a key actor in the world energy market despite it is not a power producer. ▬ Increasing the energy efficiency and overseeing the environmental factors are also in the priorities at Turkey’s energy policy.Turkey Energy Policies Towards 2030
  21. 21. Potential Power and Installed Power per ResourceCURRENT STATUS & EXPECTATIONS▬ The energy consumption in Turkey increases by 8-9% annually▬ Turkey has large potential for increasing power generation from renewable sources.▬ The current value of installed wind Current Installed Power in Turkey and power is around 1,3 GW License Developments▬ By the end of 2010, Renewable resources compose 9% of its total installed power generation capacity.▬ Theoretical Wind Energy potential in Turkey is about 48.000 MWWind Power in Turkey Installed wind power capacity is expected to reach to 10.000 MW at 2015 and 20.000 MW at 2020 in Turkey
  22. 22. Renewable Goals in the energy market ▬ Turkey has some strategic goals in renewable energy market. ▬ Approximately 80 billion TL of investment in the renewable energy sector is required by 2023 Source: DeolitteExpectations of Renewable Energy in Turkish Market
  23. 23. ▬ Fixed Price Guarantees (Feed-in- Tariff) ▬ Premium Guarantees ▬ Quota Based Green Certificates ▬ Tender Incentives ▬ Investment Intensives ▬ Tax Exemptions and DeductionsRenewable Energy Support Mechanisms
  24. 24. ▬ Proven to be successful and effective ▬ The risk premium required by investors can be minimized by the high level of price security systems ▬ Low cost for society ▬ Helps to promote a specific portfolio among different RES-E technologies ▬ Leads to a minimization of costs for society but not necessarily to minimization of generation costs, ▬ Helps to reach an area or plant size specific distribution of a RES-E technology ▬ Relatively homogeneous premium costs for society over time ▬ Encourages competition among manufacturers but not among investors in the early phase of deployment ▬ RES-E targets will be met by adjusting tariff level over time.Source: Fraunhofer ReportAnalysis for Feed-in-Tariff Systems
  25. 25. Wind power installed in Europe by end of 2010 European Union : 84,324 MW Candidate Countries : 1,418 MW EFTA : 478 MW Total Europe : 86,321 MW ▬ According to the Directive 2001/77/EC, the EU has the objective to increase the share of electricity generated from renewable energy sources to 21% of the total electricity consumption. ▬ Feed in Tariff is the most common scheme in Europe.Support Mechanisms in EU Countries
  26. 26. ▬ Turkey employs feed in tariff as the intensive method. If mechanical or electrical equipment used in Support Prices projected by the RER support mechanism generation facilities commissioned before 2015 and that is subjected to the RER mechanism and manufactured in Turkey, then local equipment bonus added to the feed in tariff relevant to this renewable energy sourceRenewable Energy Policies in TurkeyIn the case of achieving 20.000 MW wind power potential in 2023:• 26 million ton CO2 emissions can be prevented.• 170.000 person will be employed
  27. 27. MAIN PROBLEMS: Consumed / Consumed / ▬ High Energy Cost Turkey’s Expectant CO2 Expectant emission amount Export Figures Quantity of ▬ We rely heavily on Year Actual / according to foreign energy Electricity quantity of Expectant resources (Billion electricity (USD) kWh/year) (Billion ton/year) ▬ High energy consumption; low 2009 110 Billion $ 198 407 efficiency ▬ We have to 2023 500 Billion $ 900* 1850* generate employment and *: Figures are calculated linear export figure growth assumption. enhance 500 billion USD export value. ▬ 900 Billion kWh electricity need to obtain 500 billion USD export figures.Turkey’s Situation It is an obligation that Turkey should proceed as investing to nuclear energy as well as renewable resources
  28. 28. ▬ While determining country energy policies, we should not be out of the GREEN ECONOMY race as considering the effects caused by security of supply issues, increasing energy costs, climate change and globalization .▬ Energy saving awareness should planted to society and opinion leaders.▬ Turkey should make the best of her renewable energy potential.▬ It is not possible to close energy deficit by investing to only renewable energy resources for Turkey.▬ Turkey should offer energy variety without thinking environment as cost factor.▬ While offering variety, we should use other resources such as nuclear, coal, etc.. as well as renewable energy resources ECO-FRIENDLY, CLEAN, EFFICIENT AND COMPETITIVE ENERGY PRODUCTIONConclusions NONEXISTENT ENERGY IS HIGHLY PRICED ENERGY NO ENERGY NO COMPETITION
  29. 29. Thank You SOCAR & TURCAS Enerji A.Ş. SOCAR Bhosphorus Plaza, Büyükdere Caddesi No 47 Kat 3 Maslak İstanbul Tel : 0 212 276 43 40 Faks : 0 212 276 43 50