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Opencrafts slides superfluo_viennaopen_v01alpha

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Self construction, digital fabrication and crafts: the relation between these and more topics, trying to introduce OpenCrafts as a knowledge and know-how repository able to find a matching point …

Self construction, digital fabrication and crafts: the relation between these and more topics, trying to introduce OpenCrafts as a knowledge and know-how repository able to find a matching point between the old and the new.

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  • 1. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen Lecture – ViennaOpen 2013 “Open Design, Open Knowledge, Open Crafts” Shared under CC-BY-SA 3.0 license Credits: Francesco Fortino, Studio SUPERFLUO Version 0.1alpha Ecodesign, Research & Social Innovation
  • 2. WHO we are #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 3. WHO we are industrial designers #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 4. What’s an industrial designer today? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 5. "Today, industrial design has put murder on a mass-production basis. [...] by creating whole new species of permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape, and by choosing materials and processes that pollute the air we breathe, designers have become a dangerous breed.” Victor Papanek, designer and educator “Design for the real world: Human Ecology and Social Change”, 1972 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 6. WHAT we do #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 7. WHAT we do workshops #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 8. WHAT we do workshops urban regeneration #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 9. Innovazione Sociale in brevissimo workshops urban regeneration social innovation INFRASTRUCTURES / URBAN REGENERATION VAL UE SA N WHAT we do C COMMITMENT, SHARING AND COMMON LIFE LS OO T D SOCIAL EQUITY ECOLOGY UPCYCLING IDEE DIGITAL FABRICATION JOBS SOCIAL INNOVATION SHARED PRODUCTS GARDENS ECONOMY Cash-in/Products-out flow MANAGEMENT ECONOMICA SUSTAINABIL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 10. ESA PR TESTO CON M RIO ITO RR TE WHAT we do workshops ECONOMIA LOCALE urban regeneration social innovation self-construction #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 11. WHAT we do workshops urban regeneration social innovation self-construction searching for sustainability #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 12. WHO we are industrial designers? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 13. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 14. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 15. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? new age educators?? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 16. WHO we are industrial designers? “eco” designers? odd craftsmans? new age educators?? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 17. "Today, industrial design has put murder on a mass-production basis. [...] by creating whole new species of permanent garbage to clutter up the landscape, and by choosing materials and processes that pollute the air we breathe, designers have become a dangerous breed.” Victor Papanek, designer and educator “Design for the real world: Human Ecology and Social Change”, 1972 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 18. What’s next? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 19. The paradigm shift Quantity Quality Product Process #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 20. Before After R > rces u so e Pollution ? Pollution RELATIONS Pollution Ga Waste rba PRODUCTION RELATIONS ge Ga Waste rba ? USAGE RELATIONS RE TI LA RELATIONS USE ON S ? ge DISPOSAL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 21. The preconditions of the current system 1 It’s not possible to stop the input flow of raw material in any way 2 It’s not possible to stop the output flow of product in any way 3 The only significant output of the factory is the product #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 22. R rces ou es After Pollution Pollution Pollution Ga Waste rba ge Ga Waste rba USE RE LA TI ON S ? ge DISPOSAL #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 23. Bad designs: Chipboard and PET credits: D-Kuru / de.wikipedia.org / CC-BY-SA credits: nicole gordine / en.wikipedia.org / CC-BY-SA #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 24. New theories for sustainable production/living Cradle to Cradle, Ecodesign, Systemic Design, Natural Capitalism, Degrowth... #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 25. Many differences, but some shared common principles 1 The outputs of a process are the inputs for another 2 The system is based on balanced and peer relations 3 The system is auto-poietic: it’s self-generating and co-evolve with the territory 4 The system is local: it’s based on its cultural, human, and material resources 5 Society is the centre of the system, designing for the humankind and not for the economy #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 26. Makers, DIY addicts, self-producing designers, artisans and so on are all contributing to the shift from a semi-decentralized model to a distributed, shared one, made beetween (almost) peers. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 27. This is the context in which OpenCrafts starts. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 28. Definitions of craft source: Wiktionary 1 Ability, dexterity, skill in making plan and carrying the into execution; dexterity in managing affairs, adroitness; practical scunning. 2 (obsolete) Strenght, power, might. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 29. Etymology of craft source: Wiktionary from Old English cræft: strenght, might, courage, skill, art, ability from Proto-Germanic kraftaz: power cognate with Dutch kracht; German kraft; Swedish kraft; Icelandic kraftur: strenght, force, power #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 30. Definitions of craft source: Wiktionary 3 The members of a trade collectively, guild. A guild is an association based on its trade. The guilds centralized power and control over production and knowledge during the 16th century. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 31. Guilds had a rigid gradation of social ranks, hindered technological innovation, locked their knowledge into secrets and had a high oppressor/oppressed ratio. