Scher Function & Focus Peter Scher

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Scher Function & Focus Peter Scher

  1. 1. INTERFERENZE Arte & OspedaleConference on Interactions of Art and Hospital A. Meyer Paediatric Hospital, Florence, Italy28th November 2009<br />THE ARTS – FUNCTION AND FOCUS<br />Peter Scher B.A.(Arch.) R.I.B.A.Architect-Research-Consultancy, London, EnglandandVisiting Research Fellow, Arts for Health, Faculty of Art and Design, The Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, England<br />1<br />
  2. 2. FUNCTION OF ART 1<br />Cave painting at Los Caballos, Spain<br />Mesolithic – 8500-4000BC<br />Palaeolithic flute,HohleFels,Germany – 30,000 BC<br />USA -1855<br />2<br />India -1835<br />New York Times - 2008<br />
  3. 3. FUNCTION OF ART 2<br />3<br />
  4. 4. 4<br />FUNCTION OF ART 3<br />
  5. 5. ABSENCE OF ART<br />5<br />
  6. 6. Arts for Health<br />6<br />www.mmu.ac.uk/artsforhealth<br />Projects Research Conferences<br />
  7. 7. 7<br />Art for Children - 1<br />
  8. 8. Art for Children - 2<br />8<br />
  9. 9. THE ARTS IN HEALTH CARE<br />1999The first independent evaluation of a major arts project <br />(Exeter Health Care Arts)<br />for a health care setting<br />(Royal Devon and Exeter Hospital, England)<br />Arts for Health<br />www.mmu.ac.uk/artsforhealth<br />9<br />
  10. 10. THE EXETER EVALUATION<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Art in the health care setting offers patients two types of experience to enjoy –Distraction – from anxiety and fear about the nature of the illness and about the outcome of treatment and the consequences of each episode,Stimulation – by listening to music and the spoken word and by seeing visual art that engages the curiosity and interest.<br />11<br />Distraction and Stimulation<br />
  12. 12. All the art interventions in the hospital should –1 be enjoyed by the users of the hospital,2 respect, sensitively, the particular setting, its location and culture,3 be appropriate to the type of space and support the specific activities of all the users. <br />12<br />Three Principles<br />
  13. 13. 13<br />Curing, Healing and Caring<br />Health care has three elements -curing, the interventions of doctors, nurses and allied health professionals,healing, which the patient’s body itself does, wounds heal, fractured bones mend, poisons are eliminatedandcaring, which everyone in contact with the patient does.<br />
  14. 14. SPACES FOR HEALTH CARE<br />1 for curing, diagnosis, treatment, therapy<br />2 for patients during healing<br />3 for patients receiving care<br />4 for staff at work<br />5 for supporting and service functions<br />and<br />6 the hospital’s outdoor spaces<br />14<br />
  15. 15. Spaces for diagnosis, treatment and therapy<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Spaces for patients during healing<br />16<br />
  17. 17. Spaces for patients receiving care<br />17<br />
  18. 18. Spaces for staff at work <br />18<br />
  19. 19. Spaces for supporting and service functions <br />19<br />
  20. 20. 20<br />Visual Art in supporting function - Signage<br />
  21. 21. 21<br />Hospital’s Outdoor Spaces -1<br />
  22. 22. Hospital’s Outdoor Spaces - 2<br />22<br />
  23. 23. VISUAL ART in HEALTH CARE SETTINGS<br />23<br />
  24. 24. PERFORMING ARTS in HEALTH CARE SETTINGS<br />24<br />
  25. 25. It is not the purpose of arts in health care to challenge userswith avant garde creations, or to educate usersabout the arts. <br />As patients we go to hospital because we are unwell. <br />Where we know that an art work -1 is not enjoyed, 2 does not respect its setting, 3 is not appropriate for the space and its users,- then it should be changed and not remain.<br />25<br />Inappropriate Art<br />
  26. 26. All the art interventions in the hospital should –1 be enjoyed by the users of the hospital,2 respect, sensitively, the particular setting, its location and culture,3 be appropriate to the type of space and support the specific activities of all the users. <br />26<br />Three Principles<br />
  27. 27. THE PATIENT IS THE FOCUS<br />27<br />

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