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 32. Free market allowed more flexible social structures and easier know-how diffusion, promoting innovation instead of blocking it. It was more OPEN. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 33. Approach comparison Guildlike Free market Open Vertical, highly hierarchical centralized structure Vertical, hierarchical semi-decentralized structure Horizontal, almost non-hierarchical mesh structure Secret, one-discipline Private over public, multi-disciplinary Public, multi-disciplinary Hinders innovation, creativity & self-initiative Based on innovation, creativity & self-initiative but protects private use Shares innovation, creativity and knowledge, promotes self-initiative #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 34. OpenCrafts’ aim Open the traditionally closed crafts and integrate them with the new, while pursuing sustainability #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 35. OpenCrafts’ tools Open, collaborative approach Open, free culture license (CC-BY-SA) Community-generated content Upcycling as design method #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 36. Upcycling? #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 37. "Recycling," he said, "I call it downcycling. They smash bricks, they smash everything. What we need is upcycling - where old products are given more value, not less." Reiner Pilz, enterpreneur interview for Salvo, german magazine on architecture and design, 1994 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 38. Upcycling, the practice of converting waste materials into products of greater value, is a philosophy that transforms the way we conceive of waste. Upcycling is not just a solution to a problem, but a new method of thinking about and working with an asset (formerly known as garbage) which is already present in abundance in our communities. Gunter Pauli, Economist, enterpreneur and environmentalist from “Upsizing”, later translated with “Upcycling”, 1996 #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 39. The Cradle to Cradle approach product use disposal Technical Nutrients BiologicaI Nutrients #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 40. Approach A Approach C Upcycling! Approch B #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 41. A quick focus on pallet’s lifecycle Landfill E.O.L. End of Life Downcycling #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 42. LANDFILL METAL (nails, other parts) WOOD SHAVINGS DOWNCYCLING PELLET METAL (nails, other parts) WOOD SHAVINGS glues fire-retardant agents antimould agents antifungine agents other chemicals CHIPBOARD! #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 43. An example: Reinventing Wiener Werkstaette Purkersdorf chair by Josef Hoffmann creating new value and benefits through upcycling #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 44. Why Wiener Werkstaette? 1 We are in Vienna :) 2 They opposed the newborn industry 3 They wanted to realize the Gesamtkunstwerk, the total work of art 4 but... they followed an old, closed production model, which resembled guild’ approach for several aspects #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 45. Why... pallets? 1 Pallets are not the “best” packaging material to work with: you can find many kind of better suited wood boxes in any industrial/commercial zone 2 But... this needs time for search, while pallets are the easiest to find #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 46. Start from Step 1 design an object to be durable and easy to dismantle or dispose, according to the raw material available and without mixing technical/biological nutrients. Benefits: obtain something that’s easy to repair or dispose, working just with the material needed to produce it. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 47. Step 2 dismantle the pallet(s) Benefits: retrieve the metal that will go back to its technical cycle as technical nutrient, becoming other nails. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 48. Step 3 clean and smooth the wood Benefits: obtain a semifinished product that reveals its own aestethical properties and differs from traditional wood. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 49. Step 4 make/assemble the object or, alternatively, a series of that objects Benefits: obtain unique objects, each with its own history and peculiar aestethical character. Even if it’s repeated in-series, it won’t never be the same. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 50. EOL the objects is broken, or becomes too old Benefits: dismantle the object to reuse the wood and the screws, or repair it; bury the wood as biological nutrient; safely burn the wood for heat. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 51. We designed something that 1 2 3 4 5 Is not a threat to the environment Is not a threat to the humankind Is long-lasting Optimizes the use of resources It’s a biological nutrient (once at EOL, can safely feed the soil) #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 52. Next challenges? 1 Extend and integrate these key concepts into the new emerging technologies such as digital fabrication 2 Develop a shared, common and OPEN framework about sustainable production principles #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 53. From the last week we are designin an open ebook with instruction to re-do the work done in this workshop days. The aim of this project is to understand if open ebook can give more value to Opencrafts.org, and what new ideas can come from open digital publishing. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 54. We’re working with Edilpaglia to share knowledge and know-how about GREB building tecnique and Permaculture. #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 55. We’re in contact with the Open Design + Hardware group, which is developing the Open Design Definition on Github. design.okfn.org #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 56. We’re always searching for associations, groups, partners, fablab and others to let OpenCrafts grow, setting free together all the knowledge! #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen
  • 57. It was the last slide, so... Is there any question? (and many thanks for the patience!) To download these slides and the alpha test ebook go to @Studiosuperfluo Twitter account or write to studio.superfluo@gmail.com #opencrafts #opendesign #viennaopen